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How to Start a Debate: Learn to Introduce Yourself and Greet

how to start a debate by introducing yourself and greeting

How To Start a Debate : Debate is a formally organized argument or discussion involving two or more persons of two opposing sides, whereby the sides express opposing views towards the subject of discourse. Simply put, debate is the discussion of opposing views.

The importance of knowing how best to start a debate cannot be overemphasized. The default of a speaker as regards protocols and procedures in a debate is in fact detrimental to the entirety of the presentation.

how to start a debate by introducing yourself and greeting

how to start a debate by introducing yourself and greeting

Recommended: Features of an informal letter

Features of a Debate

For an activity or occasion to be considered a debate, the following must be present in the scene:

1. Team:  this is the group of people involved in the debate activity.  Debates usually involve two team namely affirmative team and negative team. Each team is constituted by two or three speakers.

Affirmative team is the “ yes ” team. They are the group which are for and not against the given topic. They are in support of the given topic and are to establish that the given position is true.

Negative team argues against the given topic. Negative team is also known as the opposing team. They are to establish that the given topic is false.

2. The Judge : the Judge presides over the debate, observes, records and decides the winner of the debate exercise. There is usually more than one judges officiating a debate. After the exercise, their records will be evaluated and be presented as the final decision.

How to greet and introduce yourself in a debate

How to greet and introduce yourself in a debate

3. Audience: these are the listeners who are present in the debate arena. There is no debate without an audience.

4. Time Keeper: this is a person assigned to record time and regulate the timing available for the presenters and the debate activity as a whole.

5. Moderator: this is the official whose duty is to anchor the debate. He or she enforces the regulations of the debate.

Also see: How to become a successful lawyer

Features of a Quality Presentation

1. Persuasive: the arguments of the presenter must be sound enough to convince the audience. To be persuasive, the language and tone need to be confident, positive and authoritative. The points made must be valid and relevant.

2. Logical: the presentation must be rational, explicit and articulate.

3. Informative: the presentation must be knowledgeable and educative.

4. Well Structured: the information contained in a good debate must be presented in an orderly manner.

The purpose of a debate is to convince and persuade the audience and the judge that your view should be considered and preferred.

Also see: Boarding v Day School, Which is Better

Types of Debate

1. Team Policy Debate: in this type of debate, the affirmative team proposes a plan while the negative or opposing team opposes the proposed plan. It usually involve two sides. While one side advocate for the given topic, the other side advocate against it.

2. Cross Examination : Shortly called cross – ex. In this type of debate, the opponents are allowed in the middle of the presentation to ask questions to each other for the purpose of ascertaining or understanding a point made.

3. Lincoln Douglas Debate : This is a debate had in 1958 between Abraham Lincoln, the Republican Party candidate of the United States senate from Illinois, and Senator Stephen Douglas, the Democratic Party Candidate.

4. Spontaneous Argumentation (SPAR): for this type of debate, the students debate on a different topic in each round. Here there is usually a limited time for preparation.

5. Public Forum Debate: for this type, students debate on current rising issues. It also allow for rebuttals and cross-examination.

6. Parliamentary Debate : this is an academic debate usually in higher institutions based on British model of government. It involves two sides, one known as the government and the other known as the negative team or opposition team.

Starting A Debate

Starting a debate begins with preparation. Preparation here demands meticulous and extensive research on the topic of the debate. The research here involves sourcing for logical, statistical and verifiable points to justify one’s stance. It is important and advisable to extend your research to understanding the stance of the opposing team. This gives a foresight on the possible line of argument and defense of the opposing team and renders them predictable.

steps to start a debate greeting

steps to start a debate greeting

By so, you are already guided on how to prepare your own line of argument, counterargument and rebuttals. The benefit of understanding your opponent’s stance is that you have heavier point of defense against them and you are visited with less surprises during presentation.

Steps On Presenting A Sound Debate

Step 1. Understanding the Topic: The first step is to understand your topic. Understanding your topic gives you confidence and certainty. There is no other means other than by conducting extensive and defensive research. As stated earlier, research should focus on both sides of the debate topic.

Then, it is important to outline your points accordingly starting from the introduction, the content of the argument and the conclusion.

Step 2. Greetings: Before introducing your topic, it is cultural to first of all acknowledge the presents of the audience, the judge, the time keeper, the moderator and any other personnel collectively. This usually comes by way of, “ Good Morning Ladies and Gentlemen, Panel of Judges, Accurate Time Keeper, Moderator ” etc. The phrase “ Ladies and Gentlemen ” covers every other person not specifically mentioned.

Step 3. Introduction: After the greetings comes the introduction. This is a brief oral explanation of what constitute the basis of an issue. Here the presenter is expected to state the topic of the debate and then categorically state his or her stance in the debate, whether in support of the given topic (affirmative) or against it (negative). The introduction is expected to be very sharp, catchy, concise and explicit.

The tone of presenting your stance should be assertive and convincing that indeed, this is unequivocally your stance. Remember that the manner of introduction and how appealing it is arouses and sustains the interest of the judges and audience. So it is most advisable to begin it best.

Recommended: Advantages and Disadvantages of a written constitution

Step 4. Body of the Argument:  Now that your presentation has started, you should focus on the main substance of the debate which is the body of the argument. The presenter should firstly, win the curiosity and the attention of the audience by giving a captivating background.

This could be achieved by relaying a point through a story, by creating working instances and suitable scenarios, etc. the presenter is expected to establish unquestionable definitions preferably supported by notable authorities. Mastery of the art of persuasion is an addendum advantage for a debater.

The presenter can also achieve emphasis and arouse curiosity by the use of rhetorical questions. Logic and statistics can be employed too as long as it is favourable to the presenter’s stance and is relevant, valid and convincing. It is necessary to maintain eye contact because it showcases confidence and certainty.

These are the factors judges also look at while taking performance records. The presenter is advised not to read verbatim as this  makes the presentation unnatural. This does not in any way suggest that one should cram the argument. The presenter can instead highlight his or her points or outline them as stated earlier.

Tonality : Application of tonality is beautiful and admirable. It is the rising and falling of the pitch. This is the application of tonal emphasis where appropriate. This helps in making the voice and speech interesting, and of course catches and sustains the interest of the audience and the judges. This has a way of appealing to people’s emotion. The tone is expected to match the severity of the debate topic.

Time keeping: There is a reason why every debating activity has a time keeper. Time keeping is of essence in a debate. The presenter is expected to wrap up his or her point within the given time. Most times, every point made upon the exhaustion of the given time does not count. This does not suggest that the presenter should be too fast in speech.

Team: Debate team usually consist of two or three presenters for a team. The topic is usually shared for each team accordingly, from the first speaker to the last. It is necessary for each speaker to restate his or stance in the debate before proceeding.

Also see: How to read faster and understand easily

Step 5. Conclusion: The concluding points should be resounding, concise and precise. It may come by way of summarizing the points discussed earlier. The presenter may end by restating his or her stance in the topic.

This is where we are going to stop for now, however, I recommend that you watch the YouTube video below if you want to continue to learn more tips on how to start a debate. Trust me, you will enjoy watching. 

how to make debate introduction conclusion

Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC , is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.

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How to Write a Good Debate Essay

When the word “debate” occurs in an essay title, you are being asked to examine a subject in which there are opposing views. The aim is that your essay will lead to support for one side, based on clear argument, effective judgement and justification for the decisions presented and arguments presented. The foundation of a good debate essay is effectively completing research combined with being able to refer to facts and credible information. The biggest challenge is to remain unemotional, whilst still persuading your audience of the validity of the arguments you are making in support of your chosen side.

Writing your debate essay

Introduction.

Your introduction should ensure that your reader understands what topic is being debated and encourage them to read more. One effective way to start is with a question, which sets the stage for you to state your position on the subject (your thesis statement). For example, “Does online learning creates laziness in students?”.

The aim is that your readers will have an immediate answer to the question, and this then drives the arguments you are presenting. An alternative approach is to refute a statement, framing the subject negatively, for example, “There are studies which suggest online learning creates laziness, however, studies have shown that online learning actually increases motivation”. In this case you are encouraging the reader to support your argument. In both cases, you have set a foundation with your introduction which needs to be built on by effective arguments and evidence.

The body text of your debate essay should be separated into paragraphs, each one of which will cover a different reason / rationale for the viewpoint you set out in your introduction. For each point you should provide back-up information from credible sources, which demonstrates that you have evaluated evidence before drawing a conclusion and opinion. Each paragraph should introduce your argument for or against, depending on your perspective, and include where appropriate, statistical evidence, illustrative data and clearly referenced sources. A good tip with a debate essay is to also present the counterargument for your point and refute it with viable sources to demonstrate why it is incorrect, demonstrating your understanding of the subject. The structure of the body text should be logical, moving from one argument to another with effective connections such as “Furthermore”, “Notwithstanding”, “Moreover” or similar to ensure coherence of argument.

The conclusion to your debate essay should be a summing up of all the positive points you have made, reaffirming your stance on the issue and should refer back to your thesis statement or original question. This enables you to demonstrate that you have effectively provided a strong justification for your point of view and in so doing, persuaded the reader of the accuracy of your perspective and opinion.

Key Words for a Debate Essay

Tips For Writing A Debate Essay

An argumentative paper depends on various aspects that can either build the conversation or break it. Here is how to write a debate essay step by step and get your point through in a convincing manner:

Consider these tips combined when you think about how to make a debate essay convincing and interesting. Don’t forget, your opponent may not agree at all with your verdict, but at least you would present your vision with strong arguments and leave a good impression on the readers.

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How to Write a Good Essay

Six Easy Steps to Write a Debate

This article explores how to write a debate in six easy steps.

This article explores how to write a debate in six easy steps.

Wikimedia Commons

Six Tips for Writing a Debate

Whether it was for an English class, as a part of a club, or just for pleasure, almost everyone has had to write a debate at some point or another in their life.

However, just because most people have done it before doesn’t mean that writing a debate is easy. There are a hundred different things to consider:

To help take away the guesswork, this article demonstrates how to structure and write a debate in six easy steps. By following this method you’re giving yourself the best possible chance at coming out on top in your next verbal sparring match.

Step One: A Strong Opening

Every good debate starts with a strong opening line. If you're dealing with something emotionally charged, as debate topics tend to be, then starting with a similarly emotional opener is the best way to go.

For example, if you were arguing for your country to take in more refugees then an opening line might be something like, "Have you ever thought about what it would be like to be forced to leave your home? To be so scared of violence or other persecution that you and your family have to leave behind everything you've ever known and travel to a new country?" Don't get caught up in the idea that facts are completely separate from emotions, either.

Adding a powerful statistic to the opening line of your debate can work just as well. For example, if you were arguing that your school should increase suicide awareness you could start with, "Did you know that close to 800,000 people die of suicide every year?"

If your topic isn't obviously emotional, then sticking to a surprising or concerning statistic can still inject a bit of feeling into your opening line. You should be aiming to make your audience and your adjudicator sit up a little straighter in their chairs.

Step Two: Defining the Topic

After your opening, you need to make the subject that you're talking about crystal-clear to your listeners. To do this, state your topic and your team's position on the topic.

For example, "Today we're here to discuss the topic X. As the affirmative/negative side, my team firmly believes that Y."

You should also make certain to define any key words in your topic. This doesn't have to be a literal dictionary definition, but could rather be your view on what the word means in the context of the topic or the issue at large. While this may seem pedantic, it's important to do so that you know that you and your opponent are on the same page. It's incredibly hard to debate someone when they have a different idea of what the topic means than you do.

If you're not the first speaker in the debate, then you should use this slot to either agree with or contend the definition that your opponent gave. If they didn't give a definition, feel free to provide your own as if you were the first speaker).

If you don't define your topic then you might just find that you're debating a completely different topic to your opponent.

If you don't define your topic then you might just find that you're debating a completely different topic to your opponent.

Step Three: Signposting

Signposting may seem annoying and unnecessary. If you're a word-enthusiast it can even seem like it's disrupting the flow of your otherwise smooth and lyrical speech. However, it's completely and totally necessary in the structure of a good debate. You may think that you've written the best and most easy-to-follow debate in the world, but the fact is that the audience isn't you. They don't know the topic you're covering in the depth that you know it and they're certainly not as invested in the debate as you are. They might zone out for a few moments in the introduction and then get completely lost. This is what makes signposting so important; it's a way to simply and effectively remind your listener of what you're talking about and where you're up to in your speech. At the end of your introduction add a few sentences that tell the listener how many points you're going to be making and in what order you're going to be making them.

For example, "To begin my case, I'm going to argue X. I'll then move on to demonstrate Y and will conclude by examining Z." At the start of each argument, you can then remind the audience of what you're talking about by saying, "Firstly, I'm going to be arguing X."

While this may seem simplistic and like you're expecting the audience to have fallen asleep on you, it’s actually completely essential and makes your debate easier to follow.

Signposting is critical in any good debate. Without it, you might just find that your audience gets lost.

Signposting is critical in any good debate. Without it, you might just find that your audience gets lost.

Step Four: Rebuttal

The phrase 'sometimes the best offence is a good defence' isn't just a cliché. If you've ever watched a professional debate you’ll know that the most compelling part is usually when one side takes one of the arguments of the opposition and then absolutely shreds it to pieces. While it's fantastic to watch, it's also the most difficult part of any debate to execute correctly. Rebutting arguments forces you to think completely on the spot. You have about thirty seconds to make an argument that your opposition has likely spent hours researching and honing and convincingly refute it. Luckily, there are some strategies that you can use while rebutting that make the challenge a little less daunting. These include:

Just like in boxing, in debating sometimes the best offence is a good defence. That's where rebuttal comes in.

Just like in boxing, in debating sometimes the best offence is a good defence. That's where rebuttal comes in.

Step Five: Your Arguments

And now we've reached the most important part of your debate; the arguments. To make things easier, I've broken this heading down into four simple subtopics.

Your arguments will be what make or break your debate. Make sure that they're well researched and packed full of persuasive strategies!

Your arguments will be what make or break your debate. Make sure that they're well researched and packed full of persuasive strategies!

To Sum Everything Up:

Your speech's structure should read as follows:

Step Six: Conclusion

The conclusion to any piece of writing is one of the most important parts. It sums up the points you've made in the body of your text and leaves the reader with a take-home message that should make them feel as if they've gained something by reading your piece. For writing a debate, this rule is no different. Fortunately, aside from being one of the most important bits of your speech, writing a conclusion for a debate is also the easiest part. All you really have to do is sum up the arguments that you've made. Try not to repeat them word for word, but instead rephrase your topic sentences and, if you have the time, include an important statistic or two that you included as evidence. If you're the last speaker in a team debate you need to make sure that you also sum up your team member's best arguments in your conclusion too. At the very end, you could choose to firmly restate your position on the subject or perhaps reiterate an emotional call that you made in your introduction. Finally, you should thank your audience for listening and your opponent for his or her time. You want to come across as grateful and humble, even if you have just delivered a killer speech.

Questions & Answers

Question: How long should a debate be?

Answer: The length of a debate depends on what level you're debating at. A typical middle school debate probably wouldn't exceed five minutes, while high school and college debates often go over ten minutes. If you're unsure check with your teacher or your head adjudicator; it's important to get the length of your speech right to avoid losing marks.

© 2018 K S Lane

Anupam Mitu from MUMBAI on August 22, 2020:

Thank you for sharing

kata on August 19, 2020:

Thank you so much, this was useful

Ayp on July 26, 2020:

Hannim on July 24, 2020:

Thanks I'm determined to become a perfect lawyer in future.

some one you helped on June 23, 2020:

hi you helped me so so so much during class debates and guiding me through it.

i'm sure my teacher is going to appreciate my work you've helped me with.

Queen on June 08, 2020:

i really appreciate your guidance in writing my debate

H on June 01, 2020:

I really appreciate this article. because this helpful article made me enhance my skills in writing a debate properly and how to respect your opponent while debating. Thank you so much!

Abdallah Mansaray on May 19, 2020:

I am grateful for your contributions towards my developments in public speaking and debating

Yang on May 09, 2020:

Thanks for the ideas/concepts

Oscar Fiifi on April 28, 2020:

Thankyou sooo much. I read this article to help a friend but now surprisingly I seem to see Debate from a different perspective. I always thought I was kinda boring. But now I've changed my mind. Honestly.

Ranveer on April 21, 2020:

Wow! This really helped me

CeCe on March 11, 2020:

Thanks very much I will be debating soon and you have really helped me

Pulinda Kasun on December 06, 2019:

Thanks very much for the advice..This's the first time I'm going to participate a debate.

This article helps me a lot to polish my debating skills..

Michael James on July 17, 2019:

Thanks for your ideas, they really work

Jenny on June 18, 2019:

How should you conclude ONE of your arguments before going on to the next one?

hi on June 10, 2019:

appreciated

How does a speaker properly conclude a debate speech?  

Cite this page as follows:.

"How does a speaker properly conclude a debate speech?  " eNotes Editorial , 29 Mar. 2016, https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/how-speaker-properly-conclude-debate-speech-664276. Accessed 2 Mar. 2023.

Expert Answers

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The elements involved in properly concluding a debate speech include:

1. Referencing the introduction

Hearkening back to the opening of the speech adds cohesiveness to the overall speech. It gives the listeners, at the speech’s closing, a familiar reference point so that it is easier for them to see the logical progression of the speech and tie up any loose ends at the speech’s closing. They revisit the talk’s original purpose, consider the points presented in the speech, then see the logical conclusion that is the result of this flow of ideas from the introduction through the body of the speech to the closing. This is how a speech is presented in an orderly and coherent manner.

2. Reusing the title

Have a compelling title to your speech to spur your audience’s interest so that they desire to hear your entire talk. Then, consider reiterating this title at the close of your speech. This has the dramatic effect of emphasizing the importance of your topic as you are at least twice referencing the title of the speech and what your speech is focusing on.

3. Making it appropriate

This may seem redundant to say. However, think of speech conclusions you may have heard where the conclusion strayed from the original intent of the speech as espoused at its beginning. Your debate speech conclusion must be attuned to all of the speech that preceded the conclusion.

Do not go off on a tangent in your conclusion. Make your conclusion precise, concise, and clear, and have it be a fitting close that leaves the listener satisfied. You want the listener to think, “Yes, that ending resolves everything nicely and fulfills my reasons for listening to the speech in the first place!”

4. Summarizing

It’s a good idea to summarize the main points of your debate speech in your conclusion. It jogs listeners’ memory of all they heard prior to the conclusion. It’s a good way to re-emphasize your important points. You subsequently present a sound conclusion to your audience with the main points the underlying structure that makes your conclusion credible – as long as the conclusion references these chief points somewhat.

5. The climax

A resonating ending to a speech, in essence, is the culmination or climax of the speech. This is where the orator closes his or her speech with words that resonate often long after the speech is delivered and everyone is on their way home. A quality closing to a speech leaves listeners wanting more and asking questions and pondering the ideas that were put forth in the speech.

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How to Conclude an Essay | Interactive Example

Published on January 24, 2019 by Shona McCombes . Revised on December 6, 2021.

The conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay . A strong conclusion aims to:

Your conclusion should give a sense of closure and completion to your argument, but also show what new questions or possibilities it has opened up.

This conclusion is taken from our annotated essay example , which discusses the history of the Braille system. Hover over each part to see why it’s effective.

Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.

Table of contents

Step 1: return to your thesis, step 2: review your main points, step 3: show why it matters, what shouldn’t go in the conclusion, more examples of essay conclusions, frequently asked questions about writing an essay conclusion.

To begin your conclusion, signal that the essay is coming to an end by returning to your overall argument.

Don’t just repeat your thesis statement —instead, try to rephrase your argument in a way that shows how it has been developed since the introduction.

Next, remind the reader of the main points that you used to support your argument.

Avoid simply summarizing each paragraph or repeating each point in order; try to bring your points together in a way that makes the connections between them clear. The conclusion is your final chance to show how all the paragraphs of your essay add up to a coherent whole.

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

To wrap up your conclusion, zoom out to a broader view of the topic and consider the implications of your argument. For example:

Whatever your essay is about, the conclusion should aim to emphasize the significance of your argument, whether that’s within your academic subject or in the wider world.

Try to end with a strong, decisive sentence, leaving the reader with a lingering sense of interest in your topic.

The easiest way to improve your conclusion is to eliminate these common mistakes.

Don’t include new evidence

Any evidence or analysis that is essential to supporting your thesis statement should appear in the main body of the essay.

The conclusion might include minor pieces of new information—for example, a sentence or two discussing broader implications, or a quotation that nicely summarizes your central point. But it shouldn’t introduce any major new sources or ideas that need further explanation to understand.

Don’t use “concluding phrases”

Avoid using obvious stock phrases to tell the reader what you’re doing:

These phrases aren’t forbidden, but they can make your writing sound weak. By returning to your main argument, it will quickly become clear that you are concluding the essay—you shouldn’t have to spell it out.

Don’t undermine your argument

Avoid using apologetic phrases that sound uncertain or confused:

Even if your essay has explored different points of view, your own position should be clear. There may be many possible approaches to the topic, but you want to leave the reader convinced that yours is the best one!

This conclusion is taken from an argumentative essay about the internet’s impact on education. It acknowledges the opposing arguments while taking a clear, decisive position.

The internet has had a major positive impact on the world of education; occasional pitfalls aside, its value is evident in numerous applications. The future of teaching lies in the possibilities the internet opens up for communication, research, and interactivity. As the popularity of distance learning shows, students value the flexibility and accessibility offered by digital education, and educators should fully embrace these advantages. The internet’s dangers, real and imaginary, have been documented exhaustively by skeptics, but the internet is here to stay; it is time to focus seriously on its potential for good.

This conclusion is taken from a short expository essay that explains the invention of the printing press and its effects on European society. It focuses on giving a clear, concise overview of what was covered in the essay.

The invention of the printing press was important not only in terms of its immediate cultural and economic effects, but also in terms of its major impact on politics and religion across Europe. In the century following the invention of the printing press, the relatively stationary intellectual atmosphere of the Middle Ages gave way to the social upheavals of the Reformation and the Renaissance. A single technological innovation had contributed to the total reshaping of the continent.

This conclusion is taken from a literary analysis essay about Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein . It summarizes what the essay’s analysis achieved and emphasizes its originality.

By tracing the depiction of Frankenstein through the novel’s three volumes, I have demonstrated how the narrative structure shifts our perception of the character. While the Frankenstein of the first volume is depicted as having innocent intentions, the second and third volumes—first in the creature’s accusatory voice, and then in his own voice—increasingly undermine him, causing him to appear alternately ridiculous and vindictive. Far from the one-dimensional villain he is often taken to be, the character of Frankenstein is compelling because of the dynamic narrative frame in which he is placed. In this frame, Frankenstein’s narrative self-presentation responds to the images of him we see from others’ perspectives. This conclusion sheds new light on the novel, foregrounding Shelley’s unique layering of narrative perspectives and its importance for the depiction of character.

Your essay’s conclusion should contain:

The conclusion may also reflect on the broader implications of your argument, showing how your ideas could applied to other contexts or debates.

For a stronger conclusion paragraph, avoid including:

Your conclusion should leave the reader with a strong, decisive impression of your work.

The conclusion paragraph of an essay is usually shorter than the introduction . As a rule, it shouldn’t take up more than 10–15% of the text.

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Debate introduction example. Debate Writing 2022-11-03

A debate is a formal discussion or argument in which two or more people express opposing views on a particular topic. Debates can be held in a variety of settings, including classrooms, community centers, and political campaigns. The purpose of a debate is to present evidence and arguments in support of one's position, while also considering and refuting the arguments of one's opponent.

An effective debate introduction serves several important purposes. It should clearly state the topic of the debate and the positions that will be argued. It should also establish the rules of the debate and the format in which it will be conducted. Finally, the introduction should set the tone for the discussion, establishing a respectful and civil atmosphere in which both sides can present their views.

Here is an example of a debate introduction:

"Welcome to the debate on the topic of gun control laws in the United States. We will be discussing the pros and cons of stricter gun control measures, with one side arguing in favor of stricter laws and the other side arguing against them.

The format of this debate will be as follows: each side will have an opening statement in which they present their main arguments. This will be followed by a rebuttal period, during which each side will have an opportunity to respond to the arguments of the other side. Finally, each side will have a closing statement in which they summarize their main points and offer any final thoughts.

It is important that we all approach this discussion with an open mind and a willingness to consider the arguments of the other side. Let's work together to have a respectful and productive debate on this important topic."

Opening Debate: Introduction by Mr Brahima Sanou

debate introduction example

This is where we are going to stop for now, however, I recommend that you watch the YouTube video below if you want to continue to learn more tips on how to start a debate. I'm the Captain of the affirmative side. Such debates are used to start a discussion among individuals with different opinions. Have a look at our list of Hire Professional Writers for Your Debate Writing This comprehensive guide to debate writing will help you write a perfect one for your high school or college. This is a brief oral explanation of what constitute the basis of an issue. How many of you possess genius-like math abilities? You may outline, in simple language, the contents, and reactions of the complaint. Research will always be a critical aspect, especially since you cannot defend something on baseless grounds.

5 Clear Ways To Begin A Debate With Examples

debate introduction example

What we choose to do with the internet can change the world. Time keeping: There is a reason why every debating activity has a time keeper. A debate is a structured argument where the two sides speak for and against a specific topic. Contextualizing the topic is one way to write a strong introduction, particularly when it is related to real-life events. Formal greetings are appropriate for the jury or the audience. .

27 Examples Of Self Introduction In English For Great First Impression

debate introduction example

Present the heart of the case effectively by answering the question, what really happened here? The topic is usually shared for each team accordingly, from the first speaker to the last. An opening statement is a crucial part of a debate. Of course there as some challenges that need to be addressed. The presenter can also achieve emphasis and arouse curiosity by the use of rhetorical questions. This helps in making the voice and speech interesting, and of course catches and sustains the interest of the audience and the judges.

Debate Writing

My specialty is in creating high-quality, well-tested code that solves business problems for my clients. Ask a question Starting with a question engages your audience and gets them to think in a particular frame of mind. Now, I have many different degrees from various programs and am heavily involved in the community at large. Employ a non-lawyer tone when doing that. It is recommended to put such energy somewhere outside, that is to find the balance. Ensuring effective implementation of these digital agendas and broadband plans, requires as well a more flexible regulatory framework as recognized by regulators themselves. I have worked in teams to develop solutions that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

Sample of debate script & expressions

However, do not forget to add a closing sentence that leaves a lasting impression. The following is an example of the informal debate. Crafting a debate is simple. This resulted in me being promoted from a part-time employee into an assistant manager position within two years of working there full-time! Research the topic very thoroughly with credible information. There are women who can easily and happily stay at home and do household responsibilities, as well as there are those who want to work in an office and hate staying at home. It includes an introduction, body, and conclusion that are discussed below in detail. Speakers have the chance to present their ideas that propose or go against the subject matter.

8 Tips How To Write Debate Speech That Wins ( Outline & Example)

debate introduction example

Having done your research will make your debate speech stronger. Standard Rules For A Debate There are standard rules you need to comply with when You may get yourself disqualified in case you breach these laws. Do you agree with the resolution or disagree? To date, more than 145 countries have adopted or planning to adopt a national broadband plan, strategy or policy. Here the presenter is expected to state the topic of the debate and then categorically state his or her stance in the debate, whether in support of the given topic affirmative or against it negative. While debating takes many forms and consists of various competitive formats that differ from country to country, it usually involves two sides having to construct arguments for opposing sides of a given motion; attempting to convince a judge to vote for the strength and validity of the arguments of their side of the motion.

Debate Speech

However, ninety percent of their time they should be at home. With that said, it can be two paragraphs, it can be ten paragraphs, and it can be a page. After the exercise, their records will be evaluated and be presented as the final decision. I will continue our case in a minute, but before that there are some things about the. A debate involves understanding how it works. The presenter should firstly, win the curiosity and the attention of the audience by giving a captivating background.

How To Start A Debate Greeting

Other times, you will be asked to adopt a particular position, and sometimes you will be forced to do so. Typically, a political or legal debate awards its participants a specified time to present their views. The presenter may end by restating his or her stance in the topic. However, I have worked with the PHP framework Laravel on some projects too. Rebutting arguments, rebuilding your case: But before I come to my own arguments, let us first have a look at what. It usually involve two sides.

How to Start a Debate: Learn to Introduce Yourself and Greet

debate introduction example

My interests include photography, art, and music. How can a debate participant introduce his or her case without arguing? Negative team is also known as the opposing team. A good first impression gives the judges confidence that the speaker is persuasive. As such, it should be one of the most thought out parts of your argument. I have been working with them for about five years, and have also worked as a freelance software engineer for several other companies during that time. Since this is a debate, being part of the positive or negative stance does not serve as an advantage for as long as you are able make your points get through the judges and the audience, then it is enough.

All Homework Solutions

How to Write a Debate Speech in #6 Proven Steps

What is a debate.

A debate refers to a structured discussion about a particular issue for which people have different arguments and against a topical issue which ends with a vote.

Also, see how to prepare for a debate speech .

Structure of a debate

There are popular questions when it comes to debating. For instance:

This section covers in detail the best debate approach or debate writing format one could possibly follow. Ultimately, these key segments hint at how to start a debate and highlight useful strategies to win any debate.

Part 1: Debate Introduction

A debate introduction must attract the attention of the audience. Begin your debate introduction with a hook that introduces the topic and holds the interests of the audience.

Parts of a debate introduction.

1. opening statement.

Every debate starts with a strong opening line. If your debate topic is emotionally charging, then starting with a similarly emotional opening is the best way to go. Both debate teams must clearly state their opening statement position to clearly communicate to the audience what position they will be supporting in the debate.

Debate opening statements are critical as they allow both the affirmatives and negatives to grab the audience’s attention. Opening statements set the tone for the debate.

Features of an opening statement

After the opening statements, each side supports its arguments in detail, offering pertinent evidence to back its views. The affirmative presents its arguments first.

How to write a debate opening statement

2. Arguments:

A structured debate has three arguments for each debate team. Your argument shows your level of understanding of the debate topic and ability to persuade the audience to stand with your thesis because it is well-thought-out and proven by research.

The opening statement states the claim that you plan to support or oppose in the debate. The arguments raised should be in sync with the claims highlighted in the opening statements and supported with factual evidence.

How to structure your arguments in a debate

Deciding your arguments

Once you have come up with a debate topic, many arguments for and against might come to mind. Take time to conduct in-depth research and come up with talking points. Once you understand the topic well, the arguments will come naturally.

Writing a debate argument is similar to writing the body of an essay. Begin each argument by signposting. Example: ‘Firstly, I am going to argue.’ Follow up with one sentence summary of your argument. After this, give some facts and figures to legitimize your argument. Ensure to create a link to the debate topic to demonstrate to your audience that you are making a valid point connected to the debate thesis statement.

Support your arguments with correct evidence boosts your credibility. The evidence is the backbone of your arguments. Citing wrong evidence often leaves you vulnerable to attacks from your opponents.

How to Write a Debate Introduction

Writing a Hook for a Debate

A hook grabs the attention of your audience. It can be a quote or anecdote. Here are a few suggestions on how to create a good debate hook.

Part 2: Debate Rebuttal

A rebuttal is where both sides have clearly presented their arguments, and each side has the opportunity to express why the opponents’ arguments are weaker or invalid . The opposing side offers its rebuttal first.

What is the purpose of a debate rebuttal?

The purpose of a debate rebuttal is to prove your opponents’ arguments as false and erroneous, which could possibly mislead your audience. In a rebuttal, opponents put forward statements to negate or refute specific arguments against them.

The infographic lists key steps to help you write a debate rebuttal. It also lists the features of good debate rebuttals.

What makes good rebuttal phrases? (Features)

How to write debate rebuttals

Step #1 : Restate: Mention the arguments being challenges you highlighted in the notes.

Step #2 : Refute: Add the relevant details why the argument is incorrect. State why you object to the claim made by the opposing team in a simple statement.

Step #3 : Support: Highlight evidence and expert opinions to your objection to the argument.

Step #4 : Conclude.

Types of debate rebuttals

The opposition attacks the relevance of their opponent’s arguments to the motion by showing that the arguments do not support the opponent’s stand. This type of rebuttal destroys the opposition’s entire argument.

Debaters attack a particular way in which their opponents had described an assumed trait of the subject.

Debaters attack the presumed impact of the subject’s assumed trait.

The debaters attack the lack of logical links between the assumed traits of the subject and its presumed impact.

Hung arguments are those that are contingent on another argument to survive. Debaters can take two arguments at once with one attack.

Rules for debate rebuttals

Debate rebuttal worksheet/template

Rebuttals are a key component in debates and must be executed well in order to convince the audience that your arguments are superior. A debate rebuttal worksheet makes it easier to organize your arguments in a logical manner.

Example of a debate rebuttal template

First Affirmative Speaker

Replicate the exact template to the preceding speakers.

Examples of rebuttals

You might start your rebuttal with:

‘My opponents’ claims are wrong for several reasons’. Then you begin citing facts, statistics, and expert opinions logically.

After each side issues its rebuttal, depending on the judge, both teams may be given a chance to issue another rebuttal, known as the second rebuttal .

Rebutting arguments is difficult as it forces you to think quickly on the spot. Your opposition has spent hours on their research, and it will take you effort to refute their points.

Below are a few strategies that make rebutting less daunting

Part 3: Question and Answer sessions/Cross-Examination

Most debates have question and answers sessions, where each side asks their opponents questions. A cross-examination is a powerful tool; a sit demonstrates the debater’s ability to think on the spot. Cross-examination happens mostly during Q&A sessions, and it refers to detailed questioning of arguments and claims raised during a debate.

The cross-examination takes place after each side has presented its arguments.

You can start your cross-examination by asking:

“Could you clarify where you got your statistical findings to back up your findings on the illegal immigrants living in the US from Mexico?”

The goal of this session is to ensure both sides correctly understand the opponents’ arguments so that they can create and argue their best defense.

The purpose of cross-examination

Tips for conducting a Q&A debate session

It takes time to prepare a successful Q&A, and these tips will make your debate run smoothly.

Rules of the Q&A session

Part 3: Conclusion

When it comes to writing a debate essay, even good arguments can fall without a strong conclusion. Closing statements wrap up a debate’s argument by connecting the evidence and the claim of the debate topic.

A debate conclusion can, and should, be either memorized or extemporaneous. When writing a debate conclusion, keep the three R’s in mind: Restate claims, rephrase thesis , and refer to introduction.

How to write a debate conclusion:

Closing Statement

A closing statement helps each side summarize their main arguments and stress critical points. This allows you to remind the judges of your opponents’ shortcomings. The affirmative debate team presents its closing statements first. The aim is to persuasively convince your audience that your arguments were better than your opponents’. Ensure to leave a lasting impression by ending with a powerful analogy.

Have the following in your closing statement

Expert testimony

Include a paragraph summarizing evidence of expert opinions and relevant literature to support your viewpoints. You can provide a short quote or anecdote to validate your statement.

Concise rebuttals

State the most significant rebuttals to your opponent’s side of the argument. Include the dire consequences of what might happen if the audience were to follow your opponents’ line of reasoning.

A Call to action

Recommend a course of action in your closing statements. Debates involve many theories and speculation, and the goal is to challenge readers and listeners to act.

How to write a closing statement

To write a good closing statement, utilize a closing argument outline like the one below.

Features of a good closing statement

To write a closing statement, look back at your opening statement. If you have already written a good opening statement, odds are you have an effective closing argument. A good closing statement shows how the statements made during the debate support the position. Use succinct language to clearly state how each piece of evidence supports the main arguments.

Examples of closing statements

Restate your claim: What is the main idea of your argument?

In conclusion, it is clear that refugees pose a huge security risk to the host nation because of the increased terrorist attacks the nation has suffered since the opening of borders to Somali refugees.

Remind your audience of the evidence.

Anti-terrorism police found hidden explosives in the refugee camps and the National Intelligence Service gave a security alert of a suspected terrorist attack. Also, remember the lives of our honorable citizens that were lost during a terror attack in a university just a few kilometers from the refugee camp in 2017.

Address why the judge should find the case in your favor.

Ladies and gentlemen, due to the evidence listed, I ask you to find favor in our argument that refugees pose a huge security risk to the host nation.

Debate summary

A debate summary lists the main arguments of the first and second speakers in your debate team . The summary speech is about making choices in arguments, extending critical arguments, answering arguments and weighing arguments. A summary should not exceed 2 minutes.

When writing a debate summary, observe the following:

The infographic highlights six key steps one can follow to write a debate speech.

Key Steps in Writing a Debate

Writing a debate essay requires a thorough thought process to ensure it flows logically. You must settle on a debate topic that is informative and one that will set the pace for compelling debate motions and hold the interest of the audience for a long time. Writing a debate paper outline is advisable as it helps you arrange your thoughts before writing a debate paper.

Choosing a debate topic

This is the most important part of writing a debate essay or speech. A good debate topic is one that lets both the participants and the audience learn about the sides of an issue.

Features of a good debate topic

Debate outline

Writing a debate outline requires research and organization. Once you master how to categorize your arguments, then writing a debate outline effectively becomes relatively simple.

What to do before writing an outline

Identify the type of debate . Each debate has its own structure. The order in which speakers present their arguments is different in all of them. Base your outline on the particular structure of the debate you will engage in.

Research the debate question and decide which position to take . Use quality sources together with information about your debate topic. If your topic is on environmental conservation, the journals and articles will provide you with relevant information. Based on the evidence, decide which side has stronger arguments and go with that.

List down all the evidence . The most influential and powerful evidence should be presented first in support of your arguments. Make a list of all the evidence that supports your opponents’ arguments to have an idea of their rebuttals.

How to write a debate essay outline

Follow outlining principles that will keep your thoughts organized. Use bullets and numbers to highlight major points. Organize your work into headings and sub-headings.

Types of Debates and Their Features

Debates are popular because they address complex issues with conflicting sides.

Debates are practiced in high school, colleges, as well as in the political arena. Every debate has two sides.

Team policy Debate/National debate tournament

Team policy features two debate teams, each with two speakers. The debate format consists of eight speeches, that is, four constructive speeches and four rebuttals, and four periods of cross-examination. Major emphasis is placed on presenting large amounts of data in the shortest period of time and coherently.

The primary difference between a team policy debate and a national debate tournament is that the former is for young debaters, such as high school students, while the latter is for college students.

Examples of team policy debate:

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

These debates were inspired by Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas during a senatorial race in 1858. They are a one-on-one debate that argues for or against moral and ethical values. Lincoln-Douglas debates emphasize the debater’s ability to speak persuasively, logically, and clearly.

Participants typically agree on time limits and topics ahead of time. College and high school debaters are familiar with this format as it is very structured. It lasts about 40-45 minutes.

Speaker A: Making the case-6 minutes.

Speaker B: Cross-examination of speaker-3 minutes.

Speaker B: First rebuttal-7 minutes.

Speaker A: Cross-examination of speaker-3 minutes.

Speaker A: First rebuttal-4

Speaker B: Final rebuttal

Speaker A: Closing rebuttal

Examples of Lincoln-Douglas Debates:

Spontaneous argumentation

This type of debate features randomly drawing of a topic, where the debaters then spend a few minutes researching before engaging in a brief debate. Since the debaters do not spend much time in research, this debate focuses on presentation and style rather than content. It is used in colleges and universities to build confidence and reduce speaker anxiety.

Format of a spontaneous argumentation

Examples of spontaneous argumentation

Parliamentary debate

Parliamentary debates require no prior research. Emphasis is mainly placed on persuasiveness and logic as resolutions are established only 10 minutes before voting begins. They are referred to as parliamentary because of the resemblance to the debates that occur in the British parliament. There are two teams of two debaters, and a round consists of four speeches and two rebuttals.

Roles of each speaker

Examples of parliamentary debates

Cross-examination debate association

This is a newer type of college debate. The resolutions are not related to policy but are intended to be based on values. A lot of evidence is presented.

Examples include

Frequently asked questions in debates.

1. What makes a good debate argument?

Knowing how to write a debate argument that captivates is an important skill in debating. A good argument is one of the criteria judges use to select the winning debate team. To make a good argument, your points must be relevant to the topic and all must be backed up with sufficient evidence. Also, remain objective and put aside your personal opinions, so your argument remains logical.

2. How long should the opening statement of a debate be?

The length of the opening statement is proportional to the debate length. The opening statement should be no more than three minutes, as a longer one tends to disinterest the audience. When writing your opening statement, ensure it covers the important points of your debate and provides a brief description of what you will discuss.

3. What are the three components of a debate argument?

4. What is topical order?

A topical order refers to the structural format of a debate.

5. Where can I find help with my debate assignment?

If you need help with your debate assignment, our experienced debate writers will be glad to be of service to you. Getting help from debate writers ensures that your arguments are strong, supported by facts, and will convince your audience to support your stand.

6. What if I have no experience in debates?

This shouldn’t worry you as we all start from somewhere. Your teacher will guide you on the structural format of a debate and how to choose a good debate topic. This will give you a glimpse of what writing a debate entails. Also, look at the issues that you are passionate about and consider writing a debate on them.

7. What are the steps of a debate? What are the basics of Debate Writing?

8. Will debates help me get into graduate/professional programs such as Law?

Absolutely! Debates will set you up for a professional program in Graduate school as they equip you with relevant skills such as critical thinking, research, and presentation skills. Here are a few benefits of debating .

9. How does policy debate work?

Policy debate involves the proposal of a policy by the affirmative side, and the negative team offers reasons to reject the proposal. Throughout the debate, students cross-examine each other. A panel of judges evaluates which team has presented the strongest arguments and announces the winners.

10. How do you write a debate question?

Ensure you ask questions to clarify arguments. Ask questions about the quality of your opponent’s arguments. Ask questions to get your opponents to admit weaknesses in their arguments. Give clear and concise answers.

11. What are things to remember when writing a debate?

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Writing the Conclusion

The conclusion is the third and final component of an Oratory speech. Of all the elements, this should be the easiest to complete as it is basically a summary of the speech. Yet, it seems to challenge many orators. Orators tend to have difficulty not only knowing when to end their speech but how. Over the next few paragraphs, typical problems that competitors meet will be discussed. Then, a “how-to” guide for orators looking for effective conclusion techniques will be provided to offer some tips on creating the best conclusion possible.

There are two common issues orators face when bringing their speeches to an end. First, they tend to not know when to end their speech. A conclusion is just that--a conclusion. This is not the time to bring up new points. Summarize what has already been stated in the body of the speech (namely the thesis and main points) in new words. There are so many orators who take the last minute of their speech and consider it an opportunity to cram as many facts in as possible. Then one sentence is said that lets people know they are finished. The question is, if facts are being forced in at this point, what was being said during the last nine minutes of the speech?

Another common mistake orators make with the conclusion is trying to be too creative. The conclusion is a summary. This does not mean that content cannot be creative, but it does not give complete freedom to be creative with format. Concluding with a song or a poem is generally not a good idea (out-of-place and random). It is best to just summarize the thesis and major points and be done. Overdoing a conclusion usually kills a speech. Even a speech started with the best of introductions, and developed well within the body paragraphs, can be ruined by a flawed conclusion. A shot at first or second could be lost because of a conclusion being confusing and not in sync with the rest of the speech’s tone .

With that said, it important to not just avoid common mistakes but to understand what exactly comprises an effective conclusion. In short, an effective conclusion is the introduction in reverse. When transitioning into the speech’s final thoughts, restate the thesis but not exactly the way it was originally stated--reword it. Simply recap with the mentality of “I just have to reiterate what I already told them.” This is important for two reasons. First of all, it solidifies to the audience what the speech’s stance and main points are. A speaker knows them because they created the speech, but to an audience this is all new. Obviously, the speech itself should be tight enough were one point builds upon the another. But, a speech gains strength further by firmly declaring the stance. Secondly, it provides a so-called “book end” to the speech. Speeches, and papers as well, should come full-circle. This is key; especially when the judge is critiquing organization. A couple of main points not mentioned in the conclusion can be the difference between two places in overall assessment.

In keeping with the reverse concept, the last element to include in a conclusion is a sentence or two which eludes back to the introduction’s attention getting device. This is to, again, bring everything full-circle and to allow an audience to see the relevance of the introduction as an element of persuasion. For example, if an anecdote was used in the introduction, the conclusion is a clever place to state the resolution. (Normally, the anecdote will present a major problem and then transition to the thesis. This style presents an opportunity to quickly, concisely, and sometimes wittingly present the lesson learned throughout the speech, the answer to the anecdote’s problem, in the conclusion.) Further, this final line or so should serve as a clincher--a thought-provoking statement about the speech which should resonate with the audience. If this can be accomplished a speaker will prove themselves organized and creative.

One other thing to note is that a quotation can be used in the conclusion. This can be a segway into the thesis recap. A quote can make or break a conclusion though, so speakers must be careful. If using a quote, make sure it is quick and witty to prevent audiences from thinking a new point is being introduced.

To conclude, be precise when writing an Oratory’s conclusion. A conclusion is merely a summary of the speech, so restate the thesis and the main points and end. Be confident with the reiteration being captured within the conclusion, as it is the essence of an Oratory. Leave people remembering the wonder of the speech--and possibly with one zinger of a clincher.

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8 Tips How To Write Debate Speech That Wins ( Outline & Example)

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This is the most complete guide on How To Write Debate Speech on the Web. Period.

In fact, you’ll find tips, tactics and actionable examples on this page.

So if you’re looking into writing a debate speech you’ll really enjoy this post.

Let’s start our article with how to write debate speech by getting straight to what a debate speech actually is. Our speech paper writing service will have you covered.

How to Prepare for the Debate Speech

How to write debate speech outline, how to start a debate speech , how to finish a debate speech.

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What is Debate Speech?

A debate involves understanding how it works. Discussion topics, or “resolutions”, will be given to you. Regardless of whether you agree or disagree with the resolution, your team must take a position. Other times, you will be asked to adopt a particular position, and sometimes you will be forced to do so.

If you speak in favor or against the resolution, you will be the first to speak. The average duration of these speeches is approximately four minutes.

Following the presentation of the first speech, speakers present opposing arguments for or against it. This requires listening carefully as well as being able to respond to any arguments. Crossfire segments are often included, where speakers are free to ask questions and discuss the topic openly.

It is sometimes necessary to summarize the points made during the first round of discussion and close the round of debate with a second speech for and against.

Before you come up with the debate speech, you should consider;

Ensure You Have Credible Information On The Topic

Conduct an in-depth analysis of the topic with credible sources . You need to spend a lot of time trying to understand the resolution completely because you will be required to refute the other side’s arguments as well as give your own speech.

Prepare your topic before starting to write by brainstorming and researching it . Develop a list of arguments in favor and against the topic. Do this together with other members of the debate team . They can discuss the points supporting and opposing each reason and then find the weakest reasons until they are left with three to four very strong reasons to support or refute.

Spend some time researching the key reasons you think are the most valid in the library or online using credible sources. Check out books, academic journals, credible newspapers, etc. On the internet, there is a wealth of unverified information.

As a professional speech writer , the structure you have when you sit down to write the speech, the easier it will be to organize your thoughts. Whenever delivering your final speech, make sure you memorize it or rely on notes.

There are four basic parts of a basic debate outline:

If there are certain key words the judges may question you about, be prepared to define them.

There are four parts, each of which can be broken down further. An introduction and conclusion should often be written last, so focus first on your thesis statement and supporting evidence.

Start THE Speech By Introducing The First Impression

Create an introduction that is interesting and catches the reader’s attention. When you introduce the topic, you should make sure that it is clearly and concisely stated. Nevertheless, you should start your writing with colorful flourishes that indicate the theme.

Formal greetings are appropriate for the jury or the audience . For example, you can start the conversation by saying, “Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.” The discussion takes a very formal tone.

A good first impression is very important for the judges. A good first impression gives the judges confidence that the speaker is persuasive. Contextualizing the topic is one way to write a strong introduction, particularly when it is related to real-life events.

The introduction can also include famous examples, quotes, or a personal anecdote that establishes rapport with the audience and judges. Humor carries certain risks, and if used improperly, it can lead to awkward silences. So be careful when using it. Introduce the topic in a way that clearly demonstrates your point. We have a separate complete guide on how to write a speech introduction that it might give you more insight under this section.

Clarify Your Stance

Don’t let your stance on the topic be guessed by your audience or judges. Do you agree with the resolution or disagree? State your opinion clearly and without ambiguity. Maintain your composure.

Don’t Let Your Position Confuse You

Don’t delay or contradict yourself when affirming or denying the resolution. It is also important that the audience does not have to wait until the end to find out the position you take. It is important that you state your position clearly from the beginning.

In this case, you can say, “My partner and I strongly reject (or affirm) the resolution that declares unilateral military force is justified by the US to prevent nuclear proliferation.”

Support Your Position With The Key Points

At the beginning of your speech, you should highlight the most important points. Using examples is a brilliant way to demonstrate why you believe what you believe.

The rule of thumb is to provide three to four supporting arguments to support your position. In order to support the position you have taken, you need more than one or two key points.

In the body of the speech (you’re key points and their development), you should devote the longest amount of time (perhaps three minutes and twelve seconds for the introduction and for the conclusion, depending on the rules of debate).

Create a list of the key points. Your arguments need to be well supported. Include examples, statistics, and other evidence to support each of the main points. Make them stronger.

Examine The Problem’s Causes

Then discuss the problems, their causes, their effects, the opinions of the experts, the examples, the statistics and suggest solutions. Don’t use generic terms but instead, try using visuals. Make it visual, not verbal. Be specific and explain your points.

Make an emotional connection with the listener by appealing to their motives and emotions. They are influenced by it because of their sense of fairness, their desire for savings, to be useful, and to care for the community. Include examples that explain how this affects people.

When presenting a case, use rhetorical questions to make your opponents consider your point; irony to weaken your point and appear more sophisticated; similes to give your audience something they can understand; humor to get your point across; and repetition to reinforce your point.

Employ Persuasion: Is An Art That Can Be Learned

You will be better able to convince someone in a debate if you understand how ancient philosophers persuaded people.

Aristotle wrote that it was possible to be persuasive if one combined elements of logos (persuasion through rational reasoning), pathos (emotional appeal) and ethos (character as a motivational force). Showing intelligence and goodwill, for example.

It is possible to use logic in two ways:

Deduction is also a form that proves a point by introducing a general principle connected to the specific topic to infer a conclusion.

It would be useful to say, “I oppose all wars except those that involve imminent self-defense, and therefore it must be opposed, since it is a war that does not involve imminent self-defense, and that is the reason”; or you can say the opposite.

It’s A Good Idea To Use Pathos Sparingly

A dangerous appeal is the one based on emotion. You need to appeal to reason at the center of your appeal. On the other hand, logical reasoning without any pathos can make a speech seem dry. Make sure you consider how you want your audience to feel. One way to use pathos well is to describe how a problem affects real people.

If you need help  writing a term paper , leave us a message ‘ hire a term paper writer .’

You should write a compelling conclusion.

Your position on the topic should be reiterated at the end to help solidify your point of view. It is a good idea to end your article with a strong call to action as well as your intention to do something.

You can conclude the speech in a strong manner by referring back to the introduction and linking the conclusion to the same theme as the opening.

The use of quotations can be an effective way of concluding a speech. To ensure that the key points of the speech remain fresh in the minds of the judges, you may also conclude with a good recap of what you said.

Start from the beginning and finish your presentation . Those who are proficient speakers develop their presentations. Despite understanding the power of strategically timed pauses, the speaker pays close attention to the desired tone (firm, moderate, etc.).

Reading a speech verbatim is not recommended. It is crucial that you memorize the speech and that you use notes or an outline when delivering it. However, this should sound natural and not over rehearsed. Having done your research will make your debate speech stronger. In order to refute the opposition’s arguments, you will need to think for yourself.

Make sure you speak clearly and loudly, and be aware of your rhythm. Make sure you do not talk too rapidly or too slowly. Being confident is important when it comes to persuasion.

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Debate Speech Examples

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1.  Preparing for the Debate Speech

2. research the topic very thoroughly with credible information..

3. Write an outline of your speech.

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Writing the Debate Speech

1. write an introduction that is catchy and interesting..

2. Outline where you stand very clearly.

3. Make key points to back up your stance.

4. Develop your key points.

5. understand the art of persuasion., more design, 6+ analytical essay examples, samples, 5+ literary analysis examples & samples, 5+ photo essay examples, samples, 5+ persuasive essay examples, samples, 5+ vacation checklist examples and samples, 4+ persuasive speech examples, samples, program examples, the difference between flyers, leaflets, brochures and pamphlets, 28+ examples of agenda in word format, related articles.

How to Write a Debate Speech

Last Updated: July 10, 2022 References

This article was co-authored by Patrick Muñoz . Patrick is an internationally recognized Voice & Speech Coach, focusing on public speaking, vocal power, accent and dialects, accent reduction, voiceover, acting and speech therapy. He has worked with clients such as Penelope Cruz, Eva Longoria, and Roselyn Sanchez. He was voted LA's Favorite Voice and Dialect Coach by BACKSTAGE, is the voice and speech coach for Disney and Turner Classic Movies, and is a member of Voice and Speech Trainers Association. There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 1,363,700 times.

So, you've joined debate, and it's time to write a debate speech. There are some tried and true methods to writing an effective debate speech. If you understand them, and the components that make up a standard debate speech, you will increase your chances of success.

Sample Speeches

how to make debate introduction conclusion

Preparing for the Debate Speech

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Writing the Debate Speech

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Concluding the Debate Speech

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About This Article

Patrick Muñoz

To write a debate speech, start by researching the topic thoroughly with credible and scholarly sources, and make an outline of your argument including an introduction, thesis argument, key points, and conclusion. Write the thesis argument and develop 3-4 strong points of argumentation. Be sure to clearly state your stance, and utilize expert opinions, statistics, and examples to support your opinion. To finish the speech, write an interesting introduction that incorporates your thesis and a brief conclusion that summarizes your main points. If you want to learn more, such as how to make your debate speech persuasive, keep reading the article! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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How To Do An Introduction For A Pathology Paper

by Prof. Stephen Gallik | Mar 2, 2023 | Pathology

how to make debate introduction conclusion

Pathology is the study of the structure and function of the body’s organs and tissues. It is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disease. A pathology paper is a scientific document that reports on the findings of a pathological investigation. The paper should be concise and well-organized, and it should clearly state the purpose of the investigation and the main findings . The introduction is the most important part of the paper, as it should grab the reader’s attention and give an overview of the content. The introduction should start with a general statement about the topic of the paper, followed by a more specific statement about the purpose of the paper. The introduction should then provide an overview of the main points that will be discussed in the paper. The body of the paper should provide a detailed discussion of the findings of the investigation. The discussion should be based on the evidence presented in the paper, and it should be clear and concise. The conclusion should summarize the main points of the paper and state the implications of the findings. The conclusion should also offer suggestions for further research.

How Do You Write An Introduction And Conclusion For A Research Paper?

How Do You Write An Introduction And Conclusion For A Research Paper?

To write an introduction and conclusion for a research paper , you will need to first determine what your thesis or main argument is. Once you have done this, you can then begin to craft your introduction. The introduction should give the reader an overview of your paper and introduce your thesis. After the introduction, you will need to write a body, which will develop your argument further. Finally, you will need to write a conclusion, which will summarise your paper and offer a final thoughts on your argument.

Writing an introduction to a research paper can be a difficult task for students. The goal of this guide is to help you create an excellent introduction . An introduction is a document that can take up to a few pages to complete. The length of a piece of paper is determined by how large it is as a whole. If your research lacks a clear introduction, your readers may struggle to follow it. The introduction will help them gain a better understanding of the topic and prepare them for future research. The introduction of a research paper should contain at least six essential elements. The three things you can do to make your introduction easier to write are as follows.

What Is Introduction And Conclusion In Research?

The introduction should serve as a starting point for your essay, provide context for your topic, and highlight your focus. You should also include a link to engage your readers’ curiosity. Your essay will be completed with a strong conclusion that allows you to move your ideas further into the future while providing you with a sense of closure.

The Importance Of Introductions And Conclusions In Essays

The introduction typically introduces the essay’s main ideas, whereas the conclusion summarizes and summarizes the essay’s ideas. Furthermore, introduction and conclusion can provide a broader understanding of the essay while also tying together the essay’s main points. In an introduction, you should outline the main ideas and provide a general overview of the essay. This should also serve as the starting point for the rest of the essay. It is critical to have a good introduction in order to assist the reader in understanding what the essay is about. The conclusion should summarize the main points of the essay in order to assist the reader in understanding the overall concept of the essay. In addition to providing a broader perspective, they should link the essay’s major ideas. A good conclusion will help the reader understand what the essay is about and provide a summary of the main ideas. Aside from providing a broader view of the essay, it will also serve as a link to the key points.

How To Start A Pathophysiology Paper

How To Start A Pathophysiology Paper

There is no one answer to this question as it depends on the focus of the paper. However, some tips on how to start a pathophysiology paper include introducing the topic and providing an overview of the pathophysiology of the chosen condition. It is also important to discuss how the condition affects the body and the symptoms that result from it. Additionally, the paper should discuss treatment options and prognosis.

Every nursing student is expected to write a Pathophysiology paper. This branch of medical practice focuses on disease management and injury management as part of patient care. Many nursing students consider nursing pathology paper to be a difficult task. It is best to consider using nursingwritingservices.com for your nursing writing services. NursingWritingServices.com offers online nursing paper writing service to you as a nursing paper writer. It includes an integrated plagiarism checker. Every day, we provide 100% original Nursing PICO projects.

Live chat with your writer guides on your expectations and suggestions as they work on your requests. It’s as simple as selecting from hundreds of writers and selecting your favorite to write the Nursing Pico. A good nursing paper reduces stress for a student and allows them to grow in their academic and general education programs. It is equally important that any Nursing Pathophysiology paper or other such document is written in a way that the intended reader understands. All you have to do is place an order, send all of the necessary files, and get the paper on your desk before the deadline. We begin with the most basic questions. Because we have experts who are specially trained in different fields of study, we can offer assignments in all fields of study.

Nursingwritingservices.com’s writers have extensive experience in nursing writing and have a firm understanding of what is expected from them. It is nothing more convenient than to assign your Picot tasks to an expert. The nursing assignment must be understood and explained in the simplest possible way by all of us.

How Do You Write A Pathophysiology Paper?

An admission paper should include information about your patient’s primary medical condition (the reason they were admitted). Your clinical research will most likely focus on the pathophysiology of the disease process, as well as how it affects your patients.

What Is The Introduction To Pathophysiology?

Pathophysiological research seeks to determine how normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions are affected by disease or a condition that may not qualify as a disease.

Is Intro To Pathophysiology Hard?

Pathophysiology is regarded as one of the most difficult courses nursing students will have to take during their education. Here are some suggestions to assist nursing students in making the most of this course. Take the time to read and reread the material. The best way to memorize this course is to go over it again and again.

Article On Pathology

Article On Pathology

Pathology is the study of the structure and function of the body’s organs and tissues. It is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Pathologists use a variety of techniques to examine tissues and organs. They often use microscopes to examine tissue samples . Pathologists also use laboratory tests to diagnose diseases.

The Journal of Pathology bridges the gap between basic biomedical science and clinical medicine. This journal provides high-impact research on the pathophysiological and pathogenetic mechanisms of human disease, as well as their mechanisms of action. To read this month’s Editor’s Choice article, please visit this link: every month, the Editor selects an article for free. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major contributor to invasive cervical cancer, according to a review of the scientific literature. Examining the pathogenesis and transmission pathways of SARS-caused coronaviruses in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) provides insight into how these viruses circulate.

The Three Faces Of Pathology

Anatomical pathology , which investigates disease in organs and tissues, has a long history. This branch of medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, nervous, and urinary diseases. The field of clinical pathology studies the causes, diagnoses, and treatments of disease. Blood diseases, cancer, infectious diseases, and immune system disorders are just a few examples of diseases studied. A disease is classified as molecular pathology if it has characteristics that are specific to a disease. Cancer, genetic diseases, and genetic disorders are all studied in this area.

Fresh Pathology Term Paper Topic

There are many fresh pathology term paper topics to choose from. Some examples include: the study of a specific disease or disorder, the study of a specific organ or body system, the study of a specific cell type, and the study of a specific disease process.

The Difference Between Research Papers And Term Papers

A research paper, on the other hand, is typically a longer, more detailed piece of writing that focuses on a specific topic in greater depth than a term paper. A student will typically write it, which will usually be due at the end of the semester. Students write term papers that are typically shorter and concentrate on a single issue or topic that they have chosen themselves. They are written by a group of students in collaboration, and they are usually due at the end of the semester.

Writing Introductions

The introduction of a piece of writing is important because it sets the tone and gives the reader an idea of what to expect. A good introduction will make the reader want to keep reading, while a bad introduction will turn the reader off. There are a few things to keep in mind when writing an introduction: 1) Keep it short and to the point. 2) Start with a hook to grab the reader’s attention. 3) Give some background information on the topic. 4) Finally, state the main point or thesis of the piece.

You must have a strategy in place to get people to click on your article in order to promote it. It is a form of art to persuade readers to read an article in the first place. In this post, I will show you how to write effective introductions that turn casual web browsers into readers. If you start with something overly predictable or boring, you may lose readers. Assume that the reader already read the article and does not repeat the title. When writing about a reader, it is critical to use the word you at least once. Demonstrate the significance of the article in 1-2 sentences.

If you don’t write an effective blog post introduction , you run the risk of being labeled as a bad writer, as well as being overlooked by potential customers, subscribers, leads, and even potential supporters. You have two options for telling a story in your introduction: good or bad. Remember the tip about introducing yourself slowly and carefully? When you’re telling a story, you can still do so. Writing effective introductions is a challenge, and it takes practice and time. If you begin your post by explaining how frequently old pipes burst during the winter, your readers may be drawn in. The article must begin, and you must be able to read past the introduction to enjoy the material.

How Do You Write A Good Introduction?

In your essay introduction , three things should be mentioned: an opening hook that piques the reader’s interest, followed by an explanation of what you will be writing about. A summary of the reader’s background information. A thesis statement can be used to express your point or argument.

Prof. Stephen Gallik

I received my Ph. D. from The Pennsylvania State University. My dissertation research was a study of the effect of experimentally-induced diabetes mellitus on aortic endothelial cell histamine metabolism. After receiving my degree, I took an Instructor position at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, where I team-taught human / mammalian physiology.

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The Personal Identity Argument Against Fetal Personhood

how to make debate introduction conclusion

In this post, I'm going to present what I think is the best argument against fetal personhood. This argument claims that a person is not just a kind of human organism. Early in pregnancy, all that exists is a human organism. The person hasn't come into existence yet, so you can kill the organism and you won't be killing a person.

This is not to be confused with the claim that embryos temporarily lack certain properties that are necessary for personhood e.g. consciousness; rather, a person is a completely separate entity from the organism - something more like the brain or the mind. To help illustrate this, consider Minion from the movie Megamind. He's a sort of fish that lives inside and operates a robotic body. He is not a robot; he is a fish inside a robot. This is what the personal identity argument claims is going on with people.

None of the arguments I'll present are new, and they've all been posted here before, but I'm going to try to go into more detail here and preemptively respond to the typical pro-life objections.

Suppose we transplanted my brain into someone else's body. It seems intuitively like I would go with my brain. The person who received the brain would be me, and the now brainless organism that we took the brain from wouldn't be me. This seems to imply that I'm actually my brain or some part of it.

There are a few ways the pro-lifer could respond to this. The first would be to bite the bullet and say that I'm actually the brainless organism on the operating table. But this is implausible. Imagine I told you I was about to remove your brain, and I give you two options:

I remove your brain and then destroy it, and I replace it with a computer to serve as your new brain.

I remove your brain and then I destroy the rest of your body. Then I give your brain a robotic body.

Which one would you prefer? It seems obvious that you should prefer #2, because you'd survive #2 and you wouldn't survive #1.

Alternatively, the pro-lifer could concede that you go with your brain but say that the organism also goes with the brain. The brain, they might say, is the part that regulates all of the basic biological functions of an organism, so it makes sense to say that that's the most important part.

Dustin Crummett offers 5 responses to this:

It's actually the lower brain that regulates the basic biological functions of the organism. The cerebrum is the part that's responsible for consciousness. So you could run the same argument with just transplanting the cerebrum and leaving the lower brain behind.

Just because the brain is the most important part of the organism, it doesn't follow that the organism can consist of just a brain. An engine is the most important part of a functioning car, but that doesn't mean that a functioning car can consist of just an engine.

A detached brain doesn't meet the scientific criteria for being an organism any more than a detached arm would.

If the brain is the organism, what's the brainless body? Another organism? Did we create a new organism by doing this?

It just seems clear that our intuitions about brain transplants are responding to what happens to our mind, not what happens to the organism. Even if animalists could account for this intuition, they'd only be getting the right result for the wrong reason.

Finally, the pro-lifer could say that the brain remains a part of the original organism when you transplant it. The organism now consists of the transplanted brain + the brainless body on the operating table. What appears to be the recipient organism is actually two organisms in a symbiotic relationship: one consisting of a brain and the rest of the original body, and another consisting of the recipient brainless body.

I think this is motivated by the idea that once a body part is developed, it has to remain a part of its original organism for as long as it exists. But this seems clearly false. If I donate a kidney to someone, and it starts serving their biological functions instead of mine, surely it's not part of my body anymore. Part of what it means to be part of an organism is that you're participating in the biological functions of that organism, and my organs no longer do that once they're removed and transplanted.

Also, this view would have an interesting implication: You could take some of my somatic cells, induce pluripotency, and use them to grow a fully functioning brain (the fact that induced pluripotent stem cells can be used to create brain organoids indicates that this is at least possible in principle), and my organism would gain a second valuable future in virtue of this brain existing, since it would supposedly still be a part of my body 1 .

So I think this gives us good reason to reject the view that the organism follows the brain in any way. And so the only way to account for the intuition that the person follows the brain is to say that the person isn't the organism.

The second argument comes from Tim Campbell and Jeff McMahan, in their paper, Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning :

Dicephalus occurs when a human zygote divides incompletely, resulting in twins fused below the neck. In a case featured in Life magazine, Abigail and Brittany Hensel appear as two heads emerging from a single torso; yet they are clearly separate and distinct persons. Each has her own private mental life and her own character, each feels sensations only on her own side of the body, and each has exclusive control over limbs on her side. They seem, however, to share a single organism.

Nobody denies that Abigail and Brittany are two separate people. So if the pro-lifer is going to maintain that people are human organisms, they have to say that Abigail and Brittany are also two separate organisms.

But we could imagine a species that just naturally has two heads, and that always reproduces two-headed offspring. For example, the troigs from Star Wars. Each troig seems like it would be just one organism.

Also, consider another type of conjoined twinning called Craniopagus Parasiticus , where one twin consists of only a head that's attached to the top of the other head. A pair of twins with this condition would look like one regular human organism with a second upside down head attached to the top of their head. No one with this condition has ever survived to adulthood, but it seems at least metaphysically possible that they could, and that they would be two people. It's hard to see how this could be described as two organisms.

Finally, there is a third type of conjoined twinning called Cephalopagus , which is basically the opposite of Dicephalus. Instead of one body with two heads, there is one head with two bodies. Again, no one with this condition has ever survived to adulthood, but it's possible. Someone with this condition would clearly be only one person, since they have one head, one brain, and one personality.

So to maintain that a person is the same as a human organism, the pro-lifer would have to say that there are two organisms present in a case of Decephalus but only one organism present in a case of Cephalopagus, which seems clearly wrong.

Alternatively, the pro-lifer could concede that a person is not the same as a human organism but maintain that the organism still might have moral status in virtue of having a future of value. But this seems to imply that there are three beings here with moral status: two people and one organism. And for the rest of us non-conjoined-twins, there is one person and one organism. So early in fetal development, before the person comes into existence, you could kill the organism and it would only be half as wrong as killing a born person.

A more natural interpretation of what's going on in these cases is that a person is something like an embodied mind. They don't exist at conception, and they come into existence later on as the brain develops.

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If you cut the arms and legs off of a fetus and let them be born, would that be an acceptable act (or even just give them a permanent scar on their face). Nearly everyone says it is not. Yet it’s ok to kill them? The normal PC response is that killing them is ok because they are not suffering and don’t know what they are missing. But the same would apply if you out a bullet between someone’s eye when they are sleeping… no suffering and they don’t know their life has been taken away. The normal PC response to that is to say that the reason it’s wrong is because of the suffering of their loved ones. But what if they have no family and friends? And since when have we decided that a person’s worth is determined solely by their connections? It’s clearly wrong because you are robbing someone of the rest of their life. The same applies to a ZEF. Whatever you call it… organism/person. A consciousness is clearly what has value… grow a body in a lab and it’s just flesh, like an amputated foot. But it’s not so simple as “if it’s not conscious at this moment then it’s ok to kill”. Or people under general anesthesia or anyone that temporarily lost the level of consciousness would be killable. The standard used with coma patients is if they can recover. If at any point in the future they can have that human-level consciousness then they are protected. But if they are brain-dead (will not have consciousness in the future) then it doesn’t matter. It’s not just present state that matters, but future state / future capacity as well. That’s why it’s wring to cut the arms and legs off a fetus and let them be born, and it’s why it’s also wrong to kill them.

If you cut the arms and legs off of a fetus and let them be born, would that be an acceptable act

No, because you're causing a future person to be born without arms and legs. That's like asking if it's okay to modify the DNA of your gametes so that when you conceive, you'll create a person without arms and legs.

It’s clearly wrong because you are robbing someone of the rest of their life. The same applies to a ZEF.

The same would apply to the ZEF if the ZEF was the thing that experienced the future, but it isn't; the mind is. So it's the mind that has the valuable future.

I agree with this, especially due to the portion about the popular twins. I think personhood is, simply put, dependent on the brain and/or consciousness considering the twins are considered 2 people but one organism. I think prolife conflating organism to person doesn't logically align and this post definitely outlines that scientific way to describe it.

However we see majority of prolife isn't necessarily about science implications. How would this information correlate to the more emotional mindsets regarding abortion if it is able to?

Honestly, I think this is not a good argument to address the emotional aspect of abortion. It's complicated and it gets into weird metaphysical issues. If I was talking to a pro-lifer who had more emotional reasons for opposing abortion, I would use something like the McFall argument, because you can affirm that a fetus is every bit as valuable as a born person, and if only there was a way to save them without the government reaching way too far into people's personal lives, we would, but there's just no way.

This gets into a weird conversation though about what happens when an organism produces multiple “persons”. Take someone with severe spit personality disorder. Would we say that there are two different “persons” in the organism? If they were successfully treated would we say it was murder as one of the personalities is no longer around?

What about someone who gets in an accident and experiences severe brain damage and has amnesia so they don’t remember at all who they are and everyone says it is like they are a different person. Would we say that a person was killed in the accident?

Personally, I don't think our persistence conditions depend on our memories or our personality. Your memories and personality change throughout your life. You don't die and get replaced with a new person when that happens. I think it's more reasonable to say that the mind is an object and things like memories and personality are just properties of it.

But if you did think that split personality disorder constitutes two people, that would only strengthen the argument against fetal personhood, since it would mean that the number of people is related to the number of personalities, which is 0 in utero.

So yeah those are both interesting questions, but they don't affect my argument in any way.

How does this inform your view on abortion?

(Sorry - I couldn’t not :-P. But I also think it’s a fair question!)

A lot of this just presupposes that a mind is what's important. I'm not so sure.

The mind clearly IS what is important. But not just present state, but future state as well. That’s why infants are protected, even though there mind is less than that of a rat at the present moment.

A lot of this just presupposes that a mind is what's important.

The mind is what's axiomatically important.

Imagine a human born without the ability to ever gain any level of consciousness. What kind of 'person' would that be? Their existence would be functionally no different than that of a jellyfish.

Now imagine a jellyfish that is able to achieve human levels of intelligence and consciousness, and is able to think and speak and interact with you just like any other human person.

Which of these two is more of a person? The mindless human, or the jellyfish that can think and talk and reason?

Care to explain?

How do my arguments presuppose that?

I like this argument, though I have to say I don't see how it is substantially different from the sentience / consciousness argument. Isn't the 'mind' just our self-aware brain?

Possibly. I was distinguishing the claim that a person is a human who has a mind from the claim that a person just is a mind. I sometimes hear pro-lifers say something like "Well he may not have a mind yet, but he's going to develop one." But if my argument is right, then it doesn't mater if the organism is going to develop a mind, because the organism isn't the thing that matters.

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Reading and Writing CSV in Bash

how to make debate introduction conclusion

Comma-Separated Values (CSV) is a widely used file format for storing data in tabular form, where each row represents a record and each column represents a field within that record. The values are separated by a comma, which is why the format is called CSV. CSV is a popular data format for exchanging information between different platforms, programs, and applications, and typially adopts the form of:

Working with CSV files is a common task for many people who work in fields such as data analysis, software development, and system administration. Knowing how to read and write CSV files in a Bash environment is essential for automating tasks and processing large amounts of data efficiently.

In this article, we will look at various ways to read and write CSV files in Bash. We'll explore the different tools available and provide examples of how to use them. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced Bash user, this article will provide you with the information you need to effectively work with CSV files in your shell scripts.

Now, we'll take a look at how to extract data from a CSV file using tools available in a Bash environment.

Here's an example of how to use awk to read a CSV file and extract its data:

In this example, the while loop reads the CSV file line by line, with each line being separated into columns using the IFS variable, which is initially set to ",". The read command then reads the columns into the variables col1 , col2 , and col3 . Finally, we use echo to print out the values of each column.

Alternatively, one of the most commonly used tools for reading CSV files in Bash is awk . awk is a powerful text-processing tool that can be used for a variety of tasks, including reading and processing CSV files. Here's an example command that prints the first two columns of a CSV file:

In this command, the -F ',' option specifies that the field separator is a comma, and {print $1, $2} tells awk to print out the first two columns of the file filename.csv . We can modify the command to print other columns or apply conditions on the fields.

If the CSV file has a different delimiter, we can modify the -F option to match it. For instance, if the CSV file uses tabs as a separator, we can use -F '\t' to split fields based on tabs. If the CSV file has a header row, we can skip it by using the NR>1 pattern before the {print} statement.

In addition to awk , there are other tools available for reading CSV files in Bash, such as sed . sed is another text-processing tool that can be used to extract data from a CSV file.

While both awk and sed are powerful tools, they each have their own pros and cons. awk is often considered more flexible and easier to use, while sed is often considered faster and more efficient. The choice between these tools will depend on the specific requirements of your project.

One of the simplest ways to write CSV files in Bash is to use the echo command and redirect its output to a file instead of the standard output pipe. For example:

In this example, we use the echo command to write the header row to the output.csv file. The > operator is used to create a new file or overwrite an existing file, while the >> operator is used to append data to an existing file. In this case, we use >> to add additional rows to the output.csv file.

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Another option for writing CSV files in Bash is to use printf . The printf command provides more control over the output format and is often used when writing to a file. For example:

In this example, we use the printf command to write the header row and data rows to the output.csv file. The format string \n is used to add a newline character at the end of each row.

When working with large or complex CSV files in Bash, we need to follow some best practices to avoid common pitfalls and improve performance. Here are some tips:

In conclusion, working with CSV files in Bash can be simple and efficient, as long as we follow some best practices and use the right tools.

By using awk and echo commands, we can read and write CSV files without relying on external tools or libraries. However, we need to be careful when processing large or complex CSV files and avoid common pitfalls, such as reading or writing to files in a loop or ignoring data cleaning and formatting.

With the tips and tricks we've covered in this article, we hope you'll be able to handle CSV files in Bash with ease and confidence.

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IMAGES

  1. How To Write A Debate Speech Introduction

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  2. Examples Of Debate Introduction Speech

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  3. Debate Template International Format

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  4. Debate Introduction Speech Sample

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  5. 500 Internal Server Error

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  6. Admission essay: How to write conclusion for essay

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VIDEO

  1. Introductions & Conclusions

  2. tutorial on how to make debate edits CapCut #cobrakai #Capcut @Stealex Not this best tutorial

  3. Building an Academic Argument

  4. How to Start a Debate

  5. how to make debate + shakes (suggested)

  6. How to make debate videos on capcut

COMMENTS

  1. How To End a Debate: Learn to Conclude and Make a Closing ...

    How To End a Debate with your closing statement. 2. Explain the most important points: An overview for your judges describes the most important points in your case. This can be accomplished by restating each of your main points or by making a general statement about your case.

  2. How to Start a Debate: Learn to Introduce Yourself and Greet

    To be persuasive, the language and tone need to be confident, positive and authoritative. The points made must be valid and relevant. 2. Logical: the presentation must be rational, explicit and articulate. 3. Informative: the presentation must be knowledgeable and educative. 4.

  3. Debate Writing

    The conclusion of the debate is the last chance to demonstrate significant ideas. It summarizes the main body by adding emotion and drama to the words. However, do not forget to add a closing sentence that leaves a lasting impression. 4. Writing the Debate Start writing the final draft of your debate.

  4. How to write a conclusion for debate summary introduction

    how to write a conclusion for a debate summary questions; how to write a conclusion for a debate summary discussion; how to write a conclusion for a debate summary examples; A good conclusion will review the key points of the dissertation and explain to the reader why the information is relevant, applicable, or related to the world as a whole ...

  5. How to Write a Good Debate Essay

    Here is how to write a debate essay step by step and get your point through in a convincing manner: Choose the topic wisely. Make sure it is a controversial topic that can have a debate both ways. You can pick any topic from child education to medicinal marijuana. The topic itself needs to have a compelling pull to keep the audience involved.

  6. Six Easy Steps to Write a Debate

    If you're the last speaker in a team debate you need to make sure that you also sum up your team member's best arguments in your conclusion too. At the very end, you could choose to firmly restate your position on the subject or perhaps reiterate an emotional call that you made in your introduction.

  7. How does a speaker properly conclude a debate speech?

    Your debate speech conclusion must be attuned to all of the speech that preceded the conclusion. Do not go off on a tangent in your conclusion. Make your conclusion precise, concise,...

  8. PDF How To End A Debate Examples

    I agree that we need to make sure that animals that are used for testing new products have a minimum of suffering. However, I am convinced that animal testing is necessary and that it will continue to benefit humans in new and wonderful ways. Example 3: In conclusion, physical punishment can be a useful method of discipline.

  9. How to Write a Conclusion (With Tips and Examples)

    How to write a conclusion An effective conclusion is created by following these steps: 1. Restate the thesis An effective conclusion brings the reader back to the main point, reminding the reader of the purpose of the essay. However, avoid repeating the thesis verbatim. Paraphrase your argument slightly while still preserving the primary point. 2.

  10. How to Conclude an Essay

    Step 1: Return to your thesis. To begin your conclusion, signal that the essay is coming to an end by returning to your overall argument. Don't just repeat your thesis statement —instead, try to rephrase your argument in a way that shows how it has been developed since the introduction. Example: Returning to the thesis.

  11. 🌷 Debate introduction example. 8 Tips How To Write Debate Speech That

    An effective debate introduction serves several important purposes. It should clearly state the topic of the debate and the positions that will be argued. ... It includes an introduction, body, and conclusion that are discussed below in detail. Speakers have the chance to present their ideas that propose or go against the subject matter. Next.

  12. How to Write a Debate Speech in #6 Proven Steps

    How to write debate rebuttals Step #1: Restate: Mention the arguments being challenges you highlighted in the notes. Step #2: Refute: Add the relevant details why the argument is incorrect. State why you object to the claim made by the opposing team in a simple statement.

  13. Writing the Conclusion

    Writing the Conclusion. The conclusion is the third and final component of an Oratory speech. Of all the elements, this should be the easiest to complete as it is basically a summary of the speech. Yet, it seems to challenge many orators. Orators tend to have difficulty not only knowing when to end their speech but how.

  14. 8 Tips How To Write Debate Speech That Wins ( Outline & Example)

    An introduction and conclusion should often be written last, so focus first on your thesis statement and supporting evidence. How To Start a Debate Speech Start THE Speech By Introducing The First Impression Create an introduction that is interesting and catches the reader's attention.

  15. 🏷️ How to write a good debate conclusion. How to Write a Good Debate

    A good debate conclusion is an essential part of any debate, as it is the final opportunity for a debater to persuade the audience and leave a lasting impression. In this essay, we will explore some tips on how to write a good debate conclusion. First and foremost, it is important to summarize the main points of the debate in the conclusion.

  16. Debate Speech

    Here are some examples listed down. 1. Preparing for the Debate Speech. It is important to understand on how a debate works. The team will be given a topic which is called a "resolution" and your team will have to decide whether to take the affirmative or negative stance to the resolution. Whether you will be assigned to a certain stance or ...

  17. How to Write a Debate Speech: 10 Steps (with Pictures)

    One strong way to conclude a debate speech is to bookend the conclusion with the opening, by referring back to the introduction and tying the conclusion into the same theme. Quotations can be a good way to end a speech. You can also end with a brief summation of the key arguments of the speech to ensure they remain fresh in judges' minds. 2

  18. How To Write Debate Conclusion

    How To Write Debate Conclusion - Submit. Recent Review About this Writer. Total orders: 9156. Level: College, University, High School, Master's. ... What Is A Introduction In An Essay, Speeding Causes Accidents Essay, Sleep Deprivation Research Paper Questions, How To Start An Argumentative Essay Middle School, Liberal Arts Thesis Topics

  19. How To Do An Introduction For A Pathology Paper

    To write an introduction and conclusion for a research paper, you will need to first determine what your thesis or main argument is. Once you have done this, you can then begin to craft your introduction. The introduction should give the reader an overview of your paper and introduce your thesis. After the introduction, you will need to write a ...

  20. The Personal Identity Argument Against Fetal Personhood

    Introduction. In this post, I'm going to present what I think is the best argument against fetal personhood. This argument claims that a person is not just a kind of human organism. Early in pregnancy, all that exists is a human organism. The person hasn't come into existence yet, so you can kill the organism and you won't be killing a person.

  21. Reading and Writing CSV in Bash

    Conclusion. In conclusion, working with CSV files in Bash can be simple and efficient, as long as we follow some best practices and use the right tools. By using awk and echo commands, we can read and write CSV files without relying on external tools or libraries. However, we need to be careful when processing large or complex CSV files and ...