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Think of yourself as a member of a jury, listening to a lawyer who is presenting an opening argument. You'll want to know very soon whether the lawyer believes the accused to be guilty or not guilty, and how the lawyer plans to convince you. Readers of academic essays are like jury members: before they have read too far, they want to know what the essay argues as well as how the writer plans to make the argument. After reading your thesis statement, the reader should think, "This essay is going to try to convince me of something. I'm not convinced yet, but I'm interested to see how I might be."
An effective thesis cannot be answered with a simple "yes" or "no." A thesis is not a topic; nor is it a fact; nor is it an opinion. "Reasons for the fall of communism" is a topic. "Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe" is a fact known by educated people. "The fall of communism is the best thing that ever happened in Europe" is an opinion. (Superlatives like "the best" almost always lead to trouble. It's impossible to weigh every "thing" that ever happened in Europe. And what about the fall of Hitler? Couldn't that be "the best thing"?)
A good thesis has two parts. It should tell what you plan to argue, and it should "telegraph" how you plan to argue—that is, what particular support for your claim is going where in your essay.
Steps in Constructing a Thesis
First, analyze your primary sources. Look for tension, interest, ambiguity, controversy, and/or complication. Does the author contradict himself or herself? Is a point made and later reversed? What are the deeper implications of the author's argument? Figuring out the why to one or more of these questions, or to related questions, will put you on the path to developing a working thesis. (Without the why, you probably have only come up with an observation—that there are, for instance, many different metaphors in such-and-such a poem—which is not a thesis.)
Once you have a working thesis, write it down. There is nothing as frustrating as hitting on a great idea for a thesis, then forgetting it when you lose concentration. And by writing down your thesis you will be forced to think of it clearly, logically, and concisely. You probably will not be able to write out a final-draft version of your thesis the first time you try, but you'll get yourself on the right track by writing down what you have.
Keep your thesis prominent in your introduction. A good, standard place for your thesis statement is at the end of an introductory paragraph, especially in shorter (5-15 page) essays. Readers are used to finding theses there, so they automatically pay more attention when they read the last sentence of your introduction. Although this is not required in all academic essays, it is a good rule of thumb.
Anticipate the counterarguments. Once you have a working thesis, you should think about what might be said against it. This will help you to refine your thesis, and it will also make you think of the arguments that you'll need to refute later on in your essay. (Every argument has a counterargument. If yours doesn't, then it's not an argument—it may be a fact, or an opinion, but it is not an argument.)
This statement is on its way to being a thesis. However, it is too easy to imagine possible counterarguments. For example, a political observer might believe that Dukakis lost because he suffered from a "soft-on-crime" image. If you complicate your thesis by anticipating the counterargument, you'll strengthen your argument, as shown in the sentence below.
Some Caveats and Some Examples
A thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered. A question ("Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?") is not an argument, and without an argument, a thesis is dead in the water.
A thesis is never a list. "For political, economic, social and cultural reasons, communism collapsed in Eastern Europe" does a good job of "telegraphing" the reader what to expect in the essay—a section about political reasons, a section about economic reasons, a section about social reasons, and a section about cultural reasons. However, political, economic, social and cultural reasons are pretty much the only possible reasons why communism could collapse. This sentence lacks tension and doesn't advance an argument. Everyone knows that politics, economics, and culture are important.
A thesis should never be vague, combative or confrontational. An ineffective thesis would be, "Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe because communism is evil." This is hard to argue (evil from whose perspective? what does evil mean?) and it is likely to mark you as moralistic and judgmental rather than rational and thorough. It also may spark a defensive reaction from readers sympathetic to communism. If readers strongly disagree with you right off the bat, they may stop reading.
An effective thesis has a definable, arguable claim. "While cultural forces contributed to the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, the disintegration of economies played the key role in driving its decline" is an effective thesis sentence that "telegraphs," so that the reader expects the essay to have a section about cultural forces and another about the disintegration of economies. This thesis makes a definite, arguable claim: that the disintegration of economies played a more important role than cultural forces in defeating communism in Eastern Europe. The reader would react to this statement by thinking, "Perhaps what the author says is true, but I am not convinced. I want to read further to see how the author argues this claim."
A thesis should be as clear and specific as possible. Avoid overused, general terms and abstractions. For example, "Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe because of the ruling elite's inability to address the economic concerns of the people" is more powerful than "Communism collapsed due to societal discontent."
Copyright 1999, Maxine Rodburg and The Tutors of the Writing Center at Harvard University
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- How to Write a Thesis Statement | 4 Steps & Examples
How to Write a Thesis Statement | 4 Steps & Examples
Published on January 11, 2019 by Shona McCombes . Revised on September 14, 2022 by Eoghan Ryan.
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . It usually comes near the end of your introduction .
Your thesis will look a bit different depending on the type of essay you’re writing. But the thesis statement should always clearly state the main idea you want to get across. Everything else in your essay should relate back to this idea.
You can write your thesis statement by following four simple steps:
- Start with a question
- Write your initial answer
- Develop your answer
- Refine your thesis statement
Table of contents
What is a thesis statement, placement of the thesis statement, step 1: start with a question, step 2: write your initial answer, step 3: develop your answer, step 4: refine your thesis statement, types of thesis statements, frequently asked questions about thesis statements.
A thesis statement summarizes the central points of your essay. It is a signpost telling the reader what the essay will argue and why.
The best thesis statements are:
- Concise: A good thesis statement is short and sweet—don’t use more words than necessary. State your point clearly and directly in one or two sentences.
- Contentious: Your thesis shouldn’t be a simple statement of fact that everyone already knows. A good thesis statement is a claim that requires further evidence or analysis to back it up.
- Coherent: Everything mentioned in your thesis statement must be supported and explained in the rest of your paper.
The thesis statement generally appears at the end of your essay introduction or research paper introduction .
The spread of the internet has had a world-changing effect, not least on the world of education. The use of the internet in academic contexts and among young people more generally is hotly debated. For many who did not grow up with this technology, its effects seem alarming and potentially harmful. This concern, while understandable, is misguided. The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its many benefits for education: the internet facilitates easier access to information, exposure to different perspectives, and a flexible learning environment for both students and teachers.
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You should come up with an initial thesis, sometimes called a working thesis , early in the writing process . As soon as you’ve decided on your essay topic , you need to work out what you want to say about it—a clear thesis will give your essay direction and structure.
You might already have a question in your assignment, but if not, try to come up with your own. What would you like to find out or decide about your topic?
For example, you might ask:
After some initial research, you can formulate a tentative answer to this question. At this stage it can be simple, and it should guide the research process and writing process .
Now you need to consider why this is your answer and how you will convince your reader to agree with you. As you read more about your topic and begin writing, your answer should get more detailed.
In your essay about the internet and education, the thesis states your position and sketches out the key arguments you’ll use to support it.
The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its many benefits for education because it facilitates easier access to information.
In your essay about braille, the thesis statement summarizes the key historical development that you’ll explain.
The invention of braille in the 19th century transformed the lives of blind people, allowing them to participate more actively in public life.
A strong thesis statement should tell the reader:
- Why you hold this position
- What they’ll learn from your essay
- The key points of your argument or narrative
The final thesis statement doesn’t just state your position, but summarizes your overall argument or the entire topic you’re going to explain. To strengthen a weak thesis statement, it can help to consider the broader context of your topic.
These examples are more specific and show that you’ll explore your topic in depth.
Your thesis statement should match the goals of your essay, which vary depending on the type of essay you’re writing:
- In an argumentative essay , your thesis statement should take a strong position. Your aim in the essay is to convince your reader of this thesis based on evidence and logical reasoning.
- In an expository essay , you’ll aim to explain the facts of a topic or process. Your thesis statement doesn’t have to include a strong opinion in this case, but it should clearly state the central point you want to make, and mention the key elements you’ll explain.
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.
The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:
- It gives your writing direction and focus.
- It gives the reader a concise summary of your main point.
Without a clear thesis statement, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.
Follow these four steps to come up with a thesis statement :
- Ask a question about your topic .
- Write your initial answer.
- Develop your answer by including reasons.
- Refine your answer, adding more detail and nuance.
The thesis statement should be placed at the end of your essay introduction .
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How To Write A Thesis
Last updated on: Jan 2, 2023
Good Thesis Topics & Ideas for Your Next Project
By: Nova A.
Reviewed By: Rylee W.
Published on: Jan 3, 2023
Writing a thesis is essential for passing a graduate or undergraduate degree. However, for a great thesis, you need a good topic.
Some high school students choose a difficult thesis or research paper topic and make the writing phase difficult. Therefore, for your help, we compiled some great thesis topics that make your writing phase easy and interesting.
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Tips for Choosing a Good Thesis Topic
Choosing the right thesis topic is necessary for writing a good thesis . A good topic not only makes your writing phase easy but increases the chances of getting good grades.
Some students get stuck and find it a time-consuming task. However, with little guidance and help, you will easily pick the best topic for your thesis.
Here are some tips that you should follow and select a great topic for your thesis.
- Identify something that you are interested in and passionate about.
- Understand your target audience.
- Brainstorm the possible topic ideas.
- Consult your professor and get help from them.
- Read the current work and find gaps in the published work.
- Combine different ideas to develop a new concept.
- Pick a topic that helps you to create the thesis statement and research questions easily.
Therefore, follow these tips and try to choose a great thesis topic.
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Unique Thesis Topics Recommended by Experts
A good thesis topic is essential for drafting a great thesis. Without a good topic, you will not create a perfect thesis.
The following is the list of topics that help you to start writing the thesis without any problem.
Thesis Topics in Education
- Helping beginning elementary teachers teach mathematics ambitiously.
- Should colleges and universities offer more education geared toward entrepreneurship?
- Why should public schools allow student involvement in meal planning?
- Do standardized tests really reveal student knowledge essays?
- Character development programs in elementary schools.
- The role of student behavioral policies in classroom management.
- What is considered basic education in different countries and why?
- What do teachers believe has been the effect of technology on students’ learning?
- Why is studying abroad a legitimate excuse for traveling?
- How to write a paper with the best editing services?
Thesis Topics for Architecture
- Bus terminal cum commercial complex.
- Pros and cons of using the new architecture for the home.
- The housing model of the 21st century.
- Improving the transit system from a design point of view.
- Discuss the different fields of study related to architecture and its place in modern society.
- The world health organization’s headquarters and its renovation.
- The use of recycled materials in sustainable architecture.
- Comparing contemporary vs. traditional housing.
- Heating and cooling systems with renewable energy.
- The ownable city: urban strategies that promote identity.
Thesis Topics for Finance
- Innovation in the banking system of the United States in the digital age.
- Microfinance is empowering women across the globe.
- Impact of Covid- 19 on the stock market.
- Discuss the difference between traditional finance and behavioral finance.
- The development of entrepreneurial skills in microfinance institutions.
- Comparative evaluation strategies in mergers and acquisitions.
- Best ways to pay for education: student loans or personal loans.
- Five ways the banking industry has been transformed by IT.
- Banking and finance in the Islamic world.
- Prospects and challenges of mobile banking in the UK.
Thesis Topics in Marketing
- What are the most common mistakes done with email marketing?
- How do companies differentiate their services on the basis of social class?
- Why is it important to know the national culture when promoting the product?
- How can celebrities influence consumer buying decisions?
- What internet marketing trends can be expected for the future?
- How do supermarket chains overcome language differences in Switzerland?
- An attitude of people in different roles towards direct marketing.
- Write about the different elements in brand recognition.
- The use of social media in b2b marketing and branding.
- What factors influence the consumer's buying decisions?
Thesis Topics in Economics
- Forces behind socio-economic inequalities in the United States.
- Cashless economy: The impact of demonetization on small and medium businesses.
- The role of local culture in promoting regional innovation networks.
- How did covid affect international business activities?
- Economic growth and sustainability.
- Wages, incomes, and wealth.
- Detailed analysis of the European Union Emission trading system.
- Social system and behavior of the economy.
- The role of banks in the economy of a country.
- Executive compensation and risk-taking in the banking sector.
Thesis Topics in Psychology
- Media violence and children.
- Sleep quality and executive function in diverse older adults.
- Effect of violent cartoons on children's behavior and mental state.
- Students listening to music while studying perform better in exams.
- Ways used by sports psychology to promote mental health.
- What is the influence of judgments in decision-making capacity?
- Causes of increase in the psychopathic behavior of teenagers and youth.
- Which therapy practices are effective in treating addictions?
- Discuss the difference between mood disorders and mental disorders.
- How can antidepressants be best used with other forms of therapy?
Thesis Topics for Textile Designing
- Relationships between theory and practice in textile design research.
- Exploring the role of textiles in the product design process.
- The competitive situation of the clothing and textile industry.
- The distinction between research related to processes and that related to outcomes.
- Career development of textile industry employees.
- How smartphones these days are defining fashion among youths?
- The history of wool and woolen wears.
- How smart is the concept of smart textile?
- The benefit of textile design research to the textile designer.
- The origin of waistcoats; analysis based on its history.
Thesis Topics in English Literature
- Tagore’s novel Gora covers both tradition and modernism.
- Nineteenth-century poetic imagination with astronomy.
- How to best communicate: Verbal or non-verbal?
- Magic and fantasy in the work of Robert Louis Stevenson.
- The impact Mary Shelley's Frankenstein had on proceeding literature.
- The function of animals in children’s literature.
- Lucy Maud Montgomery and the development of the young artist.
- Antigone as a Feminist play: women vs. patriarchal power.
- The image of Death as a character in literature.
- What are the adverse effects of computers on modern language?
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MBA Thesis Topics
- The influence of advertising on consumer behavior.
- A comparative study of organized trading in the USA and UK.
- Role of strategic market planning in brand success.
- International business and the prospective limitations faced by the trade.
- The most effective strategy for integration in global stock markets.
- Employee motivation and its effect on employee performance.
- How retail layout and design impact a retail business.
- The protection of your business from negative press.
- Role of human resources in organizational development.
- Globalization and its impact on small-scale industries.
PhD Thesis Topics
- Evaluating the process of implementation of inclusive education in the US.
- The role of private schools in education modernization reform in China.
- What management models are present in the tourism industry?
- Comparing the economies of developed vs developing countries.
- A process of co-working implementation of regional industrial policy.
- Communicative strategies for early-stage entrepreneurs.
- Comparison of seventeenth and eighteenth-century botanical collections.
- Should commerce be heavily monitored by the government?
- Digital strategies for customer relationship management.
- The most disastrous civil war conflict in American history.
Now, you get several thesis topics on different academic fields or areas. However, if you face difficulty in creating the thesis, then don’t take the stress. Simply consult GradSchoolGenius.com .
We provide the best thesis writing service at affordable rates. Our professional writers will help you write the research paper, term papers, thesis, or dissertation. You can also take help from them in selecting a great research paper topic.
So, contact us and get online writing help from our experienced writers for your academic assignment.
As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.
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10+ Best Thesis Examples as a Sample for Writing your Thesis
In this blog post, I will share with you some of the best thesis examples written by students in different fields and written on different topics. You can take these as a sample while writing your own thesis and take inspiration from the format of the thesis and their writing styles.
If you are not sure how to start writing your thesis , you can read this complete guide on how to write a thesis proposal .
Sample Thesis Format 1 – University of Illinois
This thesis format is presented by the University of Illinois Graduate College. You can check the full pdf of this thesis format here.
Thesis Format 2 – Southern Illinois University
University: Sample Thesis Author: James Smith Full Thesis Sample: https://www.cs.siu.edu/files/thesis.pd f
Masters Thesis Format 3- Kathmandu University
This thesis format is the sample of thesis by the Kathmanud University . The details of the Thesis written is given below and you can check the full pdf of this thesis below.
Masters Thesis Example 1
University: The University of Toledo Thesis Title: The Impact of Laptop Computers on Student Learning Behaviors as Perceived by Classroom Teachers Author: Rebecca Righi For: Master of Education Degree in Educational Administration and Supervision Year: 2012 Full Thesis Sample: https://etd.ohiolink.edu/apexprod/rws_etd/send_file/send?accession=toledo1333741245&disposition=attachment
Masters Thesis Example 2 – Artificial Intelligence
Masters thesis example 3 – master of arts degree in education.
This is written by Matthew Brillinger from the University of Ottawa. You can check the full thesis sample here.
Undergraduate Thesis Example 4 – Undergraduate Senior Thesis in History
University: Columbia University Thesis Topic: A Starving Man Helping Another Starving Man Author: Julien Saint Reiman For: Undergraduate Senior Thesis in History Year: 2018 Full Thesis Sample: https://history.columbia.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/20/2016/06/Reiman-Julien-Thesis.pdf
Masters Thesis – Sample 5 – Degree in Women’s Studies
University: University of Ottawa Thesis Topic: An Analysis of Sexual Assault Support Services for Women who have a Developmental Disability Author: Heather Martin For: Master of Arts degree in Women’s Studies Year: 2015 Full Thesis Sample: https://ruor.uottawa.ca/bitstream/10393/32518/3/Martin_Heather_2015_thesis.pdf
Thesis Example 6- Masters of Science in Physics
Doctorate thesis example 7 – doctor of philosophy.
University: Leopold-Franzens University Thesis Topic: An algorithm for finding the basis elements of the residue class ring of a zero dimensional polynomial ideal Author: Bruno Buchberger For: Doctor of Philosophy Year: 2005 Full Thesis Sample: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747717105001483
Masters Thesis Example 8 – Computer Science
University: IOWA STATE University Topic: Evaluating the role of critical nodes in disrupting diffusion in independent cascade diffusion model Author: Raj Gaurav Ballabh Kumar For: Masters of Science Major: Computer Science Full Thesis Sample: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8730&context=etd
Masters Thesis Example 9 – Fine Arts
1 thought on “10+ best thesis examples as a sample for writing your thesis”, leave a comment cancel reply.
Award-winning undergraduate theses University: University of Pennsylvania Faculty: History Author: Suchait Kahlon Award: 2021 Hilary Conroy Prize for Best Honors Thesis in World History Title: “Abolition, Africans, and Abstraction: the Influence of the “Noble Savage” on British and French Antislavery Thought, 1787-1807”
Keep your thesis prominent in your introduction. A good, standard place for your thesis statement is at the end of an introductory paragraph, especially in shorter (5-15 page) essays. Readers are used to finding theses there, so they automatically pay more attention when they read the last sentence of your introduction.
The best thesis statements are: Concise: A good thesis statement is short and sweet—don’t use more words than necessary. State your point clearly and directly in one or two sentences. Contentious: Your thesis shouldn’t be a simple statement of fact that everyone already knows.
A good thesis topic is essential for drafting a great thesis. Without a good topic, you will not create a perfect thesis. The following is the list of topics that help you to start writing the thesis without any problem. Thesis Topics in Education. Helping beginning elementary teachers teach mathematics ambitiously.
Sample Thesis Format 1 – University of Illinois Thesis Format 2 – Southern Illinois University Masters Thesis Format 3- Kathmandu University Masters Thesis Example 1 Masters Thesis Example 2 – Artificial Intelligence Masters Thesis Example 3 – Master of Arts degree in Education Undergraduate Thesis Example 4 – Undergraduate Senior Thesis in History
Thesis Research Bachelor thesis October 2015 Authors: Ali Sabt German University of Technology in Oman Download file PDF Abstract and Figures Quenching is a crucial stage in the manufacturing...