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Chicago Citation Style Guide
About chicago style.
- Note-Bibliography Basics
- Author-Date Basics
- Citing Journal Articles
- Citing Newspaper Articles
- Citing Magazines
- Citing Websites & Blogs
- Sound Recordings
- Radio Program (Podcast)
- Broadcast Radio & TV
- Video Recordings (DVD/VHS)
- TV & Video (Web)
- Images & Art
- Reference Materials
- Religious Texts
- Legal & Government Documents
- Dissertations & Theses
This guide is a general overview of how to cite common types of sources using the two versions of Chicago style for student writing, 16th edition.
The Chicago Manual of Style consists of two basic documentation styles:
Notes-Bibliography (NB) is common in art history, theology, history, and other humanities disciplines
NB format uses footnotes and endnotes with a bibliography at the end of the document to record sources
Author-Date (AD) is sometimes used in the social sciences
In the Author-Date system, sources are cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author's last name and date of publication and expanded upon in a list of references at the end of the document, where full bibliographic information is provided.
- Chicago manual of style online This link opens in a new window The Chicago Manual of Style Online is completely searchable and easy to use, providing quick answers to your style and editing questions. The Chicago Manual of Style Online also provides convenient Tools, such as sample forms, letters, and style sheets.
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Chicago Referencing Guide
Video playlist: chicago referencing for aut students, using the chicago style for academic writing, is chicago style the same as chicago (turabian) style, why notes as well as a bibliography, academic integrity & plagiarism.
- Notes - basic patterns
- Bibliography - basic patterns
- Chapters and other parts of a book
- Journal articles
- Magazine articles
- Newspaper articles
- Reference works
- Theses and dissertations
- Social media
- Graphic arts
- Live performances
- Exhibition catalogues
- Television and radio
- Online videos
- Sound recordings
- Legal resources
- Lectures and paper presentations
- Personal communications, unpublished interviews and AI content
- Tables - Examples
- Figures - Examples
This online guide is based on The Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) and A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations (9th edition) , by Kate L. Turabian.
It is essential to acknowledge the ownership of resources used in your academic writing. At AUT, students in the School of Art & Design or Te Ara Poutama may be asked to use the Chicago Notes-Bibliography style to format references. This style is relatively flexible, as it accommodates a variety of sources, including those that are more esoteric.
When using Chicago style referencing in your academic writing, you must:
- acknowledge each source that you refer to in a note , contained in a footnote within the body of your written work
- include these sources, as well as all other sources that you have consulted, in a bibliography - a list of sources at the end of your written work
The short answer is yes, in almost all cases. The Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) lays out the rules for formatting writing and references in the Chicago style, and is aimed at professional writers. The Chicago (Turabian) style manual (9th edition) presents Chicago style for students and researchers, so it conforms to all the rules of Chicago style, but includes more guides and examples that are relevant to academic writing.
If you use Chicago (Turabian) style for your citations, then you are using Chicago style, as it applies to academic referencing.
Note that there are actually two variants of Chicago style: Author-Date and Notes-Bibliography. At AUT the style used is Notes-Bibliography.
The same information appears in both notes and bibliographies, with slightly different formatting. Readers need this information in both places.
Notes let readers quickly check the source for a particular reference without disrupting the flow of their reading.
Bibliographies show readers the extent of your research and its relationship to prior work. They also help readers find and use your sources in their own research. Bibliographies can include sources that you have not directly referred to in your written work, but which were still useful to you in your research.
Academic integrity involves the acknowledgement of your own and other peoples’ written work, images, audio files, or their ideas. The only content which you do not need to acknowledge is common knowledge.
When you use someone else's ideas or words in your writing without acknowledging (referencing) where they came from, this behaviour could be classified as plagiarising or academic dishonesty.
Work can be plagiarised from many sources: books, articles, websites, course notes, other students’ assignments, even your own earlier assignments.
Plagiarism can occur by mistake if you are not careful. Always write down the title and author of a work when you take notes from it. Learn more about how to avoid plagiarism .
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- Last Updated: Feb 15, 2023 11:52 AM
- URL: https://aut.ac.nz.libguides.com/turabian
Chicago Citation Style, 17th Edition: Thesis or Dissertation
- One Author or Editor
- Multiple Authors or Editors
- Author and Editor
- Author and Translator
- Organization as Author
- Anonymous Work
- Chapter from an Edited Work
- Multivolume Work
- Edition Other than the First
- Dictionary or Encyclopedia
- Journal Article
- Magazine Article
- Newspaper Article
- Book Review
- Basic Webpage
- Blogs and Social Media
- Government Website
- Audio/Video Recording
- Online Multimedia
- Interview or Personal Communication
- Lecture or Presentation
- Primary Source Published in an Edited Collection
- Thesis or Dissertation
- Pamphlet or Brochure
- Sacred Text
- Indirect Source
- Government Document
- Paintings, Illustrations, Tables
Thesis or Dissertation (14.215)
Example 1 – Print
N: 1. Lindsey Bingley, "From Overalls to Aprons? The Paid and Unpaid Labour of Southern Alberta Women, 1939-1959" (master's thesis, University of Lethbridge, 2006), 58.
B: Bingley, Lindsey. "From Overalls to Aprons? The Paid and Unpaid Labour of Southern Alberta Women, 1939-1959." Master's thesis, University of Lethbridge, 2006.
Example 2 – Online (Commercial Database)
N: 1. Libra Rose Hilde, "Worth a Dozen Men: Women, Nursing, and Medical Care during the American Civil War" (PhD diss., Harvard University, 2003), 295, ProQuest ( 3091579).
B: Hilde, Libra Rose. "Worth a Dozen Men: Women, Nursing, and Medical Care during the American Civil War." PhD diss., Harvard University, 2003. ProQuest (3091579).
Example 3 – Online (Institutional Repository)
N: 1. Hiroshi Ishida, "A Geography of Contemporary Maori Agriculture." (PhD diss., University of Auckland, 1966), 110-16, https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/handle/2292/2489.
B: Ishida, Hiroshi. "A Geography of Contemporary Maori Agriculture" PhD diss., University of Auckland, 1966. https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/handle/2292/2489.
Help & Guide Contents
Home General Guidelines Notes Bibliography Books One Author or Editor Multiple Authors or Editors Author and Editor Author and Translator Organization as Author Anonymous Work Chapter from an Edited Work Multivolume Work Edition Other than the First Dictionary or Encyclopedia E-Book Articles Journal Article Magazine Article Newspaper Article Book Review Websites Basic Webpage Blogs and Social Media Government Website Audiovisual Media Audio/Video Recording Online Multimedia Other Sources Interview or Personal Communication Lecture or Presentation Primary Source Published in an Edited Collection Thesis or Dissertation Pamphlet or Brochure Sacred Text Indirect Source Government Document Paintings, Illustrations, Tables Plagiarism
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- Last Updated: Nov 25, 2022 9:33 AM
- URL: https://library.ulethbridge.ca/chicagostyle
Fast and free citation generator APA 6th and 7th ed. • MLA 8th ed. • Chicago 16th ed.
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Chicago Style Guide
General format rules – chicago entire paper.
- Chicago papers should be double-spaced. Your footnotes and bibliographies should be single-spaced, but should have a blank line between entries.
- Every page except the title page should contain a header. A page header in Chicago should be found on the top of every page justified to the right. The page header should contain the author's last name followed by the page number. The first page to be numbered should be page 2.
- Title Page : The title page should take up the full first page of your paper. Please use our title page creator to format your title page.
- Bibliography : Create the bibliography page at the end of your paper on a new page. Label this page bibliography at the top middle of the page. Do not underline, bold, enlarge or use quotes for the word Bibliography. The bibliography should include all sources cited within the work and may sometimes include other relevant sources that were not cited but provide further reading.
- Notes: In the page for each source type the examples include numbered notes with a bibliography entry. The first note is a full note and the second note is a shortened form that can be used for subsequent citations of a source already cited.
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Citation Help: Dissertations & Theses
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- In-text Citation
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A quick note:
The following examples follow the Notes-Bibliography style. For Author-Date style, please consult The Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition.
Chicago AND Turabian Citation Examples: Dissertations & Theses
Chicago and Turabian use the exact same format for citing dissertations and theses.
- Title of Dissertation or Thesis
- Type of Document (Dissertation or Thesis)
- Name of Degree Granting Institution
Thesis or dissertation
1. Author First Last, "Title of Dissertation or Theis" (Doctoral diss. or Master's Thesis, Name of Institution, Year), pp.-pp.
1. Dana S. Levin, "Let's Talk about Sex . . . Education: Exploring Youth Perspectives, Implicit Messages, and Unexamined Implications of Sex Education in Schools" (PhD diss., University of Michigan, 2010), 101-2.
2. Author Last, "Shortened Title," pp.
2. Levin, "Let's Talk about Sex," 98.
Author Last, First. "Title of Dissertation or Thesis." Doctoral diss. or Master's Thesis, Name of Institution, Year.
Levin, Dana S. "Let's Talk about Sex . . . Education: Exploring Youth Perspectives, Implicit Messages, and Unexamined Implications of Sex Education in Schools." PhD diss., University of Michigan, 2010.
Examples courtesy of The Turabian 8th edition .
Chicago/Turabian Examples by Source
- Audio & Video
- Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
- Dissertations & Theses
- Websites, Including Social Media
- Other Source Types
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Librarians are available to help you with your questions. Please don't hesitate to contact us with any questions you might have regarding citation styles, citation management, etc.
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Useful Resources for Chicago/Turabian
Check out the Chicago Manual of Style's Shop Talk website for more great information about using the Chicago Manual of Style through the links below!
- Shop Talk for Students
- Formatting a paper in Chicago Style
- What's the difference between Chicago and Turabian?!?
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All you need to know about citations
How to cite a dissertation in Chicago
To cite a dissertation thesis in a reference entry in Chicago style 17th edition include the following elements:
- Author(s) of the dissertation: Give first the last name, then the name as presented in the source (e. g. Watson, John). For two authors, reverse only the first name, followed by ‘and’ and the second name in normal order (e. g. Watson, John, and John Watson). For more than seven authors, list the first seven names followed by et al.
- Title of the dissertation: Give the title in quotation marks.
- Degree: Type of degree.
- University: Give the name of the institution.
- Year of publication: Give the year of publication as presented in the source.
Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a dissertation thesis in Chicago style 17th edition:
Author(s) of the dissertation . " Title of the dissertation ." Degree , University , Year of publication .
Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the Chicago style guidelines in action:
A doctoral dissertation with one author
Guo, Jia . " Trust-based Service Management of Internet of Things Systems and Its Applications ." Doctoral dissertation , Virginia Tech , 2018 .
Neel, Breta L . " Three Flute Chamber Works by Alberto Ginastera: Intertwining Elements of Art and Folk Music ." Doctoral dissertation , Nebraska-Lincoln University , 2017 .
This citation style guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style (17 th edition).
More useful guides
- Chicago Citation Quickguide
- How to Cite A Dissertation
- Citing and referencing: University theses and dissertations
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Chicago 17th edition notes and bibliography
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Titles of theses and dissertations appear in quotation marks otherwise they are cited like books.
The kind of thesis, the academic institution, and the date follow the title. Like the publication data of a book, these are enclosed in parentheses in a note but not in a bibliography.
If the document was consulted online, include a URL or, for documents retrieved from a commercial database, the name of the database and, in parentheses, any identification number supplied or recommended by the database.
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- How to Cite a Thesis/ Dissertation in Chicago & Turabian
How to Cite a Thesis/ Dissertation in Chicago & Turabian
Any problems with a dissertation, importance of proper citing in a theses/ dissertation, thesis/ dissertation citing specs.
- Footnotes & Endnotes
Reference to Sources
Bibliography page, footnote citation for a thesis or dissertation, shortened footnote citations, author–date citations, the bibliography entry, want to make sure your thesis is perfect, what does it take to deliver an a-grade dissertation, chapter or other part of an edited book, translated book.
Dissertation writing is one of the prerequisites for earning a degree and obtaining an academic diploma. In order to deliver a winning project, you have to spend a lot of time reading guides, researching different thesis ideas , and working with the endless list of literature entries. Strict formatting rules create an extra obstacle to producing an A-grade paper. Therefore, many students consider dissertation writing and formatting like something huge and scary. So how to cite a thesis Chicago? Let us get all this straightened out.
If you understand the basic specs and pitfalls of the assignment, it becomes an easy task to do. Do not have time to read all those manuals and guides? You do not have to. In this post, we have gathered all the essential info about citing a thesis or dissertation in Chicago and Turabian style.
Do not know how to format citations in your paper? Have problems with drafting a reference page? Need an expert eye on fixing your dissertation? Get thesis writing services from our professional writers. We will polish your work and make it shine.
Dissertation writing goes hand in hand with data research, collection, and analysis. In order to prove the relevance of your statement, it is necessary to have it proved and supported by an independent expert. This is where citations serve the purpose. A proper thesis format looks professional and will hardly be poorly graded.
Here are some other reasons to take care of proper citing in your final academic project:
- Demonstrate that you have done a thorough research work;
- Give credit to other experts/ writers/ researchers;
- Automatically solve the issue of text plagiarism;
- Prove the credibility of your words;
- Have every important statement from your work proved and supported;
- Allow a reader to investigate the subject deeper by following your references.
Using citations from reliable sources is a good way to support your own thoughts and claims, without causing doubt in a reader. Prove your key arguments and let the commission clearly see the importance of your investigation and academic work.
There are two systems of reference formatting Turabian and Chicago styles. So how to cite a thesis Chicago ? Choose the option that works best for you.
- Notes and bibliography system - Using such a system in your text, you are to link a citation to a footnote/ endnote. According to the guidelines of the 16th edition, you should then alphabetically list sources in the Works Cited section or Bibliography at the end of your work;
- In-text citation system - The system presupposes that you write references (with the author's name, work’s publication year, and the page number) as you cite an external work. At the end of the manuscript, you are to provide a Reference List with all the sources in alphabetical order.
Regardless of the system you select, make sure to follow all the rules from this Chicago manual throughout your document.
Footnotes & Endnotes
In order to cite sources and/ or provide relevant commentary in a proper way, you need to use footnotes. Include a footnote each time you make mention of a source, no matter whether you quote the author directly or just paraphrase the formulation. These should be added at the end of every page where you refer to a source, while endnotes are to be listed at the end of the entire document or chapter. Place note numbers at the end of the sentence (or a clause) they refer to.
Note numbers should begin with “1” and follow consecutively throughout your dissertation. In the text, footnote numbers are superscripted, whereas full-sized numbers are used for endnotes. The latter should be followed by a period and include the info about the source entry (specifically - a full name of an author, a shortened form of the title (approx. 4 words), and page numbers).
See the below examples to format footnote, endnote, and bibliography entry properly. You may use them as a template to refer to.
1 Mariah Burton Nelson, The Stronger Female Gets, the Better (New York: Harcourt Grace, 1998), 68.
1. Mariah Burton Nelson, The Stronger Female Gets, the Better: Sexism in the American Culture (New York: Harcourt Grace, 1998), 68.
Bibliography entry (applicable to both):
Nelson, Mariah Burton. The Stronger Female Gets, the Better: Sexism in the American
Culture . New York: Harcourt Grace, 1998.
Pay attention to the following formatting rules as you format footnotes and endnotes in your bachelor thesis or dissertation and decide on how to cite a thesis Chicago:
- Notes are indented like all other paragraphs;
- Begin each note with its reference number, write it not as a subscript but as a regular text;
- Put a period between the note number and the detailed source description;
- Make footnotes and endnotes single-spaced and put one blank line between notes;
- If you cite the same source twice, shorten the note - leave just the name of the author and the page of the source.
Remember how titles of different sources are to be formatted in order not to confuse the reader.
The formatting rule is applicable to sources no matter where they are mentioned - either in the text, in the note, or in the Bibliography. Use title case for all types of source entries, be it a journal article, a book title, or a song.
According to the specs from the Chicago manual style 16th edition, every dissertation and thesis should have a reference list at the end of the work. Provide a list of sources cited in the paper at the end of your dissertation and name it “Bibliography.” The page label should be centered and written at the top of the page. You can simply list all the sources right under the label.
Leave two blank lines between the “Bibliography” label and the first list entry, whereas it is enough to have one blank line between the remaining entries. Arrange all source entries in the alphabetical order (be guided by the author’s surname) and make the first line of every entry flush left.
The Chicago Manual of Style’s footnote referencing system uses superscript numbers to point to citations. The footnote format for a thesis or dissertation in Chicago referencing is similar to the one used for a book. The main difference is that you should use quote marks instead of italics for the title:
n. Author name, “Title of paper” (type of paper, academic institution, year of completion), page number, URL/database name (document ID).
Of course, you only need to give a URL or database name and ID if you accessed the paper online! To cite page 42 of John Smith’s printed PhD thesis, then, your footnote would look like this:
1. John Smith, “Useful Ideas for Research” (PhD diss., University of Learning, 2006), 42.
If you’re citing only an abstract, simply add the word “abstract” after the title:
2. Tom Persson, “Great Thoughts and Stuff,” abstract, (master’s thesis, Educational Establishment of City Name Here, 2012), 81, https://CityNameUniversity.edu/1901.11/39144.
For repeat citations, use the standard shortened footnote format.
In Chicago footnote referencing, after giving full source information in the first footnote, you can shorten subsequent citations of the same source to prevent repetition. These shortened footnotes should include the author’s surname, a shortened title, and the page(s) cited:
- Alan C. Jenkins, Wildlife in the City: Animals, Birds, Reptiles, Insects and Plants in an Urban Landscape (London: Holt & Company, 1983), 13.
- Esther Woolfson, Corvus: A Life with Birds (London: Granta Publications, 2008), 234.
- Jenkins, Wildlife in the City, 102.
If citing two people with the same surname in your work, make sure to include the initial of the person you are citing again as well as their surname.
Chicago referencing also has an author–date system, which uses in-text citations. To reference the same source more than once in this, all you have to do is give the same citation again:
Alan Jenkins (1983) describes how birds of prey survive in urban settings. He says that peregrine falcons are a “spectacular example of adaptive behavior” (Jenkins 1983, 13).
All you need to do with repeat author–date citations, then, is make sure they are consistent!
The bibliography entry for a thesis or dissertation will be similar to the first footnote citation. However, there are a few differences in the format:
- You will need to use a full stop between each element, not a comma.
- The first author’s name should be inverted (i.e., “Surname, First Name”)
- You do not need parentheses for the additional paper information (i.e., the paper type, institution, and year of completion).
- No page number is required.
So, bibliography entries for these sources should look like this:
Author Surname, Author First Name. “Title of paper.” Type of paper, academic institution, year of completion. URL/database ID.
Thus, you would present your bibliography entries as follows:
Persson, Tom. “Great Thoughts and Stuff.” Abstract. Master’s thesis, Educational Establishment of City Name Here, 2012. https://CityNameUniversity.edu/1901.11/39144.
Smith, John. “Useful Ideas for Research.” PhD diss., University of Learning, 2006.
The points above will help you cite a dissertation or thesis in Chicago footnote referencing. Want further help checking your references and writing are error free? Our team of expert proofreaders is available 24/7.
Once you are done with your final academic project, you can get a professional proofreader and have any issue quickly resolved.
It is easy to get a high grade for your final assignment if the subject is properly researched and the key information is properly cited. Thus, you can avoid the issue of plagiarism and make your paper look professional and evidence-baked.
The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography system. Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened citations for the same sources.
- Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.
- Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015), 12.
- Smith, Swing Time, 320.
- Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind, 37.
Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)
Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.
Smith, Zadie. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press, 2016.
In a note, cite specific pages. In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part.
Shortened note Thoreau, “Walking,” 182.
Bibliography entry Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.
In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead.
John D’Agata, ed., The Making of the American Essay (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.
D’Agata, American Essay, 182.
D’Agata, John, ed. The Making of the American Essay. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.
Jhumpa Lahiri, In Other Words, trans. Ann Goldstein (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016), 146.
Lahiri, In Other Words, 184.
Lahiri, Jhumpa. In Other Words. Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016.
For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter or other number in the notes, if any (or simply omit).
- Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851), 627, http://mel.hofstra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs.html.
- Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), chap. 10, doc. 19, http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.
- Brooke Borel, The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), 92, ProQuest Ebrary.
- Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), chap. 3, Kindle.
- Melville, Moby-Dick, 722–23.
- Kurland and Lerner, Founders’ Constitution, chap. 4, doc. 29.
- Borel, Fact-Checking, 104–5.
- Austen, Pride and Prejudice, chap. 14.
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle.
Borel, Brooke. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. ProQuest Ebrary.
Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.
Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851. http://mel.hofstra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs.html.
Don't forget to save our guide to a have a quick reference at your hand and check another blog on MLA format thesis .
An undergraduate thesis (also called Bachelor's dissertation) is a large academic writing piece that requires massive research on the chosen topic. It’s usually assigned during the final year of your degree program (undergraduate is for Bachelor’s degree). The topic choice depends on the interests o...
Writing a master’s thesis requires a lot of patience. It's not something you can create in a few days. It’s a large scale project, so you’ll have to make a strict schedule and write a little piece every day. Do you feel it's a difficult job for you and you need thesis help? Instead of devoting your ...
When you get to the point of writing a thesis and then defending it, you are at the end of your important educational journey stage. How to cite a thesis in MLA? This paper should showcase your skills and ability to search for relevant data in a specific discipline and present research results in yo...
Home / Guides / Citation Guides / Chicago Style / How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in Chicago/Turabian
How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in Chicago/Turabian
Academic theses and dissertations can be a good source of information when writing your own paper. They are usually accessed via a university’s database or a third party database, or found on the web. The main difference between a thesis and a dissertation is the degree type they are submitted for:
- Thesis—A document submitted to earn a degree, such as a master’s degree, at a university.
- Dissertation—A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.
This guide will show you how to create notes-bibliography style citations for theses and dissertations in a variety of formats using the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.
- Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database
- Citing a thesis or dissertation from the web
- Citing an unpublished thesis or dissertation
Citing a Thesis or Dissertation from a Database
1. First name Last name, “Title” (master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published), page number, Database (Identification Number).
Last name, First name. “Title.” Master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published. Database (Identification Number).
1. Kimberly Knight, “Media Epidemics: Viral Structures in Literature and New Media” (PhD diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2011), 17, MLA International Bibliography (2013420395).
Knight, Kimberly. “Media Epidemics: Viral Structures in Literature and New Media.” PhD diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2011. MLA International Bibliography (2013420395).
Citing a Thesis or Dissertation from the Web
1. First name Last name, “Title” (master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published), page number, URL.
Last name, First name. “Title.” Master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published. URL.
1. Peggy Lynn Wilson, “Pedagogical Practices in the Teaching of English Language in Secondary Public Schools in Parker County” (PhD diss., University of Maryland, College Park, 2011), 25, https://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11801/1/Wilson_umd_0117E_12354.pdf.
Wilson, Peggy Lynn. “Pedagogical Practices in the Teaching of English Language in Secondary Public Schools in Parker County.” PhD diss., University of Maryland, College Park, 2011. https://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11801/1/Wilson_umd_0117E_12354.pdf.
Citing an Unpublished Thesis or Dissertation
In rare cases, you may need to cite a thesis or dissertation that has not yet been published. This is particularly the case if you want to cite your own work or the work of a colleague.
1. First name Last name, “Title” (unpublished manuscript, Month Day, Year last modified), format.
Last name, First name. “Title.” Unpublished manuscript, last modified Month Day, Year. Format.
1. John Doe, “A Study of Generic Topic” (unpublished manuscript, June 19, 2021), Microsoft Word file.
Doe, John. “A Study of Generic Topic.” Unpublished manuscript, last modified June 19, 2021. Microsoft Word file.
Chicago Formatting Guide
- Book Chapter
- Conference Paper
- Musical Recording
- Thesis or Dissertation
- Sheet Music
- YouTube Video
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Chicago Citation Examples
Other Citation Styles
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Citing a Published Thesis ... Note: First-name Last-name, "Title of Thesis: Subtitle," (Publisher, Year). Example: Mihwa Choi, “Contesting
Note: #. Author's First Name Last Name, "Title of Thesis: Subtitle" (type of thesis, University, Year)
Chicago Citation Style, 17th Edition: Thesis or Dissertation · Interview or Personal Communication · Lecture or Presentation · Primary Source
Last, First M. "Thesis/Dissertation Title." PhD diss., [OR] Master's thesis, Academic institution, Year.
Chicago AND Turabian Citation Examples: Dissertations & Theses · Notes. 1. Author First Last, "Title of Dissertation or Theis" (Doctoral diss. or
How to cite a master's thesis in Chicago · Author(s) of the thesis: Give first the last name, then the name as presented in the source (e. g. Watson, John).
How to cite a dissertation in Chicago · Author(s) of the dissertation: Give first the last name, then the name as presented in the source (e. g. Watson, John).
Titles of theses and dissertations appear in quotation marks otherwise they are cited like books. The kind of thesis, the academic
The Chicago Manual of Style's footnote referencing system uses superscript numbers to point to citations. The footnote format for a thesis or dissertation in
Citation Structure. Note: 1. First name Last name, “Title” (master's thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published)