Free Mining Essays and Papers
The Mining Of Surface Mining
debates that I think is wrong with surface mining is that there isn’t much being enforced on how it is being done and nobody really knows a lot about it right now as far as what it is or what it is doing as far as damaging ecosystems and the environment goes. One example of this is that surface mining didn’t start until in the later 1900’s as a means for coal miners to reach coal more effectively at a cheaper cost for less work to be done. Surface mining occurs on the tops of mountains and here in
There is no doubt that mining is a major economic activity in many countries. Mining has a number of common stages or activities, each of which has potentially adverse impacts on the natural environment, society and culture heritage, the health and safety of mine workers and communities. The results indicate that mining activities have created a multitude of income opportunities for the inhabitants of the state, but they have caused the problems in mining communities such as air and water pollution
Sulfide Mining is the process of extracting valuable minerals or metal ores such as gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc from the earth (pdf & great mining) or from a sulfide-rich ore body. In addition, these minerals are not usually found in their pure form, but rather in components of other materials such as rocks known as sulfide ores (pdf& mainemining). An ore, is enough copper minerals that are present in a rock to make it economically feasible to mine, process, and refine. On the other hand
The Mining Industry
Mining, clean water, and healthy eco systems can and do exist together. This is the idea behind corporate social responsibility initiatives within the extractive industry. The mining industry produces waste that has negative impacts on the environment; however, mining companies have and continue to make important changes and investments in Research and Development in order to modernize past practices. The industry is proactive and demonstrates strong environmental leadership. To maintain licenses
Mining In Canada
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The Importance of Mining Industry The importance of mining is definitely significant to Canada. Mining, is an important industry, and Canadians are very advanced in their mining technology, but during the mining process, there is certain level of pollution produced. The Canadian government and the mining companies have very good plans and controls toward this problem, while ensuring the smooth running of the industries, and also helping to create strong economy and employment. The world of today
Physics of Mining
Mining is a necessary component of the world we live in and it has been practiced for thousands of years. The mining industry produces billions of tons of raw product every year. The process of mining is very complicated and involves plenty of physics! Two main components of the mine cycle are: Drilling, and Blasting. Some important factors in mining are the pillars, rock elasticity, and the slope stability of the ground being mined. A basic method for destroying rock is mechanically induced stress
Gold Mining: The Four Different Types Of Gold Mining
Gold mining Gold mining is the process of mining of gold or gold ores from the ground. Placer mining, hard rock mining, byproduct mining and processing gold ore are the 4 different types of gold mining. Metal detecting, panning, cradling, sluicing and dredging are different techniques of placer mining. These processes use separating techniques to find the gold. This technique involves using gravity and water to separate the dense gold from the other materials that are around it. Hard rock mining
Essay On Taconite Mining
Taconite mining has become more popular ever since the rock has become rare. Taconite was once considered “waste rock,” but is currently really valuable. Since the Gogebic Iron Range has about three-fourths of all the taconite in the nation people from all over the country want to take over and start mining. Although taconite mining would do some good for the community, such as creating tons of jobs and boosting the economy for awhile, there are too many risks. Taconite mining has a negative
The Colorado Mining Industry
Mining When the first miners started out they used a lot of hydraulic mining, which used water pressure to wash a mountain side, destroying it in order to capture the minerals and rocks. Now mining is used to harvest coal, gold, diamonds, and many other rocks and minerals. The mining industry creates thousands of jobs, not only in the U.S but all over the world. There are people on both sides with reference to the mining industry, some that oppose it and others that are for it, however, it is needed
Gold Mining Essay
Isenberg’s Mining California sheds light on life for a miner during the Gold Rush. He also goes over the development of mining and the other things the miners did such as logging and ranching. The author gives us a different perspective than what were accustomed to. While the impact of gold mining was positive, Isenberg explains that we are still affect by the decisions of the forbears’ (Isenberg). According to Isenberg, we are still feeling the affects on the environment that was left form the
Truth of Mining Toxins
The Truth of the Mining Toxins In this novel Animal Dreams by Barbara Kingsolver is based on two sisters figuring out where they belong in life. They grow up in a small Native Latino American city named Grace, Arizona. In this small town there is a river that runs through the town. Codi, the older sister, is a teacher at the local school. She decided to take her students to the river to look at the water under a microscope and discovered that the water is contaminated. She ended up discussing this
Sand Mining Essay
2.2 Sand mining and gravel extraction in the world Sand mining and gravel extraction are a worldwide activity in both developed and developing countries as was realised by Draggan (2008). Industrial sand and gravel are produced, processed and used in construction and industry all over the world. The leading nations in mining and processing sand and gravel are the United States of America, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, India, Spain, Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa. As a cheap and readily accessible
Mining Disasters In Mining
Mining accidents have occurred since the early days of mining. There were a total of 525 mining disasters (incidents with five or more fatalities) in both coal and metal/nonmetal mines. Most of these disasters involve mine rescue teams, which are specially trained to perform search and rescue operations in extremely hostile environments. Robots have a great potential to assist in these underground operations, searching ahead of rescue teams and reporting conditions that may be hazardous to
Ethics and The Mining Industry
when the curtains are unveiled, and the truth is shown. Where are the ethical principles which hold this industry together? A shovel is dug back into the ground, the wind blows onto the small particles of dirt, revealing the business conduct of the mining industry, but the ethical principles have been crushed just like how the rocks of the earth have been crushed, for they have not turned into gold, nor diamonds, nor rubies, these ethical principles of business conduct have been forgotten away in the
Exploring mining and reclamation
Objectives • To evaluate the difficulty of mining and reclamation • To calculate costs, expenses, income, and profit from a hands-on mining exercise • To evaluate the effectiveness of reclamation and its added costs to mining • To describe the increasing rarity of some non-renewable mineral resources Introduction Minerals play an important role in our day-to-day life but we often not contemplate how the minerals are obtained. Minerals are scattered all over the world just like any other resources
Justice in the Mining Industry
into consideration is the role of justice in relation to the mining industries. “Justice is a system that state court and other bureaucracies that describe the equal rights and freedom in any legal business, including offices, public defender and federal prosecutors.” In a legal way a company should be able to provide the social and economic opportunities to satisfy the equal rights and benefits for the workers. When it comes to the mining industry, justice system consists of three main things, social
Block Cave Mining: The Production Process Of Block Cave Mining
mined using large block cave mines (Figure 3). Block cave mining is a mass mining method that allows for large quantity mining of large lower grade ore bodies. This method of mining is characterized by caving and extracting massive volumes of rock which potentially leads to the formation of a surface depression which is indirectly affected by rock mass and topography of the ground surface. A major challenge when initially starting mining is to predict how the specific ore bodies will cave with respect
Audio Mining In Audio Mining
Audio mining is a branch of speech processing that is used to search and analyze the content of an audio signal automatically. Keyword spotting (KWS) is an important audio mining technique which searches audio signals for finding the occurrences of given keyword within the input spoken utterance. KWS provides a satisfactory audio mining solution for various tasks like spoken document indexing and retrieval. The research in audio mining has received increasing attention due to the increase in amount
Mining Case Study
Evaluate business conduct in the mining industry using three ethical principles of the Global Business Standards Codex Introduction The main aim of any industry today is to pay attention to the multiple opportunities existing for improvements. The links of the mining industry to its primary resources multiplies with its functions whereas in other industries, there are layers of processes between the primary resources and the final product (McKay, 2009). As described by Carroll & Buchholtz
Essay On Mining Gold
Exploration: Like all metals gold is mostly in the earth waiting to be mined. This also means that the metal needs to be worth mining because you cannot simply just dig a hole and leave it behind once you are done. To start mining gold the most common way to find it is by prospecting. Prospecting is mostly done by a range of different metal detectors, these metals detectors are a scientific and technological advancement to finding gold. They give accurate readings and indicating where the gold is
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The mining of mining industry.
Mining is an essential need for humans to access coal which produce rich resource to generate electricity. Mining comes as simplistic image of just people in hard hats with a pickaxe repeatedly pounding onto rocks until they gather desired materials. However, mining requires a trade cost in order to get reliable energy resource, as coal mining influences and infatuated the environment around it. In particular, surface mines, also known as strip mines, is a practice mining commonly used to access
Introduction to the Mining Industry
The mining sector is made up of organisations whose primary activity is the extraction of naturally occurring mineral solids or natural resources. Examples of these types of minerals are coal, ores and precious stones. The mining industry also broadly covers quarrying and well operations. The sector comprises two basic activities: mine operations and mining support activities. "Mine operations" involve setting up the mine, quarry or well for the organization, or on behalf of another organization
The Mining of Metals Industry
an important industry for mankind since the Bronze Age, gold and silver are other important metals that were used for currency and ornamental jewelry. The Industrial Revolution helped to usher in modern civilization by transforming iron into railway transportation and high rise buildings in all of the major cities around the world. Concerns for the environment did not exist as long as the metals could be extracted to fulfill the needs of the masses. Environmental concerns about mining didn’t even
Ethics and The Mining Industry Essay
has been under great pressure, but it isn't such a magical story when the curtains are unveiled, and the truth is shown. Where are the ethical principles which hold this industry together? A shovel is dug back into the ground, the wind blows onto the small particles of dirt, revealing the business conduct of the mining industry, but the ethical principles have been crushed just like how the
Mining Industry in Australia Essay
With these resources, not surprisingly the various kinds of industries utilizing these resources are emerged in Australia. One of the most important industries is mining. Australia has the world's largest reserves of several mineral commodities in both minerals and energy resources. The Mining sector includes all units mainly engaged in mining, including the mineral exploration, and the provision of a wide variety of services supporting mining and mineral exploration. The discovery of the gold in New
The Mining Industry And Its Effects On The Environment
sectors such as medicine, construction, agriculture etc. To extract these precious minerals from the earth’s crust, extensive mining operations are carried out daily. These operations comprise drilling and blasting of ores to attain the minerals. During these operations great harm and damage is being done on the environment. The mining industry is by far the most influential industry with regards to setting a country’s economy in motion. Different mines extract different minerals from coal to diamond and
The Need For Change At The Mining Industry
keep up with the times. Though some changes are not always, what is best for a company, change is what can make or break a company. In the mining industry, the change is constant from employees to the day-to-day operations. However, the change that is needed with most mines is the need to change the way that management does business with their employees. These mining companies can benefit from using guides to not only keep the valued employees that they have, but to build new employees and make them
The Mining Industry Is Potash Corporation Of Saskatchewan
Mining is one of Canada’s main industries primarily involving the processes of extraction, refining and processing of valuable minerals and rocks. The industry is a major employer, with approximately 375,000 people working in the mining and processing industries. In fact, these employees enjoy an average annual salary of around $100,000 compared to the average $33,000 of other industries (forestry, finance, and manufacturing) in the country. More so, more than 3,700 companies globally, supply engineering
Mongolian Mining Industry Development Trajectory
Research Study According to the research, the Mongolian mining industry development trajectory can be divided into four distinct periods of evolution: 1. Opening or Freewheeling (1990-1994); 2. Environmental Protectionism or Braking (1995-2005); 3. Nationalistic Protectionism or Stalling (2006-2011); and 4. Loosening Restrictions or Backpedaling (2012-2015). In recent years, the economy of Mongolia has grown substantially due to its mining industry’s expansion and production, mostly owing to
Environmental Issue Raised By The Mining Industry
The mining industry has seen an explosive growth from the past few decades. It has played an important role in economic growth, infrastructure development and a raise in the living standard of the whole world. According to the Australian National Accounting System, the mining sector has made contributions of 9.8% GDP growth to the Australian economy between 2008 to 2009 (Australia Bureau of Statistics, 2012). However, the mining industry has caused many environmental issues such as adverse effect
The Problems Faced By The Copper Mining Industry
profit growth, as the undercurrents of the copper mining industry are changing. In particular, they need to figure out how they are going to increase their capacity to meet demands globally. They also need to figure out how to do this without disrupting the current culture of the business. They have been very successful and have created process and procedures that have kept them sustainable over the years. With the changing of the copper industry, MCM needs to re-evaluate their business strategy
How Does Safety Influence Mining Industry
Questions How does Safety influence mining industry in general? What are the issues associated with Safety versus Production in mining? 1) Introduction This essay will examine Safety within the mining industry with a focus on Western Australia. It will examine the growth of the industry and look at how safety has developed and is applied today. This essay will examine three (3) key areas; 1) Safety from a workers point of view, 2) Safety from a management point of view and 3) Safety from my point
The Mining Industry Of The United States Essay
The mining industry in the United States has a long history beginning in the 1600s when iron ore was mined in Jamestown and sent overseas to England (Bolles, 1879). Often in this century it is easy to forget where the energy one is utilizing came from or where the metal which makes items people use every single day come from. Unfortunately, with obtaining necessary metals and coal comes the risk of accidents and the different ethics involved in the industry in order to keep not only workers safe
Data Mining in the Pharmaceutical Industry
at Data Mining in the Pharmaceutical Industry Topics Covered: 1) What is Data Mining and why is it used? 2) How is Data Mining used in the Pharmaceutical Industry? 3) Recent debate in the legality of Data Mining and the Pharmaceutical Industry Pharmaceutical companies are taking advantage of the growing use of technology in the healthcare arena by using data to enhance their marketing efforts and increase the quality of research and development. The process of data mining allows companies
The Face Of Decline Of The Coal Mining Industry
mines/mining industry to the decline of the mines/mining industry. First, the book gave a very clear and concise description of the different topics that would be discussed. Also, they discuss how many people’s lives were affected from the mining industry. According to the many different details listed throughout the book, the book focused generally on the importance of the coal mines, the employees, and the hard times that everyone went through during the rising and declining on the mining regions
Mining and Its Impact on the Environment Essay
Mining is an economic activity capable of supporting the developmental goals of countries and societies. It also ensures that different metals, petroleum, and coal are available to different consumers or companies. Unfortunately, this practice entails excavation or substantial interference of the natural environment. The negative impacts of mining can be recorded at the global, regional, and local levels. A proper understanding of such implications can make it possible for policymakers and corporations to implement appropriate measures. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss the effects of mining on the environment.
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Effects of Mining on the Environment
Ways mining impact on the environment.
Miners use different methods to extract various compounds depending on where they are found. The first common procedure is open cast, whereby people scrap away rocks and other materials on the earth’s surface to expose the targeted products. The second method is underground mining, and it allows workers to get deeper materials and deposits. Both procedures are subdivided further depending on the nature of the targeted minerals and the available resources (Minerals Council of Australia 2019). Despite their striking differences in procedures, the common denominator is that they both tend to have negative impacts on the natural environment. Firstly, surface mining usually requires that machines and individuals clear forests and vegetation cover. This means that the integrity of the natural land will be obliterated within a short period. Permanent scars will always be left due to this kind of mining. Secondly, the affected land will be exposed to the problem of soil erosion because the topmost soil is loosened. This problem results in flooding, contamination of the following water in rivers, and sedimentation of dams. Thirdly, any form of mining is capable of causing both noise and air pollution (Minerals Council of Australia 2019). The use of heavy machines and blasts explains why this is the case. Fourthly, other forms of mining result in increased volumes of rocks and soil that are brought to the earth’s surface. Some of them tend to be toxic and capable of polluting water and air. Fifthly, underground mines tend to result in subsidence after collapsing. This means that forests and other materials covering the earth’s surface will be affected. Sixthly, different firms of mining are known to reduce the natural water table. For example, around 500,000,000 cubic meters of water tend to be pumped out of underground mines in Germany annually (Mensah et al., 2015). This is also the same case in other countries across the globe. Seventhly, different mining activities have been observed to produce dangerous greenhouse gases that continue to trigger new problems, including climate change and global warming.
Remediating Mine Sites
The problem of mining by the fact that many people or companies will tend to abandon their sites after the existing minerals are depleted. This malpractice is usually common since it is costly to clean up such areas and minimize their negative impacts on the natural environment. The first strategy for remediating mine sites is that of reclamation. This method entails the removal of both environmental and physical hazards in the region (Motoori, McLellan & Tezuka 2018). This will then be followed by planting diverse plant species. The second approach is the installation of soil cover. When pursuing this method, participants and companies should mimic the original natural setting and consider the drainage patterns. They can also consider the possible or expected land reuse choices. The third remediation strategy for mine sites entails the use of treatment systems. This method is essential when the identified area is contaminated with metals and acidic materials that pose significant health risks to human beings and aquatic life (Mensah et al., 2015). Those involved can consider the need to construct dams and contain such water. Finally, mining companies can implement powerful cleanup processes and reuse or restore the affected sites. The ultimate objective is to ensure that every ugly site is improved and designed in such a way that it reduces its potential implications on the natural environment. From this analysis, it is evident that the nature of the mining method, the topography of the site, and the anticipated future uses of the region can inform the most appropriate remediation approach. Additionally, the selected method should address the negative impacts on the environment and promote sustainability.
Mining is a common practice that continues to meet the demands of the current global economy. With its negative implications, companies and other key stakeholders can identify various initiatives that will minimize every anticipated negative impact. Motoori, McLellan, and Tezuka (2018) encourage mining corporations to diversify their models and consider the importance of recycling existing materials or metals. This approach is sustainable and capable of reducing the dangers of mining. Governments can also formulate and implement powerful policies that compel different companies to engage in desirable practices, minimize pollution, and reduce noise pollution. Such guidelines will make sure that every company remains responsible for remediating their sites. Mensah et al. 2015) also support the introduction of laws that compel organizations to conduct environmental impact assessment analyses before starting their activities. This model will encourage them to identify regions or sites that will have minimal effects on the surrounding population or aquatic life. The concept of green mining has emerged as a powerful technology that is capable of lessening the negative implications of mining. This means that all activities will be sustainable and eventually meet the diverse needs of all stakeholders, including community members. Finally, new laws are essential to compelling companies to shut down and reclaim sites that are no longer in use.
Extraction from the ore body.
Copper mining is a complex process since it is found in more stable forms, such as oxide and sulfide ores. These elements are obtained after the overburden has been removed. Corporations complete a 3-step process or procedure before obtaining pure copper. This is usually called ore concentration, and it follows these stages: froth flotation, roasting, and leaching (Sikamo, Mwanza & Mweemba 201). During froth flotation, sulfide ores are crushed to form small particles and then mixed with large quantities of water. Ionic collectors are introduced to ensure that CuS becomes hydrophobic in nature. The introduction of frothing agent results in the agitation and aeration of the slurry (Sikamo, Mwanza & Mweemba 2016). This means that the ore containing copper will float to the surface. All tailings will sink to the bottom of the solution. The refined material can then be skimmed and removed. The next stage is that of roasting, whereby the collected copper is baked. The purpose of this activity is to minimize the quantities of sulfur. Such a procedure results in sulfur dioxide, As, and Sb (Yaras & Arslanoglu 2017). This leaves a fine mixture of copper and other impurities. The next phase of the ore concentration method is that of leaching. Different Compounds are used to solubilize the compound, such as H2SO4 and HCI. The leachate will then be deposited at the bottom and purified. Smelting is the second stage that experts use to remove copper from its original ore. This approach produces iron and copper sulfides. Exothermic processes are completed to remove SiO2 and FeSiO3 slag (Yaras & Arslanoglu 2017). According to this equation, oxygen is introduced to produce pure copper and sulfur dioxide: CuO + CuS = Cu(s) + SO2 The final phase is called refinement. The collected Cu is used as anodes and cathodes, whereby they are immersed in H2SO4 and CuSO4. During this process, copper will be deposited on the cathode while the anode will dissolve in the compound. All impurities will settle at the bottom (Sikamo, Mwanza & Mweemba 2016). From this analysis, it is notable that a simple process is considered to collect pure copper from its ore body.
How Copper Mining Impacts the Environment
Copper mining is a complex procedure that requires the completion of several steps if a pure metallic compound is to be obtained. This means that it is capable of presenting complicated impacts on the natural environment. Copper mining can take different forms depending on the location of the identified ores and the policies put in place in the selected country (Yaras & Arslanoglu 2017). Nonetheless, the entire process will have detrimental effects on the surrounding environment. Due to the intensity of operations and involvement of heavy machinery, this process results in land degradation. The affected regions will have huge mine sites that disorient the original integrity of the environment. Since copper is one of the most valuable metals in the world today due to its key uses, many companies continue to mine it in different countries. This practice has triggered the predicament of deforestation (Sikamo, Mwanza & Mweemba 2016). Additionally, rainwater collects in abandoned mine sites or existing ones, thereby leaking into nearby rivers, boreholes, or aquifers. This means that more people are at risk of being poisoned by this compound. Air pollution is another common problem that individuals living near copper mines report frequently. This challenge is attributable to the use of heavy blasting materials and machinery. The dust usually contains hazardous chemicals that have negative health impacts on communities and animals. Some of the common ailments observed in most of the affected regions include asthma, silicosis, and tuberculosis (Mensah et al., 2015). This challenge arises from the toxic nature of high levels of copper. These problems explain why companies and stakeholders in the mining industry should implement superior appropriate measures and strategies to overcome them. Such a practice will ensure that they meet the needs of the affected individuals and make it easier for them to pursue their aims. Copper processing can have significant negative implications on the integrity of the environment. For instance, the procedure is capable of producing tailings and overburden that have the potential to contaminate different surroundings. According to Mensah et al. (2015), some residual copper is left in the environment since around 85 percent of the compound is obtained through the refining process. This means that it will pose health problems to people and aquatic life. Other metals are present in the produced tailings, such as iron and molybdenum. During the separation process, hazardous chemicals and gases will be released, such as sulfur dioxide. This is a hazardous compound that is capable of resulting in acidic rain, thereby increasing the chances of environmental degradation. There are several examples that explain why copper is capable of causing negative impacts on the natural environment. For example, Queenstown in Tasmania has been recording large volumes of acidic rain (Mensah et al., 2015). This is also the same case for El Teniente Mine in Chile. Recycling and reusing copper can be an evidence-based approach for minimizing these consequences and maintaining the integrity of the environment. Farmlands that are polluted with this metal compound will have far-reaching impacts on both animals and human beings. This is the case since the absorption of copper in the body can have detrimental health outcomes. This form of poisoning can disorient the normal functions of body organs and put the individual at risk of various conditions. People living in areas that are known to produce copper continue to face these negative impacts (Yaras & Arslanoglu 2017). Such challenges explain why a superior model is needed to overcome this problem and ensure that more people lead high-quality lives and eventually achieve their potential.
The above discussion has identified mining as a major economic activity that supports the performance and integrity of many factories, countries, and companies. However, this practice continues to affect the natural environment and making it incapable of supporting future populations. Mining activities result in deforestation, land obliteration, air pollution, acidic rain, and health hazards. The separation of copper from its parent ore is a procedure that has been observed to result in numerous negative impacts on the environment and human beings. These insights should, therefore, become powerful ideas for encouraging governments and policymakers to implement superior guidelines that will ensure that miners minimize these negativities by remediating sites.
Mensah, AK, Mahiri, IO, Owusu, O, Mireku, OD, Wireko, I & Kissi, EA 2015, ‘Environmental impacts of mining: a study of mining communities in Ghana’, Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 81-94. Minerals Council of Australia 2019, Australian minerals , Web. Motoori, R, McLellan, BC & Tezuka, T 2018, ‘Environmental implications of resource security strategies for critical minerals: a case study of copper in Japan’, Minerals, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 558-586. Sikamo, J, Mwanza, A & Mweemba, C 2016, ‘Copper mining in Zambia – history and future’, The Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 491-496. Yaras, A & Arslanoglu, H 2017, ‘Leaching behaviour of low-grade copper ore in the presence of organic acid’, Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 319-327.
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Home — Essay Samples — Economics — Gold — The Impact of Mining Industry
The Impact of Mining Industry
- Subject: Economics
- Category: Finances , Global Economy
- Essay Topic: Gold , International Business
- Words: 1193
- Published: 14 May 2019
- Downloads: 74
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Mining Essays (Examples)
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Mining Group Gold the Five
The process therefore accepts conflict and emotion are natural parts of the management process, but tries to leverage this conflict and emotion towards the achievement of the overall objective. The mining group process does have some interesting elements in terms of effectiveness. Everybody has seen the rambling meetings where issues simply are not resolved, making it difficult to move the process forward. In such situations, there is little doubt as to the benefits of establishing internal discipline, which is something that the mining group gold process does, in particular with the timekeeping. Over time, this process will also change the culture of the organization with respect to meetings. Whereas there will probably be a lot of initial resistance, one of the things this technique does is that it forces people in the meetings to come prepared, so that a lot of the fact-finding components that can get people sidetracked have…
Kayser, T. (2010). Mining Group Gold. McGraw-Hill.
Hightower, T. (2014) Mining group gold: A cooperative approach to meeting effectiveness. FieldTrip101. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.fieldtrip101.com/pdfs/Mining%20Group%20Gold.pdf
Mining Unstructured Text to Build
It is through these inscriptions that the significance of human torture and sacrifice could be detected in the Mayan Culture. One of the greatest rulers of this civilization was seen in the shape of Lord Pacal or Lord Pakal the Great, K'inich Janaab' Pakal (23 March 603-28 August 683). He took over the reins at the age of 12 on July 29th, 615 a.D., a mature age for the Mayan people, and continued his rule for the next 68 years. It was during his time that the city of Palenque reached significant height. The tenure of Lord Pacal is dated from 615 to 683 CE, and falls under the late Classic Period. The most prominent of buildings from this time include the northern complex made up of "five temples, two nearby adjacent temples, and a ball court. A third group of temples lies to the southeast." It was in the…
Mining the Process of Extracting New Information
Mining The process of extracting new information from existing information through the use of computer system is called Text Mining. Text mining retrieves data of available information and establishes the connection between the facts mentioned in that data. This is how, new information is developed. Since it is newly formed information, its validation is conducted through experimentation. The process of web search is often confused with that of text mining, though these are two entirely different processes. In web search, the computers match the keywords in the database and bring the relevant records. The information is written down by somebody and then uploaded on the internet to make it searchable. On the other hand, in text mining, altogether new information is generated out of existing body of knowledge (Berry, 2004). Text mining finds its roots in data mining. Data mining refers to the process in which the computer system retrieves…
Using categorization procedures will allow the customer service centers to segment the database according the content and topic of the database, hence the customers will find it convenient to browse through the relevant topics. Text categorization aims to divide a document according to different elements of topics it comprises of. It also compares documents for content relevance with one another (Gupta and Lehal, 2009).
One method to learn the algorithms of categorization is to understand the procedures from available classified documents. Furthermore, use of these algorithms for categorization of unclassified documents can be useful. For instance, let there be two sets D. And C. containing n and p elements respectively, where'd is a set of categorized documents that belong to set of C, which represent the classes. The objective of learning categorization process is to ascertain which element of set D. corresponds to element of C. Hence, n documents corresponding to different classes are classified into p types. Hence, data collected is run through feature selection process for preparation (Shantanu and Shourya, 2008).
Data collected consists of text that comprises of
Mining the Concept of Text
The heuristics that are considered are probabilistic machine learning approaches. Such an approach is the 'Alignment Conditional andom Fields' that is designed for a scoring sequence for undirected graphical models. (Bilenko; Mooney, 2005) There are demands for this type of software and there is a vast area of information analysis where text mining is beginning to get important. One field is in the analysis of literature and research reviews. Literary and Scientific Demands: There is more demand for the text mining in the literature review and library sections. There are extensive researches done for creating algorithms for book-based text mining. esearchers Sophia Ananiadou et al. (2009) have used text mining solutions in creating literature reviews. The creation of a text mining framework for systematic reviews and the creation of what the researchers Ananiadou, Sophia; et al. (2009) called as the 'service exemplar' were used as a test bed for deriving…
Ananiadou, Sophia; et al. (2009) "Supporting Systematic Reviews Using Text Mining Social
Science" Computer Review, vol. 27, no. 4, pp: 509-523.
Berry, Michael W; Kogan, Jacob. (2010) "Text Mining: Applications and Theory"
John Wiley and Sons.
Mining Rocks on an Industrial Scale
ock Mining Mining might have been the second earliest humankind activity after agriculture. The two endeavors were together the primary industries of the first civilizations. Little has changed in terms of the significance of these industries to humankind. From the ancient times to date, mining has played a significant role in human existence. Here the term mining refers to the extraction from the earth of any naturally occurring mineral substance for utilitarian purposes. After minerals have been extracted, they can be sold in open markets, enabling the countries that have these minerals to get paid by those that do not. This results in the countries that have minerals to be the great-powers of the world while those that do not to suffer from lower living standards. There are two general types of mined minerals geologically, these are: Mineral: this refers to a naturally formed inorganic compound that has an orderly…
Zappa, M. (2011). Rocks. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub.
Heinio M. (1999). Rock Excavation Handbook. Retrieved 20 September 2015 from http://www.metal.ntua.gr/uploads/3290/254/Excavation_Engineering_Handbook_Tamrock.pdf
Bell F., G. (n.d.) Geology and construction. Retrieved 20 September from http://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c01/e6-15-09-08.pdf
Introduction to mining (n.d.). Retrieved 20 September 2015 from http://www.cienciaviva.pt/img/upload/Introduction%20to%20mining.pdf
Pollution From Mining Activities How Serious Is
Pollution From Mining Activities How serious is the pollution that results from mining activities? How clean are the coal mining activities in Kentucky, est Virginia, and other Appalachian areas where mountaintops are stripped away to get at the coal? hat other mining activities cause pollution of the air, the land, and the waterways? This paper will delve into those mining activities and report the pollution that results from those strategies. The Pollution from Mountaintop Removal Strategies An article in National Geographic (Mitchell, 2006) points to the fact that miles of rivers and streams are simply filled in, drowned in dirt, coal waste, and rocks. And Mitchell discusses the pollution that results when the coal is mined and the waste and other chemical residues are dumped in ponds. Hundreds of billions gallons of "toxic black water and sticky black goo," which are byproducts of mountaintop mining, are dumped into "slurry ponds,…
Bloomberg News. 2010. 'China: pollution and protests increase / Mining spill kills numerous fish in Fujian,' retrieved April 7, 2012, from http://www.minesandcommunities.org .
Chuanmin, Yang. 2011. 'Toxic mine spill was only the latest in long history of Chinese pollution,' The Guardian, retrieved April 8, 2012, from http://www.guardian.co.uk .
Environment News Service. 2010. 'Tennessee Governor Petitions to Block Mountaintop Mining.' Retrieved April 7, 2012, from http://www.ens.newswire.com .
Mitchell, John G. 2006. 'When Mountains Move,' National Geographic / Science and Space, retrieved April 8, 2012, from http://science.nationalgeographic.com .
Chilean Mining Re Correspondence to Families of
Chilean Mining RE: Correspondence to Families of Trapped Miners (To be hand-delivered via print letter from company personnel) It is with great concern but also with considerable hope that I bring you news today regarding your family members and loved ones. Earlier today, there was a roof collapse in the Compania Minera San Esteban Primera's San Jose copper mine shaft, an estimated 350 meters below the surface. The collapse resulted in the complete blocking off of the mine shaft, making it immediately impenetrable for either rescuers to enter or for miners to exit. There are an estimated 33 miners who were known to be in the mine shaft at the time of the collapse and who are therefore believed to be presently trapped in the mine. e believe that a member of your family is among the missing. hile we provide this information with heaviness in our hearts and prayers…
Weik, J. (2010, August 6). Over 30 workers trapped after Chilean copper mine collapse. Metal Bulletin Daily, (224), 65.
Environmental Impact of Coal Mining
" The prominence of this type of mining method is underlined by a study prepared for the Governor of West Virginia which states that, "ountaintop removal methods are essential to maintain the state's present level of coal production. The lower production costs of TR have contributed significantly to maintaining West Virginia as a competitive coal producer." 3. Environmental impact of coal mining in the Appalachians. 3.1. Underground mining The earliest coal mining in Appalachia consisted of various primitive form of underground as well as surface mining. However in the initial stages of mining in the region the methods used were minimally invasive in terms of the environment and "...had only minimal impact on the physical and organic environment." However, this was to change with the increases in the demand from industry and more advanced technology. "In the 1870s, however, markets began to expand beyond local users. Industrial investment in the…
Mountaintop removal mining. Internet. http://www.bookrags.com/wiki/Mountaintop_removal_mining. Accessed 1 August 2008.
Encyclopedia of Appalachia: Coal Mining. Essay online. Available at http://utpress.org/Appalachia/EntryDisplay.php?EntryID=007.Internet . Accessed 1 August 2008.
Coal Mining in Appalachia
Mountain Mining Mining is the process by which minerals of various different kinds are taken out of the earth. As a general practice, a hole is dug into the ground, from where the minerals are harvested. These may be metals like gold or silver or copper, or they may be coal and salt and other like minerals, and they can be diamonds and other precious stones as well. It must be noted that most substances that are obtained form the earth are mined and mining also provides metal that can be used for steel making, and for other industrial purposes, and the gold and precious stones obtained from the earth can be used for the production of jewelry. The stones mined from the earth are used for building purposes, and they are also used for making the gravel that is used on highways. (The Topic: Mining, the basics) There are…
Bellis, Mary. History of the Metal detector. Retrieved From
Accessed 18 October 2005
Coal Mining in Pennsylvania. Retrieved From
Computer Science Data Mining in the Film & Media Industry Motion pictures, cinema, or films, which are a leading form of entertainment in the visual media industry, is one of the most powerful, influential, and lucrative industries in the world and in modern history. For Americans, it is a common occurrence, for example, to read or hear news reports regarding the huge sums of revenue that films generate in their opening weekends or in the overall run they have in the theaters. The film industry, as part of the greater visual media industry, continues to make strides in technological development and creative innovation, which often translates into large sums of money, or at least impressive sums of money for the amount spent toward the budget and promotion. The film industry is not an industry that has yet successfully used data mining, data analytics, or predictive analytics in a noticeable way.…
Chulis, Kimberly. Big data analytic for video, mobile, and social game monetization: Understand and influence profitable consumer behavior. IBM, 2012, Web, Available from: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/industry/library/ba-big-data-gaming/index.html . 2012 December 08.
Foster, Ian Armas. Film Industry to Turn to Wikipedia for Predictive Analytics. Datanami, 2012, Web, Available from: http://www.datanami.com/datanami/2012-11-12/film_industry_to_turn_to_wikipedia_for_predictive_analytics_.html . 2012 December 08.
Willmore, Allison. Is Netflix Changing the Way TV Series are Made with Its Use of Data Mining, or Doing More of the Same Old Thing? Indie Wire, 2012, Web, Available from: http://www.indiewire.com/article/television/how-netflix-is-using-data-mining-to-determine-its-original-series-utm_source=iContact&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Indiewire%20Today&utm_content=# . 2012 December 07.
Scott, Karl. Social Analytic and the Movies. Slashdot, 2012, Web, Available from: http://slashdot.org/topic/bi/social-analytics-and-the-movies/ . 2012 December 08.
Economic Benefits of Landfill Mining
9% Yard Trimmings - 12.9% Food scraps - 12.4%; Plastics - 11.7%; Rubber, leather and textiles - 7.3% Metals - 7.6% Wood - 5.5% Glass - 5.3% The following figure shows the number of landfills in the United States between 1998 and 2006 Number of Landfills in the United States 1998-2006 Source: EPA (1997) The work of van der Zee and de Visser entitled: "Assessing the Opportunities of Landfill Mining" states: "Long-term estimates make clear that the amount of solid waste to be processed at landfills in the Netherlands will sharply decline in coming years. Major reasons can be found in the availability of improved technologies for waste recycling and government regulations aiming at waste reduction." (nd) The work of Sperling and Hansen entitled: "Land Reclamation at Municipal Landfill Sites" states that municipal landfill closure presents a great challenge in terms of reclamation which involves multiple objectives including: (1) isolation…
Landfill Reclamation (1997) United States Environmental Protection Agency Solid Waste and Emergency Response (5306W_ EPA530-F-97-001 July 1997. Online available at http://www.epa.gov/garbage/landfill/land-rcl.txt
Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling and Disposal in the United States; Facts and Figures for 2006. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Strange, Kit (nd) Landfill Mining - Preserving Resources through Integrated Sustainable Management of Waste - Technical Brief - World Resource Foundation, Kent, England. Online available at http://www.enviroalternatives.com/landfill.html
Forster, Gary a. (2001) Assessment of Landfill Reclamation and the Effects of Age on the Combustion of Recovered MSW. MSW Management. March/April 2001. Online available at http://www.forester.net/msw_0103_assessment.html
Sago Mining Crisis Began With
However, the lack of internal communication, particularly as to underground communication, is a leading cause of the Sago Mining crisis. y lack of underground communication, it is meant both a lack of direct communication between the rescue teams and the trapped miners and a lack of scientific communication as to the actual conditions of the underground mines and the ability of the rescue teams to go into the mines for the rescue. If there would have been updated technologies implemented into the mines prior to the explosion, the disaster could have been avoided. Underground communication capabilities would have made it possible for the rescue teams to communicate with the trapped miners, allowing for a more efficient finding of their location and the ability to guide them to a safe area of the mine. Underground communication between the mine's condition and the rescue teams would have allowed for the rescue process…
ABC News. "Rescuers Break Ground in Miner Mission. 3 Jan. 2006.
BBC News and Current Affairs. "Fury Over U.S. Mine Rescue Fiasco." 4 January 2006.
Dao, James. "Blast Traps 13 in a Coal Mine in West Virginia." The New York Times. 3 Jan. 2006.
McLachlan, Justin. "West Virginia Mine Explosion, My Time There." New York Times. 3 Jan. 2006.
Economic Impact Australian Mining Boom
Summary In the period between 2002 and 2012, Australia experienced a mining boom; a period in which the level of exports increased more than threefold and also the investment made in mining as a percentage of the nation’s GDP increasing from 2 percent to 8 percent. Imperatively, during the mining boom period, there was a significant increase in demand for minerals. This is because of the demand for minerals not only locally but also internationally. Therefore, this caused a rightward shift in the demand curve. This leads to the positioning of a new equilibrium price. The comparative theory best explains the exportation of minerals by Australia and the importation of other commodities from other nations. In this regard, Australia is considered to have a comparative advantage in the production of minerals because it can produce minerals at a relatively lower opportunity cost compared to China. Another aspect that was influenced…
Surfing & Mining the Wave of Big
SUFING & MINING THE WAVE OF BIG DATA Management What used to consider a simple annoyance or frustration has now become a respected field of inquiry. Consumer information has transformed into Big Data. As with many things that are vast, Big Data has the potential to intimidate. It is now the professional responsibility of people working in many fields to be aware of Big Data, and be able to use it to their respective organization's advantage. Navigating through and understanding what Big Data is a formidable challenge in of itself, yet not impossible. Effective management of the 21st century cannot fear or be overwhelmed by Big Data; managers must learn how to use Big Data like any other tool within their professional arsenal to maintain the status quo and even ahead or make establish new trends in business. Big Data is in simple terms, mass quantities of data that are…
Byrne, N. (2011) Mining Big Data for Meaning. Technology_IRELAND, 4(42), 28 -- 31.
Chong, R.F. (2012) Starting your education in big data. IBM developerWorks, BigDataUniversity, Available from: http://www.ibm.com/developerWorks . 2012 July 13.
Forsyth Communications. (2012) For Big Data Analytics There's No Such Thing as Too Big: The Compelling Economics and Technology of Big Data Computing. Available from: http://www.4sythcomm.com. 2012 July 11.
Manyika, J., Chui, M., Brown, B., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Roxburgh, C., & Byers, A.H. (2011) Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity. McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey & Company: New York.
Bethseda Mining Case Study
Bethseda Mining The details of the project are as follows: 1. The company has a four year contract encompassing 500,000 tons of coal every year at $82 for every ton 2. The production level in the four respective years include: 620,000 tons, 680,000 tons, 730,000 tons and 590,0000 tons 3. Fixed costs amounts to $4.1 million each year 4. The variable costs amount to $31 for every ton 5. Net working capital is 5 percent of the sales. This will be built up in the year before the sales 6. Spot sales of excess coal are $77 for every ton 7. Land: Purchase cost is $4 million. The land is held for ten years, after/tax sale currently $6.5 million 8. $2.7 million is necessitated for reclamation at year 5 9. Donation of land for $6 million deduction 10. Equipment cost of $95 million, 7 year MACRS depreciation 11. Equipment sale…
Colombia Gold Colombian Gold Mining
Spiegel & Velga (2010) report that a new international effort is underway to regulate the diffusion of mercury into the environments contextualizing mining operations. According to Spiegel & Velga, the world community has recently developed a set of International Guidelines on Mercury Management in Small-Scale Gold Mining. As Spiegel & Velga report, "commissioned by the United Nations Global Mercury Project, the purpose of the guidelines is to assist policymakers, practitioners, researchers, miners and the public in developing strategies for reducing mercury use, eliminating major pollution point sources and reducing risks." (p. 375) This points to the worldwide interests that are implicated by the current conflict between miners and environmental advocates in Colombia, which over the course of the country's gold-mining boom, has become a template-setter for how national and world governments must balance mounting economic opportunity with the threat of environmental destruction. orks Cited: AFP. (2010). Deep in Colombian Jungle,…
AFP. (2010). Deep in Colombian Jungle, a First in Eco Gold. The Independent.
Angenent, M. (2010). Artisanal Gold Mining in Colombia Co-Creating a Sustainable Future. Fair Jewelry Action.
Associated Press (AP). (2010). Colombia Shuts 18 Gold Mines. Straits Times.
Colombian Solidarity Campaign (CSC). (2007). Gold Mining in Colombia; Cauca Assembly in Resistance. Colombia Solidarity.
Safety in Australia's Mining Sector
Safety in Mining in Australia The mining industry in Australia is traditionally renowned for establishing best practices that are geared towards promoting the health and safety of miners as they engage in their various activities towards improved productivity. Through the use of these best practices and safety solutions, Australia's mining sector has developed to become a global leader with regards to safety and health. According to the Australian Trade Commission (2014), the health and safety of miners in the country's mining industry has partly been attributable to the use of an effective world class regulatory and policy framework. Moreover, the Australian government collaborates with industry players and stakeholders to ensure that the mining sector is free from injuries, fatalities, and disease. Currently, the Australian government utilizes a Safety Engineering Model that has helped in dealing with unsafe acts and unsafe conditions as shown in Figure 1 below (Cliff, 2012). Figure…
Australian Trade Commission. (2014, June). Australia's Mining Health and Safety Systems. Retrieved from Australian Government website:
Cliff, D. (2012). The Management of Occupational Health and Safety in the Australian Mining Industry. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6625/75fe4001b93872dfa4aed58b76b4f29875e8.pdf
Evekall, E., Gillespie, B. & Riege, L. (2008, August). Improving Safety Performance in the Australian Mining Industry Through Enhanced Reporting. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/energy-utilities-mining/pdf/safetypaper_english_final.pdf
Joy, J. (2004). Occupational Safety Risk Management in Australian Mining. Occupational Medicine, 54(5), 311-315.
Gemcom Software International Each Mining
Third, any software being used in this industry must support the continual assessment of the mining operations' impact on the environment and community from a social standpoint. Fourth, the software must have support for maintenance schedules to keep complex and expensive mining equipment maintained and in good repair. Fifth, the design of the software needs to include support for long business cycles and the costs associated with exploration and initially creating a new operation (Hulten, Bjorkstrand, 2009). Conclusion Based on these business requirements, mining software needs to be able to deliver a shared repository of information about the entire mining operation that is real-time in terms of performance. Often mining operations span multiple continents, and require an intensive level of collaboration and coordination at the project level. For many of them, the need for having a very accurate measure of costs in real-time can often determine how quickly they will…
Hulten, P., & Bjorkstrand, H.. (2009). A Case Study of the Development of an E-service for the Swedish Mining Industry. Services Marketing Quarterly, 30(1), 18.
Copper Mining in Southeastern Arizona
This solution is then subjected to a process called solvent extraction (SX). The SX process concentrates and purifies the copper leach solution so the copper can be recovered at a high electrical current efficiency by the electrowinning cells. This is accomplished by adding a chemical reagent to the SX tanks, which selectively binds with and extracts the copper. This reagent is easily separated from the copper (stripped), as the operation looks to recover as much of the reagent as possible for re-use. The concentrated copper solution is dissolved in sulfuric acid and then sent to the electrolytic cells for recovery as copper plates (cathodes). The Morenci operation has quite a large crusher, which can output at maximum approximately 63,000 tons of ore per day. This crusher pulverizes the ore and more conveyors send it to a nearby stump-leaching site called the Stargo leaching pad. This ore is agglomerated and made…
Groundwater Awareness League Homepage. (2007). "Phelps Corporation Environmental
Liabilities." Accessed via web: http://www.g-a-l.info/ComplaintOne.htm > on August 9th, 2010.
Mine Engineer Homepage. (2010). "Copper Mining Information." Accessed via web: <
http://www.mine-engineer.com/mining/copperm.htm > on August 8th, 2010.
Earth Mining Outside of China
Deregulating the are Earth Industry The principle thing that China is doing with the rare earth industry is regulate it. In fact, the country is attempting to regulate this industry in much the same way that regulatory agencies for other industries, such as healthcare or finance, are striving to regulate the activities of various organizations that work within it. The principle difference, of course, is that China has a near monopoly in this industry. The vast majority of the world's 17 essential substances that are comprised by the rather broad term of rare earths are mined by China -- in many instances, that mining takes place in Asia itself (No author, 2012). By offering subsidies to Chinese companies that are involved in this industry, China is attempting to regulate their productivity to keep pace with demand and to possibly fuel the laws of supply and demand that benefit the country.…
Leifert, H. (2010). Restarting U.S. rare earth production? www.earthmagazine.org. Retrieved from http://www.earthmagazine.org/article/restarting-us-rare-earth-production
No author. (2012). China signals support for rare earths. Financial Times.
Analysis of Slavery and Gold Mining in Brazil
Empire of the South Atlantic "Slave owners in Brazil were not unanimous about whether Sudanese slaves from Guinea or the Bantu from Angola were the best; and fashions in slaves, as in other commodities, were not always the same. Broadly speaking, the slaves of Sudanese origin tended to be more intelligent, more robust, and more hard working (when they did work), but they were more rebellious and less disposed to become reconciled to their menial lot. The Bantu on the other hand, were more cheerful, adaptable, and loquacious, but were not so strong or so resilient to disease" (Charles B., 4). The excerpt above gives central aspects that informed the choice of slaves and hence the geographical areas of concertation by the slave traders. Basically the slaves were seen as commodities whose value was based on the needs of the slave owner, the physical capabilities and the inner or innate…
Generating Power With Coal Gangue
Mining on the Denniston Plateau Towards the northwestern side of South Island of New Zealand is situated a small settlement that is known by the name of Denniston. The area formed by this settlement is the West Coast region of the country. This small town is situated on the small Mount ochfort Plateau in the mountain ranges of Papahaua, which measure around 600 meters above sea level, meanwhile the distance from Westport is 18 kilometers towards northeast. At the start of the 20th century, the population of this small settlement was recorded to be about 2000, because of the huge coal mine that is situated quite close to where the people had settled. Speaking of now, the area has become more of a ghost town and hardly 50 people live here. It will not be wrong to say that the fate, location and history of Denniston are not very different…
Barnden, A., & Harding, J. (2005). Shredders and leaf breakdown in streams polluted by coal mining in the South Island, New Zealand. University Of Canterbury. School Of Biological Sciences..
Cashdollar, K., & Sapko, M. (2006). . -- EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF COAL DUST IN THE PRESENCE OF METHANE. Handbook For Methane Control In Mining, 147.
Greenpeace International. (2010).
Mfe.govt.nz,. (2014). Laws and treaties | Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 21 August 2014, from http://www.mfe.govt.nz/laws/
Global Economic Downturn on the
Industy analysts pedict that moe touble lies ahead fo the mining industy in Austalia as well, but given its poduction of many of the wold's stategic mineal esouces that ae needed fo a wide ange of industial pocesses, it is likely just a matte of time befoe companies such as Rio Tinto witness a esumption of demand by its majo expot patnes in the futue. Refeences Austalia. (2009). U.S. govenment: CIA wold factbook. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia. gov/libay/publications/the-wold-factbook/geos/as.html. The Austalian mineals industy and the Austalian economy. (2009). Mineals Council of Austalia. [Online]. Available: http://www.mineals.og.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/ 0017/32804/Aus_min_industy_fact_sheet_July_2009.pdf. Austalian mining industy diminished by almost 5% in 2008. (2009). Coobe Pedy Regional Times. [Online]. Available: http://coobepedyegionaltimes.wodpess.com/ 2009/07/18/austalian-mining-industy-diminished-by-almost-5-in-2008/. Condie, B. (2007, July 10). BHP and Blackstone may link fo 20 billion pound ALCOA bid. The Evening Standad (London), 29. Messenge, J.C. (2004). Woking time and wokes' pefeences in industialized counties: Finding the balance. New Yok: Routledge.…
references in industrialized countries:
Finding the balance. New York: Routledge.
Mol, T. (2002, October). An accident theory that ties safety and productivity together.
Occupational Hazards, 64(10), 89-90.
Mudrooroo, W. (1999). Mining the earth without minding the Earth. World Literature Today,
Impact of AIDS on African Development
AIDS on South African Development Today, the chromium, platinum, gold and diamond mining sectors provide the largest percentage of export revenues for South Africa. One of the inevitable consequences of these natural resource extraction industries is the proliferation of mining camps that house the migrant domestic and foreign workers from neighboring countries that support the industry. Although conditions vary, most mining camps are squalid affairs that lack running water, electricity or the other basic amenities of modern life that most people take for granted. These harsh living conditions, combined with the loneliness that results from being forced to spend long periods of time away from family and friends, create an ideal environment for the spread of communicable diseases, especially human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV / AIDS). This paper provides a review of the related primary and secondary literature concerning mining camps and their role in the spread…
Boe, Hans-Petter and Crush, Jonathan. HIV / AIDS, Population Mobility and Migration in Southern Africa: Defining a Research and Policy Agenda. Pretoria: Regional HIV / AIDS
Programme for Southern Africa of the Netherlands' Embassy in Pretoria, 2005.
Lurie, M. et al. (1999). "Circular Migration and Sexual Networking in Rural KwaZulu-Natal:
Implications for the Spread of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases." Health
Energy vs Conservation
Strip Mining Project Strip mining has long attracted the attention that "fracking" is now due to the proven or at least theoretical environmental impacts and issues that can or definitely arise when the practice is engaged in. Not unlike similar industries like timber, anything that destroys or alters wetlands/marshes, anything that leads to increase erosion and so forth is hotly contested and debated. Even basic things like irrigation of crops can raise a proverbial stink if the water is denied to people or states that happen to be downstream and they feel they need/deserve it so as to provide drinking water, their own crop irrigation or other environmental concerns. While strip mining, especially that which relates to energy like lignite and lithium, is here to stay and largely cannot be stopped, the real and tangible impacts it can and does have need to be taken seriously before the lignite-harvesting project…
EIA. (2014, June 23). Coal. EIA Energy Kids. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.eia.gov/KIDS/ENERGY.CFM?PAGE=COAL_HOME-BASICS
WSGS. (2014, June 23). Wyoming State Geological Survey. Wyoming State Geological
Survey. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.wsgs.uwyo.edu/Research/Energy/Coal/Diagrams.aspx
WVC. (2014, June 23). 2013. Coal Facts. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.wvcoal.com/coal-facts-2013.html
Relationships and Distinctions Between the Information Systems
relationships and distinctions between the information systems concepts of data warehousing and data mining, which combined with online analytical processing (OLAP) form the backbone of decision support capability in the database industry. Decision support applications impose different demands for OLAP database technology than the online transaction processing (OLTP) model that preceded it. Data mining with OLAP differs from OLTP queries in the use of multidimensional data models, different data query and analysis tools at both the user-facing front end and the database back end, and different mechanisms for data extraction and preparation before loading into a data warehouse can take place. The construction of data warehouses entails the operations of data cleaning and data integration, which are key pre-processing steps for enabling data mining. Furthermore, the concept of metadata (data about data) is essential to the functioning of a data warehouse, and must be managed appropriately for an effective and…
Berson, A., & Smith, S.J. (1997). Data Warehousing, Data Mining, and Olap (1st ed.). McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=549950
Chaudhuri, S., & Dayal, Umeshwar. (1997). An overview of data warehousing and OLAP technology. ACM Digital Library, 26(1). doi:10.1145/248603.248616
Douq, Q. (2009, November 24). Comparison of Oracle to IBM DB2 UDB and NCR Teradata for Data Warehousing. X-Space. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://space.itpub.net/673608/viewspace-620367
Gartner Newsroom. (2008). Gartner Reveals Five Business Intelligence Predictions for 2009 and Beyond. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=856714
Consumer Privacy Regulations and Ethics
Conger, 2009). ecommendations for Organizations The many factors of data mining and their use for profiling customers and their needs also create opportunities for organizations to build greater levels of trust with their customers as well. And trust is the greatest asset any marketer can have today. The following are a series of recommendations for how organizations can address demographic influences that impact their marketing strategies in light of concerns surrounding the ethics of data mining. First, it is imperative, across all demographic segments that marketers make a deliberate a very clear effort to explain their opt-in and opt-out policies and also provides evidence that they do what they claim to in this area. The greatest challenge for the consumer is controlling their personal information online and ensuring it is well managed to their preferences (Pratt. Conger, 2009). Marketers who give consumer control over their data in this way will…
Adams, N.M. (2010). Perspectives on data mining. International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), 11.
Bose, I., & Chen, X. (2009). Hybrid models using unsupervised clustering for prediction of customer churn. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 19(2), 133.
Kaiser, C., & Bodendorf, F. (2012). Mining consumer dialog in online forums. Internet Research, 22(3), 275-297.
Kiron, D. (2012). Why detailed data is as important as big data. MIT Sloan Management Review, 53(4), 1-3.
Diamonds Are Among the Most
In the cases of the kimberlite or lamproite pipes, open-pit mining is most commonly used. This involves a progressive digging at the source of the pipe (Open Pit, No Date). In effect, a giant crater is created that allows for transportation of trucks, people and heavy equipment to the bottom (Open Pit, No Date). A mining operation will dig deeper and deeper into the pit, excavating diamonds and their rock hosts. Sometimes, diamonds and their kimberlite or lamproite hosts have been deposited above and around the pit (known as eluvial deposits), which are much simpler to mine (Learning About, No Date). Of course, once diamonds are extracted from rocks, a skilled process of sorting ensues. Diamonds are manually sorted by experts who determine issues such as size, quality and color to assess whether the diamonds will be sold as gems or to industrial clients. The diamonds are often routed through…
Diamonds and Diamond Simulants" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for the University of California at Berkeley at http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~eps2/wisc/Lect6.html .
Diamond Mining" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for the Environmental Literacy Council at http://www.enviroliteracy.org/article.php/1121.html .
Diamond Trading Company" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web Site for De Beers Group at ( http://www.debeersgroup.com/debeersweb/About+De+Beers/De+Beers+World+Wide/Diamond+Trading+Company+ (Dtc)/.
Learning About Diamonds" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for Kings Jewelry at http://www.kingsjewelry.com/learning_diamond_mining02.shtml .
DBMS and Data Warehouses 1 in This
DBMS and Data Warehouses (1) in this writing assignment, you will create a brochure advertising your services as a data repository. Powered By Excellence Data epository Service Powered By Excellence is the only data repository service with globally-located data centers across each continent, each with specific security, reliability and fault redundancy systems in place. Our staff includes world-class experts on the following platforms: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, MySQL, Informix, Sybase, Teradata and SAS expertise in-house as part of our consulting services division. Services Offered Analytics Advisory Services Big Data Consultancy - Map and Hadoop expertise for gaining insights from very large datasets) Custom Software Development Database Hosting SaaS Application Support Scalable File Storage Private Cloud Hosting (Dedicated storage and unlimited virtual machines) Customer Benefits High performance with a world-class platform 24/7 Administrator Access Unlimited Virtual Machine Use Service Level Agreement (SLA) metrics available 24/7 Trusted Provider of Data epository Services: ISO…
(Benander, Benander, Fadlalla, Gregory, 2000)
Benander, A., Benander, B., Fadlalla, A., & Gregory, J. (2000). Data warehouse administration and management. Information Systems Management, 17(1), 71-80.
Choudhary, A.K., Harding, J.A., & Tiwari, M.K. (2009). Data mining in manufacturing: A review based on the kind of knowledge. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 20(5), 501-521.
He, Z., Lee, B.S., & Snapp, R. (2005). Self-tuning cost modeling of user-defined functions in an object-relational DBMS. ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 30(3), 812-812.
Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies Respected the Law
Upper Big Branch Mining Disaster Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies espected the Law Abiding by federal or state industrial laws is necessary since genuine minded legislators have processed the laws and not the profit-minded shark operating as a company executive. Laws provide a framework at which companies should follow. In most cases, laws specify the necessity of appreciating human life. Furthermore, laws provide an equal balancing of social expectations and company objectives. However, some companies have broken the laws. From their illegal actions, different calamities have been experienced in an industrial situation. The commencing research will highlight an example of this company, Massey Energy and its 2010 incidence that led to the perishing of 29 industrial workers. The research will prove that the self-regulation is not ethical as compared to industrial laws set by the government. What Massey Energy could have done to avoid this tragedy? Following April…
Blindheim, B., & Langhelle, O. (2010). A reinterpretation of the principles of CSR: a pragmatic approach. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 2, n/a-n/a.
Brenner, F.J., Brenner, E.K., Brenner, P.E., & Steiner, R.P. (1994). Evaluation of procedures to estimate biomass on surface coalmine lands reclaimed under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Environmental Management, 18(2), 307-315.
Jenkins, H. (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility And The Mining Industry: Conflicts And Constructs. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 11(1), 23-34.
Long, L.A. (2009). History of process safety at OSHA. Process Safety Progress, 28(2), 128-130.
Consultancy Firm Expertise International Business Challenges Issues
consultancy firm expertise international business challenges issues. You present analysis a business report. Your report focus identification discursive analysis main issues include conclusions recommendations. isk analysis: Australia vs. Colombia and the Democratic epublic of Congo New taxes are always worrisome, and the Australian government's recent decision to pass a 30% tax on profits from iron ore and coal have left many investors scurrying in search of other investment opportunities in alternate countries with lower tax rates and labor costs (Scott 2011). However, simply looking at a balance sheet to determine average tax rates and wages is only a small component of deciding whether a country is a worthwhile investment. With this caveat in mind, it must be cautioned that the proposed decision to shift resources to investing in the coal mining sector in Colombia and the iron ore sector in the Democratic epublic of Congo is neither viable nor cheaper…
Janda, Michael. (2013). Trade deficit falls on iron ore, coal recovery. CNN. Retrieved:
[14 Apr 2013]
Scott, Jason. 2012. Australia Passes 30% Tax on Iron-Ore, Coal Mining Profits. Businessweek.
Penokee Range in Wisconsin We
Since taconite iron ore can be attracted by magnets, it is called a magnetite. Magnetite is abundant in the Minnesota Iron ange as well as the Michigan Iron ange that is located next to Marquette as well as in the Penokee ange in Wisconsin, Minnesota. In Wisconsin-Minnesota's Gogebic-Penokee ange, the taconite iron ore deposits are concentrated on the bands that run from the Mellen area in Ashland County up to the area near Upson in the Iron County. The taconite iron ore extraction process The mining of taconite iron ore in the Gogebic-Penokee ange is carried out by means of open-pit mining methods. The mining process commences by the drilling of a hole into the ground in order to determine the exact location and quality of the iron ore deposit. The drilling also reveals the characteristics of the rocks that surround the ore. For the rather large modern mines, there…
Broman, A (2011)'Silent Majority' Backs Penokee Mine: Gogebic Taconite President
Cannon, W.F., (1973)The Penokean orogeny in northern Michigan, in Young, G.M., ed., Huronian stratigraphy and sedimentation: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper
Clements, B and Sack, C (2008)Introduction to Mining in the Penokees
Lost Mountain' and Look at What the
Lost Mountain' and look at what the writer say about coal mining and its overall effects to the overall environment and the entire human race. It will first analyze the problem at hand both from the political side and other actors involved in the coal mining on mountain tops. In addition to that the study will go ahead to see the varying criticism and proponents views on the issue and particularly on what the author of the book takes on the issue. According to Reece, the author of the book, the problem of coal miming on mountaintops has a political twist which makes it difficult to solve or work on its solution. Lost mountain is a book by Reece Erik that has been eloquently been written and quite moving with the main agenda concentrating on the issue of cold mining at the mountain tops. Reece is mainly against the practice…
Reece E. (2006) Lost Mountain: A year in the Vanishing Wilderness: Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia, Riverhead Books Publishers
Lasswell H. (2007) American Political Scientist
colorful period in America's remarkable early history is the gold rush era. In the late 1800's the discovery of gold triggered a flood of immigrants into the country, all intent on making their fortune. These miners shaped the early history of America, and created a great deal of the legend that surrounds the era of the "ild est." hile some of the legends of lawlessness and debauchery are clearly exaggerated, life in the mining towns of the gold rush era was clearly rough and ready. This paper will examine life in the mining camps of the gold rush era. This will include a look at the people who made up the camps, the general atmosphere, as well as prostitution, gambling, general lawlessness, and the role of religion within the mining camps. The demise of the mining camps will be examined in the context of the development of the railroad and…
Arizona's Ghost Towns. 02 December 2003. http://www.carizona.com/ghosttowns.html
Baumgart, Don. Some Mining Camps Faded Others Grew To Be Cities. Nevada County Gold Online Magazine. 02 December 2003. http://www.ncgold.com/History/BecomingCA_Archive22.html
CmdrMark. Travels in the American Southwest. 02 December 2003. http://www.cmdrmark.com/ghosttowns.html
Koeppel, Elliot H. The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited. Malakoff & Co.
Data Miners From Overwhelming the
Data mining is one of the ways that a company can check into this consideration, but it is far from the only way. Companies that over-utilize it as a means to solve all of their problems are usually the companies that fail or struggle because they start making bad business choices. These can be corrected but it takes time, and companies that do not learn what they did wrong will often continue data mining in an effort to discover where they went wrong. This can compound the problem and allow data miners to truly overwhelm the organization with facts, figures, calculations, and ideas for change. Some of these will certainly be good ideas, but they will get lost in the shuffle, and if a business implements one good idea and three bad ideas, that good idea will probably not be recognized because sales will continue to fall. Companies that are…
Ethical Issues That Are Raised
While the "quality and the craftsmanship [of Tiffany & Co.'s products] must stand the test of time," the conscience of a socially responsible attitude towards its products becomes an even more important element in order to make the customers appreciate the true value of its offer. The added value of an "industry leader" approach concerning the social responsibility issues involved by the industry is also a desired course of action, as it brings positive effects on the environment and the fulfillment of ethical promises by the company, its ambassadorship within the industry brings even greater environmental benefits, through a stronger alliance to lobby and fight for the environment. From a business point-of-view, it brings Tiffany's a differentiation point, giving it a competitive advantage in front of its competitors, something that just working with price, placement, promotion and products (marketing mix elements) can not entirely achieve. This brings us to the…
Business dictionary, Ethical Issue definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/ethical-issue.html
Business dictionary, Fiduciary Duty definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/fiduciary-duty.html
Gagnon, Geoffrey, Moving Mountains, Legal Affairs, Sept-Oct 2004, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/September-October-2004/story_gagnon_sepoct04.msp
Kosich, Dorothy, And, now, a few words from Tiffany & Co, Mineweb, South Africa, November 11, 2004, retrieved online November 5, 2009 at http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/en/page15831?oid=3232&sn=Detail
Prenegotiation Memorandum (pm) Negotiation Team Re: Tamarack, MN and Twin Lakes Mining Company Position Structure Twin Lakes Mining Company The Twin Lakes Mining Company (hereafter known as 'company') makes significant contribution to Tamarack, Minnesota - employing 21% of the residents, providing 33% of the total real estate tax base - and is considered an integral entity to the town's longevity. The city needs Twin Lakes to maintain the current standard of living the residents enjoy. The City of Tamarack The city operates on a zero deficit per annum decree. Twin Lakes Mining Company has directly caused some of the need for improvements concerning water quality, air quality, and effluvia and pollution management. The city also relies upon the heavy property taxation to provide economic, culture, and recreation services to the community. Twin Lakes Mining Company does not need the City of Tamarack (hereafter known as 'city') to continue operations in…
Residents of Buffalo Creek Were Immensely Affected
residents of Buffalo Creek were immensely affected by strip mining in a way which was highly negative. As such, this process of strip mining which the Company was doing was very threatening to their way of life. These people lived in very close proximity to the mountain in which the Company was performing strip mining. Essentially, strip mining was causing the mountain to erode. The eroding mountain would make things fall from it, which would destroy the houses and the lives and the livelihoods of the people living in close proximity to the mountain. Therefore, the Company was making profits by destroying the lives of the people who lived near this mountain. This process of strip mining, then, was one of the most detrimental that the Company could have done to mountaineers who lived so close to this particular mountain. The profits for the company or the men employed in…
Role Contributions and Drawbacks of
Conclusion When it comes to strategic information management, there are many options that a company has. Data mining, data warehousing, and the various OLAP options are only some of the tools that can be used, but they are three of the most important - if they are used correctly. Because there are several options with OLAP it is very versatile and most companies can find a way to make it work for them so that they can quickly get the answers that they are looking for and help to keep their company moving forward. The other two business intelligence tools, data mining and data warehousing, are also very important, but like any of the other tools there are contributions that they offer and drawbacks that they have. The key to using them all effectively is getting a good understanding of what they can bring to an organization and what they…
Big Apple Jewelry v Yellow
On the other hand, liquidated damage provisions of contracts may not be used primarily for the purpose of imposing punishment for any breach. For an example of a permissible liquidated damage clause using the facts of the previous case, the jewelry company could have included a liquidated damage clause requiring the mining company to compensate the jewelry company for the amount of money actually lost by virtue of losing the benefit of the 10% discount based on the market price of gold for the remainder of the contract term. Conversely, the jewelry company could not have included a liquidated damage clause specifying one-million dollars in damages for any breach of contract by the mining company. Settlement Negotiations: It is common practice for parties to litigation to exchange mutual releases of liability. This protects them from any future liability arising from arguments that certain circumstances were not covered by the settlement…
Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2007). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati, OH: West.
De Beers Case Study Conduct
All of these factos then contibute to the complexity of hiing senio intenational positions, and undescoe the HR issues that ae going to cause difficulties in the hiing pocess. De Bees' ecuiting pocess is going to have to focus on those pofessionals in citical skill gap positions that ae accustomed to being in an industy that has complex ethical tade-offs that need to be made, yet has the necessay initiative level to attack manual pocesses that need to be updated to me maket-competitive instead of catel-sustaining. This becomes moe concete when the consideations ae taken into account of hiing a new geneal manage fo one of the company's many diamond fields in Afica. Anyone fom a manufactuing backgound will find the pocesses in these diamond fields achaic and nealy impossible to apply advanced Six Sigma planning techniques to, much less measue in any meaningful way. Thee ae also no eal…
references. This is a critical measurement for De Beers to produce the right demand at the right price for each specific geographic market.
Brand Studies -as De Beers gets completely immersed in a market-driven business model this is going to be critical for them to concentrate on over time. Just as measuring the Return on Marketing Investments is critical; this measure tells De beers Marketing how effective their branding campaigns are being.
Fair Trade Compliance & Audit Ratings - it is essential for De Beers to focus on providing audited statements of the extent to which they adhere to Fair Trade Compliance and Ethics guidelines that need to be created through the Chief Governance Officer, a position the company needs to create to ensure compliance to these critical standards. The company cannot afford to operate in an ethical vacuum as its approaches to mining, exploration and treatment of workers is now transparent to the world via the Internet.
Financial Analysis of Synthetic Diamonds - a relatively new business for De Beers, this area has financial statements defining all key financial ratios in addition to market forecasts by country and also by distribution channel.
Retail Channel Forecast by Product and by Channel - De Beers also is monitoring retail channel forecasts by type of diamond and by channel within each of the four countries they are operating in. In addition, inventory velocities from these reports provide De Beers supply chain and procurement departments with the necessary visibility to anticipate demand fro each retail channel in each country and align manufacturing availability to each market's needs.
Moxie Market Analysis Every Individual
Once the technology is recognized as effective, by the industry and enforcement agencies these mines could even be offered deductions as a result of their reflected commitment to reduce injury and fatalities in the industry, through the provision of "Moxie" to employees. This jump in efficacy could reasonably take place, given the relative cost of the equipment and the desire of the industry to have such technology in as short a time as five years. It is hoped that once the efficacy is proven and the minors are recognized to have avoided accident and tragedy that the device will become a required aspect of equipping a minor and will therefore skyrocket in sales and more importantly improve the overall safety of the mine, tenfold. Conclusion In conclusion "Moxie" will offer the minor and the organization they work for, greater assurance that toxic gas will no longer be an unavoidable danger…
USDL Bureau of Labor Statistics "Career Guide: Mining" website at http://www.bls.gov/oco/cg/cgs004.htm#conditions
USDL OSHA's Mission Statement website at http://www.osha.gov/oshinfo/mission.html
Rio Tinto Group Wholly Owns and Operates
Rio Tinto Group wholly owns and operates mining and processing ventures under the holding Rio Tinto Iron Ore Group. This group is largely focused on projects in North America and Australia. Development projects are underway in West Africa and India but are currently uninvolved in the iron ore projects in Mozambique and Tanzania (Rio Tinto Iron Ore 2011). Regarding subsidiary management, the Rio Tinto Group has made clear that they require all of their subsidiaries to develop independent programs to remain in compliance with the Group's policies, such as the sustainable develop initiative the Group developed in response to climate change (Rio Tinto 2011). The Group stated all of their subsidiaries are required to develop three-year programs to bring them into compliance with Rio Tinto's policies. Rio Tinto, like other mining multinational enterprises, has encountered a shortage of mining inputs such as tires, due to the huge expansion in demand…
Corporations interested in expanding operations to Mozambique and Tanzania should be prepared for years of assessment and development at the managerial level. A recent Rio Tinto publication regarding operations in Madagascar quoted a mining manager who performed assessments in the country between 1989 and 2001 in order to ready the area for industrial activity. Rio Tinto also found it necessary to create culturally competent informational resources in order to explain the plan for the area to the local population. The infrastructural development efforts of Rio Tinto have extended beyond the creation of material resources. Rio Tinto management has paired with NGO projects in target countries, including Mozambique, to implement health education and community betterment projects, in an effort to uplift sociocultural and medical conditions as well as economic conditions
Rio Tinto has endeavored to make certain that mining practices do not interfere negatively with indigenous livelihoods, particularly subsistence farming, one of the chief occupations in Mozambique. Site managers worked to insure that drill rigs did not interfere with cultivated areas through community relation efforts, though did make compensations to farmers when such preservation efforts were not feasible.
A project manager and geologist from Rio Tinto created a four-prong strategy to community relations, an aspect of project development the Group emphasizes is crucial. The process in Mozambique involved the creation of a community engagement committee involving pairing senior community leaders with Rio Tinto management; the involvement of local people in assessments fieldwork; their continued involvement in route planning and, finally; the payment of compensations at a community meeting to keep all economic activity transparent. These efforts underscore the importance to
Functions of an Information System List and
functions of an information system. List and describe three types of enterprise systems. he four basic functions of an information system are gathering data, storing data, processing that data into information, and outputting the information (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). he system has to be able to collect data, or have the data placed into it, or it does not have anything with which it can work and with which it can provide output information after an analysis takes place. Storing data is a big part of what an information system does, because the data is important and must not be lost. A system that could not store data would not be valuable to a company for collection and retention of data (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). Once the data has been collected and stored, it can then be analyzed in order to draw conclusions from it based on the type of…
The four main points of IT strategic plans are the mission statement, the SWOT analysis, the list of actions to be prioritized, and the "road maps" that are used to examine and readjust the strategic plan in the future (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The mission statement is a very important part of the plan, because it is the basic definition of what the company stands for and where it is headed in the future. Without it, IT cannot plan for continued structure and development, which can cause the company to stagnate (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The SWOT analysis comes next, and addresses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that are being faced by the IT department of the company. These can include both internal and external issues, both of which have to be dealt with correctly in order to allow the company to continue to see success (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Because IT is such an important part of companies today, what happens in that department affects nearly everything else that takes place within the company.
Prioritizing the actions needed is next on the list when it comes to IT strategic planning. There is no need to work on something just for the sake of working, when there are more important issues to be faced (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Prioritizing everything means that the IT department will be focused on the most important issues first, so that the concerns that really need to be addressed do not languish. Finally, road maps are required so that the company can see where it intends to have its IT department at specific intervals in the future. These are usually at the one, two, and three-year marks, but they can be placed at other intervals, as well (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). There is no specific rule for when they need to be seen, and every company is different.
Bradford, R.W. & Duncan, J.P. (2000). Simplified strategic planning. NY: Chandler House.
Black Mesa Mine the Black
Lands are reclaimed to a condition that typically is 20 times more productive for grazing than native range. These results, which are nationally recognized, are important to local American Indian families who make their livelihood raising cattle, sheep and goats (Peabody Western Coal Company 2007:1). Of course, the company is ignoring the damage to the water supply when it makes these claims and does not account for this damage against the benefits. The intent of the company is clear in a settlement proposal it made to keep Black Mesa in operation while giving the federal government control over the aquifer and dismissing all claims against Peabody for injury to the groundwater (Helms 2007:1). A call to action by a group called Honor the Earth makes the implicatiosn for the sacred land clear: If the plan to allow Peabody to restart its Black Mesa Mine goes ahead, the cultural implications will…
Anderson, Frederick R., Jeffrey D. Baxter, Bruce a. Bishop, David Brookshire, F. Lee Brown, Albert M. Church, Mark O. Evans, Allen V. Kneese, Jerrold E. Levy, Alfred L. Parker, William D. Schulze, Walter O. Spofford, and Michael Williams
1981 the Southwest under Stress: National Resource Development Issues in a Regional Setting. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
1999 the Wind Won't Know Me: A History of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
Computer Dynamics in Business
high quality (error-Free) data entry. Data entry is a vital part of a number of businesses. As such, it has to be of the highest quality and error-free. While there is generally no guarantee that data can be 100% error-free all the time, the more any data avoids errors the more likely the company will be to provide its customer with a good experience (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Additionally, companies that have data errors can end up in trouble because they are using the wrong details to make decisions about what they can and should be doing to move their business forward. If a company is not focused on entering data in a way that is free from errors (and omissions), that company can get a reputation as being sloppy and not well-prepared to handle its business and its customers (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Consumers who provide data…
Enterprise Resource Planning, or ERP, is designed to manage a business through every stage it reaches and moves through. It is generally presented as a suite of applications that are all integrated with one another, and that provide real-time information on the processes that are at the core of the business (Loh & Koh, 2004). Originally, ERP was designed to be something that was for back-office use only (Loh & Koh, 2004). It helped to keep a business running, but it was not for the customers to see. It also did not provide any kind of interactive tools that could be used with customers. However, over time that changed and customer relationship management (CRM) and other functions were integrated into ERP (Loh & Koh, 2004). That made a significant difference in how companies did business, especially online, because customers could reach these companies so much more easily than they were able to do in the past. That advanced business-related technology rapidly.
The main objectives of ERP are to help a company operate more smoothly and interact with its customers in the best way possible. These software suites store information, help a company plan and implement multiple considerations, allow for customer feedback, track the success of ideas and plans that the company has provided to the public, and make sure customers are getting what they asked for from a company (Loh & Koh, 2004). As such, ERP software needs to be upgraded from time to time, in order to ensure it is still providing the company and the customers with the best experience possible (Loh & Koh, 2004). If that is found not to be the case, it becomes time to make changes in order to continue advancing the company and moving it forward, as well as keeping customers happy with their interactions.
Loh, T.C., & Koh, S.C.L. (2004). Critical elements for a successful ERP implementation in SMEs. International Journal of Production Research, 42(17): 3433 -- 3455.
Data Mining Predictive analytics help companies to understand the behavior of consumers. The way that predictive analytics works is that data from the past is used to help refine predictions about the future (CGI, 2013). Companies basically analyzed demand in terms of a wide range of variables in order to arrive at a better estimate for future outcomes than otherwise would have been found. It is basically the same principle as predicting that a colder, snowier winter will help Wal-Mart sell more snowblowers, but with hard data, sophisticated algorithms and reliable outputs -- such as x number of snow days will equal y number of snow blowers sold. One of the interesting elements of predictive analytics is with associations, and this has been used fairly extensively in retail. Associations discovery is where correlations between things are noted that might not have been apparent. So that link between snow blowers and…
CGI. (2013). Predictive analytics. CGI Retrieved June 2, 2014 from http://www.cgi.com/sites/default/files/white-papers/Predictive-analytics-white-paper.pdf
Jain, A., Murty, M. & Flynn, P. (1999). Data clustering: A review. ACM Computing Systems. Vol. 31 (3) 264-323.
Nearing, B. (2013). Mining Internet for chunks of gold. Times Union. Retrieved June 2, 2014 from http://www.timesunion.com/business/article/Mining-Internet-for-chunks-of-gold-5056469.php
Olavsrud, T. (2014). CIOs should push big data projects but prioritize privacy. CIO Magazine. Retrieved June 2, 2014 from http://www.cio.com/article/753612/CIOs_Should_Push_Big_Data_Projects_but_Prioritize_Privacy
Casey Patrick White and Eleanor
"White's canonization is part of a larger cultural shift, which saw the development of many kinds of institutions and critiques aimed at making Australia culturally richer and more autonomous" (During, 1996). Therefore, the changing way that he portrayed women in his work may have signaled an awareness of the fact that women's roles were changing in Australian society as whole. Therefore, in the Tree of Man, White's approach to Thelma, which, but because he is showing disgust for what Thelma symbolizes. Interestingly enough, this symbolization goes far beyond her gender. "Thelma is the character who most embodies the values of Australians in the fifties as White described them: she is conventional, insipid, dishonest, and single-minded in pursuit of material security" (McKeman, 1989). Therefore, when examining White's treatment of women in his work, it is always critical to recall the historical context. Eleanor Dark Perhaps it should not be surprising that…
Brooks, B. & Clarke, J. (1998). Eleanor Dark: a writer's life. Sydney: McMillan.
Casey, G. (1958). Snowball. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
Clancy, L. (2004). Culture and customs of Australia. Westpord, CT: Greenwood Publishing
Centralia 1947 Mine Explosion Throughout the Annals
Centralia 1947 Mine Explosion Throughout the annals of the American industrialized age, countless tragedies have occurred within the workplace and these incidents have forced the public at large to consider the weighty issue of applying moral precepts to the realm of public administration. While the tomes of American jurisprudence are littered with examples of corporate enterprises and bureaucratic entities failing to uphold their basic responsibilities, perhaps no case has demonstrated the capacity to generate both outrage and activism as readily as The Blast in Centralia No. 5: A Mine Disaster No One Stopped. Authored by John Bartlow Martin, this seminal case study examines the unique confluence of internal and external circumstances which eventually resulted in the 1947 explosion of Centralia Mine No. 5, a catastrophe which claimed the lives of 111 coal miners. By carefully retracing the series of events preceding the actual explosion, including a history of the Centralia…
Hartley, R.E., & Kenney, D. (2006). Death underground: The centralia and west frankfort mine disasters. Chicago, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
Fanning, F. (2007). Public sector safety professionals: Focused on activity or results?. Perspectives Newsletter, 6(3), 11-15. Retrieved from http://www.usmra.com/repository/category/disasters/Best-of-the -
Martin, J.B. (1948). The blast in centralia no. 5: A mine disaster no one stopped. In R.J. Stillman
Superior Insulation Compositions in Assorted
I think this 20 million dollar process may be replaced with an eco-friendly material based insulator making technique. Even lay people are aware of the many uses of igneous rocks: countertops, floors, tiles, landscaping, construction, sink cleanser, sandpaper (Rice & McKeown, 2008). Granite is used for buildings and monuments; granite and other rocks are crushed up into gravel and used as a foundation for concrete roads or even help create concrete (Rice & McKeown, 2008). Many of the various forms of igneous rocks help in the creation of steel or contribute to insulation. There's absolutely no reason why these rocks can't further be improved and used in a more widespread manner for insulation. Methodology Each prototype was made twice for them to be averaged out on each data concerning relative densities, thermal conductivity and other characteristics. Preparatory to this data analysis, the pre-experiment categorization of minerals was conducted to gain…
Trouble With Philadelphia's Water Billing System Is
trouble with Philadelphia's water billing system is a technical problem or a people problem? Why? From the case study it is at first difficult to separate the two and decide whether the issue rests mainly with the people involved or the system. The people who developed the system did not anticipate using it for such a broad application, so they are responsible for not preparing the system for such an application before they tried to use it. The system itself cannot handle the complex load required of a water billing system to the 500,000 customers that reside in Philadelphia. In the end, it seems more likely that this was "operator error" more than something that was wrong with the system itself. This will become apparent in the following discussion. The first group of people who made an error were the city officials who did not conduct an adequate amount of…
Management and Decision Sciences From
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
Homeland Security and FISA
NSA/FISA Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 there has been a significant effort to protect America from any further terrorist attacks. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the U.S. National Security Agency's ability to identify and monitor the communications of terrorists and prevent terrorism from occuring. The research will also investigate how the implications of employing these techniques for foreign intelligence surveillance suggests that the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") is inadequate in addressing recent technological developments. These developments include the transition from circuit-based to packet-based communications; the globalization of communications infrastructure; and the development of automated monitoring techniques, including data mining and traffic analysis. The research will also focus on how FISA is challenged by technological developments. The Monitoring of Communications The National Security agency was created to "protect U.S. national security systems and to produce foreign signals intelligence information." The strategic plan of the…
Bill to Amend FISA. (2007) The United States Select Committee on Intelligence. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from; http://intelligence.senate.gov/071019/fisa.pdf
Feingold, R. (2008) Remarks of U.S. Senator Russ Feingold
Opposing H.R. 6304, FISA Amendments Act of 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from;
HR Gms Cgms A Case
In addition to using this new department to create project assignments for otherwise idle personnel, this would become an essential path to preparing CGMS for competition in the long-term future. hile the company's eroding schedule of future projects suggests economic downturn, it also underscores the risk of working in the fossil fuel sector. ith future environmental and conservation concerns promising to impact mining operations such as those upon which CGMS depends, the company's newly minted R&D department would emphasize projects aimed at reducing the carbon footprint created by mining operations as well as investigating alternative fuel sources. Given the company's extensive resources and highly qualified personnel, it may have the opportunity to posture itself as a leader of future energy efficiency efforts. Ultimately, internal training and some measure of ERP-informed recruitment would be necessary to actualize this objective. Finally, it is evidence that greater accountability is needed, if not to…
Baker, G. (2007). Shared Services Can Reduce HR Process Cost Cuts by up to 80%; While Driving Improved Satisfaction, Productivity, and Quality. The Hackett Group.
Chan, S.H. & Kuok, O.M. (2011). A Study of Human Resources Recruitment, Selection, and Retention Issues in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Macau. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 10(4).
Heathfield, S.M. (2011). Do Powerful Internal Training. About Human Resources.
Open Source ERP. (2010). ERP HR Module. Open-source-erp-site.com.
Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility
Both proposals were consequently amended and eventually accepted by the SEC. The audit committee makes sure that the books aren't being cooked and that shareholders are properly informed of the financial status of the firm. Characteristically, the audit committee advocates the CPA firm that will audit the company's books, appraises the activities of the company's independent accountants and internal auditors, and reviews the company's internal control systems and its accounting and financial reporting requirements and practices. The compensation committee usually does the following: (1) recommends the selection of the CEO, (2) reviews and approves the appointment of officers who report directly to the CEO, (3) reviews and approves the compensation of the CEO and the managers reporting to the CEO, and (4) administers the stock compensation and other incentive plans. The suggested committee establishes experience for potential directors (Lunnie, 2007; pg. 90). It also puts collectively a list of candidates…
Ceo Determining Issues With the Expansion of
Ceo: Determining Issues With the Expansion of Business Quality assurance and compliance are significant factors in starting and sustaining a successful business. Without these aspects, a business may experience internal or external risks that might negatively affect the business' future (Thareja, 2007). As one of Western Australia's current growing small airline companies, the company is considering an increase in fleet plans to include five turbo prop aircraft that will be used to reach major west coast city airports and remote mining sites. As the company intends on regular public transport and charter operations, as well as for activities and maintenance to be internal when possible, issues in key personnel, training, facilities, aerodrome, documentation, applicable regulations, and risk management will need to be properly and thoroughly addressed. The purpose of this brief is to inform readers as to the main issues in each of these areas. Key Personnel Large and small…
Australian Government: Civil Aviation Safety Authority [online]. (2011) [Accessed 21 April
2011]. Available from: .
Bhp the Company I Am Studying Is
Bhp The company I am studying is BHP Billiton, the Australian mining company whose ADs trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol BHP. The following is an analysis of how its GAAP balance sheet would correspond to an economic balance sheet. Cash, STI, Cash equivalents Core Operations eceivables Core Operations Inventories Core Operations Other Current Assets Non-operating net assets Net property, plant and equipment Core Operations Goodwill and other intangible Non-operating net assets Investments and advances Non-operating net assets Accounts receivable, non-current Core operations Deferred non-current accounts Non-operating net assets Other non-current accounts Non-operating net assets Payables Debt claims Long-term debt and capital leases Debt claims Deferred liabilities, non-current Debt claims Minority interest Other capital claims Provisions, long-term Debt claims Provisions, current Debt claims Current debt Debt claims Deferred liabilities, current Debt claims Current portion of LTD Debt claims Other current liabilities Debt claims Capital stock Equity…
MSN Moneycentral: BHP Billiton. (2013). Retrieved October 27, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-balance-sheet/?symbol=U.S.%3ABHP&stmtView=Ann
BHP Billiton 2013 Annual Report. Retrieved October 27, 2013 from http://www.bhpbilliton.com/home/investors/reports/Documents/2013/BHPBillitonAnnualReport2013.pdf
Information Technology IT Solutions
Portability M In the event that Myra decides to expand her business, portability becomes more important. However in this situation portability is not as important due to the single location and the access to cloud technology. Security L There is not much security risk in this approach to the problem. Beautician scheduling is not regarded as a high risk activity. Data Quality L Names and time are all that are really needed in this software. As long as that quality is fine, there are no problems with this area. Authentication L Once again the lack of a need for high security denotes the lack of importance of this area. Authentication is not that important since the scheduling software is more like a common good to be used by all. Encryption L Only basic encryption is needed in a software application such as this. There is no reasonable excuse for any…
Electrolytic and Voltaic Cells an
This means that their operation is totally opposite in direction, in fact a rechargeable battery can act as both a voltaic cell and an electrolytic cell depending on whether it is discharging or being charged. It is also practical to use the same type of metal as electrodes in an electrolytic cell while in voltaic cells the electrodes must be of different metals. Since sodium is too reactive to freely occur naturally it exists in the earth's crust in a number of varied compounds such as halite. It can also be found in the form of sodium chloride and brine which are plentiful sea water. These compounds can be obtained by trapping the sea water or brine, or by mining rock salt. In order to obtain pure sodium metal, electrolysis of molten sodium chloride is done. This is achieved by using the molten sodium chloride as the electrolyte in an…
Asato, Robert. (2009). "Internet Chemistry." Electrochemical cells. Kapiolani Community
College. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from http://library.kcc.hawaii.edu/external/chemistry/everyday_electro.html
Bodner Research Web (2009). Electrolytic cells. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch20/faraday.php
Sodium. (2006). World of chemistry. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from http://www.bookrags.com/research/sodium-woc/
Extraordinary Grit in the Life
As a girl, she had money and some of the good things it brings; such as education and breeding." There is a hint of jealousy and even more palpable contempt written between the lines of this passage, especially with the author's inclusion of the word "breeding." reeding is generally something only the upper-classes thinks exists, especially in the egalitarian world of the American pioneer. Ellis goes on to praise her skill as a dressmaker, and does not let the difference in their upbringings affect her perception or description of this woman, but one detects a wistfulness in her tone that even she may not be aware of. Though Ellis' true story takes place in a Colorado mining town and portrays a presumably accurate picture of life the way it was in that place and time, this text is more a personal narrative and less a useful historical document. In four…
Ellis, Anne. The Life of an Ordinary Woman. New York: Mariner Books, 1999.
Anne Ellis, The Life of an Ordinary Woman (New York: Mariner Books, 1999), 2.
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Collection Meeting of Frontiers
Mining in the west.
This essay was published in 2000 as part of the original Meeting of Frontiers website.
Mineral rushes transformed the American West, stimulating large-scale migration, demands for transportation, and creating new economies and societies in the process. Once word spread back East of the discovery of gold in California, tens of thousands of men began streaming west, on steamships via the Panama or Cape Horn routes or, more commonly, across the continent on the overland trails.
The first miners found gold nuggets in the rivers and simply washed the dirt through pans or boxes, leaving the gold in the bottom. Soon they exhausted all such easily obtainable gold and more difficult shaft mining began, requiring more labor, technical knowledge, and capital.
Many other rushes followed the California gold rush--in the 1850s in Nevada and Colorado, in the 1860s in Wyoming and Montana, and in the Black Hills of South Dakota in the 1870s. The miners who swarmed to find riches demanded services. As a result, mining towns quickly sprouted, and often just as quickly disappeared once the mines played out. Some mining supply centers, notably Denver, Colorado, and Sacramento, California, managed to survive and grow into viable towns.
Essay Mining Industry Research 1
Introduction Minerals play an important part in our lives every day. You probably sleep on a mattress with metal strings, or you used electricity that has been generated by coal. Minerals that we use everyday are found in the Earth’s crust. Minerals are found in mineral ores and it takes a lot of time, effort and money to get the rocks containing mineral ores out of the ground, separate the mineral ores from the rock and extract the mineral from the ore. The mining industry makes a major contribution to Australia’s economy. Many scientists and engineers are involved in this industry on a daily basis. As with any industry there are many factors affected including how many people are employed, the impact on the natural environment or the safety risks associated with the work. In this assignment you need to research different methods of mining and record some of the key ecological, economic and social factors arising from the mining. Your Tasks Part A - Mining Methods Research Table (9 marks) Open-cut, dredge, underground and leach mining methods are all used in Australia. Complete the research table outlining each of these methods. You will need to find and use information from the internet to complete this task. There are some sites listed below the will help you, remember you should always read information from a few trusted sites (e.g. government sites, research sites or industry sites) and then write your answers in your own words. Part B – Mining Factors Graphic Organiser (9 marks) Choose one of the above methods and identify and record the key ecological, economic and social factors that arise when this mining method is used. Use the graphic organiser to record your notes. Part C – Mining Report (21 marks) Write a report about the use of your chosen mining method. You should include an outline of the method with both the positives and negatives described, the implications for using or not using this method, possible alternatives to the method and ideas that may improve the method or reduce/ increase its use. Resources to access Science Quest 8 Textbook Chapter 9 (specifically chapter 9.5) Science discovery – Website: http://science.discovery.com/tv-shows/how-do-they-do-it/videos/how-do-they-do-it-coal-mining.htm Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy (Bureau of Mining and Petroleum) - Website: www.nrm.qld.gov.au Geoscience Australia - Websites: www.ga.gov.au and www.nationalminesatlas.gov.au Queensland Resources Council - Website: www.qrc.org.au Part A - Mining Methods Research Table (9 marks) Type of mining Where is it used? Minerals mined this way Explanation of process Reference Open-cut mining Dredge mining Underground mining Leach mining Part B – Mining Factors Graphic Organiser (9 marks) NOTE: Only bullet points are accepted. USE OF MINING (especially in Australia) Ecological factors: Economic factors: Social factors: Part C – Mining Report (21 marks) Use the information from your research table and your graphic organiser to write a report about mining in Australia. This report should focus on one mining method. Your report should be typed in 12 point font and be approximately 1000 words in total. It should be written in your own words using the learning you have acquired from your research. Use the following headings in your report and include the key information underneath these based on the dot point provided. Remember, there is no right or wrong to a lot of these questions, however you do need to do some research and reading to be able to answer them in your own words. 1. Introduction (2 marks) An introduction to mining in Australia including what it is and where it occurs 2. Outline of the mining method (5 marks) An overview of the mining method, including both positive and negative Show More
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Health and safety legislation applies rules to persons conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU). A key part of legislation is to make these people officers and apply rules towards these individual’s duty of care. They cannot opt out of this responsibility. In short, duty of care refers to a work environment being safe and secure.
Worker Safety Dbq
One of the policies that city comes up with after March 25th, 1911 was worker safety. After The Triangle factory fire and the number of victims helped peoples to fight for worker safety with reason “ Lives were lost because the need for profit was placed above the importance of worker safety.Outrage about the senseless deaths helped to mobilize a city and a nation to institute policies and legislation for worker safety.”(Janelle.Hinds,The New York Amsterdam News). All these young girls lost their life because they didn’t have safety at their jobs, but the factory fire helped the people who want to fight for worker safety to have good reason in their hands. “In New York City, women are continuing to lead the way in the fight for worker safety.”(Janelle.Hinds,The New York Amsterdam News), the leaders in the fighting for worker safety were women because most of the victims were women and also the fire happened during the women's right movement .One reason that does not let the city pass a policy about worker safety because the city was getting overpopulated by immigration.
The Strict OSHA Regulations
The strict OSHA regulations I think are for everybody’s own safety. I think the regulations from OSHA are valid and fair. OSHA is a good thing to keep the hospitals clean and safe. Also OSHA describes and gives employees instructions on how to deal with the types of chemicals used. What could happen if we did not have this intervention by the government hospitals would be disorganized. Also the hospitals could have biohazard, chemicals, and a messed up system.
Explain How To Take A Balanced Approach To Risk Management In Health And Social Care
advising upon how to achieve compliance with current, new and amended health and safety regulations, for example the use of VDUs, working at height regulations etc.;
Work Ethic In Richard Nixon's 'We Can Do It !'
One of the most basic aspects of life is work and having a job. It is usually a requirement for a stable life and of utmost importance to people. Richard Nixon’s “Address to the Nation on Labor Day” highlights the work ethic as “ingrained in the American character”. He explains that the competitive spirit is central to the character and takes another name as work ethic (Nixon). Work’s importance is also expressed through the cultural icon of Rosie the Riveter. The image reading “We Can Do It!” displays how the women valued the work which led to more equality in the workplace (Miller). Women in World War II felt pride in the ability to fill the industrial workforce jobs left behind by the men. Even today a person’s job has a considerable influence
EBSA Mission Statement
There are a number of federal agencies. There is an agency for just about anything you can imagine. In fact, there is speculation that no one knows exactly how many federal agencies exist (Crew, 2015). With so many federal agencies out there it is important that worker know which agencies to reach out to. All agencies have different areas of expertise they operate under. For example the Department of Labor has 4 sub-agencies. The mission statement for the department of labor encourages the well-being of those who seek jobs, those already working, and retirees of the United States by improving their working conditions, progressing their chances for lucrative employment opportunities, protecting their retirement, staffing employers, enhancing
Understand The Importance Of Health And Safety In Early Years Essay
The early years setting carry out health and safety regulations from before children enter to after the last child leaves and throughout this time in between. Early years practitioners must be aware of health and safety procedures, when they must be carried out, why they are carried out and the result from doing so in order to complete numerous risk assessments. Health and safety policies of the setting are written around multiple legislations and acts to ensure staff follow laws practically and precisely.
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Overall, the procedures involved in mining cryptocurrency can be complex and technical. But, the concepts surrounding the activities are reasonably straightforward, as is the process when you break it down into steps.
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Wolfe, Alvin W., "An Essay on the Mining Industry in Relation to the African Revolution" (1967). Anthropology Faculty Publications.
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Essay Mining Industry Research 1. Submitted By skooliscoolish. Words: 1499. Pages: 6. Open Document. Introduction Minerals play
INTRODUCTION Safety and health in the mining industry has been a growing concern across countries worldwide. There has been a stable improvement of safety.
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