How to Write a Conclusion for an Essay
You’ve done it. You’ve refined your introduction and your thesis. You’ve spent time researching and proving all of your supporting arguments. You’re slowly approaching the finish line of your essay and suddenly freeze up because—that’s right—it’s time to write the conclusion.
For many, the conclusion is the most dreaded part of essay writing . Condensing all the points you’ve analyzed in a tidy little package is certainly easier said than done. How can you make a good final impression while emphasizing the significance of your findings?
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Learning how to write a conclusion for an essay doesn’t need to feel like climbing Everest. It is wholly possible to tie everything together while considering the broader issues and implications of your argument. You just need the right strategy.
What do you want to leave your readers with? Perhaps you want to end with a quotation that adds texture to your discussion. Or, perhaps you want to set your argument into a different, perhaps larger context.
An effective conclusion paragraph should ultimately suggest to your reader that you’ve accomplished what you set out to prove.
How to write a good conclusion
As you set out to write your conclusion and end your essay on an insightful note, you’ll want to start by restating your thesis. Since the thesis is the central idea of your entire essay, it’s wise to remind the reader of the purpose of your paper.
Once you’ve restated your thesis (in a way that’s paraphrased, of course, and offers a fresh understanding), the next step is to reiterate your supporting points. Extract all of the “main points” from each of your supporting paragraphs or individual arguments in the essay . Then, find a way to wrap up these points in a way that demonstrates the importance of the ideas.
Depending on the length of your essay, knowing how to write a good conclusion is somewhat intuitive—you don’t want to simply summarize what you wrote. Rather, the conclusion should convey a sense of closure alongside the larger meaning and lingering possibilities of the topic.
What your conclusion should include
Now that you know what a good conclusion encompasses, you can get into the finer details. Beyond restating your thesis and summarizing your points, what else should the conclusion include?
Here are some strategies for ending your essay in a savvy and thought-provoking way:
Ask yourself: “So what?”
At some point in your life, a teacher has probably told you that the end of an essay should answer the question “So what?” or “Why does it matter?” This advice holds true. It’s helpful to ask yourself this question at the start of drafting your thesis and come back to it throughout, as it can keep you in tune with the essay’s purpose. Then, at your conclusion, you won’t be left searching for something to say.
If you’ve come across a fantastic quote in your research that didn’t quite make it into the essay, the conclusion is a great spot for it. Including a quote from one of your primary or secondary sources can frame your thesis or final thoughts in a different light. This can add specificity and texture to your overall argument.
For example, if you’ve written an essay about J.D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye, you can think about using a quote from the book itself or from a critic or scholar who complicates your main point. If your thesis is about Salinger’s desire to preserve childhood innocence, ending with a biographer’s statement about Salinger’s attitude toward his own youth might be illuminating for readers. If you decide to amplify your conclusion paragraph in this way, make sure the secondary material adds (and not detracts) from the points you already made. After all, you want to have the last word!
Consider the clincher
At the very end of the essay comes your closing sentence or clincher. As you think about how to write a good conclusion, the clincher must be top of mind. What can you say to propel the reader to a new view on the subject? This final sentence needs to help readers feel a sense of closure. It should also end on a positive note, so your audience feels glad they read your paper and that they learned something worthwhile.
What your conclusion should not include
There are a few things that you should definitely strive to avoid when writing your conclusion paragraph. These elements will only cheapen your overall argument and belabor the obvious.
Here are several conclusion mishaps to consider:
- Avoid phrases like “in summary,” “in conclusion,” or “to sum up.” Readers know they’re at the end of the essay and don’t need a signpost.
- Don’t simply summarize what’s come before. For a short essay, you certainly don’t need to reiterate all of your supporting arguments. Readers will know if you just copied and pasted from elsewhere.
- Avoid introducing brand new ideas or evidence. This will only confuse readers and sap force from your arguments. If there’s a really profound point that you’ve reached in your conclusion and want to include, try moving it to one of your supporting paragraphs.
Whereas your introduction acts as a bridge that transfers your readers from their own lives into the “space” of your argument or analysis, your conclusion should help readers transition back to their daily lives.
By following this useful roadmap, you can feel confident that you know how to write a good conclusion that leaves readers with a solution, a call to action, or a powerful insight for further study.
What this handout is about.
This handout will explain the functions of conclusions, offer strategies for writing effective ones, help you evaluate conclusions you’ve drafted, and suggest approaches to avoid.
Introductions and conclusions can be difficult to write, but they’re worth investing time in. They can have a significant influence on a reader’s experience of your paper.
Just as your introduction acts as a bridge that transports your readers from their own lives into the “place” of your analysis, your conclusion can provide a bridge to help your readers make the transition back to their daily lives. Such a conclusion will help them see why all your analysis and information should matter to them after they put the paper down.
Your conclusion is your chance to have the last word on the subject. The conclusion allows you to have the final say on the issues you have raised in your paper, to synthesize your thoughts, to demonstrate the importance of your ideas, and to propel your reader to a new view of the subject. It is also your opportunity to make a good final impression and to end on a positive note.
Your conclusion can go beyond the confines of the assignment. The conclusion pushes beyond the boundaries of the prompt and allows you to consider broader issues, make new connections, and elaborate on the significance of your findings.
Your conclusion should make your readers glad they read your paper. Your conclusion gives your reader something to take away that will help them see things differently or appreciate your topic in personally relevant ways. It can suggest broader implications that will not only interest your reader, but also enrich your reader’s life in some way. It is your gift to the reader.
Strategies for writing an effective conclusion
One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion:
- Play the “So What” Game. If you’re stuck and feel like your conclusion isn’t saying anything new or interesting, ask a friend to read it with you. Whenever you make a statement from your conclusion, ask the friend to say, “So what?” or “Why should anybody care?” Then ponder that question and answer it. Here’s how it might go: You: Basically, I’m just saying that education was important to Douglass. Friend: So what? You: Well, it was important because it was a key to him feeling like a free and equal citizen. Friend: Why should anybody care? You: That’s important because plantation owners tried to keep slaves from being educated so that they could maintain control. When Douglass obtained an education, he undermined that control personally. You can also use this strategy on your own, asking yourself “So What?” as you develop your ideas or your draft.
- Return to the theme or themes in the introduction. This strategy brings the reader full circle. For example, if you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay is helpful in creating a new understanding. You may also refer to the introductory paragraph by using key words or parallel concepts and images that you also used in the introduction.
- Synthesize, don’t summarize. Include a brief summary of the paper’s main points, but don’t simply repeat things that were in your paper. Instead, show your reader how the points you made and the support and examples you used fit together. Pull it all together.
- Include a provocative insight or quotation from the research or reading you did for your paper.
- Propose a course of action, a solution to an issue, or questions for further study. This can redirect your reader’s thought process and help her to apply your info and ideas to her own life or to see the broader implications.
- Point to broader implications. For example, if your paper examines the Greensboro sit-ins or another event in the Civil Rights Movement, you could point out its impact on the Civil Rights Movement as a whole. A paper about the style of writer Virginia Woolf could point to her influence on other writers or on later feminists.
Strategies to avoid
- Beginning with an unnecessary, overused phrase such as “in conclusion,” “in summary,” or “in closing.” Although these phrases can work in speeches, they come across as wooden and trite in writing.
- Stating the thesis for the very first time in the conclusion.
- Introducing a new idea or subtopic in your conclusion.
- Ending with a rephrased thesis statement without any substantive changes.
- Making sentimental, emotional appeals that are out of character with the rest of an analytical paper.
- Including evidence (quotations, statistics, etc.) that should be in the body of the paper.
Four kinds of ineffective conclusions
- The “That’s My Story and I’m Sticking to It” Conclusion. This conclusion just restates the thesis and is usually painfully short. It does not push the ideas forward. People write this kind of conclusion when they can’t think of anything else to say. Example: In conclusion, Frederick Douglass was, as we have seen, a pioneer in American education, proving that education was a major force for social change with regard to slavery.
- The “Sherlock Holmes” Conclusion. Sometimes writers will state the thesis for the very first time in the conclusion. You might be tempted to use this strategy if you don’t want to give everything away too early in your paper. You may think it would be more dramatic to keep the reader in the dark until the end and then “wow” him with your main idea, as in a Sherlock Holmes mystery. The reader, however, does not expect a mystery, but an analytical discussion of your topic in an academic style, with the main argument (thesis) stated up front. Example: (After a paper that lists numerous incidents from the book but never says what these incidents reveal about Douglass and his views on education): So, as the evidence above demonstrates, Douglass saw education as a way to undermine the slaveholders’ power and also an important step toward freedom.
- The “America the Beautiful”/”I Am Woman”/”We Shall Overcome” Conclusion. This kind of conclusion usually draws on emotion to make its appeal, but while this emotion and even sentimentality may be very heartfelt, it is usually out of character with the rest of an analytical paper. A more sophisticated commentary, rather than emotional praise, would be a more fitting tribute to the topic. Example: Because of the efforts of fine Americans like Frederick Douglass, countless others have seen the shining beacon of light that is education. His example was a torch that lit the way for others. Frederick Douglass was truly an American hero.
- The “Grab Bag” Conclusion. This kind of conclusion includes extra information that the writer found or thought of but couldn’t integrate into the main paper. You may find it hard to leave out details that you discovered after hours of research and thought, but adding random facts and bits of evidence at the end of an otherwise-well-organized essay can just create confusion. Example: In addition to being an educational pioneer, Frederick Douglass provides an interesting case study for masculinity in the American South. He also offers historians an interesting glimpse into slave resistance when he confronts Covey, the overseer. His relationships with female relatives reveal the importance of family in the slave community.
We consulted these works while writing this handout. This is not a comprehensive list of resources on the handout’s topic, and we encourage you to do your own research to find additional publications. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial . We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback.
Douglass, Frederick. 1995. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself. New York: Dover.
Hamilton College. n.d. “Conclusions.” Writing Center. Accessed June 14, 2019. https://www.hamilton.edu//academics/centers/writing/writing-resources/conclusions .
Holewa, Randa. 2004. “Strategies for Writing a Conclusion.” LEO: Literacy Education Online. Last updated February 19, 2004. https://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/conclude.html.
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- Ending the Essay: Conclusions
So much is at stake in writing a conclusion. This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker. And the impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that stays with your readers after they've finished the essay.
The end of an essay should therefore convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic, its larger meaning, its implications: the final paragraph should close the discussion without closing it off.
To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following:
- Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning.
- Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama.
- Conclude with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion.
To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following:
- Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective. A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you're writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point. For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in James Joyce's short story collection, Dubliners , with information about Joyce's own complex feelings towards Dublin, his home. Or you might end with a biographer's statement about Joyce's attitude toward Dublin, which could illuminate his characters' responses to the city. Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last word.
- Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes .
- Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument. For example, an essay on Marx's treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with Marx's claim that the "capitalist economy is . . . a gigantic enterprise of dehumanization "; the essay might end by suggesting that Marxist analysis is itself dehumanizing because it construes everything in economic -- rather than moral or ethical-- terms.
- Conclude by considering the implications of your argument (or analysis or discussion). What does your argument imply, or involve, or suggest? For example, an essay on the novel Ambiguous Adventure , by the Senegalese writer Cheikh Hamidou Kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist's development suggests Kane's belief in the need to integrate Western materialism and Sufi spirituality in modern Senegal. The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn't) possible.
Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay:
- Don't simply summarize your essay. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long--more than ten pages or so. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main ideas.
- Avoid phrases like "in conclusion," "to conclude," "in summary," and "to sum up." These phrases can be useful--even welcome--in oral presentations. But readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the pages, when an essay is about to end. You'll irritate your audience if you belabor the obvious.
- Resist the urge to apologize. If you've immersed yourself in your subject, you now know a good deal more about it than you can possibly include in a five- or ten- or 20-page essay. As a result, by the time you've finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you've produced. (And if you haven't immersed yourself in your subject, you may be feeling even more doubtful about your essay as you approach the conclusion.) Repress those doubts. Don't undercut your authority by saying things like, "this is just one approach to the subject; there may be other, better approaches. . ."
Copyright 1998, Pat Bellanca, for the Writing Center at Harvard University
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Writing An Effective Conclusion
Your conclusion is a key part of your writing. A good writer knows that the effective conclusion is often what a reader remembers best . Therefore, your conclusion needs to be the best part of your paper. Scholars frequently read the conclusion of a thesis, dissertation or research article first !
A good conclusion:
- reminds the reader of the main points made;
- emphasizes the importance of the thesis statement ;
- gives the reader something to think about;
- points out remaining gaps in knowledge by suggesting issues for further research or work;
- and gives the writing a sense of completeness and makes a good, strong final impression.
To write an effective conclusion:
- Remind the reader of the main points . Synthesize, don’t summarize! Don’t simply repeat things that were in your paper. They have read it. So, show them how the points you made and the support and examples you used were not random, but tie together.
- Emphasize the importance of your thesis statement . Answer the question “So What?”. Show your readers why your writing was important. Show them that it was meaningful and useful.
- Give readers something to think about . Redirect or challenge your readers. Therefore, give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the “real” world. If your introduction went from general to specific, make your conclusion go from specific to general. Think globally.
- Point out remaining gaps in knowledge . Show that you are aware of the limitations of your writing. Suggest directions for further research or areas where work is still needed. For example, in relation to your Literature Review: “It would be useful to extend this review to include more articles about….”
- begin with “In conclusion” or use the word “conclusion” in any form;
- only sum up;
- write too much. Conclusions are usually no more than 5% of the total writing, or one or two paragraphs long;
- include a quote or paraphrase;
- focus on a minor point you have made;
- introduce new information;
- include jokes or anecdotes.
STRUCTURE – Keep it simple:
- Give a brief synthesis of the main points. Identify the main issues/ reasons / causes / factors / themes.
- Emphasize your thesis statement and its importance.
- Give the reader something to think about.
- Point out gaps in knowledge by suggesting issues for further research or additional work needed
Good writing always ends with a strong conclusion ( restatement of main idea). However, students may not know how to write a good conclusion , and so may need to develop this skill in order to write well at university (emphasizes importance). A good conclusion reminds the reader of the main points, emphasizes the thesis statement, leaves the reader with something to think about and identifies any gaps. The conclusion therefore serves a number of useful purposes. Yet, because students may be tired of their work at the end, they may feel tempted to rush their writing in order to finish it (something to think about) . This is not helpful, and may leave the reader with a poor impression of the writer. Further research is needed in order to establish exactly the extent to which a reader is affected by a badly written conclusion (suggests a gap in knowledge) .
REMEMBER: Start strong, end strong! Begin with a strong introduction – end with an even stronger conclusion. That’s good writing!
Source: “Writing an Effective Conclusion” by Caroline Brandt
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Writing Introductions – Hooks and Funnel Technique
How to Write a Good Conclusion (With Examples)
Do you always wonder how you will best conclude your essay?
To some students, this is by far the most challenging part of the essay. They find it even more difficult than choosing a great essay topic , stating a thesis, or even writing a good essay outline .
But don’t worry, we will guide you.
When writing a good conclusion paragraph, you are supposed to summarize the critical points in your essay.
Keep in mind that the conclusion of your essay is not only your academic paper’s final paragraph. It is not only meant for restating your key arguments and thesis.
It provides you with an opportunity to have a final impact on your audience.
Properly writing your good conclusion paragraph will create a lasting impression and end with a positive note. With this guide, we will show you how to write the perfect essay conclusions.
Additionally, we will provide you with tricks and tips to guide all types of students to create a lasting impression on their readers.
What is a Conclusion?
Before we can delve into how to write a good conclusion, let us first define what a conclusion is.
A conclusion is the end of something or its last part. In essay writing , the concluding statement is the position arrived at through logical thinking.
It is a suggestion, a judgment, or an opinion (arrived at using the provided arguments in the body text).
Therefore, if you want to understand what makes a good closing sentence – continue reading.
What is a Good Conclusion?
It is not easy to draft a good conclusion. However, we are here to walk you through writing a good conclusion step-by-step.
There are no strict rules in formulating one, but there are basic principles for you to keep in mind.
In this section, we will give you critical ideas you’ll need to write a good conclusion. We will also give you some more practical essay conclusion examples and advice later in this article.
Here are the goals to keep in mind for a conclusion to be complete:
- Leave a final impact that is powerful to the reader;
- Leave the reader thinking about something;
- Give the topic a sense of closure and completeness;
- Demonstrate proving of the thesis statement by the author;
- Wind up the entire academic paper.
Also, keep in mind that you are not supposed to introduce new arguments or ideas in the conclusion.
You only need to sum up your already written argument, revisit the thesis statement, and finalize with an impactful last impression.
Keep in mind the following when writing a conclusion:
- Include a call to action. Leave room for the essay’s further development or study (if it is necessary);
- The essay conclusions need to demonstrate the relevance of your work as well as its significance;
- Give a summary of the essay’s main ideas in the paper;
- The concluding sentence does not restate the thesis statement but revisits it.
How long is a Conclusion Paragraph?
There are no universal rules on the length of a conclusion paragraph.
That said, both experienced writers and teachers recommend keeping the conclusion straight to the point, clear, and concise.
The unspoken rule relating to an introduction and a good conclusion paragraph in essay writing is that the two should be 10% of the total paper volume.
For instance, if you write a 2000-word essay, the introductory part and conclusion should be 200 words long (400 combined).
Why it is Critical How You End the Essay?
The conclusion paragraph is what will drive your essay to the perfect end. It will also emphasize the main points in your essay one final time.
The conclusion paragraph is your last chance to impact and impress the audience. Most importantly, this is the chance to show your audience why your essay matters.
The final paragraph of your academic paper answers the final question the reader has in mind – “So What?”
If the concluding paragraph appeals, it will give the audience a logical completeness sense. On the other hand, if the conclusion does not cause enough impact, it will leave the audience hanging and reduce the paper’s effect.
Crafting a Proper Conclusion: The 3 Strategies
You can use several strategies in crafting your conclusion, even though there are no strict rules on the style to follow.
In this list, we have come up with some strategies for writing an effective conclusion. We have also given essay conclusion examples to assist you in grasping the whole essay conclusion idea:
When emphasizing the significance your essay creates, take a look into the future and give your audience thoughts to ponder.
The method of “When and If” creates an impact when you use it in supporting the points in the conclusion of your essay.
An essay conclusion example in a prediction essay:
In this strategy, link the introductory paragraph to the conclusion. The strategy will emphasize the main points, create a complete circle narration for the readers, and develop a better understanding of the essay’s topic.
An echo conclusion illustration:
Finally, when aiming to create a flawless conclusion, you need to amplify your key ideas. Ideally, you can also present the larger context of the conclusion from a different perspective.
The set-up technique allows your readers to use a different angle to view the discussed problem.
Below is a Set-Up conclusion illustration:
In an essay, what does the clincher illustrate? – The clincher sentence in an essay refers to the last section of the essay’s conclusion.
The last sentence will leave the audience intrigued with a thought to ponder on or reinforce the essay’s main idea.
In a nutshell, there is a similarity between the clincher and the hook used in the introductory paragraph.
The clincher gets the attention of the audience to the end of the paper. Also, it leaves the reader with a lasting impression and creates a sense of completeness.
Now you may be wondering how to use a clincher in your essay now that you know what it is.
First of all, you need to understand that for a clincher to be excellent; it needs to be memorable, straightforward, smooth, and intriguing.
You can use a clincher statement in the following ways:
- A joke ( it may not always seem appropriate, so be careful with this one);
- A warning for a suggestion or possibility against some consequences of a problem already discussed;
- A proactive example or an illustrative story;
- A rhetorical question;
- A call to action;
- A memorable or relevant quote when it brings actual value;
- A striking but short conclusion that is attention-grabbing.
Regardless of your technique of choice, the clincher should align with the thesis and introduction and be memorable.
Strategies to Use in Crafting a Great Conclusion
1. briefly hit the main point of your essay.
To do this, take a look at your outline . When you visualize your essay structure, it will help you carefully select the critical points suitable for your conclusion.
2. Describe how crucial the essay topic is in real-life situations
Essays can be exhausting and complex when reading. By finishing off with a relatable and straightforward note, you will let off some steam.
3. Link back themes to the first paragraph of the essay
When you end the essay where you started, this will bring forth a feeling of closure.
4. Instead of summarizing, synthesize
Tie together all the information that seems to be random in the body paragraph by using the conclusion.
5. Use a plot twist
You can use your conclusion to catch your audience by surprise by giving your paper a new meaning through a plot twist.
6. Challenge your reader
Empower your reader instead of exhausting them. Make the reader feel that through your essay, they can make a difference.
7. Envision the future
Will your essay topic be relevant 20 years from now? Will the planet be any different if they ignored you? Look into the unfavourable and favorable scenarios of the future.
8. Pose a query, then leave your readers hanging
Give your audience something to think about if you intend to have your essay stick in their minds.
9. “So What?”
For purposes of brainstorming, you can reread your essay and pose yourself this question.
You may also check special occasion topics !
The Don’ts in Writing a Conclusion
You now have a better understanding of what to do in creating a good conclusion. However, this is what you should not do:
- Do not start your conclusion with sentence starters for essay conclusions seen as cliché. Phrases such as “In summary,” “In conclusion,” or “Therefore.” These statements are overused, so we would recommend that you avoid using them.
- Present your thesis statement in the conclusion first and not mention it for the first time in the introduction.
- Give new ideas, arguments, and subtopics in the concluding paragraph.
- Including a thesis statement in the conclusion which is slightly unchanged or changed.
- Providing evidence and arguments which belong to the body of the essay.
- Writing confusing, too long, hard-to-read sentences.
Conclusion Paragraph Outline
Depending on the number of points discussed in your academic paper, the number of sentences will vary. They also vary depending on the essay’s total word count.
That said, the conclusion paragraph outline consists of the following:
1. The starter of the conclusion
Drive the readers back to the thesis statement with the first part of your concluding paragraph. Rephrasing the thesis statement is the best way to start your conclusion, just if you are wondering how to go about it.
2. The Concluding Sentence
Finally, with a lasting impression, end the paragraph with a sentence that provides logical completeness. It should lead the reader back to the essay’s introduction.
The three elements we have looked at will help you in crafting the perfect conclusion for your essay.
To get a clearer picture of what a perfect conclusion should look like, we will show you a sample below. The topic example is “Every Child Should Own a Pet:”
The example above shows you how to shape the concluding paragraph.
Concluding Different Types of Essays
The concluding paragraph’s length, style, and tone may vary depending on the type of paper you are writing.
In this section of the guide, we will illustrate how to conclude the different essay types and other works:
1. Persuasive/Argumentative Essay
The single goal in argumentative essays is to convince the audience about something (viewpoint, idea , or stance). It appeals to logic, the reader’s emotions, facts, and arguments.
In this case, the concluding paragraph is persuasive. Encourage your readers to take action by illustrating using a real-life situation.
Below are top tips that create a great conclusion in a persuasive/augmentative essay:
- Re-highlight your ideas;
- Highlight the broader implications;
- Ensure there are emotional appeals to the readers;
- Before you begin, carefully read the entire essay.
You may also be interested in persuasive essay topics
2. Compare & Contrast Essay
The compare & contrast essay emphasizes the similarities or differences between phenomena, objects, people, etc. Thus, your conclusion shows how the objects you are reviewing are similar or different.
You should mention all the distinctive and critical common features you discussed in the body paragraphs in this conclusion.
Once the audience finishes reading, leave them with some food for thought.
An Essay Conclusion Example of a compare & contrast essay:
3. Descriptive Essay
In a descriptive essay, with the help of words, paints a vivid picture using your writing skills to show your creativity. This essay requires you not to tell a story but to show it.
It implies the use of lots of vivid details.
Respectively, in the conclusion of this paper, make use of descriptive imagery as you sum up your ideas.
The best strategy in concluding this essay is to give a short explanation as to why you came up with the essay.
Then, show your reflection on the topic and its effects on you. Smoothly lead your audience to a logical closing statement by covering the most critical moments of the story in the middle of the conclusion.
Leave a lasting and good impression on the audience by having a thought-provoking final sentence as the clincher.
Don’t leave your audience with the dwindling memories of your essay after you’ve led them into it.
4. An Essay About Yourself
Tell a personal story when you have to write an essay about yourself. The conclusion should create a narrative closure feeling since such an essay will discuss the author’s personal experiences.
Link the conclusion to the introductory paragraph by recalling the story’s pivotal moments. From the lessons you have learned, with a logical finale, end your story.
You may also check our guide on writing position papers
5. Informative Essay
Expository or informative essays , unlike other types of essays , load your audience with lots of facts and information.
In the same scenario, “synthesize, don’t summarize” is your best technique in ending the essay.
Highlight the significance of the information provided by approaching the conclusion from a “So what?” position.
You may also check expository essay topics !
6. Narrative Essay
The narrative essay , in a nutshell, has its basis in simple storytelling. Since the paper focuses on sharing a particular story in detail, the conclusion should not finish the story abruptly.
Instead, it should nicely wrap up the story. Include the lessons learned from the story and the key takeaways.
You may also check examples of narrative essays !
7. Lab Report
The basis of a lab report is an experiment. The paper will show the flow of an experiment done by a student. Thus, the outcomes of the experiment reflect in the conclusion.
Do the following with the conclusion of a lab report:
- In the conclusion, state whether the experiment succeeded and whether you achieved the expected results
- Analyze the final data from the results of the experiment
- Indicate the methods you made use of
- Restate the experiment’s goals
8. Research Paper
The most challenging task of all would have to be crafting the conclusion of a research paper. A research paper, unlike a lab report or essay, requires you to investigate deeper into the problem; thus is a longer paper.
However, after an essay, this is the second most popular paper, it is crucial that you properly conclude it.
Follow the steps below in writing the conclusion of a research paper:
- Restate your topic – Give a reminder of what your topic is about. It should only be one sentence long.
- Revisit your thesis – Ensure to remind your audience about the thesis statement. Deliver the same idea of your thesis statement using different words. Keep it topic-oriented, narrow and specific.
- Make a summary of the key ideas – Make a summary of your key points as elaborated in the body paragraphs.
- Show the importance of your work – State the solutions provided by your paper and the significance of the research problem in the conclusion.
- Define the contributions of your study to the future – Show in your conclusion how your findings contribute to future studies. Outline any prospective for further research on the topic. Then, conclude the paper with a hook, a rhetorical question, or a call to action.
- Respond to the correct queries – Create an impeccable conclusion for your research paper by answering the following questions:
- Why is the study relevant and important?
- Is the research paper of help to the community? Can they implement it in real-life situations?
- What possible solutions are there for the research paper?
- What do you aim to achieve with the research paper?
Additionally, you can follow these tips:
- The conclusion needs to be original, creative, and fresh.
- Help your readers understand better how to implement the solutions you have stated by giving essay conclusion examples in real life to see the broader implications of the essay.
You may also check easy research paper topics
What is a Good Conclusion? *
An essay conclusion example of a strong conclusion:
The key points that show the effectiveness of this conclusion are:
- The opening statement is bold, and it shows the two contrasts in the student types that exist today.
- Two different sentences show the main arguments and the thesis statements in the essay’s body.
- The final sentence leaves the audience with something to ponder on by summing up the essay’s key message.
The following points show why the conclusion is weak:
- There’s no indication of a summary of the key points.
- The first paragraph is non-specific and too long. The phrases provided by the author are generalized with no backing of actual arguments.
- There are repetitions and overuse of the term “college.” The sentences also have a confusing structure.
- There is a contradiction of the initial statement with the last two sentences highlighting the value of education.
- Finally, there are no thoughts to ponder on, and the last sentence does not offer a strong conclusion.
- Do not present new ideas or arguments in the conclusion because hopefully, in the body paragraphs, you have already shared enough information.
- Have a straightforward and clear message for the most powerful impact on the readers.
- Avoid using more than one quote in the paper’s final section because it belongs to the body paragraph.
- When writing the conclusion, be authoritative. Be convincing and sound confident to leave a good impression.
To drive the main points, your essay will require a conclusion. Having a clear structure and strategies for writing a good conclusion adds value to your essay.
Consider the essay type and the readers when you want to conclude the essay like the boss you are.
Answer a “So what?” question, and to the best of your abilities, summarize your statements because it’s your last chance to impress the readers.
So, now you know what it takes to craft a killer conclusion. Are you ready to conclude your paper like a boss?
If you’re still unsure how to go about it, our experienced tutors are here to help; all you need to do is click the green button below and follow the simple steps!
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Content Writing How to Write a Strong Conclusion – Tips & Examples
- 1) What Makes a Strong Conclusion?
- 2.1.1) For Example:
- 2.2.1) For Example:
- 2.3.1) For Example:
- 2.4.1) For Example:
- 3.1) Avoid Adding New Information
- 3.2) Don’t be Too Repetitive:
- 3.3) Don’t End Abruptly:
- 3.4) Don’t Neglect Your Tone:
- 4) How Do You Write a Strong Conclusion Paragraph? Follow this Reusable Conclusion Writing Template
- 5) Key Takeaways
A conclusion paragraph is the last couple of sentences at the end of a blog, essay or any other writing piece. Learning how to write a strong conclusion is a challenge itself. In this blog, we will discuss the best tips on how to write a good conclusion for a blog or essay with examples.
What Makes a Strong Conclusion?
A strong blog conclusion should tie together all the main points discussed in the body of the blog and provide a satisfying sense of closure for the reader. When writing a strong conclusion, it is important to avoid introducing any new information or ideas in the conclusion and instead focus on summarizing the key takeaways and leaving the reader with a clear understanding of what they’ve just read. Add strong conclusion starters sentences followed with thesis statements and positive notes.
How to Write a Strong Conclusion Paragraph – Expert Tips
When concluding an essay or a blog post, restate your thesis statement and end the conclusion with a positive statement. Here are some expert tips on how to write a strong conclusion:
Summarize your Main Points:
One way to effectively summarize your main points is to create a bulleted or numbered list. This makes it easy for readers to quickly review the main ideas presented in your blog. Another approach is to restate each of your key arguments or ideas in a sentence or two, focusing on the most important details.
“In this post, we discussed the importance of creating high-quality content , including how to write compelling headlines , the benefits of using images and other visual elements, and the role of storytelling in engaging readers. By following these tips, you can create content that not only captures your reader’s attention but also drives traffic and conversions.”
Emphasize your Call-To-Action:
When including a call-to-action in your conclusion, make sure to be clear and specific about what action you want your readers to take. Use action-oriented language and provide a clear benefit or value proposition to incentivize readers to act.
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Add a Memorable Final Thought
A memorable final thought can leave a lasting impression on your reader and reinforce the key message of your blog. Consider using a relevant quote, statistic, or anecdote that ties into your topic and provides a strong sense of closure.
“As Maya Angelou once said, ‘I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.’ By creating content that engages, educates, and inspires, you can make a lasting impact on your audience and build a loyal following for your brand.”
Tie Back to Your Introduction:
Connecting your conclusion back to your introduction can help create a sense of cohesion and bring your post full circle. By restating your thesis or opening hook, you can remind readers of the main point of your blog and leave them with a clear understanding of what they’ve learned.
“In conclusion, creating high-quality content is essential for any business or individual looking to establish their brand online. By following the tips and strategies outlined in this post, you can craft content that not only captures your reader’s attention but also drives traffic, engagement, and conversions. Remember, your content is your voice online – make it count!”
Things to Avoid When Writing Concluding Paragraphs
An effective conclusion is free from fluff and unnecessary information. Whether you are writing an essay conclusion or a blog conclusion , here are some things you must avoid:
Avoid Adding New Information
Your conclusion should serve to summarize and reinforce the key points you’ve already made in your post. Introducing new information can confuse readers and undermine the impact of your message.
Don’t be Too Repetitive:
While it’s important to reiterate your main points, repeating the same information over and over again can be boring and unnecessary. Instead, try to find new ways to phrase your ideas or expand on them in more detail.
Don’t End Abruptly:
Your conclusion should provide a sense of closure and resolution for readers. Ending abruptly can leave readers feeling unsatisfied or confused about the main takeaway of your post.
Don’t Neglect Your Tone:
Your conclusion should match the tone of the rest of your post. If you’ve been writing in a conversational or upbeat style, for example, your conclusion shouldn’t suddenly become overly formal or serious.
Pro Tip: Use an AI Conclusion Generator for On-Point Conclusion Writing!
How Do You Write a Strong Conclusion Paragraph? Follow this Reusable Conclusion Writing Template
What are 5 steps to write a strong conclusion? Follow this reusable template for writing an effective conclusion:
i. Summarize the main points:
Briefly recap the key points you’ve made in your post.
Restate the thesis:
ii. Reiterate the main argument or message of your post.
iii. Offer a final thought:
Share a final piece of advice or insight that ties together your main points.
iv. Provide a call-to-action:
Encourage readers to take action based on the information in your post, such as signing up for a newsletter or following you on social media.
v. End on a Positive Note:
Leave readers with a thought-provoking quote, statistic, or anecdote that reinforces your message.
In other words, conclusion paragraph writing is all about keeping your conclusion relevant, valuable and free from fluff. When writing concluding paragraphs, revisit your argumentative essay or blog post’s main points and cover them in the conclusion paragraph. Remember that most people read conclusion paragraphs to get a gist of your overall argument. So, keep it valuable, memorable and positive.
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8 Tips for Writing More Powerful Conclusions
Updated: July 28, 2017
Published: January 05, 2015
What’s the toughest part of writing a blog post?
For a lot of people, it’s the conclusion. You spend a long time -- maybe hours -- writing the perfect article. You do all the outlining, research, formatting , and then you get to the end. Now what do you say?
The most successful articles have strong finishes, where the conclusion is one of the most powerful components of the article.
How do you write powerful conclusions for your blog posts? Luckily, it's not too complicated -- you can even follow a sort of formula. Here are my favorite tips for creating a really powerful conclusion for any blog post.
1) Call it a conclusion.
In my opinion, the best conclusions are outright labeled "Conclusion," either with a header (as in my example below) or with the phrase "In conclusion."
I’ve seen some very good writers call the end of the article something differently, like “Now What?” or “Wrapping things up…” These might work for them, but I personally prefer to be very straightforward and direct throughout the entire article and at the end. When a reader sees “conclusion,” she knows exactly what the section is going to be about. It helps the blog post to end neatly.
2) Make it short.
When the reader comes to the end of a well-written article, they can feel the article begin to wrap up and they're prepared for an ending. When you're done with all your main points, the actual ending of the article should be short, and ideally shouldn't include any new information.
I usually write a few sentences, although occasionally, I break it down into a few paragraphs.
Below, you'll find a great example of a conclusion from JeremySaid.com. Notice he slows the article down nicely, includes a bit of a call-to-action, and a full stop. It's short, but compelling.
3) Be real.
A conclusion is a chance for you to relate with your audience, human to human. This is especially important if you’ve just finished writing an exhaustively detailed or complicated technical post. To help breathe at the end, make a few personal comments.
Why? Because personal is powerful. People will respond to your CTA more effectively if you share a personal anecdote or mention how you’ve dealt with the issue.
Joel Gascoigne of Buffer uses this technique when he closes his articles. Check out an example below :
4) Don’t put any pictures in it.
I have images or screenshots throughout most of my articles, but when I hit the conclusion, I stop. Adding images to the conclusion adds unnecessary length and makes the conclusion seem longer than it needs to be.
5) Make any beneficial or necessary disclaimers.
A disclaimer is a way of clarifying what you’re saying so you can be sure your readers take away the right message from your post. I'm known to slip in a disclaimer at the end of an article here and there, and I usually end up writing it after reading through the completed article. I think to myself, "Hmm, I should make sure that they understand x." SO I jot down a quick disclaimer in the conclusion.
Here’s an example of a disclaimer (highlighted) in the conclusion of one my articles :
6) Summarize the article.
If you do nothing else at the end of your post, make sure you include a summary. A summary is a quick flyover of your article. You can go point-by-point if you want, or you can just sum up the big idea in a few sentences or less. They allow you to reinforce your message and make it memorable. Your article is about one main thing, so you should remind your users about it at the end of the article.
Below is an excerpt from the conclusion of a Lifehacker article about doing a detox. The author’s main point is that you don’t really need a full-on detox, you just need to eat healthily. His conclusion contains only three, short sentences, but they perfectly summarize the entire article.
7) Provide next steps.
Most articles benefit from suggested next steps, which gives your specific audience guidance on what to do with the information they've just absorbed. Although some of your readers will read your post and know exactly what they should do, but it's more likely they'll need a little direction and encouragement from you. In your conclusion, tell them what to do.
Below is an excerpt from the conclusion of a HubSpot article on digital ad fraud. The author includes several suggested next steps for HubSpot's readers, which I've shown using red boxes.
8) Ask a question.
At the end of almost every article, I ask my readers a question. Questions demand responses, so placing them in your conclusion gets people’s minds moving. The whole motivation in writing an article is to change someone’s behavior, and I consider the question to be one of the most effective ways of doing so.
Asking questions to stimulate critical thinking and discussion is also a powerful teaching technique called the “Socratic method.” Instead of giving information directly, a teacher asks a series of questions that lead to a conclusion. I often start articles with a question, ask questions throughout the whole article, and conclude with a question. ( Here's an example if you're interested.)
Questions also help to spark comments at the conclusion of the article. I don’t expect the comment section to be full of answers to my question, but it sometimes gets people talking. Below's an example from Buffer’s blog -- they often include a question or two in the conclusion.
Questions inspire response. Here's another great example of a powerful conclusion from ShopifyNation.com. Notice how their articles end with a “Conclusion” that is short, summative, personal, picture-free, suggests next steps, and includes a question.
Now I’ve come to the conclusion of an article about writing conclusions. What am I going to do?
Easy. I’m going to summarize the main points: Call it a conclusion, make it short, be real, don’t use pictures, provide disclaimers, summarize the article, suggest next steps, and ask a question.
If your conclusions aren’t powerful, then they'll weaken your whole article. It takes some practice, though -- so bookmark this article, and check off each item the next time you’re ready to write your own conclusion.
What tips do you have for writing more powerful conclusions?
Don't forget to share this post!
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How to Write an Effective Conclusion Paragraph?
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Table of Contents
Definition of a Conclusion Paragraph
A concluding paragraph can be defined as,
“The last division of a discourse, narration or account often containing a summary of what went before”.
“A proposition or deduction, concluded from one or more premises that must follow from the major and minor premises in a syllogism”.
Importance of a Good Concluding Paragraph
can be hard to write at times because the writer might get the feeling that there is nothing left to say as the preceding essay or paper would have included everything that needs to be there. This is where the writer forgets that the conclusion is what leaves behind an impression about the writer. The reader often remembers the last part of what has been read, the conclusion!
Tips for Formatting Concluding Paragraphs for Essays, Thesis and Research Papers
may seem an unnecessary task to students. Often, students restate their thesis statement in their conclusion but do not form a complete concluding paragraph to strengthen the effect of the essay.
Integrate Introduction, Thesis Statement and Essence of Main Argument
You should always support your and main arguments in the concluding paragraph to construct an integrated and focused . With this aim in mind, it is highly recommended to try a new approach towards writing a concluding paragraph.
This can be done by writing both the introductory and concluding paragraphs together after writing the first draft of the body of your essay.
Make Use of Transition Words
Transition words and phrases help you in developing a smooth flow of ideas and analysis as you connect one point to another while formatting your conclusion.
Below is a list of words and phrases for effective conclusion writing .
Consequential derivation, comparison and contrast, summary and emphasis, format of a conclusion paragraph.
- The first sentence of your concluding paragraph should summit to the future, unfolding a scenario that relates to the essay’s topic.
- The second sentence could suggest a future action that needs to be taken by the writer, reader or the society in general.
- Now, the third and fourth sentences could relate to the thesis statement. This may further be extended to making a general observation about existence, nature, community, or society.
- The last one or two sentences might put forward a broad-spectrum view or opinion of how you think of the topic. Your opinion might leave an excellent impression on the reader. Ending with a unique thought might lead to an exclusive impact on the reader.
What to Avoid?
It is highly unusual to introduce new ideas or arguments in the concluding paragraph. This is where you can get off track. Do not just rephrase your thesis or add the topic sentences for each body paragraph in your conclusion. Avoid portraying as if you are announcing what you have done in the essay. Do not apologize; avoid shedding doubt on the material that you have added in your essay.
Avoid making the conclusion too repetitive as it may lose its essence. Do not begin with “in conclusion”. Try to keep the conclusion as general as possible. Although a concluding paragraph is seen as an unnecessary repeat of ideas, it is in reality a fundamental essay element with its own rationale.
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A conclusion is an important part of the paper; it provides closure for the reader while reminding the reader of the contents and importance of the paper. It accomplishes this by stepping back from the specifics in order to view the bigger picture of the document. In other words, it is reminding the reader of the main argument. For most course papers, it is usually one paragraph that simply and succinctly restates the main ideas and arguments, pulling everything together to help clarify the thesis of the paper. A conclusion does not introduce new ideas; instead, it should clarify the intent and importance of the paper. It can also suggest possible future research on the topic.
An Easy Checklist for Writing a Conclusion
It is important to remind the reader of the thesis of the paper so he is reminded of the argument and solutions you proposed.
Think of the main points as puzzle pieces, and the conclusion is where they all fit together to create a bigger picture. The reader should walk away with the bigger picture in mind.
Make sure that the paper places its findings in the context of real social change.
Make sure the reader has a distinct sense that the paper has come to an end. It is important to not leave the reader hanging. (You don’t want her to have flip-the-page syndrome, where the reader turns the page, expecting the paper to continue. The paper should naturally come to an end.)
No new ideas should be introduced in the conclusion. It is simply a review of the material that is already present in the paper. The only new idea would be the suggesting of a direction for future research.
As addressed in my analysis of recent research, the advantages of a later starting time for high school students significantly outweigh the disadvantages. A later starting time would allow teens more time to sleep--something that is important for their physical and mental health--and ultimately improve their academic performance and behavior. The added transportation costs that result from this change can be absorbed through energy savings. The beneficial effects on the students’ academic performance and behavior validate this decision, but its effect on student motivation is still unknown. I would encourage an in-depth look at the reactions of students to such a change. This sort of study would help determine the actual effects of a later start time on the time management and sleep habits of students.
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5 Effective Tips To Write a Conclusion for an Article
Explore the 5 most effective tips and learn how to write a conclusion for an article to use a blog and turn readers into long-term paying customers.
Jan 14, 2023
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Have you given any thought to how to write a conclusion for an article in the most effective way?
How long should it be?
What elements should it have?
All relevant questions. And, there are no hard and fast rules for how an article must end.
But, let's back up for a second — the moment the reader reaches the final part, your article is already a success.
Does that mean that the conclusions are not important?
Whether you're just starting with writing a blog or articles for someone else, it's essential to know why the article's conclusion is so important.
If you follow along, you will find the answer to that and, what's more, the basics of writing a conclusion.
Why Should We Bother With a Conclusion in The First Place?
What is the conclusion.
A conclusion is a place in the article that restates the article's central argument or idea and summarizes its key points .
It should leave the reader with food for thinking, which is why your conclusion must be brief and on point.
Likewise, we can use the conclusion to place a call to action, such as a suggestion for additional reading or a follow-up invitation. This will persuade readers to take a specific action.
On top of everything mentioned, you can use the conclusion to show appreciation to the reader for their attention.
What Is The Purpose of A Conclusion?
The conclusion’s purpose is to encourage the reader to act on a certain problem in a positive way .
Most websites promote their products and services as the best answer to a particular problem by publishing blog posts that address that problem directly.
Conversions and new visitors will flood in as a result of your conclusion, so make sure it's strong.
What Are The 6 Types of Conclusions?
Here are the 6 most common types of conclusions you can use in your articles. You will also find an example for each.
1. Causal Conclusions
Causal conclusions draw a logical link between two facts or events and say that one caused the other.
Causal Conclusions Example:
2. Hypothetical Conclusions
Hypothetical Conclusions suggest a possible outcome based on a given set of facts or events.
Hypothetical Conclusion Example:
3. Probabilistic Conclusions
Probabilistic conclusions consider how likely something will happen based on a set of facts or events.
Probabilistic Conclusion Example:
4. Analytical Conclusions
Analytical Conclusions take a set of facts or events based on data and analysis.
Analytical Conclusion Example:
5. Deductive Conclusions
Deductive conclusions use deductive logic to conclude a given set of facts or events.
Deductive Conclusion Example:
6. Inductive Conclusions
Inductive conclusions use inductive logic to conclude a given set of facts or events.
Inductive Conclusion Example:
Finally, before we get into the nuts and bolts of how to write a conclusion for an article, let's clarify a tried and true formula.
What 5 Things Should a Conclusion Include?
The conclusion must have these five components in order to be considered a success:
1. Summary — a brief overview of your article's main points and findings.
2. Concluding statement — a final thought that ensures the reader has grasped the main point.
3. Recommendation — offers a solution to the problem being discussed in the article.
4. Solution — a brief overview of the recommended solution.
5. Call to action — a desirable course of action a reader should take.
Now, let’s get straight into the steps on how to write conclusions that will drive more traffic and more conversions.
5 Tips On How To Write a Conclusion for an Article
1. summarize the main points of the article.
In a few succinct sentences, a good conclusion should sum up the article's most crucial arguments.
Take the most important information from your article and write it in a storytelling way .
Let’s say you are writing an article about technology. Here are possible key takeaways:
- Technology has changed our lives in various ways.
- Technology provides us with access to information, increases efficiency, and allows us to work remotely.
- There are potential drawbacks of technology, such as misuse and addiction.
- Technology should be used responsibly and cautiously to ensure the most beneficial outcomes.
Let’s check the final output for your conclusion recap:
The conclusion is great because there is so much room to add your thoughts and feelings.
In this way, the readers will be exposed to an original viewpoint that is not bland and with which they can agree or disagree (both are welcome as a sign of engagement).
Summarizing the most important points can help the reader remember what the article was trying to convey.
You can use the TextCortex “ Summarizing ” feature to shorten the sentences and large pieces of text into brief information.
Whether you are writing in Hemingway, Google Docs, or any of the 30+ popular platforms that TextCortex add-on supports, you can start by selecting the text you want to summarize .
Then, choose the “ Summarizing ” feature from the rewriting menu.
The good thing about the TextCortex add-on is that it enables you to use multiple features within the same textbox simultaneously.
As a result, not only can you shorten your paragraphs , but also rewrite, change the tone , translate, expand, and more .
2. Remind The Reader of The Article’s Purpose
Now is the time to justify the article's success in accomplishing its stated goals and imparting a general understanding of the subject. You can start by asking yourself the following questions:
- What are you trying to achieve with this piece?
- What do you want your readers to take away from it?
Consider the issue that is discussed in the article, and provide your feedback on what you think about it. This is the section of the article in which you are given the opportunity to express your thoughts freely.
Remember, the article accomplishes its goals by:
🎯Delivering comprehensive information in a straightforward and easily digestible format to the reader.
🎯The information is l aid out in clear, concise paragraphs that give the reader an overview of the subject at hand.
🎯It's chock-full of real-world examples that back up the claims it makes, and it includes links to additional reading for those who want to dig deeper.
If your article includes these elements, it will be that much more convincing to the reader to believe in your judgment.
This way, the final section won't be a bunch of meaningless fluff and your audience will likely want to hear from you again.
Did you know how you say something significantly impacts the meaning?
It's the same with the conclusion. The tone of voice is the aspect of writing that reflects the author's attitude and can be used to make a point, be emphatic, encouraging, or decisive.
The silver lining is that problems like that can be solved by artificial intelligence.
For example, TextCortex's " Tone " feature lets you toggle between 10+ narrative outputs based on the original text.
Highlight your sentence or paragraph and choose the “ Tone ” feature from the menu.
3. Make a Final Statement
Create a compelling and thought-provoking final statement. Your concluding statement should ideally be no more than a couple of sentences long (ideally 2-3 sentences).
It must be powerful, with a compelling argument that breaks down every point you make in the entire piece.
You can use the following template as a starting point for crafting your final statement.
Final Statement Template #1
It is clear that [topic of article] is a complex issue with many facets to consider.
While there is no one-size-fits-all solution, it is important to recognize the value of [key points ] and strive to find a balance that works for [target audience] .
Final Statement Template #2
In conclusion, it is clear that [summarize key points] .
This proves that [state conclusion] .
Through this, we can see that [restate conclusion in a different way] .
As such, it is evident that [reiterate conclusion] .
4. Offer a Solution
Your readers have your undivided attention at this point. Therefore, you should use it wisely.
Even though I said in the conclusion that you are free to be open-minded, you should exercise restraint when proposing a solution and avoid adding extra details.
In simple words, be careful not to be too sweet or shabby.
When offering a solution, it's best to be as practical as possible. Give special attention to the most important advantages, and be as succinct as possible in explaining why this solution is the best possible fit for their problems.
Here is a model you can modify later to meet your specific requirements when presenting a solution to your audience.
Offer a Solution Template
The best solution to the problem at hand is to [insert solution here] .
This solution offers [list benefits of the solution here].
It is the most effective and efficient way to [address the issue] , because [explain why] .
5. Encourage Further Actions (CTA)
With little luck and a lot of appealing writing that comes with practice (don’t worry, you’ll get there), your reader is now ready to take the next step you want him to take — call-to-action .
Here is where your imagination can run wild, as you can come up with a wide variety of call-to-actions (CTAs) that are all appropriate for different scenarios
We prepared some common CTA examples you can use when writing a conclusion for a quick setup.
Download your free e-book to [state the purpose] .
Get your free account today to [state the purpose] .
Keep reading to [state the purpose] .
Check out our new offer to [state the purpose] .
Sign up today to get [state the benefit and the purpose] .
And now is the time to check out my conclusion. Let’s see if all I stated so far applies.
Dear colleagues and friends, if I was able to keep your attention this far, then my article has fulfilled its purpose.
In one fell swoop, I've demonstrated the value of high-quality content and taught you how to write a conclusion for an article.
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Conclusion Examples: Strong Endings for Any Paper
- DESCRIPTION conclusion example with paragraph
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Some might argue that a conclusion is one of the most important components of any research paper or article. It's your last opportunity to make a good impression on your reader. If you can confidently say you’ve fully answered the question posed, or are leaving the readers with a thought-provoking consideration, you've done well. Explore a variety of different papers with great conclusion examples.
Professional Conclusion Examples
When it comes to good conclusion examples, a good rule of thumb is to restate your thesis statement if you have one. Your conclusion should also refer back to your introduction, summarize three main points of your essay and wrap it all up with a final observation. If you conclude with an interesting insight, readers will be happy to have spent time on your writing. See how a professional writer creates a thought-provoking conclusion.
Professional Essay Conclusion Example
The New Yorker published an op-ed by Fergus McIntosh titled A Trip to St. Kilda, Scotland's Lost Utopia in the Sea . He's making the case that St. Kilda's inhabitants are not out of touch as so many travelers seem to believe. Take a look at how he brings it all home.
"Mainlanders always knew that St. Kilda was there, and to describe its people as uncontacted is hyperbole — so why does it, in common with other abandoned places and lost or threatened cultures, arouse such fascination? Perhaps it’s because, in our globalizing, urbanizing, capitalist age, such places remind us that there are alternative ways to relate to the world, and the people, around us: they spur our utopian imagination."
Scientific Paper Conclusion Example
In this research paper , the author summarizes her main findings while also supporting the conclusions she's drawn. In an effort to fully engage the reader in her area of study, she proposes suggestions for future research. This was her way of leaving the readers wanting more.
"Recent research on cold-water immersion incidents has provided a more complete understanding of the physiological processes occurring during drowning and near-drowning accidents. Current findings suggest that the cooperative effect of the mammalian diving reflex and hypothermia plays a critical role in patient survival during a cold-water immersion incident. However, the relationship between the two processes is still unclear. Because it is impossible to provide an exact reproduction of a particular drowning incident within the laboratory, research is hampered by the lack of complete details surrounding drowning incidents. Consequently, it is difficult for comparisons to be drawn between published case studies. More complete and accurate documentation of cold-water immersion incidents—including time of submersion; time of recovery; and a profile of the victim including age, sex, physical condition—will facilitate easier comparison of individual situations and lead to a more complete knowledge of the processes affecting long-term survival rates for drowning victims. Once we have a clearer understanding of the relationship between hypothermia and the mammalian diving reflex, and of the effect of such factors as the age of the victim, physicians and rescue personnel can take steps to improve patient care both at the scene and in the hospital."
Report Conclusion Example
This is the end of a book review by Nanette Scarpellini for the Journal of Air Transportation World Wide . Scarpellini uses her conclusion to reiterate her main points about the author making what could be a dull topic entertaining and offering a suggestion for a future edition. Take a look at how she wraps it all up in her conclusion.
"Aviation History is a collection of significant events in aviation accented by the people who made it happen and correlated with world affairs. The book’s use of color and vivid stories helps to make the advancements come to life as something more than significant events on a timeline. While at times the stories may clutter the page, they also breathe life into what is considered by many to be a dull subject. The author’s enthusiasm for the topic is obvious throughout the book. More thorough proofreading could help alleviate some of the confusion that is caused by typos and a few mislabeled illustrations. The credibility of the content does not suffer due to these obvious errors which will likely be corrected in the next edition."
Examples of Conclusions for Students
While not all students are professional writers, you can still wow your audience with your conclusion. As you review these, take note of the manner in which the writer tied their ideas together, made a call to the reader or left off with some compelling food for thought.
College Essay Conclusion Example
Here we have a college entrance essay worth reading . This student recalls when she used to sit in a blue armchair in her parents' café and read, people-watch and imagine. In the conclusion, she refers back to the blue armchair and that cozy world but also looks forward to finding her niche. You'll see why Johns Hopkins uses this on their website for the model of college entrance essays.
"To say that I have figured out all of who I am would be a lie. Unlike the world of fantasy, there is no single defining moment—no Excalibur, no Sorting Hat—that marks my complete evolution. My niche in the world constantly changes, but what remains steadfast is my commitment to a life of service and adventure, albeit it isn’t as cozy as the blue armchair."
Thesis Conclusion Example
When it comes to a thesis or research paper conclusion example, it's important to end it on a high note. See a thesis conclusion example to get an idea for your thesis paper.
The purpose of this research was to identify effective strategies for dealing with repetitive motions identified in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Based on the analysis conveyed, it can be concluded that there are multiple behavior modification therapies important for the improvement of this behavior. Future exploration into behavior modification techniques could be useful to finding further therapy techniques. The amount this could improve the lives of others with repetitive motion behaviors is worth exploring.
Conclusion Example for Project
When you think of a project conclusion, there are all different types of projects out there. You might be doing a literature project or a science project. Whatever the case, you want to end with a bang. Check out a conclusion example for a high school science fair project.
Through my analysis of Huggies and Pampers brand diapers, it’s been proven that Huggies is the sure winner in leak protection and fluid retention. As you can see through my experiment, using Huggies over Pampers can help parents to avoid embarrassing diaper leaks and ensure their baby’s skin stays dry avoiding diaper rash and skin irritation. But that begs the question, is Huggies the best in leak protection among all brands? That would take a bit more research.
Formulating Your Conclusion
There is some important information you need to write a conclusion . In addition to restating your thesis and highlighting your main points, you could add a relevant quotation from an authoritative source. This will not work in every case, but if, for example, you were writing a reflective essay on a piece of literature, you might quote a famous scholar who also reviewed that piece.
Additionally, it may be worth taking this opportunity to tie your argument to a larger context, such as relating your central theme to a particular group in society or even a global concept.
What Not to Do in a Conclusion
When it comes to crafting the perfect conclusion, there are a lot of different things you should do. But there are also a few things you’ll want to avoid.
- While you do need to refer back to your essay or report, don’t just provide a bland summary. Think of the conclusion more as an opportunity to end with a flourish . Spend some time on this last paragraph. You want the reader to finish your essay and think, "Wow. I never considered that," or, "I'm going to remember that."
- Avoid the tired "In conclusion …" Allow readers to sense you're bringing it home with your tone and thoughtful summation. Turn the essay toward them if you can by asking a question or tying your idea to current society.
- Also, hold true to what you've just expressed in your writing. Some might feel tempted to say things like, "This is merely one opinion …" In that single line, you've just undercut everything you worked so hard to draw together. Remember to stand behind the case you just made. Be proud of it and end on the highest note possible.
The Last Word
Take some time to go over your conclusion. Remember, it’s an opportunity to pull your thoughts together and magnify the central theme of your writing. It's the cream cheese frosting to that red velvet cupcake you just baked. Don't allow it to be an after-thought to a paper you want to get off your plate. It could end up being the five or so sentences that a reader carries with them forever. Now that you’ve mastered a great conclusion, learn how to write a strong introduction through examples .
In three to five sentences, describe how to write an effective conclusion to a narrative. Explain the parts of an effective conclusion and support your answer with specific details.(4 points)
i just want a reference
An effective conclusion to a narrative should provide a sense of closure and resolution to the story. It should summarize the main points of the narrative and tie up any loose ends. Additionally, it should leave the reader with a lasting impression or message. To achieve this, a writer should use descriptive language and incorporate any overarching themes or motifs throughout the narrative. Ultimately, an effective conclusion should leave the reader feeling satisfied and fulfilled by the story's resolution.
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How To Write A Good Conclusion Paragraph
The conclusion paragraph is what you end your essay or other paper with. This is where you give your reader a brief recap of what they have just read. Of course, you want to have your paper well-written, and that includes the conclusion paragraph. A good conclusion paragraph is basically the one that solidifies the main point of your writing. Obviously, this means that your main point should be included in your conclusion paragraph. You have probably already written an introduction paragraph that you are particularly fond of. As an option, you can just paraphrase it and make it into your conclusion. But let us go into more detail.
Your introduction paragraph is your main source for writing your conclusion. For example, if your writing begins with something like “For me, there are only three movies that were released in 2016.” Then, your conclusion will have a sentence like “The three movies that made 2016 worthwhile in terms of cinema are Zootopia, Arrival, and The Jungle Book.”
If your paper is longer than a typical essay, just recycling your introduction will not be enough. You will have to return to each section or paragraph and summarize it in your conclusion. For instance, if your writing was about pets, then different sections of your paper are most likely dedicated to different kinds of pets. This is why, it is only logical to mention all kinds of pets in your conclusion: “Cats, dogs, goldfish, and parrots are for different tastes of animals lovers, but they can be equally good pets.”
It is good to end up with something thought-provoking. You can offer the readers to research more on the topic themselves. For example, "Many people remain surprisingly unaware of how larger corporations control the food markets." You can suggest or even encourage other activities – such as, "It is not so hard to make a difference. Just go to the nearest pet nursery and pick the cutest little furball!”
To crown it all, the purpose of a concluding paragraph is to wrap up the concentrated gist of your whole paper. This is how your essay is finalized to leave the readers with a sense of fulfillment and satisfaction when they finish it.
UNDERSTANDING THE DEFINITION OF A CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH
- The final note on which you leave your reader
- The concentrate gist of your whole body of writing
- The proof that you had made the point that you were going to make when you started this writing
- The demonstration that you have backed up your thesis
- The closure of the paper’s subject
THE CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH IS BUILT THIS WAY
- The mirror reflection of your paper’s introduction
- A general opening line that grows more specific as the reader reads the introduction of your paper;
- In the concluding paragraph, on the contrary, you move from the specific to the general
THE PLACE OF CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH IN YOUR PAPER:
If we had to draw a scheme of an essay, here is where the conclusion would be:
Introducing paragraph ➔ Thesis statement ←➔ Main body ← Concluding paragraph
WHAT THE CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH DOES:
- It closes up your essay to leave your reader with everything clear and understood and with no questions left
- The topic section of your conclusion paragraph is supposed to paraphrase your thesis statement
- It is to demonstrate that you have fulfilled the task that you have set for yourself
- Avoid simply replacing the words from your thesis statement with synonyms. This would be an instance of redundancy, which is a mistake
- The very essence of your thesis statement needs to be brought in a new light
- The supporting sentences of the concluding paragraph do not bring anything new to the table, they recycle what has already been said If you have caught some inspiration when writing the concluding paragraph, you must remember to restrain yourself from putting new ideas in there. Instead, allocate this new idea its own separate place in the main body, if you can. If this seems impossible, then it should be left out for now – who knows, maybe it can be a basis for another brilliant essay?
- All the main points should be condensed in the conclusion, nothing should be left out
- The final sentence of your conclusion paragraph should leave your reader feeling completely fulfilled and satisfied
- Underline the significance of what you were talking about
- Give your reader an entirely fresh perspective on the topic
- Conclude with an optimistic tone
- Your readers should be left in a good mood upon having read your writing
TIPS FOR BUILDING A POWERFUL CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH
- Re-read every statement and ask the question – So what? Does it make any difference?
- Think well about this question before you come up with a reply
- The point here is that having a pet at home is fun.
- Well, having fun makes you feel better.
- Fun is a positive emotion and experiencing it for a prolonged period of time on a regular basis increases your overall satisfaction with life, and – consequently – your productivity at school, work, etc.
- This closes the logical “loop” for your reader giving them the sense of fulfillment
- If you started out with a hypothetical course of events, you could restate this by claiming that this is your evidence to solidify your argument and that it speaks in favor of your standpoint.
- Use key words and phrases from your introduction to building the aforementioned "loop". Parallel images and mirror metaphors are also a good idea.
- Summing it up does not only suggest repeating what you have already mentioned in the main body of your writing
- All these main points should be organically connected to the evidence that supports them, and this organic connection has to be revealed in your conclusion paragraph
- To keep your reader focused, you can drop something provocative – like a quotation that you stumbled upon during your research for this paper
- Your conclusion should also answer the question, “Now what?” Remember to suggest your reader what they should do with the information they have just obtained. This can be a way to solve an existing problem, a direction for further study, or a combination of the latter and the former
- For example, a paper about the heritage of Malcolm X should be placed on a background of African American movement as a whole. You should hint on what influenced him and how he influenced the activists that came after him.
Finally, WHAT NOT TO DO:
- Start off you concluding paragraph with a common introductory phrase that can be avoided, such as "in conclusion…," "to sum it up…," "as we have found out…," "to crown it all…," etc. As good as it may sound in oral speech, it gives the text the unnecessary extra feeling of formality and giver the reader an impression that the essay writer was looking just to add any words for the sake of it.
- Resort to pathos – an emotional appeal, unless it is in the spirit of the rest of the paper.
- Introduce new ideas or facts / supporting evidence that you have for some reason not mentioned in the main body of your paper.
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Writing a Research Paper Conclusion | Step-by-Step Guide
Published on October 30, 2022 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on December 7, 2022.
The conclusion of a research paper is where you wrap up your ideas and leave the reader with a strong final impression. It has several key goals:
- Restate the problem statement addressed in the paper
- Summarize your overall arguments or findings
- Suggest the key takeaways from your paper
The content of the conclusion varies depending on whether your paper presents the results of original empirical research or constructs an argument through engagement with sources .
Table of contents
Step 1: restate the problem, step 2: sum up the paper, step 3: discuss the implications, research paper conclusion examples, frequently asked questions about research paper conclusions.
The first task of your conclusion is to remind the reader of your research problem . You will have discussed this problem in depth throughout the body, but now the point is to zoom back out from the details to the bigger picture.
While you are restating a problem you’ve already introduced, you should avoid phrasing it identically to how it appeared in the introduction . Ideally, you’ll find a novel way to circle back to the problem from the more detailed ideas discussed in the body.
For example, an argumentative paper advocating new measures to reduce the environmental impact of agriculture might restate its problem as follows:
Meanwhile, an empirical paper studying the relationship of Instagram use with body image issues might present its problem like this:
“In conclusion …”
Avoid starting your conclusion with phrases like “In conclusion” or “To conclude,” as this can come across as too obvious and make your writing seem unsophisticated. The content and placement of your conclusion should make its function clear without the need for additional signposting.
Having zoomed back in on the problem, it’s time to summarize how the body of the paper went about addressing it, and what conclusions this approach led to.
Depending on the nature of your research paper, this might mean restating your thesis and arguments, or summarizing your overall findings.
Argumentative paper: Restate your thesis and arguments
In an argumentative paper, you will have presented a thesis statement in your introduction, expressing the overall claim your paper argues for. In the conclusion, you should restate the thesis and show how it has been developed through the body of the paper.
Briefly summarize the key arguments made in the body, showing how each of them contributes to proving your thesis. You may also mention any counterarguments you addressed, emphasizing why your thesis holds up against them, particularly if your argument is a controversial one.
Don’t go into the details of your evidence or present new ideas; focus on outlining in broad strokes the argument you have made.
Empirical paper: Summarize your findings
In an empirical paper, this is the time to summarize your key findings. Don’t go into great detail here (you will have presented your in-depth results and discussion already), but do clearly express the answers to the research questions you investigated.
Describe your main findings, even if they weren’t necessarily the ones you expected or hoped for, and explain the overall conclusion they led you to.
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Having summed up your key arguments or findings, the conclusion ends by considering the broader implications of your research. This means expressing the key takeaways, practical or theoretical, from your paper—often in the form of a call for action or suggestions for future research.
Argumentative paper: Strong closing statement
An argumentative paper generally ends with a strong closing statement. In the case of a practical argument, make a call for action: What actions do you think should be taken by the people or organizations concerned in response to your argument?
If your topic is more theoretical and unsuitable for a call for action, your closing statement should express the significance of your argument—for example, in proposing a new understanding of a topic or laying the groundwork for future research.
Empirical paper: Future research directions
In a more empirical paper, you can close by either making recommendations for practice (for example, in clinical or policy papers), or suggesting directions for future research.
Whatever the scope of your own research, there will always be room for further investigation of related topics, and you’ll often discover new questions and problems during the research process .
Finish your paper on a forward-looking note by suggesting how you or other researchers might build on this topic in the future and address any limitations of the current paper.
Full examples of research paper conclusions are shown in the tabs below: one for an argumentative paper, the other for an empirical paper.
- Argumentative paper
- Empirical paper
While the role of cattle in climate change is by now common knowledge, countries like the Netherlands continually fail to confront this issue with the urgency it deserves. The evidence is clear: To create a truly futureproof agricultural sector, Dutch farmers must be incentivized to transition from livestock farming to sustainable vegetable farming. As well as dramatically lowering emissions, plant-based agriculture, if approached in the right way, can produce more food with less land, providing opportunities for nature regeneration areas that will themselves contribute to climate targets. Although this approach would have economic ramifications, from a long-term perspective, it would represent a significant step towards a more sustainable and resilient national economy. Transitioning to sustainable vegetable farming will make the Netherlands greener and healthier, setting an example for other European governments. Farmers, policymakers, and consumers must focus on the future, not just on their own short-term interests, and work to implement this transition now.
As social media becomes increasingly central to young people’s everyday lives, it is important to understand how different platforms affect their developing self-conception. By testing the effect of daily Instagram use among teenage girls, this study established that highly visual social media does indeed have a significant effect on body image concerns, with a strong correlation between the amount of time spent on the platform and participants’ self-reported dissatisfaction with their appearance. However, the strength of this effect was moderated by pre-test self-esteem ratings: Participants with higher self-esteem were less likely to experience an increase in body image concerns after using Instagram. This suggests that, while Instagram does impact body image, it is also important to consider the wider social and psychological context in which this usage occurs: Teenagers who are already predisposed to self-esteem issues may be at greater risk of experiencing negative effects. Future research into Instagram and other highly visual social media should focus on establishing a clearer picture of how self-esteem and related constructs influence young people’s experiences of these platforms. Furthermore, while this experiment measured Instagram usage in terms of time spent on the platform, observational studies are required to gain more insight into different patterns of usage—to investigate, for instance, whether active posting is associated with different effects than passive consumption of social media content.
If you’re unsure about the conclusion, it can be helpful to ask a friend or fellow student to read your conclusion and summarize the main takeaways.
- Do they understand from your conclusion what your research was about?
- Are they able to summarize the implications of your findings?
- Can they answer your research question based on your conclusion?
You can also get an expert to proofread and feedback your paper with a paper editing service .
The conclusion of a research paper has several key elements you should make sure to include:
- A restatement of the research problem
- A summary of your key arguments and/or findings
- A short discussion of the implications of your research
No, it’s not appropriate to present new arguments or evidence in the conclusion . While you might be tempted to save a striking argument for last, research papers follow a more formal structure than this.
All your findings and arguments should be presented in the body of the text (more specifically in the results and discussion sections if you are following a scientific structure). The conclusion is meant to summarize and reflect on the evidence and arguments you have already presented, not introduce new ones.
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How to write a conclusion to an essay
Which do you think count more: first impressions or last impressions?
A conclusion is the last impression that a reader will have of your essay: make it count!
Introduction to writing a conclusion
A conclusion is the final idea left with the reader at the end of an essay. Without it, an essay would be unfinished and unfocused.
A conclusion should link back to the essay question and briefly restate your main points drawing all your thoughts and ideas together so that they make sense and create a strong final impression.
A conclusion often includes a final thought or reflection to highlight the significance of the topic . It is usually a short paragraph.
Video about how to reflect on your main points in a conclusion
Reflecting on the argument.
Before you write your conclusion, it is a good idea for you to look again at your ideas in the essay. It can be particularly useful to re-read your introduction and think about what you have realised and explored as you wrote the essay. Your conclusion can then sum up what you have understood more deeply about the literature text and the essay topic.
If you think of your essay as a type of argument, persuading the reader to a particular point of view, then the conclusion can be a powerful way of bringing together the most important aspects of your argument.
Which of these statements is not true?
a) A conclusion brings together lots of new ideas to interest the reader.
b) A conclusion brings together the ideas already discussed in the essay.
c) A conclusion is important because it brings together what you understand about the text and topic.
Answer a) A conclusion is not the moment to introduce new ideas!
Drawing your essay to a close
Link back to the question.
Keep your conclusion focused by linking back to the question, title, statement or topic of the essay. This can be achieved by using key words from the essay question. For example:
Why is Jack an important character in the novel Lord of the Flies ?
In conclusion, the character of Jack is important because he represents the violent side of human nature in the novel.
Summarise the main points
In the conclusion, you should not simply repeat what you have said in the rest of the essay, but aim to reinforce these key ideas by briefly summarising your main points. One way to do this is to look back at all the topic sentences from the paragraphs in your essay and bring them together:
In conclusion, the character of Jack is important because he symbolises violence and savagery in the novel. His desire for power and increasing bloodlust represent the negative side of human nature. He is a charismatic character who is feared by the other boys on the island. He therefore acts as an important contrast to the character of Ralph.
Your conclusion should leave the reader thinking about the significance of the whole topic. So, in a literature essay, it is a good idea to include a final thought or reflection, perhaps one that looks forward, or outwards from the novel. For example:
At the end of the novel Jack’s reign of terror ends with the arrival of the British Naval Officer and this perhaps leaves the reader with some sense of optimism that human beings can change for the better when they are no longer frightened and under the power of an evil leader.
Which links back to the question?
Which of the following concluding sentences clearly links back to this question: How is the character important in the novel?
a) In the novel, the main character changes from being selfish and angry to being caring and happy. b) Overall, this character is important in the novel because they learn the most important life lesson: look after others not just yourself. c) The novel is a ghost story and the sinister setting of the orphanage adds to the horror.
Answer: b) ‘Overall, this character is important in the novel because they learn the most important life lesson: look after others not just yourself.’ Key words in the title ‘character’ and ‘important’ have been used to link the conclusion back to the essay question.
Useful sentence starters
You could use one of the following sentence starters to signal to the reader that you are concluding the essay:
- In conclusion…
- In summary…
What to avoid
- Avoid including any new points or ideas.
- Avoid making your conclusion too long.
- Avoid lots of repetition.
The conclusion is an important way to wrap up your ideas. Without a conclusion, your writing may seem unfinished or your overall aim may not be clear. The conclusion is your final chance to leave an impression on the reader.
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How To Write An Effective Conclusion
- Posted on October 14, 2022
- Sakina Chitalwala
Main idea. Check. Intro. Check. Purpose of Essay. Check. Conclusion. Umm…
Now let’s imagine this. You just had the best meal of your life. Scrumptious, juicy, and flavourful. And then came the dessert – a mousse that was chalky and grainy in texture. That perfect meal isn’t so perfect anymore.
This is similar to a perfectly ruined essay. From our years of teaching experience, we have found that students lose important marks because they don’t end their answer well. Be it an IGCSE exam, and IB exam, or a University Essay, every component of your essay needs to be done properly. Some students begin very well, but then lose their flow in the middle, or even towards the end. By the time they’ve reached their conclusion, they’re in the middle of an ocean with no shore to swim to.
This blogpost should help give some insight into writing an effective conclusion that also functions as an appropriate ending or a close.
But first, why is the conclusion so important?
It is an appropriate close to a thesis statement or an argument. Where the thesis answers the ‘what’ or ‘why’, the conclusion answers the ‘so what now’. It leaves a lasting effect upon the reader with a thought process to carry forward.
Writing An Effective Conclusion for your essay
Our students know this. We teach them from the very beginning to plan their answers before they begin. This not only organises your ideas in a logical sequence, but you’re also equipped with points to include in your conclusion.
A good body structure is the basis for a good conclusion.
- BE CONSISTENT
While writing your conclusion, make sure that your tone and style are consistent with the rest of your thesis argument. A contradictory tone will confuse the end point and hamper your main ideas explained throughout.
Your conclusion must reinstate the same points that you’ve touched upon, but try not to use them verbatim, and summarise your points in a brief manner.
- AVOID NEW SENTENCES OR IDEAS
Avoid bringing in new ideas in your conclusion. This is another thing that we notice in students’ answers. Bringing in new ideas does not do justice to them, and they also have no scope for exploration, nor do they add value as they’re left incomplete. Instead, shift these new points from your conclusion to your body paragraphs, giving them more scope for exploration.
- FORM A CONNECTION
The point of your conclusion is to bring an appropriate end to your answer or essay. And, that means that you need to connect your closing statement with your opening statement. That makes the end of your answer look more structured, systematic, and cohesive.
This displays your focus on organizing your ideas and sets a neat impression on the examiner or the admissions officer.
Apart from these, here are other pointers to help you write a strong conclusion for your next writing project:
- Plan your conclusion just like you’d plan the rest of your essay to ensure a great flow of ideas.
- Maintain a consistent tone throughout your conclusion.
- End on a positive note.
- Rephrase and summarize your main points.
- Communicate the importance of your argument.
- Write with an intention of providing closure to the reader.
- Avoid beginning your conclusion with the words ‘in conclusion, to conclude, in summary, to recap’, etc.
Here’s a brief outline to help you plan your conclusion paragraph:
- Topic sentence – This would be a repetition of your thesis statement or overarching idea. You must make sure not to repeat the exact words and yet retain the essence of the thesis.
- Supporting sentences – These should include all your important points that support your thesis statement, and express the importance of your ideas as well.
- Concluding sentence – Being the final word on the subject, the closing statement should connect back to an image or an anecdote that was initiated in the introductory paragraph.
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Effective Guide: How to Write an NGO Proposal
Table of contents.
To increase the reach of your NGO and convince a grant body or agency to provide essential support, you need a winning proposal. Now, you can achieve better results with this practical guide on how to write an NGO proposal effectively! So, read on as we explore the various aspects of writing a great NGO proposal.
What Is an NGO Proposal?
An NGO Proposal is a document submitted by a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) to prospective donors, requesting funds and other resources to support their activities. It outlines the goals of the organization, its purpose, budget, methods, and any desired outcomes that can be expected from the aid. The proposal should explain why an investment in the NGO’s mission is beneficial for society at large.
Why Should You Write an NGO Proposal?
Writing an NGO proposal allows you to put forth your ideas and showcase your organization’s potential to bring meaningful change to the community . It can be a great way to present detailed plans for achieving the desired outcomes. A good NGO proposal can help you secure funding from donors or receive other forms of support to help you progress toward your goals. Ultimately, writing an effective NGO proposal can enable your non-profit to make a tangible difference in the world.
How to Write an NGO Proposal Effectively
Writing a winning NGO proposal takes time and effort. You must be prepared to research the organization, understand its objectives, and propose specific strategies for achieving those goals. Here are some steps on how to write an NGO proposal .
Define the Problem Statement
The problem statement should concisely outline the social issue or challenge the NGO is addressing and why it’s important. It should include relevant facts, figures, or examples to make a case for action.
The Rationale for the Project
Here, justify why the proposed project is necessary and how it will address the outlined problem. Support your arguments with concrete evidence, such as statistics and other data sources.
Goal and Objectives of the Project
Outline the end result of the project and its purpose. Specifically, list achievable objectives as milestones toward achieving the overarching goal. Explain what success looks like, emphasizing measurable targets that can be used to track progress.
Approaches and Methods
Detail strategies and activities needed to reach the desired results. For example, create detailed plans regarding activities that need to be done, and specify who will be responsible for them. This section must show that the proposal is feasible and executable within the budget and timeframe.
Expected Impact and Outcomes
Discuss the anticipated results of your project – both immediate and long-term. This could be changes in public opinion, increased awareness of issues, new resources or services made available, and more. Be sure to clearly explain how these effects could make a lasting positive impact on the community or environment being addressed.
Summarize the estimated budget needed to complete all necessary tasks outlined in the proposal. Consider both direct costs associated with implementation and indirect costs such as administration, management, monitoring & evaluation, etc.
Writing an NGO proposal is a process that requires careful thought and consideration. It’s essential to follow the right steps, include the necessary information, and use clear language so that your proposal can be understood by everyone. By following the key steps outlined in this article, you can ensure a winning proposal that stands out from the rest.
Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.
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How to Write a Winning UCAS Personal Statement: Examples and Tips
- How to Guides
- March 9, 2023
When it comes to university admissions in the UK, a UCAS personal statement is a crucial document that can make or break your application. To write a compelling UCAS personal statement, you need to understand the guidelines and requirements and be able to showcase your skills and suitability for the course. In this blog post, we’ll provide tips and examples on how to write a winning UCAS personal statement, along with advice on UCAS application processes and personal statement editing services.
What is a UCAS personal statement?
A UCAS personal statement is a document that supports your university application. It is a chance for you to explain why you are applying for the course, what interests you about the subject, and what you can bring to the course. To write an effective personal statement, you need to be aware of the UCAS application process and requirements, including UCAS personal statement structure and format. You can also benefit from personal statement writing tips and guidance from professional personal statement editing services.
How to write a winning UCAS personal statement
To write a winning UCAS personal statement, you should follow these tips:
- Brainstorm ideas – think about what motivates you to study the course and what experiences have prepared you for the course.
- Structure your personal statement – create an introduction, body, and conclusion. Make sure you have a clear and logical structure that flows well.
- Start with a hook – your introduction should be engaging and capture the reader’s attention. You could start with a quote, a personal experience, or an interesting fact.
- Be concise – make sure every sentence in your personal statement adds value and showcases your skills and attributes.
- Showcase your achievements – highlight any relevant achievements that demonstrate your skills and suitability for the course. For example, if you are applying for a course in medicine, you could mention any volunteering or work experience you have in the healthcare sector.
- Avoid clichés – phrases such as “I have a passion for” or “ever since I was a child” are overused and do not add any value to your personal statement.
- Show your personality – your personal statement should reflect your personality, so avoid using overly formal language and make sure your voice shines through.
- Proofread your personal statement – make sure there are no spelling or grammatical errors in your personal statement. Ask someone else to read it through for you to ensure it makes sense and flows well.
Examples of successful UCAS personal statements
To get inspiration for your UCAS personal statement, you can look at successful personal statement samples from previous successful applicants. Examples of successful UCAS personal statements include those for courses in law, nursing, engineering, and many more. These personal statements can provide you with a better understanding of what admissions officers are looking for and how to showcase your unique strengths.
Tips for writing an effective UCAS personal statement
- Research the university and the course thoroughly
- Understand the requirements and guidelines for the personal statement
- Brainstorm ideas and create an outline before writing
- Use a clear and concise writing style
- Avoid using clichés and generic language
- Showcase your relevant achievements and experiences
- Emphasize your unique qualities and strengths
- Provide evidence to support your claims
- Show your passion for the subject
- Proofread and edit your personal statement multiple times before submitting
UCAS personal statement structure and format
- Understand the character and line limit for the personal statement
- Start with an engaging introduction that hooks the reader
- Divide the personal statement into an introduction, main body, and conclusion
- Use headings and subheadings to organize your ideas
- Avoid using jargon or overly technical language
- Focus on your achievements, experiences, and qualifications relevant to the course
- Show your passion and enthusiasm for the subject
Writing a winning UCAS personal statement requires time, effort, and careful planning. By following the tips and examples provided in this blog post, you can increase your chances of getting accepted into your desired university course. Remember to keep your personal statement concise, relevant, and engaging, and to seek advice and guidance from trusted sources throughout the application process. Good luck!
Q: What is a UCAS personal statement?
A: A UCAS personal statement is a document that supports your university application in the UK. It is your chance to explain why you are applying for the course, what interests you about the subject, and what you can bring to the course.
Q: How long should a UCAS personal statement be?
A: A UCAS personal statement should be no more than 4,000 characters or 47 lines in length, including spaces and blank lines.
Q: What should be included in a UCAS personal statement?
A: A UCAS personal statement should include an introduction that hooks the reader, a main body that showcases your relevant achievements and experiences, and a conclusion that summarizes your personal statement and reiterates why you are a strong candidate for the course.
Q: How do I structure my UCAS personal statement?
A: Your UCAS personal statement should be broken down into an introduction, main body, and conclusion. You can use headings and subheadings to organize your ideas.
Q: How do I make my UCAS personal statement stand out?
A: To make your UCAS personal statement stand out, you should focus on your relevant achievements and experiences, emphasize your unique qualities and strengths, and show your passion and enthusiasm for the subject. You should also avoid clichés and use a clear and concise writing style.
Q: Can I use personal statement editing services?
A: Yes, you can use personal statement editing services to refine your personal statement and ensure that it meets all the guidelines and requirements. However, you should make sure to review and revise the final version before submitting it.
Q: What else do I need to know about the UCAS application process?
A: In addition to writing a strong personal statement, you should also research the universities and courses thoroughly, meet the application deadlines, provide accurate and up-to-date information, and make use of UCAS tools and resources. You can also seek advice and guidance from your school or college, UCAS advisors, and online forums and communities.
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How to write an essay: Conclusion
- What's in this guide
- Essay structure
- Additional resources
The last section of an academic essay is the conclusion . The conclusion should reaffirm your answer to the question, and briefly summarise key arguments. It does not include any new points or new information. A conclusion has three sections. First, repeat the thesis statement. It won’t use the exact same words as in your introduction, but it will repeat the point: your overall answer to the question. Then set out your general conclusions , and a short explanation of why they are important.
Finally, draw together the question , the evidence in the essay body, and the conclusion. This way the reader knows that you have understood and answered the question. This part needs to be clear and concise.
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How to Write an Email About Salary Negotiation That Gets Results
Salary negotiation is an important part of career growth, whether you are negotiating a salary at your current workplace or negotiating a salary for a new job.
It’s a conversation that can impact your financial well-being and future career prospects.
In this article, we will discuss how to write an email about salary negotiation, covering scenarios where the intent of the email is to request a meeting or call to negotiate salary and when it might be appropriate to negotiate directly in the email.
We will also discuss salary negotiation in the context of both moving to a new position and negotiating a salary at your current workplace.
Table of Contents
Before Writing a Salary Negotiation Email
Do some research before you draft the email. Here’s what you should do before writing the email.
- Research Your Market Value: Use online resources such as salary comparison websites, industry reports, and job postings to determine the market value for your job title and location. This information will give you an idea of what you can expect to earn and what you can negotiate.
- Evaluate Your Skills and Experience: Create a list of your skills, education, and experience that are relevant to the position you are negotiating for. Quantify your achievements and highlight any awards, certifications, or additional training you have completed.
- Understand the Company’s Culture: Research the company’s salary structure and policies to understand their approach to salary negotiations. This will help you tailor your negotiation approach and make a compelling case for your salary increase.
- Plan Your Approach: Determine whether it’s appropriate to negotiate directly in the email or to request a meeting or call to discuss salary. Consider the tone, language, and format of your email to make a compelling case for your salary negotiation. Use a friendly but professional tone and be confident in your abilities and the value you bring to the company.
Overall, taking the time to research and prepare before negotiating your salary will help you make a stronger case for your salary increase and increase your chances of success.
When to Negotiate in an Email vs. Request a Meeting/Call
Negotiating directly in an email can be appropriate when the conversation is straightforward, and you have a good relationship with the person you are negotiating with.
However, if the conversation is more complex, or you are negotiating a salary at your current workplace, it may be more appropriate to request a meeting or call. In either case, it is essential to be professional, confident, and prepared to negotiate effectively.
Negotiating Salary in an Email:
If you have a good relationship with the person you are negotiating with and feel comfortable doing so, you can negotiate your salary directly in an email. Start by thanking the hiring manager or your supervisor for the opportunity to discuss your salary. Here’s what you should include in a salary negotiation email :
- Your Value Proposition: Explain why you are worth the salary you are requesting. Highlight your achievements, skills, experience, and education that make you an asset to the company.
- Market Research: Provide data to support your request. Include the market rate for your job, your experience level, and your skills.
- Flexibility: Be flexible and willing to negotiate. You can offer to compromise by accepting other benefits like stock options, bonuses, or additional vacation days.
- Confidence: Show confidence in your abilities and value proposition. Express your interest in the company and your excitement to contribute to its growth.
Salary Negotiation Email Template for A New Position
Here is a template you can use as a guide:
Subject: Salary Negotiation for [Position]
Dear [Hiring Manager/Supervisor],
Thank you for considering me for the position of [Position] at [Company]. I am excited about the opportunity to join your team and contribute to the company’s growth.
After careful consideration, I would like to discuss my salary for the [Position] role. Based on my experience, skills, and education level, I believe that my market value is [Market Value]. I am requesting a salary of [Requested Salary].
I am open to negotiation and would be willing to consider other benefits like stock options, bonuses, or additional vacation days. I am confident in my abilities and my value proposition to the company. I am excited to join the team and contribute to the company’s growth.
Thank you for your time, and I look forward to discussing this further with you.
Requesting a Meeting or Call
In some cases, it may be more appropriate to request a meeting or call to negotiate your salary. This approach can be especially effective if you are negotiating a salary at your current workplace or if the conversation is more complex. Here are some essential elements to include in the email:
- Introduction: Start by thanking the hiring manager or your supervisor for the opportunity to discuss your salary.
- Request a Meeting or Call: Clearly state that you would like to schedule a meeting or call to discuss your salary.
- Provide Context: Explain why you are requesting the meeting or call. For example, you might want to discuss your performance, new responsibilities, or market trends.
- Suggest a Date and Time: Offer a few possible dates and times to schedule the meeting or call.
Requesting a Salary Negotiation Meeting Email Template
Subject: Request for Salary Negotiation Meeting/Call
Thank you for considering me for the position of [Position]/Thank you for being my supervisor at [Company]. I would like to schedule a meeting/call to discuss my salary.
I believe that my contributions to the company warrant a salary adjustment, and I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss this with you. I would like to provide some context for our conversation, such as [briefly explain why you are requesting the meeting/call – e.g., my performance this year, new responsibilities I have taken on, or changes in the market rate for my position].
I am available to meet/call on [suggest a few dates and times that work for you]. Please let me know if any of these times work for you, or if you have other suggestions.
Thank you for your time and consideration, and I look forward to speaking with you.
Negotiating your salary can be an intimidating process, but with the right approach, you can successfully negotiate your salary whether you are moving to a new position or negotiating a salary at your current workplace.
Remember to do your research, highlight your value proposition, and be flexible in your negotiations. Use the templates provided as a guide, and customize them to fit your needs.
Good luck with your salary negotiations!
How to write a conclusion An effective conclusion is created by following these steps: 1. Restate the thesis An effective conclusion brings the reader back to the main point, reminding the reader of the purpose of the essay. However, avoid repeating the thesis verbatim. Paraphrase your argument slightly while still preserving the primary point. 2.
An effective conclusion paragraph should ultimately suggest to your reader that you've accomplished what you set out to prove. How to write a good conclusion As you set out to write your conclusion and end your essay on an insightful note, you'll want to start by restating your thesis.
An effective conclusion should cite concrete details that have been referenced or used already in the paper. Beginning a conclusion with a phrase like "in conclusion" is unneeded. A good conclusion will jump right into the arguments and use the limited space efficiently.
Strategies for writing an effective conclusion One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion: Play the "So What" Game. If you're stuck and feel like your conclusion isn't saying anything new or interesting, ask a friend to read it with you.
Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes. Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument.
A good writer knows that the effective conclusion is often what a reader remembers best . Therefore, your conclusion needs to be the best part of your paper. Scholars frequently read the conclusion of a thesis, dissertation or research article first! reminds the reader of the main points made; emphasizes the importance of the thesis statement;
Strategies to Use in Crafting a Great Conclusion 1. Briefly hit the main point of your essay To do this, take a look at your outline. When you visualize your essay structure, it will help you carefully select the critical points suitable for your conclusion. 2. Describe how crucial the essay topic is in real-life situations
Follow this reusable template for writing an effective conclusion: i. Summarize the main points: Briefly recap the key points you've made in your post. Restate the thesis: ii. Reiterate the main argument or message of your post. iii. Offer a final thought: Share a final piece of advice or insight that ties together your main points. iv.
Step 1: Return to your thesis Step 2: Review your main points Step 3: Show why it matters What shouldn't go in the conclusion? More examples of essay conclusions Frequently asked questions about writing an essay conclusion Step 1: Return to your thesis
8) Ask a question. At the end of almost every article, I ask my readers a question. Questions demand responses, so placing them in your conclusion gets people's minds moving. The whole motivation in writing an article is to change someone's behavior, and I consider the question to be one of the most effective ways of doing so.
Nonetheless, in general, writing an effective conclusion for your research paper can be achieved using any of the following strategies: Synthesizing instead of summarizing As mentioned previously, the conclusion is not a summary of your research paper.
Format of a Conclusion Paragraph. The first sentence of your concluding paragraph should summit to the future, unfolding a scenario that relates to the essay's topic.; The second sentence could suggest a future action that needs to be taken by the writer, reader or the society in general.; Now, the third and fourth sentences could relate to the thesis statement.
Writing a Conclusion. A conclusion is an important part of the paper; it provides closure for the reader while reminding the reader of the contents and importance of the paper. It accomplishes this by stepping back from the specifics in order to view the bigger picture of the document. In other words, it is reminding the reader of the main ...
The conclusion must have these five components in order to be considered a success: 1. Summary — a brief overview of your article's main points and findings. 2. Concluding statement — a final thought that ensures the reader has grasped the main point. 3. Recommendation — offers a solution to the problem being discussed in the article. 4.
Your conclusion should also refer back to your introduction, summarize three main points of your essay and wrap it all up with a final observation. If you conclude with an interesting insight, readers will be happy to have spent time on your writing. See how a professional writer creates a thought-provoking conclusion. Advertisement
1 answer. An effective conclusion to a narrative should provide a sense of closure and resolution to the story. It should summarize the main points of the narrative and tie up any loose ends. Additionally, it should leave the reader with a lasting impression or message. To achieve this, a writer should use descriptive language and incorporate ...
The conclusion paragraph is what you end your essay or other paper with. This is where you give your reader a brief recap of what they have just read. Of course, you want to have your paper well-written, and that includes the conclusion paragraph. A good conclusion paragraph is basically the one that solidifies the main point of your writing.
Table of contents. Step 1: Restate the problem. Step 2: Sum up the paper. Step 3: Discuss the implications. Research paper conclusion examples. Frequently asked questions about research paper conclusions.
A conclusion should link back to the essay question and briefly restate your main points drawing all your thoughts and ideas together so that they make sense and create a strong final impression....
Plan your conclusion just like you'd plan the rest of your essay to ensure a great flow of ideas. Maintain a consistent tone throughout your conclusion. End on a positive note. Rephrase and summarize your main points. Communicate the importance of your argument. Write with an intention of providing closure to the reader.
List the scope of work. Include a scope of work section in your marketing proposal, which describes all the services you plan to provide the client. It should fulfill marketing tasks that clients do not have enough time or resources to accomplish. Analyzing social metrics.
To write a good conclusion, you should follow the same format as the rest of the essay. First, you should finish your writing assignment. Second, you should avoid trying to make new points in the conclusion. Third, you should not attempt to come up with a whiz-bang conclusion. In the end, simplicity is the key to a powerful and clear message.
How to Write an NGO Proposal Effectively. Define the Problem Statement. The Rationale for the Project. Goal and Objectives of the Project. Approaches and Methods. Expected Impact and Outcomes. Estimated Budget. Conclusion. To increase the reach of your NGO and convince a grant body or agency to provide essential support, you need a winning ...
Divide the personal statement into an introduction, main body, and conclusion. Use headings and subheadings to organize your ideas. Use a clear and concise writing style. Avoid using jargon or overly technical language. Focus on your achievements, experiences, and qualifications relevant to the course.
A conclusion has three sections. First, repeat the thesis statement. It won't use the exact same words as in your introduction, but it will repeat the point: your overall answer to the question. Then set out your general conclusions, and a short explanation of why they are important.
For example, if your document has an introduction, a problem statement, a solution, a market analysis, a competitive analysis, a marketing strategy, a financial plan, and a conclusion, your ...
Many students find concluding paragraphs difficult to write for several reasons. The conclusion is typically created at the end of the writing process, when you are tired and your creativity is running low. You may have been taught conflicting approaches to writing conclusions, with some suggesting a simple inversion of the introduction
Here's what you should include in a salary negotiation email: Your Value Proposition: Explain why you are worth the salary you are requesting. Highlight your achievements, skills, experience, and education that make you an asset to the company. Market Research: Provide data to support your request. Include the market rate for your job, your ...