Step by step through your PhD

Here you will find all the important information on how to make it through your doctorate step by step.

Step 1: Finding a Supervisor

If you want to pursue a doctorate at the faculty of Engineering, you initially need to find a supervisor. The first step is therefore to contact one of the professors in the field where you intend to pursue your doctoral degree, in order to find out whether they are interested in your proposal and whether they may be available to provide supervision.

Step 2: Application for Acceptance as a Doctoral Student

Once you have received a confirmation of supervision for your thesis project, you and your supervisor need to conclude a doctoral supervision agreement .  Before beginning to work on your dissertation, you should apply for acceptance as a doctoral candidate at the Faculty of Engineering as soon as possible in order to secure your legal status as a doctoral candidate.

The application for admission as a doctoral candidate has to be initially done via the online system Docata . Please note that you need to first activate your UniAccount for Docata.

For any further information regarding the activation of your UniAccount, please refer to this Wiki page. Once your UniAccount is activated, you may log into Docata with it.

After completing your online application for admission as a doctoral student in Docata, you need to print it, sign it, and submit it to the doctoral examination committee of your faculty, together with all other required documents. It is necessary that you submit your application on time, as it must be ensured whether you fulfil the general entry requirements according to the doctoral degree regulations.

After receiving acceptance by the faculty, you must register/ matriculate as a doctoral student by submitting the certificate of acceptance from the Faculty of Engineering and the application form for registration/ matriculation at the Student Registration Office (German Doctoral Candidates) or at the International Admissions and Services (IAS) (international doctoral candidates).

Step 3: Compulsory Enrollment or Registration at the University of Freiburg

Since March 30 2018, doctoral candidates must enroll or register after being accepted as a doctoral candidate by the faculty, according to § 38 Abs. 5 of the Landeshochschulgesetz (LHG). The Service Center Studium is in charge of this. You may find further information here .

Step 4: A Monograph or a Cumulative Thesis?

The dissertation is usually to be written as a monograph. Upon application, the Doctoral Committee may also authorize the submission of several related scientific papers by the doctoral student as a cumulative dissertation.

The application for writing a cumulative dissertation must be submitted before the dissertation is submitted.

The prerequisites for a cumulative dissertation are regulated in § 8 (3) of PromO 2016. In particular, it requires that the papers that form a cumulative dissertation must have originated from a common scientific question and have been published in peer-reviewed, internationally recognized journals or have been accepted for publication. In the case of computer science, the papers must have been published in conference volumes of internationally recognized conferences or have been accepted for publication.

The doctoral committee currently examines if one meets the conditions to write a cumulative dissertation as follows:

Microsystem Technology: if at least three of the papers are published in a journal of this list , the condition is fulfilled.

Inatech / SSE: If at least three of the papers have appeared in a journal of this list , the condition is fulfilled.

Computer science: if at least three of the papers have been published in a conference or journal of category A / A * according to the CORE'18 ranking , the condition is fulfilled.

In all other cases, a closer examination will be made and, if necessary, a statement of opinion from the supervisor will be obtained. The doctoral committee reserves the right to decide differently in individual cases.

We emphasize that the § 8 Abs. 3 of PromO 2016 and the above mentioned procedure only check the minimum standards. The actual quality control of the work is done during the assessment and the defense.

Step 5: Application to Initiate the Doctoral Examination Procedure

As soon as you have finished the thesis, you may submit an application to initiate the doctoral examination procedure in accordance with § 7 of the doctoral degree regulations of the Faculty of Engineering. Please address your application to the PhD-board of the Faculty of Engineering and submit 4 bound hard copies of your thesis and a digital version (in PDF format) together with the documents mentioned on the application form to Ms. Baghi. The PDF file can easily be sent via email as an attachment or a download link.

The corresponding forms can be found in the download section of the website. The dates of the doctoral committee meetings can be found under Dates.

Step 6: Plan of Procedure

You should however submit a proposal of the composition of the examination committee. This proposal should be coordinated beforehand with the prospective members, and ideally by your supervisor.

If the proposal comprises external members (not members of the Faculty of Engineering), your supervisor will be asked to defend the proposal at the Ph.D. committee meeting or to submit a convincing statement in written form. Otherwise, the PhD committee may not be able to take a decision.

 The Ph.D. committee examines the proposals and retains the right to define a more suitable examination committee due to professional and regulatory reasons.

Please note:

Step 7: Thesis Defense

In the defense (oral examination), which can be held in both German or English, the doctoral candidate defends his / her thesis in the presence of the examination committee; he / she should prove his / her scientific qualification. The defense has a duration of approximately 90 minutes; It begins with a 20-minute report from the doctoral student about the thesis (§10 PromO).

The defense is open to members (students and faculty members) of the University. The examination committee will receive the invitation to the defense session, approximately 14 days before the defense.

Immediately following the defence, the doctoral candidate will be informed of the overall grade of his/ her PhD.

Step 8: Publication of the Doctoral Thesis

You are required to publish your thesis within one year after the defense. (§ 13 PromO). After the thesis has been published, the doctoral student will receive two certified copies of the doctoral degree certificate. The originals will be presented at the award ceremony in early January and July.

Please note that the seal of the university may be used on the title page as well- to see a sample title page, please also refer to the website of the university central administration .

The names of the dean and the reviewers, as well as the date of the oral examination as the day of the doctorate are to be indicated on the backside of the title page of the thesis.

Information on the electronic publication can be found on the website of FreiDok Plus of the Universities Library.

kumulative dissertation wiki

Nachrichten aus der Zweigbibliothek Medizin

Dissertation – zeitschriftenpublikation.

Veröffentlichung der Dissertation als Zeitschriftenpublikation

Die Promotionsordnung (vom 17.01.2017, zuletzt geändert am 25.09.2018) erlaubt, dass auf Antrag an die Stelle der Dissertation eine bereits veröffentlichte Arbeit treten kann, wenn der Doktorand/die Doktorandin deren Erstautor/Erstautorin ist. In der neuen Promotionsordnung wird eine geteilte Erstautorenschaft möglich sein! Diese ist keine kumulative Dissertation .

In diesem Fall muss die Arbeit in einer begutachteten und in Web of Science/PubMed gelisteteten Zeitschrift erschienen sein. Über die Annahme dieses Antrags entscheidet nach der Eröffnung des Verfahrens der Promotionsausschuss. Dieser Zeitschriftenpublikation wird eine Zusammenfassung in dt. Sprache, ein Titelblatt mit Promotionsdaten, Lebenslauf und Titel/Verfasserangaben auf der Außenseite hinzugefügt und zusammengebunden.

Zur Abgabe heißt es in §13(1): Vier Exemplare der Dissertation sind – auf Papier ausgedruckt – an die Medizinische Fakultät abzuliefern sowie eine der folgenden Optionen zu erfüllen: a) … b) den Nachweis der Veröffentlichung in einer Zeitschrift c) …

Diese vier Exemplare gehen an die Universitätsbibliothek , die 1 Exemplar einstellt, ein Exemplar an die Zweigbibliothek Medizin und 2 Exemplare nach Leipzig (die Pflichtexemplarsammelstelle der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek) schickt. Damit wird ihr Dokument dauerhaft archiviert. Die Abgabe der Exemplare erfolgt in der Hochschulschriftenstelle der ULB (Tel: 0251/83-24049, E-Mail:  [email protected] ).

Adressen: http://campus.uni-muenster.de/fakultaet/fakultaet/dekanat/promotionen.html

Weiter Infos: Publizieren an der WWU

Business And Science

Kumulative Dissertation

Definition | kumulative dissertation.

Die kumulative Dissertation (auch Publikationsdissertation oder Sammeldissertation genannt) basiert auf  mehreren Publikationen  in Fachzeitschriften, die zu einer Dissertationsschrift zusammengefasst werden. Bei der üblichen  Doktorarbeit  handelt es sich  nur um einen einzelnen Text .

In der DACH-Region gibt es keine einheitlichen Ausschlusskriterien für die Qualität der Veröffentlichungen, die eingereicht werden. Generell werden 2 Ansätze verfolgt:

Beliebte Fachbereiche für kumulative Dissertation

Wie oft werden kumulative dissertationen verfasst.

Nur 22% aller Promovierenden haben sich 2014/2015 für eine kumulative Dissertation entschieden. Davon waren 44% aus dem Bereich der Naturwissenschaften.

Vorteile kumulative Dissertation

Nachteile kumulative dissertation, aufbau einer kumulativen dissertation.

Der Aufbau einer kumulativen Dissertation unterscheidet sich nicht allzu stark von einer Doktorarbeit als  Monografie . Beide Dissertationsschriften beinhalten eine  Zusammenfassung ,  Abstract ,  Einleitung ,  Problemstellung   und Zielsetzung  und Diskussion .

Im Gegensatz zur Monographie verfügt die kumulative Dissertation über eine  Synopsis  (kumulativer Teil der Dissertation), in der alle Veröffentlichungen in den Journals zusammengefasst und in eine logische Reihenfolge gebracht werden (roter Faden).

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Theses-publisher-policies / policies.md.

Publishers theses policies

General terms for re-use | Glossary | Publisher polices

General terms for re-use

Allgemeine Hinweise zur weiteren Verwendung

Einige Begriffe

Publisher policies

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Re-use permitted for....

Re-use before official publication by publisher

Permitted for preprint

Special requirements

Include fixed statement: "This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in [Science Journal Title] on [Volume number and date], DOI: [insert DOI number]."

American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

Include copyright notice on initial page of the article

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

Permitted but should be disclosed upon submission

Include fixed statement: "This material may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be found at [URL/link of abstract in the ASCE Library or Civil Engineering Database]."

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)

Include fixed statement: "© {Owner/Author | ACM} {Year}. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in {Source Publication}, http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/{number} ."

American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Geophysical Union (AGU)

American Institute of Physics (AIP)

American Mathematical Society (AMS)

American Psychological Association (APA)

American Physical Society (APS)

Generally permitted; obtain permission to use any APS prepared version

Include APS copyright credit line ("© [YEAR] American Physical Society")

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Include fixed statement "This research was originally published in Journal Name. Author(s). Title. Journal Name. Year; Vol:pp-pp. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology."

American Society of mechanical engineers (ASME)

Author must obtain publisher's permission

Cambridge (Books)

Cambridge (Journals)

General journal policy (cf. list for journals with different, more permissive policy):

Usually permitted, but author must obtain publisher‘s permission directly

Repository Policy

EDP Sciences

Include fixed statement "The original publication is available at www…."

Edward Elgar

Include fixed statement "This is a draft chapter / article. The final version is available in [insert book title] edited by [insert editor(s) or author(s)], published in 20xx by Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. The material cannot be used for any other purpose without further permission of the publisher, and is for private use only."

Generally permitted, some journals have deviating rules → check policy for each journal

International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE)

Include fixed statement: "This article first appeared in (journal name), Vol. XX, No. X, pages XXX-XXX, year, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5547/(insert remainder of DOI here) - Reproduced by permission of the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE)."

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Permitted for Accepted manuscript

Include fixed statement: "© [year of original publication] IEEE. Reprinted, with permission, from [author names, paper title, IEEE publication title, and month/year of publication]"


IOP (Institute of Physics)

IWA Publishing

Generally permitted, publisher should be contacted in advance

Nature Publishing Group (NPG)

⚠️ Please note: Since the merger in 2015, Springer and Nature are part of the Springer Nature Group (further imprints e.g. BioMed Central, Palgrave Macmillan). Journal policies are not yet fully aligned, which results in different restrictions/requirements for authors' re-use rights. Please check whether your article was published in a Springer OR Nature branded journal (see entry for Springer ).

Authors must properly cite the published article in their thesis according to current citation standards: Material from: 'AUTHOR, TITLE, JOURNAL TITLE, published [YEAR], [publisher - as it appears on our copyright page]'

Optica Publishing Group (Optical Society of America, OSA)

Last checked: 27.01.2022

Policy unknown → please contact the responsible editor

Include fixed statement

Oxford University Press (Books)

Oxford University Press (Journals)

Generally permitted, managing editor should be informed

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS)

Include fixed statement: "This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in [BOOK TITLE] on [date of publication], available online: http://www.routledge.com/[BOOK ISBN URL] or " http://www.crcpress.com/[BOOK ISBN URL]”

Royal Society

Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

Include fixed statement – either standard or non-standard acknowledgement :

SAGE Publications

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM)

Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG)

Society of Photo‑Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

⚠️ Please note: Since the merger in 2015, Springer and Nature are part of the Springer Nature Group (further imprints e.g. BioMed Central, Palgrave Macmillan). Journal policies are not yet fully aligned, which results in different restrictions/requirements for authors' re-use rights. Please check whether your article was published in a Springer OR Nature branded journal (see entry for Nature ).

Taylor & Francis

Policy unknown

Include fixed statement "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Thieme in Journal Title on Publication Date, available online at https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/article-DOI "

Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (incl. Böhlau, V&R unipress)

Policy unknown → please contact the managing editor

Policy ambiguous, recommended to contact managing editor

World Scientific

Permitted (include statement)


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