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Research for the people .
The NIH invests most of its $45 billion budget 1 in medical research for the American people.
Over 84 percent 2 of NIH’s funding is awarded for extramural research , largely through almost 50,000 competitive grants to more than 300,000 researchers at more than 2,500 universities, medical schools, and other research institutions in every state.
In addition, over 10 percent 2 of the NIH's budget supports projects conducted by nearly 6,000 scientists in its own laboratories , most of which are on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland . The remaining 6 percent 2 covers research support, administrative, and facility construction, maintenance, or operational costs.
Justifications, Testimonies, and Appropriations
- Budget Requests — congressional justifications
- Congressional Testimony — budget requests & testimony by the NIH Director
- History of NIH Appropriations — from 1938
Funding for Diseases, Conditions, Research Areas
- Funding levels for diseases , conditions, and research areas, based on actual grants, contracts, research conducted at NIH, and other mechanisms of support.
- Funded Organization — universities and research organizations around the nation receiving research grants and contracts
- Budget and Spending — funding for grants and contracts
- Success Rates — annual percentage of research grant applications that are funded
- RePORTER — a searchable database of NIH-funded research projects
1 Based on historical distribution of actual FY 2021 obligations across extramural and intramural mechanisms that comprise the annual NIH budget.
2 Reflects the Enacted FY 2022 program level totaling $45.178 billion as displayed in the June 2022 operating plan which includes: $43.727 billion in discretionary budget authority received from direct appropriations and 21 st Century Cures Act allocations; $1.309 billion of PE financing authority; and $141.5 million in mandatory authority for Special type 1 Diabetes research. Amount does not include unobligated balances related to emergency pandemic supplemental appropriations enacted prior to FY 2022.
This page last reviewed on August 18, 2022
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Medical Research Funding and Regulation
Federal investment in medical research and the biomedical research workforce is a national priority and the beginning of hope for patients suffering from serious illnesses like cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, and Parkinson’s disease.
Medical schools and teaching hospitals conduct nearly 55% of all extramural research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). These institutions also partner with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to conduct veteran-focused research, and with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) to bring that all this research to patients and their communities.
The AAMC is committed to securing sustained, predictable growth in funding for biomedical research and to ensuring that all research is conducted in accordance with the highest ethical and scientific standards and meets all applicable regulations, while also working to those regulations do not stifle scientific discovery.
Our Research Issues
We work to ensure that our members' perspectives are incorporated into federal legislation and regulation on issues such as implementation & dissemination research, health care delivery research, community & population research, and more.
The Benefits of Medical Research
The value of nih-funded research at medical schools and teaching hospitals.
Download the infographic illustrating how NIH-funded research leads to better health and economic growth.
Understanding the Real Costs of Research
The ins and outs of funding life-saving medical research explained in less than 6 minutes.
Costs of Research
Download an infographic describing what Facilities and Administrative costs cover, and what they don’t.
Ad hoc group for medical research.
The Ad Hoc Group, convened by the AAMC, is a collation of more than 300 organizations that support enhancing the federal investment in biomedical research conducted and funded by the NIH.
Friends of VA Medical Care and Health Research
FOVA was founded over 30 years ago to ensure that America's veterans receive high-quality health care. Today, FOVA is a diverse coalition representing national academic, medical, and scientific societies; voluntary health and patient advocacy groups; and veteran-focused associations.
Understand the Issues & the Policies
Find out why sustained federal investment in medical resarch is crucial to improving health and health care.
- Provide Strong Funding Increase for NIH in FY 2020
Data & Reports
Resources on topics related to medical research funding and regulation.
- National MD-PhD Programs Outcomes Study
- Economic Impact of AAMC Medical Schools and Teaching Hospitals
- Academic Medicine Investment in Medical Research
Advocacy-Related News & Insights
Learn more about the AAMC, AAU, and APLU statement on HHS limits on fetal tissue research.
- June 5, 2019
The AAMC signed a public health community letter to House and Senate Appropriations Committee leadership advocating for $76 million in funding
- March 15, 2019
A commentary by an international group of leading scientists and ethicists calls for a “global moratorium on all clinical uses of human germline editing."
AAMC President and CEO Darrell G. Kirch, MD, issued the following statement in response to President Trump’s FY 2020 budget request.
- March 11, 2019
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- About Grants
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Types of Grant Programs
A comprehensive list of extramural grant and cooperative agreement activity codes is available, or you can search for specific codes below:
The following groupings represent the main types of grant funding we provide:
- Research Grants (R series)
- Career Development Awards (K series)
- Research Training and Fellowships (T series & F series)
Program Project/Center Grants (P series)
- Resource Grants (various series)
- Inactive Programs (Archive)
The following represent frequently used research grant programs. A comprehensive list of all activity codes is also available.
Important note: NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs) may vary in the way they use activity codes; not all ICs accept applications for all types of grant programs or they apply specialized eligibility criteria. Look closely at funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) to determine which ICs participate and the specifics of eligibility.
The following represents the most frequently used programs. A comprehensive list of all activity codes is also available. Program project/center grants are large, multi-project efforts that generally include a diverse array of research activities. NIH Institutes and Centers issue funding opportunity announcements to indicate their interest in funding this type of program. Centers (ICs) may vary in the way they use activity codes. Look closely at funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) to determine which ICs participate and the specifics of eligibility.
The following represent some of the more frequently used types of grant programs that provide research-related support or access to resources. This list is by no means exhaustive. A comprehensive list of all activity codes is also available.
NIH supports a variety of broad-reaching programs that are trans-NIH in nature.
This page last updated on: December 14, 2022
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- NIH... Turning Discovery Into Health
Did you know that NIH is the largest public funder of biomedical research in the world, investing more than $32 billion a year to enhance life, and reduce illness and disability? NIH funded research has led to breakthroughs and new treatments, helping people live longer, healthier lives, and building the research foundation that drives discovery.
The NIH invests most of its $45 billion budget 1 in medical research for the American people. Over 84 percent 2 of NIH’s funding is awarded for extramural research , largely through almost 50,000 competitive grants to more than 300,000 researchers at more than 2,500 universities, medical schools, and other research institutions in every state.
Training & Education Funding AHRQ provides an array of intramural and extramural predoctoral and postdoctoral educational and career development grants and opportunities in health services research. Grant Application, Review & Award Process Grant application process guidance and application basics Grant Application Basics Application Forms
Medical Research Funding and Regulation Federal investment in medical research and the biomedical research workforce is a national priority and the beginning of hope for patients suffering from serious illnesses like cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, and Parkinson’s disease.