Essay about The Downfall of Oedipus

Theme of myrrha and cinyras.

When the priest says, “You came to Thebes, you freed us from the tax we paid with our lives to that rasping Singer...we need now the great power men everywhere know you possess. Find some way to protect us”(41-50), it exhibits how great of a leader and hero he was to the city. The deeper he searched for the man to end this plague, however, the more horrid it got. The more information he received, he began to connect the pieces from his past. Not only did he figure out the man he killed on the path was king Laios, but it was his biological father. His fear of the prophecy that the oracle told him was becoming true. play gets even more tragic as he realizes that the queen he had four children with was his mother, who kill herself before he finds the truth. Oedipus gauged his eyes outs after seeing her dead body. Oedipus was blinded from the truth his entire life. When he finally learned the truth about himself, it blinds him.

Oedipus The King As A Tragic Hero Essay

Considered one of the greatest dramas of all time, Sophocles’ play Oedipus the King follows the tragic life of Oedipus, king of Thebes. Considered a Satyr play, the Oedipus trilogy is perhaps the most famous of Sophocles’ plays. Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy that was first performed somewhere around 429 BC in Athens, Greece. Originally, the Greeks referred to the play as simply “Oedipus,” as that was what Aristotle referred to it as in the Poetics. Perhaps what makes this play so memorable, is Sophocles’ uses of the tragic hero as the main theme. Sophocles uses characterization and conflict to portray Oedipus as an Aristotelian tragic hero.

The Virtue And Death In Oedipus The King

In Oedipus The King by Sophocles, Oedipus, the great king of Thebes, suffers a reversal of fortune when he attempts to change his fate. Oedipus is prophesied to kill his father and to marry his mother so he leaves Corinth to come to Thebes so this prophecy does not come true. As Thebes is being countered by a plague, Oedipus is trying everything he can to help the citizens. Throughout the play, Oedipus seeks knowledge about the plague later leading to his downfall. Oedipus is seen as a hero to his city due to his contributions, but he soon has a tragic ending when he seeks for knowledge.

Oedipus' Downfall Essay example

Prompt: In a well-developed essay, consider whether hubris, fate or both are the use of Oedipus’ downfall. Use evidence from the text to support your support.

Oedipus the King: A Hero Essay

     From before Oedipus was born, he was doomed to kill his father and marry his mother, a very cursed fate. Throughout his life, the readers learn that Oedipus tries his hardest to avoid this dreadful proclamation; however, the gods were against him before he was even in his mother's womb, so Oedipus and the readers quickly learn that there would be no way for him to avoid

Theme Of Ignorance In Oedipus The King

Initially, Oedipus remains in a state of ignorance throughout the establishment of the tragedy by virtue of his strong characteristics that include pride, ego, and obliviousness. In the drama, Oedipus speaks about what would happen if the killer was a royal member of Thebes. The play reads, “If by any chance / he proves to be an inmate of our house, / here at my hearth, with my full knowledge, / may the curse i just called down strike me” (284-287). Oedipus placed a cure throughout the distinguished city of Thebes in hopes to lead it back to its once former glory. This shows his ignorance in view of the fact that he is the one who killed the former King Laius, which means Oedipus cursed himself. His ego of trying to be the savior once again put Oedipus in a terrible position for the continuation of his life. Furthermore, Oedipus sent for a prophet to help discover who the mysterious

Oedipus the King: A Victim of Fate Essay

Oedipus the King would not have been successful throughout centuries as a tragic play, if Oedipus were clearly responsible for his own tragedy. The play's ongoing success was do to Oedipus' innocence which immediately makes one think he can not be fully responsible and to blame. I do not believe Sophocles would have wrote the story, or I do not think people would have ever read it or studied it had it simply been a story of a criminal's retribution. Sophocles himself believed Oedipus to be the innocent victim of an ironic tragedy, and built the play around this belief. This story was destined to happen and I believe the author would agree. The story revolves around destiny, the resistance of people to it and the ultimate ending of destiny

Oedipus the King, a Tragic Hero Essay

Sophocles's Oedipus Rex is probably the most famous tragedy ever written. Sophocles's tragedy represents a monumental theatrical and interpretative challenge. Oedipus Rex is the story of a King of Thebes upon whom a hereditary curse is placed and who therefore has to suffer the tragic consequences of fate (tragic flaws or hamartia). In the play, Oedipus is the tragic hero. Even though fate victimizes Oedipus, he is a tragic figure since his own heroic qualities, his loyalty to Thebes, and his fidelity to the truth ruin him.

Essay The Tragic Fall Of Oedipus in Oedipus the King

The tragic fall of Oedipus in Sophocles play “Oedipus Rex” is both self-inflicted and result of events drawn from his own destiny. First off early on in Oedipus’ life his first deadly mistake towards succeeding his self-inflicted downfall was the murder of his father the former king. In a blind rage without any motive, he kills Liaus and his men at a rode crossing. Fate may have had led him to that point but it was his own rage that resulted in his biggest mistake. Further evidence of his self-inflicted downfall Oedipus’ was at the hands of his own ignorance. This ignorance combined with his stubborn, determined attitude does not allow him foresight. This foresight would have led

Essay about Oedipus: A Tragic Hero

Oedipus Rex, or Oedipus the King is Sophocles’s first play of “The Theban Cycle.” It tells the story of a king that tries to escape his fate, but by doing so he only brings about his downfall. Oedipus is a classic example of the Aristotelian definition of a tragic hero. Aristotle defines a tragic hero as a basically good and noble person who causes his own downfall due to a flaw in his character.

Essay on Oedipus the King: A Tragic Hero

     The heart of the story unravels when Oedipus apparently begins to suffer a reversal of fortunes. At the beginning of the play, Oedipus is referred to by the priest as the “king of the land, [the city of Thebes’] greatest power” (16). Through all of Thebes he is thought of as a hero, a man who saved the city from the Sphinx and in his bravery has promised to find the killer of King Laius in order to save the city from doom and death. However, at the climax of the story Oedipus learns that he has been “cursed in [his] birth, cursed in marriage / and cursed in

Essay on Blindness and Sight - Lack of Vision in Oedipus The King

During his flight, he Oedipus kills a caravan of presumed low-class travelers. Oedipus comes into Thebes a stranger and hero who solved the riddle of the sphinx. Believing that he is blessed with great luck, Oedipus marries the recently widowed Iokaste and becomes King of Thebes. After many years, a plague vexes the city and Kreon, brother of Iokaste, comes to Oedipus with news from the oracle. He states that the plague will be lifted when the murder of Laios is avenged. Oedipus claims that he sees and understands the terrible fate of Thebes and vows to find the murderer. Since the criminal is said to still be in Thebes, Oedipus believes that a man of his intelligence should have no difficulty in finding the perpetrator. When Oedipus is confronted by Teiresias with truth, perhaps it is Oedipus’ own hubris, which blinds him to the unthinkable truth.

Sophocles ' Oedipus The Most Brilliant And Creative Writers Of His Time

Oedipus was informed by an oracle that he would be the one to murder his father and marry his mother. It is important to know that Oedipus is a descendant of the first King of Thebes and because of this several of his relatives have met tragic deaths by taking unwarranted actions into their own hands. Before Oedipus was born his father Laius was told by the same oracle not to have any children by his wife Jocasta which he did anyway. This was not a situation that originated with Oedipus; it seems that this type of fate is destined to be intertwined in this family’s bloodline.

Analysis of Oedipus Rex Essay

Oedipus did not have a fair start in life. His father, Laius, heard prophecy that Oedipus would one day kill his father and sleep with his mother. In order to prevent this, Laius gave Oedipus to a shepherd to be killed. Fortunately, through a string of events, Oedipus's life was saved, and he even went on to become the honored king of Thebes. Despite this feat, Oedipus still managed to make several decisions that ultimately fulfilled the original prophecy told to Laius, and inevitably sealed Oedipus?s fate.

The Tragic Ending Of King Oedipus

Throughout the play Oedipus is driven by many factors to find the killer of King Laius, and while on that mission, he inquires much about his past and himself. One of his main strives is to find out his true identity. The city of Thebes is struck by a plague due to the death of King Laius. The Oracle of Delphi states that in order to rid of the plague, Oedipus has to commit himself to finding the murderer of the dead King Laius. Oedipus shows allegiance by going on a

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The Downfall Of The Hero In Oedipus Rex By Sophocles [Essay]

In literature, it is very common that the hero faces victory or defeat. In Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, Oedipus experiences defeat due to a tragic flaw and not his fate. The fate he was worried he would fulfill, being the murderer of his father and husband of his mother. The prophecy ended up being fulfilled either way but that was not the reason for his downfall. His downfall was due to the pride and self-confidence he had. His pride was what made him blind to see the truth and reality he was living in causing him to end up blind and exiled from the place he was born.

Oedipus’ downfall arises from the moment he decided he would leave the city, Corinth, were where he grew up with his adoptive parents. Not knowing, that when he chose to leave and go against the gods to prove that he would not live the life he was doomed for. He would walk directly into his downfall. His pride and arrogance led him straight to where he would not knowingly, murder his father. He later realized what he had done when he has to uncover the truth of who he is. He declares that he is the killer when he confesses to his wife and tells her, “Watching as I was passing, from the car with his goad’s fork smote me upon the head. He paid, though! duly say not; but in brief, smitten by the staff in his right hand of mine, out of the middle of the carriage straight he rolls down headlong; and I slay them all”(Sophocles pg.29). It was the fate that Apollo had set for him but because of his pride, he satisfied the prophecy that could’ve been avoided if only he had stayed in Corinth. But to expose this truth he had to save the city, Thebes, from a plague that was created by the murderer of Laius.

oedipus downfall essay

His downfall continues when his pride led him to go against Creon and believing that both Creon and the prophet were plotting against him. He accused Creon of telling the prophet to accuse him of being the murderer of his father, he believed that Creon wanted to become king. “Is it not folly, this attempt of yours, without a following, without friends, to hunt after a throne, a thing which is achieved by the aid of followers and much revenue” (Sophocles pg.20). Because of his pride, Oedipus fails to see that a man, whom the people of Thebes consider to be trustworthy, is innocent and is telling nothing but the truth. Still, he refused to believe him and wanted him dead for suspicion that he would take his place. His pride went as far as to believe it was not only Creon that wanted him gone. When he blamed the senator for wanting him gone as well, “Now, understand it well; seek this, you seek my death or exile!” (Sophocles pg.24). Because of Oedipus’ pride, he was not capable to trust and understand that the people wanted to reveal the truth and save their city from the plague. He proceeded to be prideful and demanded his questions to be answered. Not knowing that what he was looking for was not at all what he desired to discover, for this would further add to his downfall.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Did Oedipus' Pride Lead to His Downfall?

Oedipus’ pride led to his downfall because he refused to listen to anyone else’s advice or warnings, even from the gods, and instead relied on his own judgement and decisions. His pride prevented him from accepting the truth about his past and resulted in his exile from Thebes and his own personal suffering. In his attempt to protect himself and his city, Oedipus ultimately failed and brought about his own destruction.

Who is Responsible for Oedipus' Downfall?

Oedipus is ultimately responsible for his own downfall. He was warned by the Oracle of Delphi that he would kill his father and marry his mother, but instead of avoiding the prophecy, he took matters into his own hands and tried to outrun his fate. He ended up unknowingly fulfilling the prophecy, which ultimately led to his downfall.

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In Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles, the play shows an intertwined interaction of man free will coexisting with fate which at the time Greeks at the time believed guided everything and everyone else in a balanced purpose. Women and men were free to make and decided their own decisions and at the end was ultimately held accountable for their own actions. The concepts of both fate and free will played an important part in Oedipus’ destruction. Even though he was...

Perpetuated misunderstandings of Oedipus Rex defines its importance and durability, specifically explicit in the interpretation by Sigmund Freud in his psychoanalytic book Interpretations of Dreams. The transition of authority from playwright to reader encourages projection and imposing of views and values onto the play and ultimately results in a poor analysis and understanding. These projections are derived from reader context and perspective, and thus this frequent re-evaluation of the importance and legacy of Oedipus Rex through continued analysis via different...

Annotated Bibliography Hull, Robert. ‘Hamartia and Heroic Nobility in Oedipus Rex.’ Philosophy and Literature, vol. 17 no. 2, 1993, pp. 286-294. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/phl.1993.0047 The article is written by Robert Hull, and he argues that one’s consequences are already displaced by their character flaws at the beginning of the story, as opposed to those who believe that Oedipus will cause his consequences by his own actions. This article begins with a discussion about how readers are taught to think about...

Argumentative Essay A butterfly flaps its wings in Chicago and a tornado occurs in Tokyo. The butterfly effect, the theory is an idea that a small change can make much bigger changes happen, that one small incident can have a big impact someday. In Greek literature, a greater part of the writing has elements of the butterfly effect theory throughout the stories. But in the realistic world, scientists do not believe anything that is not factual, provable, or visible to...

Effects of the past have come and affected people’s present as well as their future. In Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, the reader sees how no matter how hard Oedipus himself tried to escape his past, it only caught up him sooner or later. Oedipus was sentenced with a prophecy at birth, due to this prophecy his past catches gig to him throughout time. The prophecy was that Oedipus will kill his father, the king, and marry his mother, the queen. Both...

Oedipus Rex is the first of the set of three about the life of Oedipus and his kids, composed by Sophocles. It recounts the lamentable story of a child who was deserted in a field with the assent of his folks so as to get away from the shocking prediction about him murdering his very own dad and wedding his very own mom. Be that as it may, the hireling who should leave the youngster in the field carried him...

In Oedipus Rex, the subject of visual impairment and vision alludes to the information and knowledge or the absence of it that the characters endure. Destiny is another solid topic. In endeavoring to get away from his destiny, Oedipus just turns out to be all the more profoundly weaved with it – he is oblivious in regards to and bound by his own destiny. Conversely, the storyteller in Truth Unwanted Feels ready to dismiss the limitations of destiny, since he...

I liked the play and the themes in Oedipus. The best part of the book is to see how Oedipus develops as a character. The progression as a character from who he was at the beginning to the end shows all factors of a dramatic character that most books need and love. He shows pride, faith, and intelligence in himself. When he finally sees everything, he has done at the end also shows that he finally got some sense and...

Sophocies’ Oedipus is believed to be a tragic hero, in the past times of theatre. Oedipus’ odd destiny primes him for a catastrophic collapse that gives each reader and listener a feeling that affects them emotionally. Aristotle believes that Oedipus’ upsetting story meets the necessities as a heartbreaking protagonist through his competence to reserve his quality and insight, in spite of his faults and difficulty. Aristotle’s interpretation of a sad hero will not depict the absence of morals or even...

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oedipus downfall essay

Downfall In Oedipus The King

In life there are goals that people strive for, things they try to accomplish. However, at times there are obstacles that people cannot foresee. There are certain things in an individual’s life that is out of their control and will stop them from achieving their goal. In Sophocles play, Oedipus the king factors contributing to the protagonists ultimate demise are those of the Oracle, The first Shepherd and Oedipus himself. The Oracle is to blame for Oedipus’s demise as it contributes 50% to his downfall. For example Creon returns to Thebes from his journey to Delphi with the answer from the Oracle stating to Oedipus “He was murdered; and Apollo commands us to take revenge upon whoever killed him” (Sophocles, Prologue, 110). Oedipus is forced …show more content…

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With the shepherd being the only witness at Laios’s murder Creon emphasizes this quote as “He said that a band of highwaymen attacked them, and overwhelmed the king” (Sophocles, Parados, 123). This quote shows that the shepherd was the only witness at the scene of the murder he should have told the truth that Oedipus was the one who killed Laios instead he lied and said Laius was killed by thieves. In fact the shepherd does not do as he was told. He tells Oedipus that “I pitied the baby, my king, and I thought that this would take him far away to his own country” (Sophocles, Scene 4, 67). Here we see that letting Oedipus live was not the best course of action to take. Oedipus brought about pain and suffering to himself, and those around him, if the shepherd had done as he was told the prophecy would have never been fulfilled. As a result of knowing the truth the shepherd leaves Thebes, Oedipus asks if the Shepherd is in Thebes and Jocasta say’s “No; for when he came back at last and found you enthroned in the place of the dead king, he came to me, touched my hand with his and begged that I would send him away to the frontier district where only the shepherds go as far away from the city as I could send him” (Sophocles, Scene 2, 230). From this we can understand that the shepherd leaves Thebes because he knows that if he stays he would have been bothered and forced to tell the truth. He might have …show more content…

As a result of finding out that his parents are not his real parents he seeks the answer from the Oracle. Oedipus says, “I heard all this, and fled. And from that day Corinth to me was only in the stars Descending in that quarter of the sky, as I wandered farther and farther on my way To a land where I should never see the evil sung by the oracle” (Sophocles, Ode 2, 267). Oedipus’s decision to flee Corinth and his actions through his journey led him towards his fate. Oedipus could have talked to his parents about the issue before leaving Corinth. Furthermore Oedipus’s action at Phocis is also to blame as he fulfills the first part of the prophecy which is you will kill your father. Oedipus says, “He was paid back, more and more! Swinging my club in this right hand I knocked him out of his car, and he rolled on the ground. I killed him.” (Sophocles, Ode 2, 276). Oedipus could have moved out of Laios’s way and taken the next root instead he let his pride and anger cloud his judgment and kills his father Laius. This decision leads him straight to Thebes, where he becomes king and marries his mother and fulfills the second part to the prophecy. Nevertheless, his constant search for the truth is also to blame for his downfall. Oedipus says “I will not listen; the truth must be made known” (Sophocles, Scene 3, 145). Oedipus obsession with finding the truth despite being begged by Jocasta to

Oedipus' Downfall 4 Pages 1038 Words

             Sophocles's play, Oedipus Rex is possibly one of the greatest tragedies ever written. It is the story of the downfall of a man. When the play begins, Oedipus is an honored king, respected and admired by his people. By the end of the story the name of Oedipus is a curse. This is due to his hubris: the deadly mixture of rage and pride that, unfortunately, Oedipus has. The Greeks believed that this sin was the most grievous because people with such pride thought that they were above the gods. Oedipus is guilty of this sin. Being a proud man, Oedipus does not listen to anything and that pride will eventually lead Oedipus to his hamartia, which consequently leads to his downfall. It is through his personality and its effect on his reasoning and decisions that Oedipus' fate is carried out. In so many instances, Oedipus jumps to conclusions too easily and is guided by irrationality. The cause of Oedipus' downfall is his hamartia or mistake, which was caused by his pride and impulsiveness, his hubris.              When the play opens a plague is afflicting Thebes. Creon, the queen's brother, tells Oedipus that Apollo has commanded to take revenge upon whoever killed Laius and that will put an end to the plague. Thus, Oedipus begins a quest to find Laius's killer. He sends for Teiresias, a blind prophet to know the truth about Laius' murder. When talking to Tiresias, Oedipus loses his cool. Getting angry with Tiresias for not coming out with the truth, Oedipus says, "Thou hast not spoken so loyally, nor friendly toward the State that bred thee, cheating her of this response." (Sophocles, p.12) Here, the raging Oedipus implies that Tiresias is a phony. Again and again, Tiresias does not want to say what he knows because the truth will ruin Oedipus. Again, Oedipus loses his cool and says, " Worst of traitors! For you would rouse a very stone to wrath- will you not speak out ever, but stand thus relentless and persistent?" (So...

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