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- Ending the Essay: Conclusions
So much is at stake in writing a conclusion. This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker. And the impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that stays with your readers after they've finished the essay.
The end of an essay should therefore convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic, its larger meaning, its implications: the final paragraph should close the discussion without closing it off.
To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following:
- Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning.
- Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama.
- Conclude with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion.
To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following:
- Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective. A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you're writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point. For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in James Joyce's short story collection, Dubliners , with information about Joyce's own complex feelings towards Dublin, his home. Or you might end with a biographer's statement about Joyce's attitude toward Dublin, which could illuminate his characters' responses to the city. Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last word.
- Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes .
- Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument. For example, an essay on Marx's treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with Marx's claim that the "capitalist economy is . . . a gigantic enterprise of dehumanization "; the essay might end by suggesting that Marxist analysis is itself dehumanizing because it construes everything in economic -- rather than moral or ethical-- terms.
- Conclude by considering the implications of your argument (or analysis or discussion). What does your argument imply, or involve, or suggest? For example, an essay on the novel Ambiguous Adventure , by the Senegalese writer Cheikh Hamidou Kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist's development suggests Kane's belief in the need to integrate Western materialism and Sufi spirituality in modern Senegal. The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn't) possible.
Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay:
- Don't simply summarize your essay. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long--more than ten pages or so. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main ideas.
- Avoid phrases like "in conclusion," "to conclude," "in summary," and "to sum up." These phrases can be useful--even welcome--in oral presentations. But readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the pages, when an essay is about to end. You'll irritate your audience if you belabor the obvious.
- Resist the urge to apologize. If you've immersed yourself in your subject, you now know a good deal more about it than you can possibly include in a five- or ten- or 20-page essay. As a result, by the time you've finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you've produced. (And if you haven't immersed yourself in your subject, you may be feeling even more doubtful about your essay as you approach the conclusion.) Repress those doubts. Don't undercut your authority by saying things like, "this is just one approach to the subject; there may be other, better approaches. . ."
Copyright 1998, Pat Bellanca, for the Writing Center at Harvard University
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This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.
Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper:
In a general way,
- Restate your topic and why it is important,
- Restate your thesis/claim,
- Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,
- Call for action or overview future research possibilities.
Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished. Done. Complete. Don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(!) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message.
The preacher's maxim is one of the most effective formulas to follow for argument papers:
Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction).
Tell them (body).
Tell them what you told them (conclusion).
- 15 Great Essay Conclusion Examples
- 18 Outstanding Essay Conclusion Examples
What Is a Conclusion of an Essay: Outline and Purpose
How to write a conclusion paragraph.
- 18 Good Conclusion Paragraph Examples
Effective strategies to conclude an essay, bottom line.
One of the crucial parts of a writing piece is an essay conclusion. it is the last paragraph that creates the final impression from a paper. It is not enough just to summarize what was written in the body part. A writer must make the reader want to continue exploring the problem, share the author’s position, or finally get a clear understanding of an issue . It all depends on the essay type. Our essay writer team has come up with essay conclusion examples and useful tips to help students master the art of concluding an essay logically and effectively. Check them out!
Conclusion is the last paragraph of any academic writing, no matter whether it is a school five paragraph essay or college research paper. It is a compulsory structural part of an essay that gives a sense of closure. The purpose of writing a conclusion is to restate the main idea, summarize the key points discussed in the body of the paper showing how they support or prove your thesis, and draw a general conclusion .
What to write in a conclusion paragraph? A typical conclusion outline has three structural components:
- Restated thesis statement.
- Summary of the key points.
- General conclusion or ideas for broader implications of an issue.
Don’t know how to start essay conclusions? No worries! We have prepared useful tips to help you write a good conclusion for your essay. Follow these simple steps:
- Restate the thesis statement . Start your essay conclusion with reminding readers of the main idea of your paper. However, do not just copy-paste the sentence from the introduction paragraph . You should present the same claim but using different words.
- Summarize the main points . Proceed with analysis and summary the key ideas you have discussed in the body paragraphs. Show how these arguments support and prove your thesis statement.
- Sum up the whole essay . After analyzing the major ideas of the paper, draw up a general essay conclusion. If you do not know how to do it, try answering the So-what?-question. In case you write a conclusion for a research paper, you may be asked to identify the knowledge gap. Also, you may specify broader implications of the issue in the larger context for future research.
18 Good Conclusion Paragraph Examples
We have prepared essay conclusions for different types of papers. Check them out for better understanding of how to write a conclusion.
The purpose of argumentative paper is to take a stand on an issue. Check these argumentative essay conclusion examples to make your essay convincing.
The purpose of this essay type is to persuade the readers. Look through persuasive essay conclusion examples to understand how to write a conclusion that will help you win over the audience.
Critical thinking is required in this essay type. You should be able to analyze the whole piece of writing to create a strong final paragraph. Have a look at these analysis essay conclusion examples to get a general idea.
Wondering how to write a literary analysis ? Check out our guide.
These essays are easy to write. The purpose of the narrative essay conclusion is to sum up everything described and discussed in the essay.
Expository essays aim to describe or explain ideas, notions, phenomena, etc. to the reader. Such papers require research to support the ideas and be able to provide evidence. Check out a conclusion sample of an expository essay.
Are you assigned to write an exposition? Check our blog post to find out what is an expository essay and how to write it successfully.
Look at the English essay conclusion example below. It may refer to any type of paper.
There exist several most common approaches that allow to conclude an essay logically and reasonably. Here they are.
- So what? This is the most common strategy. It presupposes summing up the paper by giving an answer to a short question So-what?
- Giving a larger context. This strategy mainly applies to the research papers. The main idea is to mention the areas of the issue that need further investigation.
- Rhetorical question . It is a provocative and intriguing question that does not need an answer. It gives readers food for thought. However, such conclusions might be not very effective in academic papers.
Also, we would like to remind you that there are some details that should not be included in the conclusion paragraph. Avoid:
- Retelling what was written in the paper
- Presenting new ideas
- Introducing facts or arguments that contradict the info discussed in the essay
- Adding in-text citations
- Copy-pasting sentences from the intro or body paragraphs
- Using phrases like in conclusion, in summary, to sum up, etc.
Essay conclusion is an essential part of a paper. If you miss it or make it weak, your essay will be incomplete. Thus, try your best to conclude an essay with a strong and balanced final paragraph. It should resonate with the essay introduction and body paragraphs, summarize the whole paper, and be written using parallel sentence structures. Have a close look at conclusion sentence examples to ensure you are able to conclude an essay appropriately. If you have some questions or need help with your essay conclusion, you may ask for writing assistance. Experienced writers will help you write a logical and reasonable essay conclusion.
1. What are the components of a conclusion?
Essay conclusion usually has three main parts. They are: restated thesis statement, summary of the key points, and general conclusion. Make sure you include these parts in the final part to conclude an essay appropriately. Mind that just repeating the thesis and ideas will not work. Show your ability to analyze.
2. How to begin a conclusion?
In the last paragraph synthesize and summarize your paper. A reasonable conclusion starts with reminding readers the main idea of an essay. Make sure to paraphrase your thesis statement. Otherwise, it might seem you don’t really understand the point. Also, avoid starting the paragraph with such words as in conclusion, in summary, to conclude, to sum up, etc. It looks primitive and unprofessional.
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A topic sentence is an important part of your essay. Its basic function is to help you organize each paragraph by summing up its information in a brief manner to make it easier for readers to grab your point. Use topic sentence examples to write good topic sentences. Without them, your academic pape...
The essay introduction serves as a quick test of your text: if the first paragraph is well-written, the rest of the text may be superb. If you fail with making a good introduction, there’s no matter how exceptional your body and conclusion are because nobody will ever read it. Every essay writer onl...
How to Write a Good Conclusion (With Examples)
Do you always wonder how you will best conclude your essay?
To some students, this is by far the most challenging part of the essay. They find it even more difficult than choosing a great essay topic , stating a thesis, or even writing a good essay outline .
But don’t worry, we will guide you.
When writing a good conclusion paragraph, you are supposed to summarize the critical points in your essay.
Keep in mind that the conclusion of your essay is not only your academic paper’s final paragraph. It is not only meant for restating your key arguments and thesis.
It provides you with an opportunity to have a final impact on your audience.
Properly writing your good conclusion paragraph will create a lasting impression and end with a positive note. With this guide, we will show you how to write the perfect essay conclusions.
Additionally, we will provide you with tricks and tips to guide all types of students to create a lasting impression on their readers.
What is a Conclusion?
Before we can delve into how to write a good conclusion, let us first define what a conclusion is.
A conclusion is the end of something or its last part. In essay writing , the concluding statement is the position arrived at through logical thinking.
It is a suggestion, a judgment, or an opinion (arrived at using the provided arguments in the body text).
Therefore, if you want to understand what makes a good closing sentence – continue reading.
What is a Good Conclusion?
It is not easy to draft a good conclusion. However, we are here to walk you through writing a good conclusion step-by-step.
There are no strict rules in formulating one, but there are basic principles for you to keep in mind.
In this section, we will give you critical ideas you’ll need to write a good conclusion. We will also give you some more practical essay conclusion examples and advice later in this article.
Here are the goals to keep in mind for a conclusion to be complete:
- Leave a final impact that is powerful to the reader;
- Leave the reader thinking about something;
- Give the topic a sense of closure and completeness;
- Demonstrate proving of the thesis statement by the author;
- Wind up the entire academic paper.
Also, keep in mind that you are not supposed to introduce new arguments or ideas in the conclusion.
You only need to sum up your already written argument, revisit the thesis statement, and finalize with an impactful last impression.
Keep in mind the following when writing a conclusion:
- Include a call to action. Leave room for the essay’s further development or study (if it is necessary);
- The essay conclusions need to demonstrate the relevance of your work as well as its significance;
- Give a summary of the essay’s main ideas in the paper;
- The concluding sentence does not restate the thesis statement but revisits it.
How long is a Conclusion Paragraph?
There are no universal rules on the length of a conclusion paragraph.
That said, both experienced writers and teachers recommend keeping the conclusion straight to the point, clear, and concise.
The unspoken rule relating to an introduction and a good conclusion paragraph in essay writing is that the two should be 10% of the total paper volume.
For instance, if you write a 2000-word essay, the introductory part and conclusion should be 200 words long (400 combined).
Why it is Critical How You End the Essay?
The conclusion paragraph is what will drive your essay to the perfect end. It will also emphasize the main points in your essay one final time.
The conclusion paragraph is your last chance to impact and impress the audience. Most importantly, this is the chance to show your audience why your essay matters.
The final paragraph of your academic paper answers the final question the reader has in mind – “So What?”
If the concluding paragraph appeals, it will give the audience a logical completeness sense. On the other hand, if the conclusion does not cause enough impact, it will leave the audience hanging and reduce the paper’s effect.
Crafting a Proper Conclusion: The 3 Strategies
You can use several strategies in crafting your conclusion, even though there are no strict rules on the style to follow.
In this list, we have come up with some strategies for writing an effective conclusion. We have also given essay conclusion examples to assist you in grasping the whole essay conclusion idea:
When emphasizing the significance your essay creates, take a look into the future and give your audience thoughts to ponder.
The method of “When and If” creates an impact when you use it in supporting the points in the conclusion of your essay.
An essay conclusion example in a prediction essay:
In this strategy, link the introductory paragraph to the conclusion. The strategy will emphasize the main points, create a complete circle narration for the readers, and develop a better understanding of the essay’s topic.
An echo conclusion illustration:
Finally, when aiming to create a flawless conclusion, you need to amplify your key ideas. Ideally, you can also present the larger context of the conclusion from a different perspective.
The set-up technique allows your readers to use a different angle to view the discussed problem.
Below is a Set-Up conclusion illustration:
In an essay, what does the clincher illustrate? – The clincher sentence in an essay refers to the last section of the essay’s conclusion.
The last sentence will leave the audience intrigued with a thought to ponder on or reinforce the essay’s main idea.
In a nutshell, there is a similarity between the clincher and the hook used in the introductory paragraph.
The clincher gets the attention of the audience to the end of the paper. Also, it leaves the reader with a lasting impression and creates a sense of completeness.
Now you may be wondering how to use a clincher in your essay now that you know what it is.
First of all, you need to understand that for a clincher to be excellent; it needs to be memorable, straightforward, smooth, and intriguing.
You can use a clincher statement in the following ways:
- A joke ( it may not always seem appropriate, so be careful with this one);
- A warning for a suggestion or possibility against some consequences of a problem already discussed;
- A proactive example or an illustrative story;
- A rhetorical question;
- A call to action;
- A memorable or relevant quote when it brings actual value;
- A striking but short conclusion that is attention-grabbing.
Regardless of your technique of choice, the clincher should align with the thesis and introduction and be memorable.
Strategies to Use in Crafting a Great Conclusion
1. briefly hit the main point of your essay.
To do this, take a look at your outline . When you visualize your essay structure, it will help you carefully select the critical points suitable for your conclusion.
2. Describe how crucial the essay topic is in real-life situations
Essays can be exhausting and complex when reading. By finishing off with a relatable and straightforward note, you will let off some steam.
3. Link back themes to the first paragraph of the essay
When you end the essay where you started, this will bring forth a feeling of closure.
4. Instead of summarizing, synthesize
Tie together all the information that seems to be random in the body paragraph by using the conclusion.
5. Use a plot twist
You can use your conclusion to catch your audience by surprise by giving your paper a new meaning through a plot twist.
6. Challenge your reader
Empower your reader instead of exhausting them. Make the reader feel that through your essay, they can make a difference.
7. Envision the future
Will your essay topic be relevant 20 years from now? Will the planet be any different if they ignored you? Look into the unfavourable and favorable scenarios of the future.
8. Pose a query, then leave your readers hanging
Give your audience something to think about if you intend to have your essay stick in their minds.
9. “So What?”
For purposes of brainstorming, you can reread your essay and pose yourself this question.
You may also check special occasion topics !
The Don’ts in Writing a Conclusion
You now have a better understanding of what to do in creating a good conclusion. However, this is what you should not do:
- Do not start your conclusion with sentence starters for essay conclusions seen as cliché. Phrases such as “In summary,” “In conclusion,” or “Therefore.” These statements are overused, so we would recommend that you avoid using them.
- Present your thesis statement in the conclusion first and not mention it for the first time in the introduction.
- Give new ideas, arguments, and subtopics in the concluding paragraph.
- Including a thesis statement in the conclusion which is slightly unchanged or changed.
- Providing evidence and arguments which belong to the body of the essay.
- Writing confusing, too long, hard-to-read sentences.
Conclusion Paragraph Outline
Depending on the number of points discussed in your academic paper, the number of sentences will vary. They also vary depending on the essay’s total word count.
That said, the conclusion paragraph outline consists of the following:
1. The starter of the conclusion
Drive the readers back to the thesis statement with the first part of your concluding paragraph. Rephrasing the thesis statement is the best way to start your conclusion, just if you are wondering how to go about it.
2. The Concluding Sentence
Finally, with a lasting impression, end the paragraph with a sentence that provides logical completeness. It should lead the reader back to the essay’s introduction.
The three elements we have looked at will help you in crafting the perfect conclusion for your essay.
To get a clearer picture of what a perfect conclusion should look like, we will show you a sample below. The topic example is “Every Child Should Own a Pet:”
The example above shows you how to shape the concluding paragraph.
Concluding Different Types of Essays
The concluding paragraph’s length, style, and tone may vary depending on the type of paper you are writing.
In this section of the guide, we will illustrate how to conclude the different essay types and other works:
1. Persuasive/Argumentative Essay
The single goal in argumentative essays is to convince the audience about something (viewpoint, idea , or stance). It appeals to logic, the reader’s emotions, facts, and arguments.
In this case, the concluding paragraph is persuasive. Encourage your readers to take action by illustrating using a real-life situation.
Below are top tips that create a great conclusion in a persuasive/augmentative essay:
- Re-highlight your ideas;
- Highlight the broader implications;
- Ensure there are emotional appeals to the readers;
- Before you begin, carefully read the entire essay.
You may also be interested in persuasive essay topics
2. Compare & Contrast Essay
The compare & contrast essay emphasizes the similarities or differences between phenomena, objects, people, etc. Thus, your conclusion shows how the objects you are reviewing are similar or different.
You should mention all the distinctive and critical common features you discussed in the body paragraphs in this conclusion.
Once the audience finishes reading, leave them with some food for thought.
An Essay Conclusion Example of a compare & contrast essay:
3. Descriptive Essay
In a descriptive essay, with the help of words, paints a vivid picture using your writing skills to show your creativity. This essay requires you not to tell a story but to show it.
It implies the use of lots of vivid details.
Respectively, in the conclusion of this paper, make use of descriptive imagery as you sum up your ideas.
The best strategy in concluding this essay is to give a short explanation as to why you came up with the essay.
Then, show your reflection on the topic and its effects on you. Smoothly lead your audience to a logical closing statement by covering the most critical moments of the story in the middle of the conclusion.
Leave a lasting and good impression on the audience by having a thought-provoking final sentence as the clincher.
Don’t leave your audience with the dwindling memories of your essay after you’ve led them into it.
4. An Essay About Yourself
Tell a personal story when you have to write an essay about yourself. The conclusion should create a narrative closure feeling since such an essay will discuss the author’s personal experiences.
Link the conclusion to the introductory paragraph by recalling the story’s pivotal moments. From the lessons you have learned, with a logical finale, end your story.
You may also check our guide on writing position papers
5. Informative Essay
Expository or informative essays , unlike other types of essays , load your audience with lots of facts and information.
In the same scenario, “synthesize, don’t summarize” is your best technique in ending the essay.
Highlight the significance of the information provided by approaching the conclusion from a “So what?” position.
You may also check expository essay topics !
6. Narrative Essay
The narrative essay , in a nutshell, has its basis in simple storytelling. Since the paper focuses on sharing a particular story in detail, the conclusion should not finish the story abruptly.
Instead, it should nicely wrap up the story. Include the lessons learned from the story and the key takeaways.
You may also check examples of narrative essays !
7. Lab Report
The basis of a lab report is an experiment. The paper will show the flow of an experiment done by a student. Thus, the outcomes of the experiment reflect in the conclusion.
Do the following with the conclusion of a lab report:
- In the conclusion, state whether the experiment succeeded and whether you achieved the expected results
- Analyze the final data from the results of the experiment
- Indicate the methods you made use of
- Restate the experiment’s goals
8. Research Paper
The most challenging task of all would have to be crafting the conclusion of a research paper. A research paper, unlike a lab report or essay, requires you to investigate deeper into the problem; thus is a longer paper.
However, after an essay, this is the second most popular paper, it is crucial that you properly conclude it.
Follow the steps below in writing the conclusion of a research paper:
- Restate your topic – Give a reminder of what your topic is about. It should only be one sentence long.
- Revisit your thesis – Ensure to remind your audience about the thesis statement. Deliver the same idea of your thesis statement using different words. Keep it topic-oriented, narrow and specific.
- Make a summary of the key ideas – Make a summary of your key points as elaborated in the body paragraphs.
- Show the importance of your work – State the solutions provided by your paper and the significance of the research problem in the conclusion.
- Define the contributions of your study to the future – Show in your conclusion how your findings contribute to future studies. Outline any prospective for further research on the topic. Then, conclude the paper with a hook, a rhetorical question, or a call to action.
- Respond to the correct queries – Create an impeccable conclusion for your research paper by answering the following questions:
- Why is the study relevant and important?
- Is the research paper of help to the community? Can they implement it in real-life situations?
- What possible solutions are there for the research paper?
- What do you aim to achieve with the research paper?
Additionally, you can follow these tips:
- The conclusion needs to be original, creative, and fresh.
- Help your readers understand better how to implement the solutions you have stated by giving essay conclusion examples in real life to see the broader implications of the essay.
You may also check easy research paper topics
What is a Good Conclusion? *
An essay conclusion example of a strong conclusion:
The key points that show the effectiveness of this conclusion are:
- The opening statement is bold, and it shows the two contrasts in the student types that exist today.
- Two different sentences show the main arguments and the thesis statements in the essay’s body.
- The final sentence leaves the audience with something to ponder on by summing up the essay’s key message.
The following points show why the conclusion is weak:
- There’s no indication of a summary of the key points.
- The first paragraph is non-specific and too long. The phrases provided by the author are generalized with no backing of actual arguments.
- There are repetitions and overuse of the term “college.” The sentences also have a confusing structure.
- There is a contradiction of the initial statement with the last two sentences highlighting the value of education.
- Finally, there are no thoughts to ponder on, and the last sentence does not offer a strong conclusion.
- Do not present new ideas or arguments in the conclusion because hopefully, in the body paragraphs, you have already shared enough information.
- Have a straightforward and clear message for the most powerful impact on the readers.
- Avoid using more than one quote in the paper’s final section because it belongs to the body paragraph.
- When writing the conclusion, be authoritative. Be convincing and sound confident to leave a good impression.
To drive the main points, your essay will require a conclusion. Having a clear structure and strategies for writing a good conclusion adds value to your essay.
Consider the essay type and the readers when you want to conclude the essay like the boss you are.
Answer a “So what?” question, and to the best of your abilities, summarize your statements because it’s your last chance to impress the readers.
So, now you know what it takes to craft a killer conclusion. Are you ready to conclude your paper like a boss?
If you’re still unsure how to go about it, our experienced tutors are here to help; all you need to do is click the green button below and follow the simple steps!
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Conclusion Paragraph | How To Write A Conclusion Paragraph with Examples
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When writing an essay, there are a variety of things that should be taken into consideration and one of those things is the conclusion paragraph. In this article, we are going to be looking at what a conclusion paragraph is and how you can write a good one. We are also going to be looking at some examples of strong conclusion paragraphs as a way of gaining a further understanding of their function.
Table of Contents
What Is A Conclusion Paragraph?
In essay terms, a conclusion paragraph is one which is used to sum up and bring to a conclusion, all of the ideas that have been discussed during the body of the essay. The conclusion paragraph can be used to demonstrate to the audience that the goal you set out to achieve has been accomplished. It can also show the reader that you have proven your thesis statement .
There are certain things that you should keep in mind when writing a conclusion paragraph. Let’s move on and take a look at these in some more detail.
How To Write A Conclusion Paragraph
Tips for writing a conclusion paragraph.
When writing your conclusion paragraph there are certain rules you should follow. For example, there are certain things that should be included in a conclusion paragraph. The idea is to sum up what has been talked about in the essay . You might follow these tips to help you along.
- Refer back to your introduction paragraph to guide you in writing your conclusion. For example, if in your introduction you stated ‘Australia is the best country for a holiday as there are so many things to do’ , you might begin your conclusion with similar information such as ‘There are a lot of things to do in Australia and this is what makes it the best country for a holiday.’
- You should also recall information from each of your body paragraphs and summarise this in the conclusion. If you detailed three things to do in Australia this should be reflected in your conclusion, perhaps by using a sentence such as ‘ The Great Barrier Reef , Ayers Rock and Bondi beach are all major attractions for anyone travelling to Australia.’
- It is also important to give the reader something to consider once they have finished the essay. You might write something along the lines of the following: ‘Have you ever thought about what you would like to see in Australia?’
- The conclusion paragraph should flow and bring the piece of writing to a close smoothly and concisely.
- You can think of the conclusion as being the polar opposite of the introduction, an introduction will begin general and move into being specific whereas the conclusion starts off with a specific point and goes into a more general ending.
- The closing sentence of your conclusion should give your readers a sense that the essay has achieved what it set out to accomplish and that they are glad they have read the essay or have come away with some additional knowledge.
- Your conclusion should refer back to the thesis statement which you included in your introduction, however, if you want to write a truly catchy essay, you should not repeat it word for word in your conclusion. A better way to refer back to it would be to reword it slightly.
- In order to bring the audience full circle, it is important to refer back to the themes that were mentioned in your introduction.
Things To Avoid In A Conclusion
There are certain things that should be avoided when writing a conclusion paragraph. Let’s take a look at these now.
- You should never bring up new information in the conclusion paragraph. This is a place for exclusively summing up the ideas that have been talked about. If a new idea comes to mind when writing the conclusion, you should create a body paragraph for this information.
- Data and statistics should not be included in the conclusion, these should be kept to the body.
- Never use the thesis statement for the first time during the conclusion paragraph.
- Do not write a conclusion that does not follow the tone or theme of the rest of the essay. It should tie in with what has already been said and how it has been said.
How To Start A Conclusion
There are specific terms which should be used when starting your conclusion paragraph. These transition words and phrases, known as conclusion transition words can help you to bring together all of your ideas and thoughts in one neat and concise sentence. Some of these phrases might be as follows:
- In conclusion
- By and Large
- To summarise
- On the whole
- In the final analysis
Examples Of A Conclusion Paragraph
Now that we are aware of how to write a good conclusion paragraph, we are going to take a look at some examples as a way of gaining a further understanding of what should be included. The first example is taken from an argumentative essay.
To conclude, the writers had said that the vegetarian diet led to the less small all cause type of mortality, and a couple of declines in cause specific mortality. Coupled with the Eshel paper, the study should have proven that the vegetarian diet is a lot more safe for everyone.
The next example is one taken from an essay based on the subject of why Ross did not deserve Rachael on Friends.
Even though viewers had always expected that Ross and Rachael would reunite at the end of the Friends series, the fact is that Ross did not deserve her as a girlfriend. As we seen at the beginning of the series, he was unfaithful to her after they had been together for more than a year, and he did not wish to admit his wrongdoings once they attempted to get back together after breaking up the first time. On top of this, Ross was extremely demanding and jealous as a partner, shouting at Rachael in the presence of their friends on many occasions. Finally, and most importantly, he had an awful reaction when she told him that she was pregnant after the wedding of Monica and Chandler, which made him undesirable as a partner for either her or any other character within the show. This conclusion is even more apparent when we view the show years after it ended, now that we have a better understanding of the rights of women and of domestic abuse in romantic relationships.
Your conclusion paragraph should include three main points: a reference back to the thesis statement, a summary of the information discussed and something to get the reader to think. There are certain ways you can write a conclusion paragraph and a variety of conclusion transition words that can help link your ideas to one another.
Conclusion Paragraph | Image
I like the awareness of how to connect the conclusion to ideas in introduction
I liked this article. It is very helpful for someone who is learning to write essays lime me.
this does not help me i need a essay for school
same here I need it for school the only thing that helps me is google
same, I need help with my conclusion but this doesn’t really help.
i need this for a speech i am doing tomorrow-
this doesn’t help me at all
It’s ok… I guess.
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Conclusion Paragraph Sample
Undergraduate writing: conclusion paragraph sample.
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In conclusion, we present ourselves through both face-to-face and online communication. Becoming a skilled communicator has a positive impact on our personal and social interactions. Ethical and effective communication becomes even more vital when our messages are conveyed around the globe electronically. By analyzing face-to-face and online communication skills, I identified my strengths and weaknesses and developed some ideas on how to improve my communication skills to become a more knowledgeable and skilled communicator. I plan to be an effective and ethical communicator by further educating myself in this area and practicing verbal, nonverbal, and active listening skills that I learned in the communication course.
The Writing Center’s Response: The function of a conclusion is to offer a sense of closure or completion for the ideas presented earlier in the paper. In this sample, the writer signals the end with the phrase “In conclusion” and goes on to summarize the main points of the reflection paper. The success of this paragraph lies in its final sentence, though. In this sentence, the writer looks beyond the circumstances of the paper and into the future. This can be an effective strategy for a conclusion because it widens the view, guiding the reader from the page out into the world.
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How To Write A Good Conclusion Paragraph
The conclusion paragraph is what you end your essay or other paper with. This is where you give your reader a brief recap of what they have just read. Of course, you want to have your paper well-written, and that includes the conclusion paragraph. A good conclusion paragraph is basically the one that solidifies the main point of your writing. Obviously, this means that your main point should be included in your conclusion paragraph. You have probably already written an introduction paragraph that you are particularly fond of. As an option, you can just paraphrase it and make it into your conclusion. But let us go into more detail.
Your introduction paragraph is your main source for writing your conclusion. For example, if your writing begins with something like “For me, there are only three movies that were released in 2016.” Then, your conclusion will have a sentence like “The three movies that made 2016 worthwhile in terms of cinema are Zootopia, Arrival, and The Jungle Book.”
If your paper is longer than a typical essay, just recycling your introduction will not be enough. You will have to return to each section or paragraph and summarize it in your conclusion. For instance, if your writing was about pets, then different sections of your paper are most likely dedicated to different kinds of pets. This is why, it is only logical to mention all kinds of pets in your conclusion: “Cats, dogs, goldfish, and parrots are for different tastes of animals lovers, but they can be equally good pets.”
It is good to end up with something thought-provoking. You can offer the readers to research more on the topic themselves. For example, "Many people remain surprisingly unaware of how larger corporations control the food markets." You can suggest or even encourage other activities – such as, "It is not so hard to make a difference. Just go to the nearest pet nursery and pick the cutest little furball!”
To crown it all, the purpose of a concluding paragraph is to wrap up the concentrated gist of your whole paper. This is how your essay is finalized to leave the readers with a sense of fulfillment and satisfaction when they finish it.
UNDERSTANDING THE DEFINITION OF A CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH
- The final note on which you leave your reader
- The concentrate gist of your whole body of writing
- The proof that you had made the point that you were going to make when you started this writing
- The demonstration that you have backed up your thesis
- The closure of the paper’s subject
THE CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH IS BUILT THIS WAY
- The mirror reflection of your paper’s introduction
- A general opening line that grows more specific as the reader reads the introduction of your paper;
- In the concluding paragraph, on the contrary, you move from the specific to the general
THE PLACE OF CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH IN YOUR PAPER:
If we had to draw a scheme of an essay, here is where the conclusion would be:
Introducing paragraph ➔ Thesis statement ←➔ Main body ← Concluding paragraph
WHAT THE CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH DOES:
- It closes up your essay to leave your reader with everything clear and understood and with no questions left
- The topic section of your conclusion paragraph is supposed to paraphrase your thesis statement
- It is to demonstrate that you have fulfilled the task that you have set for yourself
- Avoid simply replacing the words from your thesis statement with synonyms. This would be an instance of redundancy, which is a mistake
- The very essence of your thesis statement needs to be brought in a new light
- The supporting sentences of the concluding paragraph do not bring anything new to the table, they recycle what has already been said If you have caught some inspiration when writing the concluding paragraph, you must remember to restrain yourself from putting new ideas in there. Instead, allocate this new idea its own separate place in the main body, if you can. If this seems impossible, then it should be left out for now – who knows, maybe it can be a basis for another brilliant essay?
- All the main points should be condensed in the conclusion, nothing should be left out
- The final sentence of your conclusion paragraph should leave your reader feeling completely fulfilled and satisfied
- Underline the significance of what you were talking about
- Give your reader an entirely fresh perspective on the topic
- Conclude with an optimistic tone
- Your readers should be left in a good mood upon having read your writing
TIPS FOR BUILDING A POWERFUL CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH
- Re-read every statement and ask the question – So what? Does it make any difference?
- Think well about this question before you come up with a reply
- The point here is that having a pet at home is fun.
- Well, having fun makes you feel better.
- Fun is a positive emotion and experiencing it for a prolonged period of time on a regular basis increases your overall satisfaction with life, and – consequently – your productivity at school, work, etc.
- This closes the logical “loop” for your reader giving them the sense of fulfillment
- If you started out with a hypothetical course of events, you could restate this by claiming that this is your evidence to solidify your argument and that it speaks in favor of your standpoint.
- Use key words and phrases from your introduction to building the aforementioned "loop". Parallel images and mirror metaphors are also a good idea.
- Summing it up does not only suggest repeating what you have already mentioned in the main body of your writing
- All these main points should be organically connected to the evidence that supports them, and this organic connection has to be revealed in your conclusion paragraph
- To keep your reader focused, you can drop something provocative – like a quotation that you stumbled upon during your research for this paper
- Your conclusion should also answer the question, “Now what?” Remember to suggest your reader what they should do with the information they have just obtained. This can be a way to solve an existing problem, a direction for further study, or a combination of the latter and the former
- For example, a paper about the heritage of Malcolm X should be placed on a background of African American movement as a whole. You should hint on what influenced him and how he influenced the activists that came after him.
Finally, WHAT NOT TO DO:
- Start off you concluding paragraph with a common introductory phrase that can be avoided, such as "in conclusion…," "to sum it up…," "as we have found out…," "to crown it all…," etc. As good as it may sound in oral speech, it gives the text the unnecessary extra feeling of formality and giver the reader an impression that the essay writer was looking just to add any words for the sake of it.
- Resort to pathos – an emotional appeal, unless it is in the spirit of the rest of the paper.
- Introduce new ideas or facts / supporting evidence that you have for some reason not mentioned in the main body of your paper.
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Conclusion Paragraph – Examples, PDF
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Step 1: Outline the Conclusion Paragraph
Step 2: construct and connect the introduction and the main point, step 3: connect the main point to the data explained in the body of the text, step 4: write a call to action or a recommendation, step 5: create a conclusion or an end sentence, more business, 74+ formal letter examples & samples in pdf | doc | microsoft word | apple pages | google docs, 28+ examples of sports certificate in publisher | ms word | psd | ai | pages | indesign, 65+ project proposal examples in pdf | ms word | pages | google docs, 8+ reminder email examples & samples in pdf | doc, 85+ report examples in pdf, 5+ formal email examples and samples in pdf | doc, 27+ email examples & samples in microsoft word | apple pages | editable pdf | google docs, 10+ goodbye emails to coworkers examples & samples in word, 15+ leave application email examples & samples in pdf | doc, 42+ incident report examples & samples in pdf | google docs | pages | doc, 4+ introduction email examples & samples – pdf, doc, 38+ business proposal letter examples in pdf | doc | microsoft word | apple pages, related articles.
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Your conclusion paragraph should logically conclude your essay, just like your concluding sentences logically conclude your body paragraphs. The conclusion paragraph should begin by restating your thesis, and then you should broaden back out to a general topic. End with a closing statement. This paragraph looks like the reverse of your introduction paragraph, going from specific to general.
Restate your thesis
The first sentence of your conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis. A restated thesis expresses the same idea, but the words are different. Remember that the meaning of your thesis should not change. Compare the thesis with the restatement below.
Thesis: Exercise is essential because it improves overall physical and mental health. Restated: Due to the mental and physical health benefits of exercise, it is absolutely crucial for our bodies.
You can restate your thesis by
- changing the order of the phrases
- using synonyms (e.g., essential > crucial)
- stating main points direcly instead of implying them (or vice versa)
- using different word forms (e.g., adjective > noun)
1 Exercise: Identify effective restated thesis statements
Read the thesis statement. Choose the best restated thesis from the options below.
Thesis: Apartment complexes should provide quiet study rooms for residents so they can study without distractions.
- Study rooms are important for students to study in.
- Apartment managers should build quiet places to study for residents.
- Now we can see that study rooms are valuable for students who live in apartments.
- It is important for apartments to provide their residents with quiet study areas.
2 Exercise: Restate a thesis.
On a piece of paper, rewrite each thesis statement as you would at the beginning of a conclusion paragraph.
- In order for students to manage stress better, they need to prioritize their tasks, eat well, and get enough sleep.
- Even though Salt Lake City and Madrid may seem similar based on climate, their major religions, language, and food are distinct.
- Business owners need to make decisions that satisfy employees, customers, and investors.
- Increasing your vocabulary is easy if you try to notice new words in context, review them often, and use them as much as you can.
Apply your thesis to general contexts
Connect your thesis back to the general topics you mentioned in your introduction.
Give a closing statement
Your closing statement is very similar to the concluding sentence of a body paragraph except that you will not restate your main idea at the very end of your paper. Your last sentences can be a prediction, suggestion, opinion, or question.
3 Exercise: Write a conclusion paragraph.
Read the introduction paragraph and then finish writing the conclusion paragraph on a piece of paper.
Prompt: Describe how to write an essay.
Many writers feel overwhelmed when they write an essay. They are unsure of where to start or how to be successful. However, the process is very basic. There are simple steps that can simplify the process and make writing a good essay possible for anyone. In order to write an impactful essay, it is essential that writers plan, draft, and share their writing.
4 Exercise: Identify types of paragraphs.
Identify whether each paragraph is an introduction, body, or conclusion paragraph.
1. T ype of paragraph: __________________________
Touchscreen technology, wireless charging, and a better camera are the best features on the new iPhone. These qualities all encourage customers to consider buying this phone because it is easier to use, more convenient, and more useful than other models. When you start looking for your upgrade, you should ask yourself if your new phone should have these features. The new iPhone does. What are you waiting for? You won’t regret upgrading to the new iPhone.
2. Type of paragraph: __________________________
A successful restaurant requires many workers, each with specific jobs that help things run smoothly. Cooks in the kitchen skillfully prepare the food. Servers take orders, deliver meals, and ensure the customers are satisfied. The hostess greets the customers as they enter the restaurant and sets the tone for the customer’s experience. All of these people are necessary to make a restaurant successful.
3. Type of paragraph: __________________________
All year long, the scenery in Utah Valley is amazing. In the winter, the valley is covered with a blanket of snow. In the spring, the trees blossom with flowers. The summer weather beckons hikers to discover the stunning vistas in the canyons. The Rocky Mountains then take on beautiful shades of red, orange, and yellow in the fall. As each season changes, the beauty of the area is evident. While all of the seasons are stunning, the most beautiful season in Utah is the autumn.
5 Exercise: Analyze an essay
Read one of the following example essays on the following pages to complete this exercise.
- Label the introduction paragraph, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion paragraph.
- Circle the hook.
- What is the general topic of the essay?
- Underline the thesis.
- Underline each of the topic sentences.
- Do each of the topic sentences support the thesis?
- Does the conclusion paragraph start by restating the thesis?
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Good Conclusion Starters for Final Paragraphs
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The way you end a work of writing is just as important as the hook you use to capture readers’ attention and the content in between. The concluding paragraph or section of your paper should begin with words telling readers that the content is drawing to a close. Review some examples of good conclusion sentence starters so you’ll be able to craft appropriate endings of your own.
Characteristics of Effective Conclusion Starters
When it’s time to bring your work to an end, it’s important to sum up the key points or concepts rather than simply stopping abruptly. Conclusion starters are transitional phrases that let readers know they have reached the final part of a document. Conclusion starters should:
- be just a few words that introduce the first sentence of the final paragraph or brief concluding section
- let readers know that they have reached the beginning of the final section
- make readers aware that what they’re about to read won’t provide new information
- set readers expectations for how the work will be drawn to a close (such as a summary of main points, statement of need for additional research, or call to action)
Conclusion Starter Ideas for Essays and Speeches
Whether you’re a student in college, high school or middle school, chances are that you will be assigned to write quite a few essays and deliver many speeches or presentations. When deciding how to end an essay or a speech, you’ll need to choose a conclusion starter that’s appropriate for the overall tone .
Examples of conclusion paragraph starter words and phrases include:
- all things considered
- given these points
- I feel we have no choice but to conclude
- in conclusion
- in drawing to a close
- in light of this information
- in my opinion
- in the final analysis
- now that you know
- the logical conclusion seems to be
- to summarize
- upon considering all the facts
- upon exploring the situation from multiple perspectives
- what else can we conclude but that
- what other conclusion can we draw from
- when considered from the perspective of
- when faced with the question of
- with all this in mind
Sample Conclusion Starters for Research Papers
Since a research paper’s focus is on presenting the findings of a particular study, the conclusion usually focuses on major findings and their implications. For academic research papers , it is generally expected that the paper will end with a call for additional research in the form of further study of a similar topic or to explore a related research question . The tone should be formal, taking into account the extent to which readers would be expected to have advanced knowledge of the subject matter.
Phrases you might use to start your research paper conclusion include:
- as a result
- as expected, the results indicate
- as indicated by the data
- based on the evidence presented
- based on the results of this study, it seems
- based on what is known at this point in time
- data seem to indicate
- in light of these results
- in the context of x , it seems that
- surprisingly, the data revealed
- the data clearly indicate
- the data reveal
- the major revelation from this study is
- the results of this study demonstrate
- the results of this study seem to indicate
- to extrapolate from the data
- upon analyzing the data
- upon review of these findings
- what this study reveals is
- what we now know is
- while additional research is needed
- while further study is warranted
- while these results seem to indicate
- with results like these, it seems
Less Formal Conclusion Starter Examples
Some writing is much less formal than a research paper or school assignment, or you may even get assigned to write an informal essay that calls for more of a personal touch than an academic tone. In such cases, you may want to opt for a conclusion starter with a more laid-back, conversational tone like these examples.
- after all has been said and done
- as I see things
- at the end of the day
- beyond a shadow of a doubt
- in a nutshell
- in case you’ve wondered
- in simple terms
- my personal take on
- on the whole
- the time has come
- to cut a long story short
- to cut to the chase
- to get to the heart of the matter
- to plainly state the facts
- to wrap this up
- what are we to think about
- what I believe to be true
- what it boils down to
- what I think is
- when all is said and done
- who knew that
- without all the mumbo jumbo
Build Your Conclusion Writing Expertise
Writing good conclusions is certainly an important skill for all writers to have, from students to those who write or do public speaking for a living (and all writers in between). Now that you have some ideas of good conclusion starters, focus on how to write a conclusion in full. Begin by exploring some conclusion examples .
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Writing a Research Paper Conclusion | Step-by-Step Guide
Published on October 30, 2022 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on December 7, 2022.
The conclusion of a research paper is where you wrap up your ideas and leave the reader with a strong final impression. It has several key goals:
- Restate the problem statement addressed in the paper
- Summarize your overall arguments or findings
- Suggest the key takeaways from your paper
The content of the conclusion varies depending on whether your paper presents the results of original empirical research or constructs an argument through engagement with sources .
Table of contents
Step 1: restate the problem, step 2: sum up the paper, step 3: discuss the implications, research paper conclusion examples, frequently asked questions about research paper conclusions.
The first task of your conclusion is to remind the reader of your research problem . You will have discussed this problem in depth throughout the body, but now the point is to zoom back out from the details to the bigger picture.
While you are restating a problem you’ve already introduced, you should avoid phrasing it identically to how it appeared in the introduction . Ideally, you’ll find a novel way to circle back to the problem from the more detailed ideas discussed in the body.
For example, an argumentative paper advocating new measures to reduce the environmental impact of agriculture might restate its problem as follows:
Meanwhile, an empirical paper studying the relationship of Instagram use with body image issues might present its problem like this:
“In conclusion …”
Avoid starting your conclusion with phrases like “In conclusion” or “To conclude,” as this can come across as too obvious and make your writing seem unsophisticated. The content and placement of your conclusion should make its function clear without the need for additional signposting.
Having zoomed back in on the problem, it’s time to summarize how the body of the paper went about addressing it, and what conclusions this approach led to.
Depending on the nature of your research paper, this might mean restating your thesis and arguments, or summarizing your overall findings.
Argumentative paper: Restate your thesis and arguments
In an argumentative paper, you will have presented a thesis statement in your introduction, expressing the overall claim your paper argues for. In the conclusion, you should restate the thesis and show how it has been developed through the body of the paper.
Briefly summarize the key arguments made in the body, showing how each of them contributes to proving your thesis. You may also mention any counterarguments you addressed, emphasizing why your thesis holds up against them, particularly if your argument is a controversial one.
Don’t go into the details of your evidence or present new ideas; focus on outlining in broad strokes the argument you have made.
Empirical paper: Summarize your findings
In an empirical paper, this is the time to summarize your key findings. Don’t go into great detail here (you will have presented your in-depth results and discussion already), but do clearly express the answers to the research questions you investigated.
Describe your main findings, even if they weren’t necessarily the ones you expected or hoped for, and explain the overall conclusion they led you to.
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Having summed up your key arguments or findings, the conclusion ends by considering the broader implications of your research. This means expressing the key takeaways, practical or theoretical, from your paper—often in the form of a call for action or suggestions for future research.
Argumentative paper: Strong closing statement
An argumentative paper generally ends with a strong closing statement. In the case of a practical argument, make a call for action: What actions do you think should be taken by the people or organizations concerned in response to your argument?
If your topic is more theoretical and unsuitable for a call for action, your closing statement should express the significance of your argument—for example, in proposing a new understanding of a topic or laying the groundwork for future research.
Empirical paper: Future research directions
In a more empirical paper, you can close by either making recommendations for practice (for example, in clinical or policy papers), or suggesting directions for future research.
Whatever the scope of your own research, there will always be room for further investigation of related topics, and you’ll often discover new questions and problems during the research process .
Finish your paper on a forward-looking note by suggesting how you or other researchers might build on this topic in the future and address any limitations of the current paper.
Full examples of research paper conclusions are shown in the tabs below: one for an argumentative paper, the other for an empirical paper.
- Argumentative paper
- Empirical paper
While the role of cattle in climate change is by now common knowledge, countries like the Netherlands continually fail to confront this issue with the urgency it deserves. The evidence is clear: To create a truly futureproof agricultural sector, Dutch farmers must be incentivized to transition from livestock farming to sustainable vegetable farming. As well as dramatically lowering emissions, plant-based agriculture, if approached in the right way, can produce more food with less land, providing opportunities for nature regeneration areas that will themselves contribute to climate targets. Although this approach would have economic ramifications, from a long-term perspective, it would represent a significant step towards a more sustainable and resilient national economy. Transitioning to sustainable vegetable farming will make the Netherlands greener and healthier, setting an example for other European governments. Farmers, policymakers, and consumers must focus on the future, not just on their own short-term interests, and work to implement this transition now.
As social media becomes increasingly central to young people’s everyday lives, it is important to understand how different platforms affect their developing self-conception. By testing the effect of daily Instagram use among teenage girls, this study established that highly visual social media does indeed have a significant effect on body image concerns, with a strong correlation between the amount of time spent on the platform and participants’ self-reported dissatisfaction with their appearance. However, the strength of this effect was moderated by pre-test self-esteem ratings: Participants with higher self-esteem were less likely to experience an increase in body image concerns after using Instagram. This suggests that, while Instagram does impact body image, it is also important to consider the wider social and psychological context in which this usage occurs: Teenagers who are already predisposed to self-esteem issues may be at greater risk of experiencing negative effects. Future research into Instagram and other highly visual social media should focus on establishing a clearer picture of how self-esteem and related constructs influence young people’s experiences of these platforms. Furthermore, while this experiment measured Instagram usage in terms of time spent on the platform, observational studies are required to gain more insight into different patterns of usage—to investigate, for instance, whether active posting is associated with different effects than passive consumption of social media content.
If you’re unsure about the conclusion, it can be helpful to ask a friend or fellow student to read your conclusion and summarize the main takeaways.
- Do they understand from your conclusion what your research was about?
- Are they able to summarize the implications of your findings?
- Can they answer your research question based on your conclusion?
You can also get an expert to proofread and feedback your paper with a paper editing service .
The conclusion of a research paper has several key elements you should make sure to include:
- A restatement of the research problem
- A summary of your key arguments and/or findings
- A short discussion of the implications of your research
No, it’s not appropriate to present new arguments or evidence in the conclusion . While you might be tempted to save a striking argument for last, research papers follow a more formal structure than this.
All your findings and arguments should be presented in the body of the text (more specifically in the results and discussion sections if you are following a scientific structure). The conclusion is meant to summarize and reflect on the evidence and arguments you have already presented, not introduce new ones.
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How to End an Essay
Last Updated: February 8, 2023 References Approved
This article was co-authored by Jake Adams . Jake Adams is an academic tutor and the owner of Simplifi EDU, a Santa Monica, California based online tutoring business offering learning resources and online tutors for academic subjects K-College, SAT & ACT prep, and college admissions applications. With over 14 years of professional tutoring experience, Jake is dedicated to providing his clients the very best online tutoring experience and access to a network of excellent undergraduate and graduate-level tutors from top colleges all over the nation. Jake holds a BS in International Business and Marketing from Pepperdine University. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has 38 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 3,138,866 times.
The final paragraph of an essay is what ties the piece together into a single, cohesive whole. Coming up with a good ending can be tricky, but understanding what elements it should and shouldn’t have will help you craft a stellar conclusion worthy of nothing less than an A+.
Brainstorming Your Conclusion
- Asking yourself the “so what?” question as you write your essay can also help you dig below the surface of your ideas.
- Knowing your essay’s focus will also help you avoid introducing any new information or topics in your conclusion.
- For example, if you began your essay with the idea of humanity’s sense of smallness in the face of space’s vast expanses, you could return to that idea in the conclusion. However, you might expand this theme to include the idea that as human knowledge grows, space is actually becoming smaller.
- For example, you could extend an essay on “Orange is the New Black” to the American culture of imprisonment in general.
Writing the Conclusion
- You should probably stay away from overused phrases such as “In conclusion,” “To summarize,” or “In closing.” Because they are used so often, they come across as cliched and stiff.  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source Consider less-popular yet concise words such as "conclusively."
- Avoid summarizing your points exactly as you wrote them. Your readers have already read your essay. They don’t have to be reminded of every single point you just made.
- Find a way to rework your thesis in an interesting way, using different language. Restating your thesis using the same words strikes the reader as lazy and doesn’t offer new insight into your argument.
- For example, instead of saying "That's why I think that Abraham Lincoln was the best American President in the 19th century," say "That's why Abraham Lincoln was the best American President in the 19th century." The reader already knows that if you write about Lincoln being the best President, you also believe it. Saying "I think" sounds like you're hedging and makes you sound less authoritative.
- Another example: Don't apologize for your views. They're your ideas, so take ownership of them. Never say something like "I may not be an expert" or "At least this is my opinion,"  X Research source as this weakens your reliability.
- End with a little bit of irony. Be playful with your last sentence and pose an ironic by-product of what you're talking about. Then, the end of your essay becomes especially provocative.
- Make an appeal to emotions. Much of the time, essays are very rational, forgetting about emotions. That's why appealing to people's emotions can be a really powerful way to conclude an essay. Done in the right way, this will help the article have heart. Just make sure that your conclusion is in keeping with the tone of the rest of your essay.
- Include a call to action (use sparingly). If your essay is truly about getting people to change, then including a call to action is a useful tool to rouse your base. But use it sparingly: In the wrong context (an expository essay, or an argumentative essay) it can be overkill.
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
- Instead, try to take your reader to the “next level” in your conclusion, or provide some further sophistication to your original ideas.
- Also, don't use "Firstly," "Secondly," "Thirdly," etc. to make/finish your points. Make it clear what you're saying and how many points you're making.
Sample Essay Conclusions
- Always be sure to review your essay after it is complete. Check if you have the proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Keep revising it until you're satisfied with what you're going to turn in.  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Always make sure you try to keep relevant information in the conclusion. Also, try to tie back into your thesis statement in order to show the reader that you know how your reason fits into the topic of the essay. ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- It always helps if you have someone else older than you to give you their advice or input on your paragraph. Maybe they can help you out there. ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
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- ↑ http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
- ↑ http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions
- ↑ http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/conclude.html
- ↑ https://www.pittsfordschools.org/site/handlers/filedownload.ashx?moduleinstanceid=542&dataid=4677&FileName=conclusions1.pdf
- ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/revising-drafts/
About This Article
To end an essay, start your conclusion with a phrase that makes it clear your essay is coming to a close, like "In summary," or "All things considered." Then, use a few sentences to briefly summarize the main points of your essay by rephrasing the topic sentences of your body paragraphs. Finally, end your conclusion with a call to action that encourages your readers to do something or learn more about your topic. In general, try to keep your conclusion between 5 and 7 sentences long. For more tips from our English co-author, like how to avoid common pitfalls when writing an essay conclusion, scroll down! Did this summary help you? Yes No
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How to Write Strong Paragraphs
Paragraphs are medium-sized units of writing, longer than sentences , but shorter than sections, chapters, or entire works. Because they connect the “small” ideas of individual sentences to a “bigger” idea, paragraph structure is essential to any writing for organization , flow, and comprehension.
Students have a lot of questions when it comes to writing a paragraph: How many sentences should you use ? How do you transition within a paragraph? When do you end a paragraph? Etc. Below we explain everything you need to know about paragraph structure to write like an expert, including several paragraph examples.
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How is a paragraph structured?
Before we dive into paragraph structure, let’s start with paragraph meaning. A paragraph is an individual segment of writing that discusses a central idea, typically with more than one sentence. It even has its own paragraph symbol in copyediting, called the pilcrow (¶), not to be confused with the section symbol called the silcrow (§) that’s common in legal code.
Here we focus mainly on paragraph structure, but feel free to read our ultimate guide to paragraphs for more of the basics.
Parts of a paragraph
Like other forms of writing, paragraphs follow a standard three-part structure with a beginning, middle, and end. These parts are the topic sentence , development and support , and conclusion .
Topic sentences , also known as “paragraph leaders,” introduce the main idea that the paragraph is about. They shouldn’t reveal too much on their own, but rather prepare the reader for the rest of the paragraph by stating clearly what topic will be discussed.
The development and support sentences act as the body of the paragraph. Development sentences elaborate and explain the idea with details too specific for the topic sentence, while support sentences provide evidence, opinions, or other statements that back up or confirm the paragraph’s main idea.
Last, the conclusion wraps up the idea, sometimes summarizing what’s been presented or transitioning to the next paragraph. The content of the conclusion depends on the type of paragraph, and it’s often acceptable to end a paragraph with a final piece of support that concludes the thought instead of a summary.
How many sentences are in a paragraph?
Most paragraphs contain between three and five sentences, but there are plenty of exceptions. Different types of paragraphs have different numbers of sentences, like those in narrative writing, in particular, where single-sentence paragraphs are common.
Likewise, the number of sentences in a paragraph can change based on the style of the writer. Some authors prefer longer, more descriptive paragraphs, while other authors prefer shorter, faster-paced paragraphs.
When it comes to nonfiction writing, like research papers or reports , most paragraphs have at least three sentences: a topic sentence, a development/support sentence, and a conclusion sentence.
Types of paragraphs
Depending on the kind of writing you’re doing, you may need to use different types of paragraphs. Here’s a brief explanation of the common paragraph types most writing deals with.
- Expository: Common in nonfiction and all types of essays , expository paragraphs revolve around explaining and discussing a single point or idea.
- Persuasive: Just like expository paragraphs, persuasive paragraphs focus on discussing a single point; however, they support opinions instead of facts.
- Narrative: When telling a story, a narrative paragraph explains an action or event. Each new sentence furthers or expands upon the action by providing new information.
- Descriptive: Also common in storytelling, descriptive paragraphs focus on describing a single topic, such as a person or an environment. Each new sentence adds a new detail about that topic.
The type of paragraph used usually depends on the type of writing. For example, if you’re writing a research paper, it would be difficult to justify a narrative paragraph.
Example paragraphs from literature
Rather than merely talk about paragraph structure, let’s look at some paragraph examples so you can see structure in action.
The first paragraph example comes from Bertrand Russell in his essay “Icarus, or the Future of Science.” This excerpt uses the same paragraph structure often used in research papers, essays, and other nonfiction writing. The first sentence makes a claim, and the subsequent sentences defend that claim, ending in a strong conclusion that ties everything together.
If men were rational in their conduct, that is to say, if they acted in the way most likely to bring about the ends that they deliberately desire, intelligence would be enough to make the world almost a paradise. In the main, what is in the long run advantageous to one man is also advantageous to another. But men are actuated by passions which distort their view; feeling an impulse to injure others, they persuade themselves that it is to their interest to do so. They will not, therefore, act in the way which is in fact to their own interest unless they are actuated by generous impulses which make them indifferent to their own interest. This is why the heart is as important as the head. By the “heart” I mean, for the moment, the sum-total of kindly impulses. Where they exist, science helps them to be effective; where they are absent, science only makes men more cleverly diabolic.
Notice how all sentences in the paragraph relate to the same idea: That humans act emotionally more than rationally. However, each sentence makes its own unique point, and when taken together, they connect to the central topic.
Another nonfiction paragraph example comes from Twelve Years a Slave , a memoir from freeborn African-American Solomon Northup who was kidnapped and forced into slavery for twelve years before friends and family intervened with the help of the law.
I expected to die. Though there was little in the prospect before me worth living for, the near approach of death appalled me. I thought I could have been resigned to yield up my life in the bosom of my family, but to expire in the midst of strangers, under such circumstances, was a bitter reflection.
Each sentence in this paragraph example relates to the feeling described in the topic sentence. Although writing in a narrative form, Northup waits until a new paragraph to continue the story—this paragraph focuses solely on that one emotion.
Finally, let’s look at a fiction paragraph example. In Bram Stoker’s Dracula , one of the protagonists, Jonathan Harker, describes the appearance of Count Dracula.
His face was a strong—a very strong—aquiline, with high bridge of the thin nose and peculiarly arched nostrils; with lofty domed forehead, and hair growing scantily round the temples but profusely elsewhere. His eyebrows were very massive, almost meeting over the nose, and with bushy hair that seemed to curl in its own profusion. The mouth, so far as I could see it under the heavy moustache, was fixed and rather cruel-looking, with peculiarly sharp white teeth; these protruded over the lips, whose remarkable ruddiness showed astonishing vitality in a man of his years. For the rest, his ears were pale, and at the tops extremely pointed; the chin was broad and strong, and the cheeks firm though thin. The general effect was one of extraordinary pallor.
Paragraphs in fiction are more flexible with the rules, but nonetheless, this paragraph includes both a topic sentence and a concluding summary. Notice how all the details pertain to Dracula’s face and head; Stoker begins a new paragraph when describing other parts of his appearance, like his hands, because the author treats it as a separate topic.
How to write a paragraph
Paragraph structure isn’t just for the benefit of readers, it also helps authors organize their thoughts and communicate clearly. Below we explain the different steps of how to write a paragraph, from the paragraph introduction all the way to the conclusion.
How to plan a paragraph
Before you begin writing a paragraph, look at how the paragraph fits into the writing as a whole. As mentioned above, different types of writing use different types of paragraphs, so make sure the paragraph type you’re planning matches the context.
Ideally, you’ll already have an outline for whatever you’re writing, which will tell you what the paragraph is about and what to include. If not, your first step is to decide on the paragraph topic and which facts to include as support and development.
Keep in mind what comes before and after the paragraph so you can plan the right topic for the flow of your writing. It’s jarring for the reader when the author jumps wildly from one topic to the next, so try to keep all related paragraphs together and in a logical sequence. If that’s not possible, plan your topic sentence as a segue, perhaps using a transition word .
It also helps to sketch out the parts of your paragraph: topic sentence, development and support, and conclusion. The more you prepare these parts now, the easier it will be to put them into words later.
How to start a paragraph
Unless you’re doing narrative writing, your paragraph introduction should always be the topic sentence. The trick is to avoid overexplaining—say only what’s necessary. The goal of the topic sentence is to inform the reader what the paragraph is about; everything extra should be saved for the following sentences.
For example, in the Twelve Years a Slave paragraph sample, the topic sentence is only four words long. Northup saves the details for the following sentences. As an added effect, the brevity of his first sentence adds both mystery and potency, piquing the reader’s interest and enticing them to continue.
On a technical note, when beginning a new paragraph, follow the rules of paragraph indentation for whatever style guide you’re using. There is a paragraph indentation debate about when to indent the first line and when not to; really, it depends on the assignment or audience.
How to transition within a paragraph
It’s not enough to just throw all your support sentences into a paragraph and hope for the best. For the convenience of your reader, it’s best to connect the sentences in a way that lets the reader move from one point to the next without getting confused.
While some paragraph sentences will run together on their own, sometimes you need transition sentences to assist the flow. Transition sentences make use of transition words like “however,” “therefore,” or “similarly,” or sometimes directly reference the preceding sentence.
Consider the sentence in Russell’s paragraph example: “This is why the heart is as important as the head.” If Russell had said only “The heart is as important as the head,” it would have created an abrupt tone—he adds “this is why” to ease the transition.
If your sentences create a list, such as instructions, you can transition from one item to another using ordinals like “first,” “second,” “third,” etc. Ordinals work well with difficult transitions because they can fit almost any paragraph.
How/when to end a paragraph
When you’ve said everything you need to say about a topic, it’s time to end the paragraph. If the paragraph looks like it’s too long after you’ve said everything, consider breaking it up into separate topics and paragraphs for the sake of the reader.
The best way to end a paragraph is to sum up the topic with all the new information from the support sentences. In the excerpt from Dracula , Stoker concludes with an overall impression of the Count from all the details listed in the previous sentences.
However, it’s not always necessary to restate the topic, which can sometimes come across as padding. It’s equally viable to end a sentence stating one final piece of support. In these instances, it’s best to conclude with the piece of information that has the most profound effect, as with Northup’s excerpt.
Paragraph structure FAQs
What is a paragraph .
A paragraph is a collection of sentences that relate to a single topic.
What are the keys to a strong paragraph?
A strong paragraph explores a single topic with details following in a logical order. Paragraphs often use transitions to connect otherwise disjointed sentences, helping every piece of information to work together.
How is a paragraph structured?
Good paragraphs begin with a topic sentence that briefly explains what the paragraph is about. Next come a few sentences for development and support, elaborating on the topic with more detail. Paragraphs end with a conclusion sentence that summarizes the topic or presents one final piece of support to wrap up.
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Essay Service Examples Life Leader
What Is a Leader: Essay
- Topics: Leader Leadership
- Words: 1364
- This essay sample was donated by a student to help the academic community. Papers provided by EduBirdie writers usually outdo students' samples.
Leader – a character who leads, such as a conductor or information (Meriam). Leadership – the act or instance of main (Meriam). The function of leadership is appreciation and making use of the thinking of speaking an organization’s vision. Leadership is in a league of its very own when it comes to other positions due to the fact of its responsibility to people. It is about influencing and guiding whilst searching for positive change. Additionally, the capability to engage with employees and the public is essential to an organization’s morale and productivity. Consideration and appreciation for others enhance a leader’s potential to get to the bottom of hostilities and to take delivery of diversity. (Kania & Davis, 2015)
Leadership is an integral skill required to inform others about a decided intention with the intent to obtain success. Leadership can be described in a number of ways. According to Stojkovic, Kalinich, and Klofas (2015), leadership is “a method that efficiently accomplishes organizational goals” (193). Leaders have a clear appreciation of the organization’s dreams and are frequently assured in themselves and their competencies to operate their jobs. They are additionally assured of their capacity to effectively inform the enterprise toward success. With ample training, any person that possesses a fundamental level of intelligence, and that is dedicated to perpetual development and teamwork can end up a nice leader. According to Stojkovic, Kalinich, and Klofas (2015), leadership is additionally a collaboration system that utilizes techniques and methods to motivate persons to accomplish certain tasks.
The position of management is very broad. There are extraordinary kinds of leaders. I will center of attention on the Participative style of leadership. I consider my non-public beliefs in dealing with all of us and how you would like to be treated is the first part of what makes me an accurate leader. I accept as true with a suitable leader evokes her team to do their best. A right chief interacts with their crew and leads with the aid of an example. I also accept as true with a suitable chief lets their crew make mistakes in order to grow and examine from them.
Even extra vital than management on my own is ethical leadership. Even extra necessary than management by myself is moral leadership. Ethics is essentially the distinction between proper and wrong, proper and bad, and ethical and immoral practices (Brown & Mitchell, 2010, 584). Ethics encompasses principles of integrity, values, and morality. Ethical leaders aspire to be positive role mannequin for their constituents, their subordinate, and their peers. They understand that there are sizable responsibilities related to leadership. Ethical leadership inspires a required degree of belief between leaders and the humans they service. Ethical leadership inspires a required degree of confidence between leaders and the humans they service. Integrity is an inherent characteristic that others locate inspiring. According to Martin (2011), moral values that serve as the foundation of a person’s integrity are:
- Prudence: the capacity to figure between conflicting virtues and figure out the quality action to take
- Trust: loyalty and truthfulness in relationships between leaders and employees
- Effacement of self-interests: except this, leaders can also make the most of their authority to in addition themselves
- Courage: the suggestion between cowardice and foolhardiness
- Intellectual honesty: now not knowing something and being humble and brave enough to admit it
- Responsibility: intending to do the right thing, actually perceiving what the proper issue is, and being entirely aware of different options that may additionally exist; taking responsibility, alternatively than discovering excuses for mistakes or poor judgment (Martin, 2011).
Whereas leaders that lack an ethical compass have a tendency to make selections that compromise their integrity and threaten the belief that others have in them, moral leaders are commonly guided through an internal fee gadget that fees them to make moral selections that are steady and fair. They lead with the aid of example, and don’t require subordinates to function unethical duties that they are unwilling to perform; tasks that are physically, mentally, emotionally, spiritually, or financially harmful; nor, or tasks that are a risk to their professional careers. Their movements inspire productive reactions in others.
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two two two two Participatory leadership is management that involves subordinates in decision making, consulting with employees, collecting ideas, and subordinates’ concerns before making decisions, consulting with subordinates about things concerning work, asking for subordinate opinions, and often attempting to use ideas subordinates in selection making (Banjarnahor). In other words, it includes all personnel in employer choice-making. Employees having a voice in selection-making makes them feel essential and in my opinion vested in the company. Participatory leadership additionally helps to reduce employee turnover, it will increase morale, and are greater productive.
two two two two two two A servant-leader focuses in particular on the growth and well-being of the employees and the company. The servant-leader shares power puts the wishes of others first and helps human beings enhance and operate as incredibly as possible. The appreciation of servant chief needs to be a brave steward who holds people to blame for their personal good. This leadership focus displays electricity thru discipline and humility requiring the leader to put their personal needs after the desires of those they serve. Servant leaders help their followers to develop and succeed, which in turn aids in carrying out the organizational mission.
two two two two two two two A management fashion refers to a leader’s characteristic behaviors when directing, motivating, guiding, and managing groups of people. When speaking of leadership, it is almost constantly assumed that it is a position crammed with positivity. However, that is not usually the case. There are many hazardous management styles–the egotistic leader, the incompetent leader, the ignorant leader, and leaders that are reckless, cruel, or even evil (Burns). Two patterns of leadership that stick out to me are:
•Egotistical leader – Someone with an over-inflated ego is the worst character trait a chief can possess. Arrogant leaders refuse to hear as properly as learn, making them vulnerable to making negative decisions. They will pass by warnings and advice. The major trouble with an egotistical leader is that the features humans might see from afar are much less attractive when up close and private (Gale).
•Incompetent leader – Someone with little knowledge of the role and the responsibilities. Incompetent leaders exhibit signs and symptoms such as now not giving clear directions, no longer having time for personnel, and being unable to communicate effectively. An incompetent leader can be hazardous and damaging to the organization and employees (Valentine).
A fantastic leader is a man or woman with a passion for a reason that is larger than they are. Someone with a dream and an imaginative and prescient that will a higher society, or at least, some component of it. A chief ought to have values that are life-giving to society and should have respect for people. A leader has to have some ideas about change, about how the future ought to be different. A leader needs to be inclined to analyze as well as lead, be an exact planner and organizer, and properly a suitable communicator. Furthermore, I can’t see anybody main in a discipline they understand nothing about.
- Banjarnahor, H., Hutabarat, W., Sibuea, A. M., & Situmorang, M. (2018). Job Satisfaction as a Mediator between Directive and Participatory Leadership Styles toward Organizational Commitment. International Journal of Instruction, 11 (4), 869-888. Retrieved from https://ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=tru&db=eric&AN=EJ1191726&site=eds-live&scope=site
- Brown, M. E., & Mitchell, M. S. (2010). Ethical and unethical leadership: Exploring new avenues for future research. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(4), 583-616.
- Burns, W. A., Jr. (2017). A Descriptive Literature Review of Harmful Leadership Styles: Definitions, Commonalities, Measurements, Negative Impacts, and Ways to Improve These Harmful Leadership Styles. Creighton Journal of Interdisciplinary Leadership, 3(1), 33-52. Retrieved from: https://ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1152225&site=eds-live&scope=site
- Gale, A. (2016). Why ego is toxic to leadership [Abstract]. Management Today. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
- Kania, R. R. E., & Davis, R. P. (2015). Managing criminal justice organizations: An introduction to theory and Practice (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
- Martin, R. (2011). Police corruption: An analytical look into police ethics. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 18-23.
- Stojkovic, S., Kalinich, D., & Klofas, J. (2015). Criminal justice organizations administrations & management. (6th ed.). Boston: Cengage.
- Valentine, Matt. (2018). Scientists Say This Is The Most Common Type of Toxic Leader. Retrieved from: https://www.goalcast.com/2018/04/09/incompetent-leader-absentee-leadership/
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Example: Returning to the thesis Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Step 2: Review your main points Next, remind the reader of the main points that you used to support your argument.
It is your final word on the subject and gives the reader a sense of closure. Good example Here is an example of an effective conclusion paragraph: "Though there has been much debate on the subject, it is clear that democratic leadership is the best form of management for the modern workplace.
Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes. Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument.
Conclusions Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument.
18 Good Conclusion Paragraph Examples Argumentative Persuasive Analysis Narrative Essay Expository English Effective Strategies to Conclude an Essay Bottom Line FAQ One of the crucial parts of a writing piece is an essay conclusion. it is the last paragraph that creates the final impression from a paper.
A conclusion paragraph example should be a clean, clear paragraph that summarizes the argument of a paper. The following is an example conclusion paragraph. Brushing your teeth is an...
For example, if you've written an essay about J.D. Salinger's Catcher in the Rye, you can think about using a quote from the book itself or from a critic or scholar who complicates your main point.
Professional Conclusion Examples When it comes to good conclusion examples, a good rule of thumb is to restate your thesis statement if you have one. Your conclusion should also refer back to your introduction, summarize three main points of your essay and wrap it all up with a final observation.
An essay conclusion example in a prediction essay: 2. Echo In this strategy, link the introductory paragraph to the conclusion. The strategy will emphasize the main points, create a complete circle narration for the readers, and develop a better understanding of the essay's topic. An echo conclusion illustration: 3. Step-Up
For example, there are certain things that should be included in a conclusion paragraph. The idea is to sum up what has been talked about in the essay. You might follow these tips to help you along. Refer back to your introduction paragraph to guide you in writing your conclusion.
Conclusion Paragraph Sample In conclusion, we present ourselves through both face-to-face and online communication. Becoming a skilled communicator has a positive impact on our personal and social interactions. Ethical and effective communication becomes even more vital when our messages are conveyed around the globe electronically.
For example, if your writing begins with something like "For me, there are only three movies that were released in 2016." Then, your conclusion will have a sentence like "The three movies that made 2016 worthwhile in terms of cinema are Zootopia, Arrival, and The Jungle Book."
Conclusion Paragraph - Examples, PDF A lot of readers place a large emphasis on the ending of the text they are reading. This ending can lead to the enjoyment or disappointment of the reader. A good article or research paper has a masterfully written conclusion paragraph that will impress and impact the reader. Conclusion Paragraph 1.
This is a good example of a conclusion paragraph because it touches on all of the major points of the report in a concise manner. It provides the reason behind the statement with quick arguments as to why. The paragraph starts with a strong statement that was proven throughout the article.
Your conclusion paragraph should logically conclude your essay, just like your concluding sentences logically conclude your body paragraphs. The conclusion paragraph should begin by restating your thesis, and then you should broaden back out to a general topic. End with a closing statement.
A concluding paragraph is the last paragraph in an academic essay and generally summarizes the essay, presents the main idea of the essay, or gives an overall solution to a problem or argument...
Examples of introductions for non-academic writing can be seen in our sample letter or memo, sample business report, and sample online article /webpage. Conclusions for academic papers An academic conclusion paragraph reminds your reader of the main points of your paper and summarizes the "take away" or significance of the conversation.
Examples of conclusion paragraph starter words and phrases include: all things considered clearly given these points I feel we have no choice but to conclude in conclusion in drawing to a close in general in light of this information in my opinion in summary in the final analysis nevertheless now that you know overall
Conclusions should always begin with a topic sentence. Restating the thesis from your introductory paragraph in the first sentence of your conclusion is an effective way to remind the reader of the main argument. 2. Use your introductory paragraph as a guide. When writing your conclusion, keep a copy of your introductory paragraph on hand as a ...
Table of contents. Step 1: Restate the problem. Step 2: Sum up the paper. Step 3: Discuss the implications. Research paper conclusion examples. Frequently asked questions about research paper conclusions.
Look for any themes you introduced in the first paragraph. You can get a nice sense of closure by returning to the theme you opened with. See if you can take that theme a step further when you bring it back in the conclusion. For example, if you began your essay with the idea of humanity's sense of smallness in the face of space's vast expanses, you could return to that idea in the conclusion.
Like other forms of writing, paragraphs follow a standard three-part structure with a beginning, middle, and end. These parts are the topic sentence, development and support, and conclusion. Topic sentences, also known as "paragraph leaders," introduce the main idea that the paragraph is about.
Conclusion. A fantastic leader is a man or woman with a passion for a reason that is larger than they are. Someone with a dream and an imaginative and prescient that will a higher society, or at least, some component of it. A chief ought to have values that are life-giving to society and should have respect for people.